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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 168662 matches for " Diane E. Stott "
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Understanding and Enhancing Soil Biological Health: The Solution for Reversing Soil Degradation
R. Michael Lehman,Cynthia A. Cambardella,Diane E. Stott,Veronica Acosta-Martinez,Daniel K. Manter,Jeffrey S. Buyer,Jude E. Maul,Jeffrey L. Smith,Harold P. Collins,Jonathan J. Halvorson,Robert J. Kremer,Jonathan G. Lundgren,Tom F. Ducey,Virginia L. Jin,Douglas L. Karlen
Sustainability , 2015, DOI: 10.3390/su7010988
Abstract: Our objective is to provide an optimistic strategy for reversing soil degradation by increasing public and private research efforts to understand the role of soil biology, particularly microbiology, on the health of our world’s soils. We begin by defining soil quality/soil health (which we consider to be interchangeable terms), characterizing healthy soil resources, and relating the significance of soil health to agroecosystems and their functions. We examine how soil biology influences soil health and how biological properties and processes contribute to sustainability of agriculture and ecosystem services. We continue by examining what can be done to manipulate soil biology to: (i) increase nutrient availability for production of high yielding, high quality crops; (ii) protect crops from pests, pathogens, weeds; and (iii) manage other factors limiting production, provision of ecosystem services, and resilience to stresses like droughts. Next we look to the future by asking what needs to be known about soil biology that is not currently recognized or fully understood and how these needs could be addressed using emerging research tools. We conclude, based on our perceptions of how new knowledge regarding soil biology will help make agriculture more sustainable and productive, by recommending research emphases that should receive first priority through enhanced public and private research in order to reverse the trajectory toward global soil degradation.
Viral Encephalomyelitis
Diane E. Griffin
PLOS Pathogens , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002004
Abstract:
Surface structure in simple liquid metals. An orbital free first principles study
David J. Gonzalez Luis E. Gonzalez,Malcolm J. Stott
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.74.014207
Abstract: Molecular dynamics simulations of the liquid-vapour interfaces in simple sp-bonded liquid metals have been performed using first principles methods. Results are presented for liquid Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Mg, Ba, Al, Tl, and Si at thermodynamic conditions near their respective triple points, for samples of 2000 particles in a slab geometry. The longitudinal ionic density profiles exhibit a pronounced stratification extending several atomic diameters into the bulk, which is a feature already experimentally observed in liquid K, Ga, In, Sn and Hg. The wavelength of the ionic oscillations shows a good scaling with the radii of the associated Wigner-Seitz spheres. The structural rearrangements at the interface are analyzed in terms of the transverse pair correlation function, the coordination number and the bond-angle distribution between nearest neighbors. The valence electronic density profile also shows (weaker) oscillations whose phase, with respect to those of the ionic profile, changes from opposite phase in the alkalis to almost in-phase for Si.
Interplay between the ionic and electronic density profiles in liquid metal surfaces
L. E. Gonzalez,D. J. Gonzalez,M. J. Stott
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1063/1.2125728
Abstract: First principles molecular dynamics simulations have been performed for the liquid-vapor interfaces of liquid Li, Mg, Al and Si. We analize the oscillatory ionic and valence electronic density profiles obtained, their wavelengths and the mechanisms behind their relative phase-shift.
The Basics of Alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment in the Emergency Department
Vaca, Federico E,Winn, Diane
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine : Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health , 2007,
Abstract: Nearly eight million emergency department (ED) visits are attributed to alcohol every year in the United States. A substantial proportion is due to trauma. In 2005, 16,885 people were killed as a result of alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes. Patients with alcohol-use problems (AUPs) are not only more likely to drive after drinking but are also at greater risk for serious alcohol-related illness and injury. Emergency departments have an important and unique opportunity to identify these patients and intervene during the “teachable moment” of an ED visit. The American College of Emergency Physicians, Emergency Nurses Association, American College of Surgeons-Committee on Trauma, American Public Health Association, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, have identified Alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) as a pivotal injury and illness-prevention strategy to improve the health and well-being of ED patients. We provide a general overview of the basis and need for integrating SBIRT into EDs. Models of SBIRT, as well as benefits and challenges to its implementation, are also discussed.
Review article: Paediatric bone and joint infection.
Stott NS
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery , 2001,
Abstract: Paediatric musculoskeletal infection remains an important cause of morbidity. Methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus is still the most common organism although the incidence of methicillin resistant S. aureus in the community is rising. Osteomyelitis and septic arthritis due to Haemophilus influenzae is decreasing in incidence secondary to immunisation and in some units has been replaced by infections with the gram negative bacillus, Kingella kingae. Recent prospective studies indicate that uncomplicated osteomyelitis can be treated by three to four weeks of antibiotics. However, there is still a small group of children who will have overwhelming disseminated infection. These children require aggressive surgical and medical intervention. Two recent reports have identified an increased incidence of septic arthritis in children who have hemophilia and are HIV positive.
Obesity communication among patients by health professionals: Findings from the Weight Care Project  [PDF]
S. Anne Moorhead, Vivien E. Coates, Alison M. Gallagher, Geraldine Nolan, Kathy Murphy, Diane E. Hazlett
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.58A3015
Abstract: Obesity is on the increase worldwide and is a major global public health problem. In an increasingly obesogenic environment, it’s important that health professionals are equipped to identify and address obesity issues within their clinical practice. As part of the Weight Care Project, the aim of this study was to explore the obesity-related communication issues for primary care and community-based health professionals. The study design was a quantitative survey, which was completed by 382 primary care and community-based health professionals across Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland working with adults and children. Key findings included that the majority of the health professionals (86%) recognized having a role in giving obesity advice, acknowledged that in clinical practice communication of obesity messages is both complex and challenging (81%), and reported difficulty in sensitively addressing obesity issues (27%). The health professionals surveyed stated that they communicate obesity messages to their patients using a range of different methods, mainly verbally to individuals, leaflets and factsheets. Numerous benefits of communicating obesity messages were reported; the main one was interacting with patients to build trust. Identified barriers to commu

Introduction to Forensic Dentistry Continuing Education Course  [PDF]
Diane Osborne
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2013,
Abstract: This course is an introduction to the basics of forensic dentistry beginning with its historical origins to modern advancements. After an introduction to basic principles, application of this information will be demonstrated in current cases, training in mass fatalities and participation in a mass fatality workshop scenario using dry skull remains. Time permitting, a tour of the Las Vegas Coroner’s Office will be available.
Changing Hostile Beliefs towards Women through Partner Abuse Intervention Programs  [PDF]
Diane Zosky
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.42014
Abstract: This research project examined hostile beliefs towards women held by men who completed a Duluth Model partner violence intervention program. Changes in beliefs are foundational to change in the cessation of violence within the Duluth model. Hostile beliefs towards women establish a context for objectification and suspicion of women, and justification for violence. Although there was not a significant reduction in hostility scores, there was a significant reduction in aggression scores. Hostility scores were significantly correlated with the aggression scores indicating encouraging results that partner abuse intervention programs may influence the reduction of hostile beliefs towards women and thus may impact perpetration of violence.
Children's Social Behavior in Relation to Participation in Mixed-Age or Same-Age Classrooms
Diane E. McClellan,Susan J. Kinsey
Early Childhood Research & Practice , 1999,
Abstract: Research on the social and cognitive effects of grouping children in mixed-age (where there is an age span of at least 2 years among children) versus same-age classrooms is gaining increasing interest among practitioners and researchers. The present investigation used a teacher rating scale, based on research into the correlates of children s social skillfulness and acceptance by other children, to assess children s social behavior in mixed- and same-age classrooms. Confounding variables such as the child s age and sex, the teacher s educational level, and classroom practices were statistically controlled. Further, a pretest of teacher ratings of kindergarten children who were later assigned to either a mixed- or same-age first-grade classroom showed no preexisting behavioral differences. Findings suggested a significant positive effect on children s prosocial behavior as a result of participation in a mixed-age classroom context. In addition, fewer children appeared to experience social isolation in mixed-age classrooms than in same-age classrooms. Aggressive behaviors were significantly less likely to be noted by teachers in mixed-age than in same-age classrooms. Follow-up ratings were taken of third-grade children, all of whom were by then enrolled in same-age classrooms. Children who had previously participated in mixed-age classrooms continued to be rated as significantly less aggressive and significantly more prosocial by their third-grade teachers. No differences were found in friendship patterns between children previously enrolled in same-age versus mixed-age classrooms.
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