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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1829 matches for " Diane Osborne "
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Introduction to Forensic Dentistry Continuing Education Course  [PDF]
Diane Osborne
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2013,
Abstract: This course is an introduction to the basics of forensic dentistry beginning with its historical origins to modern advancements. After an introduction to basic principles, application of this information will be demonstrated in current cases, training in mass fatalities and participation in a mass fatality workshop scenario using dry skull remains. Time permitting, a tour of the Las Vegas Coroner’s Office will be available.
Changing Hostile Beliefs towards Women through Partner Abuse Intervention Programs  [PDF]
Diane Zosky
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.42014
Abstract: This research project examined hostile beliefs towards women held by men who completed a Duluth Model partner violence intervention program. Changes in beliefs are foundational to change in the cessation of violence within the Duluth model. Hostile beliefs towards women establish a context for objectification and suspicion of women, and justification for violence. Although there was not a significant reduction in hostility scores, there was a significant reduction in aggression scores. Hostility scores were significantly correlated with the aggression scores indicating encouraging results that partner abuse intervention programs may influence the reduction of hostile beliefs towards women and thus may impact perpetration of violence.
"Entonces ellas se convertían en rojas": desencuentros y amistades entre prostitutas y rojas en las cárceles franquistas
Osborne,Raquel;
Mora (Buenos Aires) , 2009,
Abstract: the spanish civil war and franco′s regime created a strong repressive machinery. prisons were full of female political prisoners, as well as female ordinary prisoners, many of them prostitutes as a result of the war and post war great poverty. while the first ones suffered long sentences -if not death sentences-, prostitutes stayed several months at worst. moreover, franco never recognised to political prisoners their status as such. thus, they strongly vindicated this condition. whereas political prisoners had an iron organization to avoid repression, the staff of the prisons pushed for great confrontation between the two groups of female prisoners. if prisoners were divided the staff could better control them. for female political prisoners and in order not to be vulnerable in front of the authorities, sexuality became an insurmountable divide with respect to the ordinary female prisoners. the political prisoners employed hygienistic arguments related to the degeneration of prostitutes to inferiorize them. francoist′s employed similar arguments to degrade political militancy. as a result, many prostitutes were scared to remain in prison close to the "red whores", as the female political prisoners were labeled. there was a liberal bourgeois republican prisoner, carlota o′neill, who experienced that situation. after close contact with female political prisoners, prostitutes changed their attitude towards them. in its turn, o′neill wrote about them, bringing us a legacy, otherwise impossible to be known, about common and mostly illiterate women, in particular prostitutes, about their problems and the way they were treated in the early post war franco′s era. the source of the information for this article comes from the testimonies -auto-biographies and novels- of political prisoners, with a special attention to the one by o′neill, as well as from the reconstruction of the period made by historians.
The twofold Significance of "Aesthetic Value"
Harold Osborne
Philosophica , 1985,
Abstract:
Transgenerismos, una aproximación de etnografía extrema: entrevista a Norma Mejía Transgenerismos, una aproximación de etnografía extrema: entrevista a Norma Mejía
RAQUEL Osborne
Política y Sociedad , 2009, DOI: -
Abstract: En formato de entrevista, se presentan aquí los ejes principales que atraviesan la vida-reflexiones-tesis de la doctora en antropología social y transexual operada Norma Mejía. Mejía narra y analiza lo que ha visto y lo que ha vivido a través del prisma de la etnografía extrema, en la cual se funden el objeto y el sujeto, la visión etic y la emic, y la persona que observa forma parte del grupo observado. La peculiaridad de su caso es el fuerte contenido autobiográfico de su discurso, que convierte en indistinguible la pretendida separación sujeto/objeto característica de las ciencias sociales. Mejía cuenta que cuando era un ni o de 8 a os residente en Bogotá, su ciudad natal, los medios de comunicación se hicieron amplio eco del caso de un transexual de hombre a mujer después de su Cirugía de Reasignación Sexual (CRS). Entonces fue cuando se dio cuenta de que deseaba ser transexual. Cuarenta a os después, siendo prostituta transexual en Barcelona, decidió hacer una tesis de doctorado en antropología sobre los dioses de las sociedades tradicionales pero finalmente la hizo sobre transexualismo. Aprendió en la Universidad que la biología y la genética no tienen influencia en la psicología porque los seres humanos son construcciones sociales. En 2001 tuvo problemas de salud y dejó la prostitución y la antropología. Se consiguió un trabajo modesto y un crédito. Se fue a Tailandia, se sometió a la CRS y cuando volvió terminó y presentó su tesis, llamada Transgenerismos. Entonces observó que la CRS la había cambiado, y no solo físicamente, y llegó a la conclusión de que, contrariamente a lo que había afirmado en su tesis, la biología tiene influencia en la forma de ser de las personas. Por ello, cuando el gobierno hizo una ley para permitir el cambio legal de sexo sin CRS ella estaba en contra. Estos y otros temas atraviesan el artículo que se ofrece aquí en un ejercicio de lo que Mejía denomina etnografía extrema. The central themes in the life-thoughts-thesis of Norma Mejía. PhD in Social Anthropology and postoperative transsexual woman, are presented here in interview format. Mejía describes and analyzes everything she has seen and experienced from the perspective of extreme ethnography, in which object and subject become one, as well as the etic and emic visions, and the person who observes is part of the observed group. The peculiarity of her case resides in the strong autobiographical content of her discourse, which renders imposible the intended subject/object separation, so characteristic of social sciences. Mejía explains that when she was an eight-yea
Desigualdad y relaciones de género en las organizaciones: diferencias numéricas, acción positiva y paridad Desigualdad y relaciones de género en las organizaciones: diferencias numéricas, acción positiva y paridad
RAQUEL Osborne
Política y Sociedad , 2006, DOI: -
Abstract: There is an invisible limit which prevents women to reach men′s level in the public domain. This is what has been called the glass roof, which hides an indirect discrimination, not reflected in the law and which can be measured by differential results. This justifies affirmative actions and paridad. Our point of departure are present substantial inequalities found in relation to access to resources, the power of friends, the time available, and socialization models. To counteract inequalities between members of groups with different social power there has been used, first of all, affirmative actions, whose goal is to un-male actual systems of cooptation; more recently, the term democracia paritaria was coined after checking that in democracy, numbers are relevant: we need a critical mass, i.e., to increase the relative amount of women to be able to reach a qualitative change in power relations, which is the goal of both initiatives. To understand the need of those initiatives we will discuss what happens when women, a group with less power than men, form a minority and become token women. This way some of the myths and speculations about whether women in power or in high positions become assimilated without any changes will be broken off. Moreover, the costs to be a minority in a place where the majority belong to men will be understood. To become a more numerous minority –around 30-35%- will allow to start to influence the group′s culture and to establish alliances between members of the minority group. This way those members will be able to start to change the power structure and, in addition, their own status as a minority. Existe un tope invisible que impide a las mujeres llegar, en el terreno público, donde están los hombres. Es lo que se ha denominado techo de cristal, que oculta una discriminación indirecta, no reflejada en las leyes y que se mide por los resultados diferenciales. Ello es lo que justificaría las acciones positivas y la paridad. Partimos de desigualdades reales sustantivas entre hombres y mujeres en cuanto al acceso a los recursos, el poder de los amigos, el tiempo disponible y los modelos de socialización. Para contrarrestar las desigualdades entre miembros de grupos con diferente poder social se han utilizado, en primer lugar, las acciones positivas, cuyo objetivo es el de desmasculinizar los sistemas de cooptación existentes; más recientemente, se acu ó el término de democracia paritaria tras la constatación de que, en democracia, lo números cuentan: se necesita una masa crítica, es decir, incrementar la cantidad relativa de m
Presentación
RAQUEL Osborne
Política y Sociedad , 2009, DOI: -
Abstract: Sin resumen
La sexualidad como frontera entre presas políticas y presas comunes bajo los nazis y el franquismo La sexualidad como frontera entre presas políticas y presas comunes bajo los nazis y el franquismo
RAQUEL Osborne
Política y Sociedad , 2009, DOI: -
Abstract: Female common and political prisoners lived together in the heart of the crowded postwar Francoist prisons, thus sharing a close intimacy. In an environment of unavoidable promiscuity, many female common prisoners were keen on self-eroticism and lesbian displays, which were the only ones that were possible within that context of internment. The official morality and the intolerant social mentality of that time towards those kinds of expressions of sexuality went hand in hand. The same circumstances ruled Nazi concentration camps, where a lot of female political exiles and some former prisoners from Franco’s jails ended up. We are interested here in the analysis of the reasons for the development of a rigid sexual morality by female political prisoners, most of them communist, within both kinds of “total institutions”, as they showed rejection towards the aforementioned expressions. This had to do with the tendency that the authorities of the centers had of turning laissez faire policies into a bargaining chip in order to attain greater control of the prisoners, especially of the female political prisoners. The strategy that was chosen to avoid the vulnerability against policies ultimately doomed to extermination, was a life of militancy based on an iron discipline. This included keeping at a distance from the female common prisoners and the denial of every single display of sexual pleasure within the internment centers. En el seno de las atestadas prisiones franquistas de posguerra, presas comunes y políticas convivían en estrecha intimidad. En un entorno de promiscuidad inevitable, no pocas presas comunes, se prodigaban en manifestaciones de autoerotismo y lesbianismo, únicas posibles en ese contexto de internamiento. La moralidad oficial y la intolerante mentalidad social propia de la época hacia ese tipo de expresiones de la sexualidad se daban la mano. Parecidas circunstancias regían en los campos de concentración nazis, adonde fueron a parar no pocas exiliadas políticas y alguna expresa de las cárceles de Franco. Nos interesará examinar las razones del desarrollo de una rígida moral sexual, que rechazaba cualesquiera de las expresiones mencionadas por parte de las presas políticas, mayoritariamente comunistas, en ambos tipos de “instituciones totales”. Ello tenía que ver con la tendencia de la autoridad de los centros a convertir en moneda de cambio una política de laissez faire en el terreno de la sexualidad. Con ello se lograba un mayor control de la reclusión, en particular de las presas políticas. La estrategia escogida para evitar la vulnerabi
Systematic differences in consonant sounds between the interlanguage phonology of a Brazilian Portuguese learner of English and standard American English
Denise Osborne
Ilha do Desterro , 2010,
Abstract: This study surveys the interlanguage phonology of a Brazilian learner of English who has primarily learned English in a naturalistic environment. The phonological analysis of her speech shows that native language transfer is a strong source of pronunciation difficulties, constraints, and deviations. However, other factors seem to play a relevant role in this learner's interlanguage, such as sounds that are universally considered difficult to acquire. Interestingly, some of the phonological strategies applied by the participant are not unique to an interlanguage but are also applied by native speakers. Considerations about possible miscommunication are addressed.
Migration - utopia or myopia?
Peter Osborne
Rangifer , 1998,
Abstract: Peter Osborne spent a sabbatical in northern America and was surprised that so many scientists and students stated that caribou migration was largely the result of mosquito pressure. He failed however to find any documented evidence of this claim although he was constantly confronted by the well known facts that mosquitoes had been observed to drive caribou crazy and even kill juveniles. The issue Osborne wishes to focus is that an experimentally unsubstantiated anthropomorphism appears to have become critical evidence in support of a theory. A recent article in Nature (393, 511-513, 1998) devoted to the uses of 'science in fiction' to stimulate thought and discussion about aspects of academia encouraged him to write the following comment in the form of a parody of ancient Greek dialogues.
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