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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 198798 matches for " Delia Concepción; Carrol Humphreys "
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Contribution of intimate partner violence exposure, other traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder to chronic pain and depressive symptoms
Tobo Medina,Natalia; Canaval Erazo,Gladys Eugenia; Burgos Dávila,Delia Concepción; Carrol Humphreys,Janice;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2011,
Abstract: objective. to assess the contribution of intimate partner violence (ipv) exposure, other traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder to chronic pain and depressive symptoms. methodology. cross sectional descriptive study. 150 women with a past history of ipv who lived in the metropolitan area of the city of cali (colombia), and were over 18 years old participated in the study. data were collected between june of 2009 and march of 2010. ipv, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress, depressive symptoms and pain were measured with standard scales. information was analyzed using regression and multiple-scale analysis. results. more than 50% of the women from the sample were exposed to the typical types of violence: threatening, physical and sexual violence. usually a type of violence coexists with the other types. depressive symptoms and chronic pain were present in 72% and 74% of the patients respectively. conclusion. physical manifestations were not the ones that caused most of the effects over women?s health with ipv, but psychological manifestations as depressive symptoms and stress did. women exposed to ipv health approach should be conducted from a multidimensional view.
Contribution of intimate partner violence exposure, other traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder to chronic pain and depressive symptoms Contribución de la exposición a violencia de pareja, otros eventos traumáticos en la vida y síndrome de estrés postraumático sobre el dolor crónico y los síntomas depresivos Contribui o da exposi o à violência contra a mulher, outros eventos traumáticos na vida e síndrome de estresse pós-traumático sobre a dor cr nica e os sintomas depressivos
Natalia Tobo Medina,Gladys Eugenia Canaval Erazo,Delia Concepción Burgos Dávila,Janice Carrol Humphreys
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2011,
Abstract: Objective. To assess the contribution of intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure, other traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder to chronic pain and depressive symptoms. Methodology. Cross sectional descriptive study. 150 women with a past history of IPV who lived in the metropolitan area of the city of Cali (Colombia), and were over 18 years old participated in the study. Data were collected between June of 2009 and March of 2010. IPV, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress, depressive symptoms and pain were measured with standard scales. Information was analyzed using regression and multiple-scale analysis. Results. More than 50% of the women from the sample were exposed to the typical types of violence: threatening, physical and sexual violence. Usually a type of violence coexists with the other types. Depressive symptoms and chronic pain were present in 72% and 74% of the patients respectively. Conclusion. Physical manifestations were not the ones that caused most of the effects over women’s health with IPV, but psychological manifestations as depressive symptoms and stress did. Women exposed to IPV health approach should be conducted from a multidimensional view. Objetivo. Examinar la contribución de la exposición a Violencia de Pareja (VP), otros eventos traumáticos en la vida y síndrome de estrés postraumático sobre el dolor crónico y los síntomas depresivos. Metodología. Dise o descriptivo de corte transversal con la participación de 150 mujeres mayores de 18 a os con historia de VP y residentes en el área metropolitana de la ciudad de Cali (Colombia). La recolección de la muestra se hizo de junio de 2009 a marzo de 2010. La VP, la exposición a trauma en la vida, el estrés postraumático, la sintomatología depresiva y el dolor, se midieron con escalas estandarizadas. Para el tratamiento de la información se hicieron análisis de regresión y de escalonamiento múltiple. Resultados. Más del 50% de la muestra sufrió los cuatro tipos de violencia: simbólica, amenaza, física y sexual; un tipo de violencia coexiste con la aplicación de los otros tipos de violencia. Los síntomas depresivos y el dolor crónico estuvieron presentes en el 74% y 42% de las participantes. Conclusión. Las manifestaciones físicas no fueron las que produjeron los mayores efectos sobre la salud de la mujer con VP, sino las manifestaciones psicológicas, como los síntomas depresivos y el estrés. El abordaje de la salud de la mujer expuesta a VP debe hacerse desde la mirada multidimensional. Objetivo. Examinar a contribui o da exposi o à Violência Contra a Mulher (VCM), out
La salud en la vivienda, enfoque alimentario-nutricional
Pérez Jiménez,Dianellys; Jiménez Acosta,Santa; Plasencia Concepción,Delia;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2007,
Abstract: housing may favorably influence the restoring processes of health since home is the primary site of learning of knowledge, practices and attitudes in relation to food and nutrition. the united nations food and agriculture organization have paid great attention to household food security. at the international conference on nutrition held in rome in 1992 and at the world food summit held in 1996, a set of very specific strategies were adopted in household food security. high priority was given to food and nutrition in the field of health due to the increased morbidity burden associated to nutritional disorders. the aim of this paper was to provide some guidelines with respect to nutrition and also to reduce the risks of food and nutrition-related diseases.
La salud en la vivienda, enfoque alimentario-nutricional Household health: food-nutritional approach
Dianellys Pérez Jiménez,Santa Jiménez Acosta,Delia Plasencia Concepción
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2007,
Abstract: La vivienda puede influir favorablemente en los procesos restauradores de la salud, pues el hogar constituye el centro primario de aprendizaje del conocimiento, las prácticas y las actitudes sobre alimentación y nutrición. La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura ha prestado gran atención a la seguridad alimentaria familiar. En la Conferencia Internacional sobre Nutrición celebrada en Roma en el a o 1992 y en la Cumbre Mundial sobre la Alimentación celebrada en el a o 1996, se adoptaron estrategias muy específicas en relación con la seguridad alimentaria en los hogares. Se le ha asignado una alta prioridad a la alimentación y a la nutrición en salud debido a la elevada carga de morbilidad asociada con los trastornos nutricionales. La finalidad del tema es proporcionar algunas pautas relacionadas con la seguridad alimentaria familiar que permitan promover el autocuidado de la salud en relación con la nutrición y reducir los riesgos de enfermedades relacionadas con la alimentación y la nutrición. Housing may favorably influence the restoring processes of health since home is the primary site of learning of knowledge, practices and attitudes in relation to food and nutrition. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization have paid great attention to household food security. At the International Conference on Nutrition held in Rome in 1992 and at the World Food Summit held in 1996, a set of very specific strategies were adopted in household food security. High priority was given to food and nutrition in the field of health due to the increased morbidity burden associated to nutritional disorders. The aim of this paper was to provide some guidelines with respect to nutrition and also to reduce the risks of food and nutrition-related diseases.
Outstanding Rhetorical Devices and Textuality in Obama’s Speech in Ghana, Africa  [PDF]
Concepción Hernández-Guerra
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2012.23013
Abstract: Latest trends in political discursive analysis have shown the importance of the study done from the textual and contextual perspective alike. An oral speech has the property of having been prepared in advance but expressed with some improvisation so characteristics from written and oral texts must be taken into consideration. As a consequence, the structure of the discourse and the personal contribution of the author are seemingly relevant. The oral speech analyzed here was expressed in Ghana, Africa by President Barack Obama in 2009. Given the circumstances of Obama’s African origin and of visiting the country as the President of the United States, the elements that reveal the personal attitude comprise an extra interest. The aim of this paper is to analyze the speech from a discursive viewpoint in order to describe the textual and intertextual functions.
Developing an educational framework for the teaching of simulation within nurse education  [PDF]
Melanie Humphreys
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.34049
Abstract:

The use of simulations as a teaching and learning tool within health care has increasing importance; simulations are seen as the major teaching method for practicing and assessing developing skills, knowledge, attitudes and meaningful decision-making within the field of nursing. Certainly the utilisations of simulations feature widely within many aspects of health care; a greater understanding of the key conceptual notions will serve to benefit all of those engaged within their application. This literature review has enabled the construction of a conceptual model for the teaching of simulation and can serve to promote the continued positive development of simulations within education. Through a consistent and insightful approach to teaching, dynamic learning will be assured within this very important aspect of engaging the nursing student within the learning process.

The Marian Illustrations of the Legend of Montserrat
Alarcón, Concepción
Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares , 2008,
Abstract: The books telling the story of Montserrat used to contain illustrative engravings. Montserrat presents us with a special case, because this monastery holds an uninterrupted record of illustrated texts or of texts with engraved images from the miniatures of the Llibre Vermell and the first fruits of the printing press to the 19th century. Admittedly, in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries the books exhibit the engravings on the cover or within the first sheets; it is only in the 19th century that illustrations appear inserted in the text so as to make the story more agreeable. The images intensify the value of texts, since illustrations can help us understand the written word and may suggest other readings of the corresponding passages, clearer and more precise. Illustrations in the books on the history of a monastery are but a part of a larger set of ideas, projects and self-service which the Church aims at the reader. Furthermore, the iconographic models of the Virgin Mary and the Mountain are of great interest for the history of engraving and of the Catalan and Spanish devotions. Los libros en que se contaba la historia de Montserrat contenían estampas que los ilustraban. Montserrat es un caso inusual, porque posee un registro ininterrumpido de textos ilustrados o acompa ados con imágenes grabadas, desde el Llibre Vermell y los primeros momentos de la imprenta hasta el siglo XIX. Bien es cierto que en los libros de los siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII sólo se colocan los grabados en la portada o en las primeras hojas; Hasta el siglo XIX no encontramos un tipo de ilustración insertada en el interior del texto amenizando la historia. Las imágenes intensifican el valor de los textos, porque nos ayudan a comprenderlos y a la vez sugieren nuevas lecturas, más precisas y claras. Las ilustraciones de los libros de historia de un santuario forman parte de todo un enjambre de ideas, proyectos y propaganda que la Iglesia quiere transmitir al lector. Por otro lado los modelos iconográficos de María y la monta a son de gran interés para la historia del grabado y de la devoción catalana y espa ola.
Software Project Visualization Using Task Oriented Metaphors  [PDF]
Amaia Aguirregoitia, José Javier Dolado Cosín, Concepción Presedo
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.311119
Abstract: This paper presents T-Cube and MetroMap, two new graphical representation models for controlling and managing the processes of software project development. They both use metaphors and visual representation techniques to address typical project management tasks. T-Cube uses a metaphor with the Rubik-Cube whereas MetroMap uses a metaphor with a metro map. The tools have been tested on real project data and a qualitative assessment shows the results of testing the visualizations with users attempting several information retrieval tasks. The utility of the tools has been positively evaluated and the article demonstrates the possibilities of visual approaches in project management.
Measurement of Transcutaneous Bilirubin with Bilicheck as a Jaundice Screening Method in Neonates in Pediatric Emergency Departments  [PDF]
Concepción Míguez, Mercedes Fari?as Salto, Rafael Mara?ón
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53037
Abstract: Objectives: To study the reliability of a transcutaneous bilirubinometer (Bilicheck) to determine bilirubin levels in neonates consulting for jaundice in a Paediatric Emergency Department (ED), and to evaluate its usefulness as a screening method. Methods: Prospective observational study realized between June of 2005 and December of2005 inneonates consulting at a paediatric emergency department for jaundice, in whom we realized both transcutaneous and total serum bilirubin measurements (TcB and TSB). We collected demographic variables, analytical variables (serum and transcutaneous bilirubin levels), length of stay in the ED, and need for treatment. Results: 66 children were included aged 2 to 31 days (81% of the sample were 2 to 7 days old). There was a close and statistically significant correlation between TcB and TSB (r = 0.81, p < 0.001). The area under the ROC curve was of 0.90, allowing detecting newborns with jaundice susceptible of treatment with TcB levels ≥ 13 mg/dL (sensitivity 92%, specificity 63, 5%, a positive predictive value 39% and a negative predictive value 97%). The number of venous punctures could be reduced in 50%. The medium stay in the ED was of 2 hours when performing serum measurements. Conclusions: A linear correlation exists between TcB-TSB. TcB measurement cannot replace that of TsB, however it could be used as a screening method in an ED to determine which neonates need confirmation by TsB measurement. The use of transcutaneous bilirubinometer would reduce both the number of painful interventions in neonates and the medium length of stay in ED, consequently reducing iatrogenesis.
Clinical Outcomes with a New Model of Extended Depth of Focus Intraocular Lens  [PDF]
Francisco Poyales, Nuria Garzón, Concepción Poyales, Blanca Poyales
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2018.83020
Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the early clinical outcomes of a new diffractive extended depth-of-focus (EDOF) intraocular lens (IOL). Methods: Prospective case series enrolling patients undergoing cataract surgery with implantation of the EDOF IOL AT LARA (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany). Distance, intermediate and near visual acuity were evaluated during a follow-up of 1 month. Likewise, defocus curve, binocular mesopic contrast sensitivity, perception of photic phenomena, patient satisfaction and spectacle independence were assessed. Results: The study enrolled 38 eyes of 19 patients with a mean age of 69.5 years. A significant reduction of manifest refraction and improvement in corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was observed with surgery (p < 0.001). All eyes achieved a 1-month postoperative binocular CDVA of 20/20 or better. Likewise, all eyes achieved a DCIVA of 20/30 or better at 1 month postoperatively, and a total of 92.1% achieved DCNVA of 20/40 or better. Concerning refractive predictability, 97.4% of eyes had a 1-month postoperative spherical equivalent within ±0.50 D. The level of patient satisfaction with distance, intermediate and near vision was high, with 95% of patients reporting that they would have the same surgical procedure with the same IOL again. Difficulties in night driving or associated to halos were low. A total of 89% of patients reported to be spectacle independent postoperatively. Conclusions: The EDOF IOL AT LARA is able to provide a functional restoration of the visual function across distances after cataract surgery, with very high levels of patient satisfaction and minimal incidence of photic phenomena.
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