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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 78 matches for " Descamps "
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Mémoire religieuse, patrimoine immatériel du religieux. Pour la constitution d’archives orales de la foi catholique au XXe siècle
Florence Descamps
In Situ : Revue de Patrimoines , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/insitu.4565
Abstract: L’état fran ais a fait de nombreux efforts ces dernières années pour la sauvegarde et la connaissance du patrimoine architectural et mobilier religieux. Au moment où la convention de 2003 de l’UNESCO sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel entre en application en France, il para t intéressant de développer, parallèlement aux travaux d’inventaire et de restauration des objets du patrimoine religieux (liturgique et sacré), des programmes d’archives orales autour des traditions et des pratiques religieuses individuelles et collectives qui accompagnent ces objets et leur donnent sens. Over the last few years, the French State has made considerable efforts to preserve the country's religious heritage - its church architecture and church furnishings - and to promote better understanding of this heritage. As the UNESCO's 2003 convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage comes into force in France, the time seems to be ripe, in parallel with inventory and restoration work on liturgical and sacred objets, to set up oral history recording programs in order to safeguard the traditions of individual and collective religious practices, traditions without which the objects preserved will lose their meaning.
Une expérience de réforme administrative d’en bas en France : les commissions tripartites de 1933 ou la première tentative de cogestion administrative au ministère des Finances
Florence Descamps
Pyramides : Revue du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique , 2012,
Abstract: L’installation puis l’aggravation de la crise budgétaire et financière dans les années trente conduisent le gouvernement à rechercher, dans la réduction du train de vie de l’Etat, dans les économies budgétaires et dans la rationalisation de l’administration, les solutions à cette crise. Pendant une courte période, un mouvement syndicaliste réformiste original, l’Etat Moderne, constitué majoritairement de fonctionnaires des services fiscaux, préconise la participation des fonctionnaires et des syndicats à la recherche des économies et à l’élaboration des mesures de réforme administrative. Le gouvernement de néo-cartel des Gauches, issu d‘une chambre radicale et radical-socialiste tout juste élue en 1932, accepte l’expérience et en 1933, sont constituées dans chaque ministère et dans chaque direction centrale des commissions tripartites (usagers, représentants de l’administration et représentants des syndicats) chargées d‘élaborer un programme d‘économies et de réforme administrative. C’est cette expérience qu’il est proposé de relater et d‘analyser, en s’attachant au cas du ministère des Finances.
Dumb-bell-shaped equilibrium figures for fiducial contact-binary asteroids and EKBOs
Pascal Descamps
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2014.08.002
Abstract: In this work, we investigate the equilibrium figures of a dumb-bell-shaped sequence with which we are still not well acquainted. Studies have shown that these elongated and nonconvex figures may realistically replace the classic "Roche binary approximation" for modeling putative peanut-shaped or contact binary asteroids. The best-fit dumb-bell shapes, combined with the known rotational period of the objects, provide estimates of the bulk density of these objects. This new class of mathematical figures has been successfully tested on the observed light curves of three noteworthy small bodies: main-belt asteroid 216 Kleopatra, Trojan asteroid 624 Hektor and Edgeworth-Kuiper-belt object 2001 QG298. Using the direct observations of Kleopatra and Hektor obtained with high spatial resolution techniques and fitting the size of the dumb-bell-shaped solutions, we derived new physical characteristics in terms of equivalent radius and bulk density. In particular, the growing inadequacy of the radar shape model for interpreting any type of observations of Kleopatra (light curves, AO images, stellar occultations) in a satisfactory manner suggests that Kleopatra is more likely to be a dumb-bell-shaped object than a "dog-bone".
Nervous system disorders induced by occupational and environmental toxic exposure  [PDF]
Monat-Descamps Caroline, Deschamps Frederic
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.23039
Abstract: Encephalopathy, extrapyramidal features, neurodegenerative diseases, and peripheral neuropathy are commonly encountered in presentations of occupational neurotoxic syndromes. Epidemiological findings have suggested the role of pesticides, solvents and metals on the onset and progression of neurological diseases. The aim of this review is to present clinical manifestations of occupational and environmental neurologic disorders, to discuss toxic’s implications of these conditions, and to give indications about occupational branches and main jobs concerned. Better to know and categorize the clinical manifestation of neurologic disorders and toxics implicated, will improve the clinical management of occupational neurologic diseases. We performed a research of studies, case reports and review, particularly among most recent, available into Pub Med databases about occupational and environmental neurologic disorders and main toxics incriminated.
Spirituality of Depression
Marc-Alain Descamps
International Journal of Transpersonal Studies , 2003,
Winter Temperature Affects the Prevalence of Ticks in an Arctic Seabird
Sébastien Descamps
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065374
Abstract: The Arctic is rapidly warming and host-parasite relationships may be modified by such environmental changes. Here, I showed that the average winter temperature in Svalbard, Arctic Norway, explained almost 90% of the average prevalence of ticks in an Arctic seabird, the Brünnich’s guillemot Uria lomvia. An increase of 1°C in the average winter temperature at the nesting colony site was associated with a 5% increase in the number of birds infected by these ectoparasites in the subsequent breeding season. Guillemots were generally infested by only a few ticks (≤5) and I found no direct effect of tick presence on their body condition and breeding success. However, the strong effect of average winter temperature described here clearly indicates that tick-seabird relationships in the Arctic may be strongly affected by ongoing climate warming.
Acoustic detection of high energy neutrinos in ice: Status and results from the South Pole Acoustic Test Setup
Freija Descamps,for the IceCube Collaboration
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: The feasibility and specific design of an acoustic neutrino detection array at the South Pole depend on the acoustic properties of the ice. The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) has been built to evaluate the acoustic characteristics of the ice in the 1 to 100 kHz frequency range. The most recent results of SPATS are presented.
Asymptotically Decreasing Lieb-Robinson Velocity for a Class of Dissipative Quantum Dynamics
Beno?t Descamps
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4820785
Abstract: We study the velocity of the propagation of information for a class of local dissipative quantum dynamics. This finite velocity is expressed by the so-called Lieb-Robinson bound. Besides the properties of the already studied dynamics, we consider an additional relation that expresses the propagation of certain subspaces. The previously derived bounds did not reflect the dissipative character of the dynamics and yielded the same result as for the reversible case. In this article, we show that for this class the velocity of propagation of information is time dependent and decays in time towards a smaller velocity. In some cases the velocity becomes zero. At the end of the article, the exponential clustering theorem of general frustration free local Markovian dynamics is revisited.
Is there something of the MCT in orientationally disordered crystals ?
F. Affouard,M. Descamps
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.035501
Abstract: Molecular Dynamics simulations have been performed on the orientationally disordered crystal chloroadamantane: a model system where dynamics are almost completely controlled by rotations. A critical temperature T_c = 225 K as predicted by the Mode Coupling Theory can be clearly determined both in the alpha and beta dynamical regimes. This investigation also shows the existence of a second remarkable dynamical crossover at the temperature T_x > T_c consistent with a previous NMR and MD study [1]. This allows us to confirm clearly the existence of a 'landscape-influenced' regime occurring in the temperature range [T_c-T_x] as recently proposed [2,3].
Analogy of the slow dynamics between the supercooled liquid and the supercooled plastic crystal states of difluorotetrachloroethane
F. Affouard,M. Descamps
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.72.012501
Abstract: Slow dynamics of difluorotetrachloroethane in both supercooled plastic crystal and supercooled liquid states have been investigated from Molecular Dynamics simulations. The temperature and wave-vector dependence of collective dynamics in both states are probed using coherent dynamical scattering functions $S(Q,t)$. Our results confirm the strong analogy between molecular liquids and plastic crystals for which $\alpha$-relaxation times and non-ergodicity parameters are controlled by the non trivial static correlations $S(Q)$ as predicted by the Mode Coupling Theory. The use of infinitely thin needles distributed on a lattice as model of plastic crystals is discussed.
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