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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 118 matches for " Deslandes "
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Exemplary Amateurism: Thoughts on DIY Urbanism
Ann Deslandes
Cultural Studies Review , 2013,
Abstract: Do-It-Yourself (DIY) urbanism has become increasingly recognised as a non-professional and non-technocratic practice of urban alteration and community building. Already thus marked as ‘amateur’ in the contemporary sense (where the lines between amateur, professional, producer and consumer are significantly blurred), two of its key features are support for ‘proam’ cultural production and the ‘meanwhile’ use of commercial buildings. Within this, DIY urbanism is an important reference to economic and spatial scarcity in the Australian, English and North American cities where it has manifested as a discourse. The reference is particularly evident in the proximity to marginal urban space that participants in DIY urbanism share with other potential users of that space, which includes people experiencing primary homelessness. It is through this proximity that DIY urbanism works as a kind of ‘exemplary amateurism’. DIY urbanism demonstrates spatial scarcity in the city — a phenomenon in which amateur labour, 'meanwhile' use of buildings and homelessness are implicated.
Moving Encounters
Ann Deslandes
Cultural Studies Review , 2011,
Abstract: This essay explores my experience of losing an authoritative speaking position – that is, ‘falling on my face’ in a research encounter with the Brazilian Landless Worker’s Movement (O Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais sem Terra, or MST). My specific movements through this locale invoke Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak’s concept of ‘unlearning one’s privilege as a loss’; and Sara Ahmed’s theory of ‘stranger fetishism’. In writing my brief loss, I also; of course, recover my speaking position, meaning that I can always efface the loss by re-writing it as a source of ethnographic authority. This essay is written in two voices in order to reflect this paradox: one which describes the encounter, and one that critically ruminates upon it. I note, for example, that the MST as a variegated conglomerate of people takes the form of particular ‘Others’ when they are represented in the scholarship and polemic of ‘first world’ activists in the so called ‘global justice movement’. ‘Falling on my face in the street’ of these Others locates particular processes of fetishization within the global justice movement and the relationships across power and difference that are contained herein; processes that impact on the idea of a ‘global’ solidarity against systemic ‘global’ oppressions.
Debate on the paper by Naomar de Almeida Filho
Deslandes Suely
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001,
Abstract:
Joint modeling of multivariate longitudinal data and the dropout process in a competing risk setting: application to ICU data
Emmanuelle Deslandes, Sylvie Chevret
BMC Medical Research Methodology , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2288-10-69
Abstract: We propose a joint model that consists of a linear mixed effects submodel for the longitudinal outcome, and a proportional subdistribution hazards submodel for the competing risks survival data, linked together by latent random effects. We use Markov chain Monte Carlo technique of Gibbs sampling to estimate the joint posterior distribution of the unknown parameters of the model. The proposed method is studied and compared to joint model with cause-specific hazards submodel in simulations and applied to a data set that consisted of repeated measurements of severity score and time of discharge and death for 1,401 ICU patients.Time by treatment interaction was observed on the evolution of the mean SOFA score when ignoring potentially informative dropouts due to ICU deaths and live discharges from the ICU. In contrast, this was no longer significant when modeling the cause-specific hazards of informative dropouts. Such a time by treatment interaction persisted together with an evidence of treatment effect on the hazard of death when modeling dropout processes through the use of the Fine and Gray model for sub-distribution hazards.In the joint modeling of competing risks with longitudinal response, differences in the handling of competing risk outcomes appear to translate into the estimated difference in treatment effect on the longitudinal outcome. Such a modeling strategy should be carefully defined prior to analysis.When evaluating the efficacy of a new drug through randomized clinical trials (RCT) in critically ill patients, the primary endpoint of interest is usually death from any cause within some fixed period, generally 28 or 90 days after randomization. However, to better investigate the effect of treatment, one is often interested in evaluating how a biomarker of interest changes over time and how this change may be correlated with the treatment under study; this defines secondary endpoints of interest.In critically ill patients, the measure of treatment effect
Concep??es em pesquisa social: articula??es com o campo da avalia??o em servi?os de saúde
Deslandes, Suely Ferreira;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1997000100020
Abstract: this paper discusses theories and research perspectives from the social sciences and their role in constituting the field of "health services evaluation". the objective is to present less explored theoretical fields such as the "comprehensive" and "dialectical" approaches. finally, the study presents a methodological proposal based on a qualitative approach to the evaluation of health services and projects.
Aten??o a crian?as e adolescentes vítimas de violência doméstica: análise de um servi?o
Deslandes, Suely F.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1994000500013
Abstract: this paper provides a partial synthesis of the study entitled "prevent and protect: analysis of an organization to aid children suffering from domestic violence". the study analyzes the work of regional centers against child abuse (cramis) in caring for children and adolescents who have been abused through intra-family violence. in technical and methodological terms, the study promotes a dialogue between quantitative and qualitative approaches, focusing on structure, processes, and representations present in the work of the cramis, and characterizing the families assisted during the 1988-1992 period. it presents the profile of the families as well as the profile of the crami's work. in light of the results, the study considers the potential contribution of cramis to the implementation of actions in the public health system.
A ótica de gestores sobre a humaniza??o da assistência nas maternidades municipais do Rio de Janeiro
Deslandes,Suely Ferreira;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232005000300018
Abstract: this research constitutes an exploratory and hermeneutic study of the managers conceptions on the implantation and the identity of the humanization initiatives adopted by the municipal health district of rio de janeiro. its methodology rulered in the narratives analysis of the managers and macro-managers conceptions. it had as pile fourteen interviews, come in six managers who coordinate programs and a manager of each one of the eight municipal maternities. they are analyzed and confronted the policy institution trajectories of humanization to the childbirth and of attention to the very low birth weigh infants. the main meanings attributed by the subjects to the humanization initiatives relate to the 1) quality of the interpersonal relationship between professionals and users; 2) patient rights recognition; 3) democratization of power relations between professionals and patients; 4) de-medicalization of the attention to the childbirth; 5) links promotion between family, mother and hospitalized newborn; 6) health professionals valorization. the conclusions discuss the limits, shades and ideological adjustment occurred in the implantation of these policies and in the attributions of meanings to the humanization concept.
Análise do discurso oficial sobre a humaniza??o da assistência hospitalar
Deslandes,Suely F.;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232004000100002
Abstract: the term "humanization" has been employed constantly in the health field. it is the base of a wide set of initiatives, even though the concept does not have a clear definition. generally, it refers to a kind of assistance that gives importance to the technical quality of care, associated with recognition of patients' rights, subjectivity and culture. such concept intends to guide a new praxis in the care production in health. this article, of exploratory mark, aims analyze the speech of the health department on the assistance humanization. we investigate the meanings and expectations associates to the humanization idea from the analysis of the official texts, retaking a critical dialog with the authors of the area of public health and of the social sciences. we argue the central ideas of the humanization as opposition to the violence; quality assistance offer, articulating the technological advances with welcoming; professional working terms improvement; and communicational process enlargement, central axis of the texts.
O atendimento às vítimas de violência na emergência: "preven??o numa hora dessas?"
Deslandes,Suely F.;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81231999000100007
Abstract: this paper discusses violence prevention possibilities that could be raised in emergency. it draws on the research data that analysed medical care for the victims of "external causes" in two public emergency hospitals in rio de janeiro. this work deals briefly with the main "external causes" (among accidents and violence) which were treated there and emphasizes the care given to the victims of child abuse, battered women and attempts of suicides. the research methodology articulates the descriptive study of quantitative base to a qualitative approach developed through field observation and interviews. starting from the empiric data, it discusses the medical care received by the victims and the possible prevention opportunities and the necessary conditions for this task.
Aten o a crian as e adolescentes vítimas de violência doméstica: análise de um servi o
Deslandes Suely F.
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1994,
Abstract: Este artigo efetua uma síntese parcial do estudo "Prevenir e Proteger: Análise de um servi o de aten o à crian a vítima de violência doméstica". A pesquisa analisou a atua o dos Centros Regionais de Aten o aos MausTratos na Infancia (Cramis) no atendimento a crian as e adolescentes (e familiares) vítimas da violência intrafamiliar. Buscou-se um diálogo teórico-metodológico entre as abordagens quantitativa e qualitativa, focalizando a estrutura, os processos e as representa es presentes na atua o dos Cramis, além da caracteriza o das famílias atendidas no período de 1988 a 1992. Apresenta-se como resultado o perfil dessas famílias, bem como o perfil de atua o dos servi os. Diante dos dados analisados, discute-se a potencial contribui o da experiência dos Cramis à implementa o de a es no sistema público de saúde.
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