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The Hyogo Framework for Action and its implications for disaster management and reduction in Africa
Dejo Olowu
Jàmbá : Journal of Disaster Risk Studies , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/jamba.v3i1.22
Abstract: At the World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Hyogo, Japan, in January 2005, the international community adopted a 10-year plan to make the world safer from disasters. The resultant Hyogo Framework for Action is the global blueprint for disaster risk reduction with the goal of substantially reducing disaster losses in human lives and socio-economic assets. What is the signi!cance of the HFA for the adoption of disaster prevention, management and risk reduction frameworks in African States? Since 2005, what has been the attitude of African States to the promise of the HFA? In terms of policy and planning, how should African States engage the HFA towards securing human lives and properties against natural and human-induced disasters? With the myriad challenges of mass poverty and underdevelopment across Africa, what implications does the HFA hold for disaster risk reduction and management in African States? This article attempts to address this plethora of questions, drawing on lessons learned in Africa and beyond. The article examines the background of the HFA and its progress in shaping the global policy agenda towards disaster management and reduction. While the article acknowledges some of the inherent weaknesses in the promise of the HFA, it nonetheless accentuates its inimitable implications for broad legal and policy strategies towards ameliorating the usual horrific aftermath of disasters in Africa.
The Constitutionalization of Local Government in Developing Countries—Analysis of African Experiences in Global Perspective  [PDF]
Dele Olowu
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2012.32006
Abstract: The constitutionalization of local government is a distinctive contribution of developing countries to governance reform and the policy and practice of modern public administration. Local governments in most western and industrialized societies are creatures of the national government and are essentially statutory bodies-created, modified and suspended or eliminated at will by the state statutes. In fact, in the Anglo Saxon tradition, these institutions are referred to as local authorities and never local government. In seeking to enhance the capacity of sub-national entities against overbearing central authorities countries as disparate as Brazil, India, Philippines, Bolivia, Colombia, South Korea to mention only a few constitutionalized their local governments. This boosted the status and role of these entities in terms of the policy processes for local level development, services delivery and citizen participation. There have also been a number of challenges—local elite capture or corruption, capacity, coordination, equity and stability issues. However, a consistent overall consequence when properly implemented has been a positive impact on service delivery and the enhancement of the interface between local government and local governance as well as the strengthening of intergovernmental relations. A number of African countries have followed this global good governance practice but the results have been mixed. This paper reviews the experiences of Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda and Ghana that have all constitutionalized local governments and seek to explain the differential outcomes in each country context. This is an important issue as a number of other countries that have recently initiated fundamental governance changes have incorporated local government reform as a part of the constitutional reform process. These countries include Kenya while a number of other countries in eastern, southern and especially northern parts of the continent are likely to follow this example as they engage the constitutional reform process.
Sentido de coherencia, afrontamiento y sobrecarga en cuidadores familiares de ancianos con enfermedad crónica
Dejo Vásquez,Mariela;
Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana , 2007,
Abstract: the purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the relationship between sense of coherence, coping strategies, and overwhelm in relative caregivers of elder people with chronic diseases. the instrument used was the “family coping study” questionnaire, created by franz baro. the sample was made up of 74 peruvians who take care of their aged relatives with dementia (44 cases) and other chronic diseases (30 cases). the reliability of the scales was verified using cronbach?s alpha and the item-test consistency. results showed a high reliability. median and the standard deviation of the studied variables were determined, as well as the pearson correlation analysis. the main interest of this research was to establish if there?s a relationship between the sense of coherence of relative caregivers of elder people with chronic diseases and cope of stressing situations like taking care of these patients. the results showed a significant inverse relationship between “sense of coherence” and “overwhelm” variables.
Sentido de coherencia, afrontamiento y sobrecarga en cuidadores familiares de ancianos con enfermedad crónica
Mariela Dejo Vásquez
Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana , 2007,
Abstract: La investigación tuvo como objetivo evaluar la relación entre sentido de coherencia, estrategias de afrontamiento y sobrecarga en cuidadores familiares de ancianos con demencia senil y otras enfermedades crónicas; el instrumento utilizado, previa autorizacióndel autor, fue el cuestionario “Family Coping Study”, creado por Franz Baro (ver Gallagher & cols., 1994). La muestra estuvo compuesta por un total de 74 cuidadores familiares peruanos de ancianoscon demencia (n = 44) y otras enfermedades crónicas (n = 30). Se realizó la confiabilidad de las escalas mediante la prueba de consistencia Alpha de Cronbach y el ítem-test, obteniéndose alta confiabilidad.Se determinó la media y desviación estándar de las variables estudiadas, así como el análisis de correlación de Pearson. El propósito central de esta investigación fue establecer si existe relación entre el sentido de coherencia del cuidador familiar y la sobrecarga y el afrontamiento de situaciones estresantescomo es cuidar a un anciano con enfermedad crónica. Se encontró que las variables “sentido de coherencia” y “sobrecarga” guardan una relación altamente significativa en forma inversa (p < 0,01).
From defiance to engagement: An evaluation of Shell’s approach to conflict resolution in the Niger Delta
D Olowu
African Journal on Conflict Resolution , 2010,
Abstract: In the course of the lengthy era of military rule in Nigeria, the Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria Ltd (Shell) enjoyed robust protection from the State, a scenario that largely left the unrelenting demands of the Niger Delta peoples unheeded. Over the last decade, however, Shell has gradually become responsive to the inevitable need of getting involved in State and non-State initiatives for finding sustainable peace in the Niger Delta region. At formal and informal levels, these initiatives are becoming evident although challenges remain. This essay proceeds from the premise that the Niger Delta conflict is not interminable. Extrapolating from the various efforts made by Shell towards resolving its conflicts with the peoples of the Niger Delta, this essay accentuates some of the missing links between top-down efforts and bottom-up initiatives in building sustainable peace in the region. Drawing from learned experiences of Shell’s successes and failures as well as of Nigeria’s power relations and institutional architecture, this essay contends that while compensatory gestures could play a major role in the resolution of conflicts, that approach alone cannot guarantee conflict resolution and reconciliation in the Niger Delta. The overarching outcome of this evaluation is an attempt at identifying the entry points of concerted conflict resolution strategies, with practical focus on the short-, medium- and long-term attainment of peace.
Mainstreaming women, equating men: Charting an inclusionary approach to transformative development in the African decade for women
D Olowu
Law, Democracy & Development , 2011,
Abstract: A great deal of legal and policy foundation has been laid for promoting gender mainstreaming in development and, since the 1995 International Women’s Conference in Beijing, there have been serious attempts to implement this strategy at various levels. Plausible as the concept may be, this article contends that the status of women can only be advanced through gender mainstreaming strategies that are adapted to each specific culture, place and political context. Following the African Union’s declaration of 2010-2020 as the African Decade for Women, some critical questions engage the dominant ideas of gender equality and mainstreaming in the continent’s ongoing development initiatives. Should men be integrated into development programming and policies relating to women? How can male integration be made most beneficial to the goal of transformative development in Africa? Highlighting relevant normative and institutional interventions, the article demonstrates how an inclusionary approach to gender mainstreaming for development in Africa resonates in such areas as education, sexual and reproductive health, fatherhood and families, work and economy, conflict resolution and domestic violence.
Children’s rights, international human rights and the promise of Islamic legal theory
D Olowu
Law, Democracy & Development , 2008,
Abstract: Dejo Olowu looks at religion and its socio-legal implications. He observes that there has been a noticeable growth in the number of writers exploring possible linkages between Islamic legal theory and an international human rights ethos. The article focuses on dimensions of Islamic legal theory pertaining to the rights of children and, more particularly, the potential of this theory to reinforce the understanding of children’s rights within the context of international human rights. While dealing with issues broadly, it evaluates Islamic legal understanding of the rights of the unborn child in some detail, arguing that the Sharia includes not only law but also religion and ethics, thus offering a multidimensional approach covering the total personality of the child. Moreover, Islam provides enforceable sanctions as well as religious and social measures to promote the welfare of the child. Islamic law, it is concluded, contains extensive provisions that can reinforce global advocacy for the promotion of the rights and welfare of children.
Klebsiella-induced purpura fulminans in a Nigerian child: Case report and a review of Literature
WA Olowu
West African Journal of Medicine , 2002,
Abstract: Purpura fulminans (PPF) is a very sever but rare acute thrombohaemorrhagic illness of infants and young children. It occurs mainly, in patients with either congenital or acquired deficiencies of proteins C and S and antithrombin III. Features of PPF include disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, symmetrical necrotic pupura and / or ecchymoses and symmetrical peripheral gangrene; digital and / or limb(s) amputations and end-organ failure(s) may also occur. The case of a 3.5year old Nigerian girl, who developed PPF following Klebsiella-rhinoscleromatis septicaemia is reported to illustrate the seriousness of the disease and the need for early diagnosis and management.
deJo.,A 高国龙
红外 , 1996,
La guerra contra Irak: Eurasia, la variable oculta
Herminia C. Foo Kong Dejo
Polis : Revista de la Universidad Bolivariana , 2004,
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