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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 129 matches for " Decio Zylbersztajn "
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Entry costs and quality of business environment: a critical analysis
Zylbersztajn, Decio;
RAM. Revista de Administra??o Mackenzie , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-69712010000500008
Abstract: transaction costs are the costs to protect property rights. institutions are shaped in order to control transaction costs in society. studies have been developed to measure transaction costs both at the macro and microeconomic levels. entry costs, i.e., the cost to start up a new business are considered a proxy for business environment quality, being also interpreted as a proxy to transaction cost measurement. this paper presents new elements in order to amplify the potential of research in business environment, particularly business entry costs. it stresses the limitation related to two theoretical points: first, the near decomposability of one complex transaction, and second, the complementarity between ex-ante and ex-post transaction costs, both related to the methodology adopted to measure business entrance costs.
Papel dos contratos na coordena??o agro-industrial: um olhar além dos mercados
Zylbersztajn, Decio;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032005000300001
Abstract: this essay departs from the question about the limited adoption of the contractual approach in the field of agricultural economics in brazil. it discusses the relevance of the contractual approach to the theory of the firm, presents the evolution of the studies of coordination in food chains in brazil and abroad, and concludes suggesting a research and educational agenda for applied agricultural economics.
Organiza??o ética: um ensaio sobre comportamento e estrutura das organiza??es
Zylbersztajn, Decio;
Revista de Administra??o Contemporanea , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-65552002000200008
Abstract: the main objective of the essay is to discuss the theme of ethics and organizations under the lenses of the new institutional economics. given the importance of ethics and social responsibility for organizations, the study suggests the risk associated to the benign approach of cooperation based on the assumption of absence of opportunism. also discusses the problem of survival of the ethical corporation, in face of the existence of non-ethical behavior of the competition. the study concludes that internal organization should be architected to provide the incentives and align the behavior of stakeholders and stockholders. it also concludes that institutional evolution should affect the capacity for the socially responsible organization survive in the market place.
Entry costs and quality of business environment: a critical analysis
Decio Zylbersztajn
Revista de Administra??o Mackenzie , 2010,
Abstract: Transaction costs are the costs to protect property rights. Institutions are shaped in order to control transaction costs in society. Studies have been developed to measure transaction costs both at the macro and microeconomic levels. Entry costs, i.e., the cost to start up a new business are considered a proxy for business environment quality, being also interpreted as a proxy to transaction cost measurement. This paper presents new elements in order to amplify the potential of research in business environment, particularly business entry costs. It stresses the limitation related to two theoretical points: first, the near decomposability of one complex transaction, and second, the complementarity between ex-ante and ex-post transaction costs, both related to the methodology adopted to measure business entrance costs.
Determinantes dos arranjos contratuais: o caso da transa??o produtor-processador de carne bovina no Uruguai
Mondelli, Mario;Zylbersztajn, Decio;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032008000300010
Abstract: what are the determinants of the commercial channel choice in the beef producers-processors transactions? the question refers to the coordination and production control problem associated to changes in consumer's awareness of specific attributes in food products. two contractual arrangements coexist in this transaction: direct-contracting and broker-induced transactions transaction cost economic offers helpful insights to understand the reason for the development and adaptations of different contractual arrangement moved by transaction cost economizing perspective. the empirical analysis is focused in the uruguayan beef agro-industrial system. analysis integrates (i) institutional and organizational changes in the beef industry; (ii) based on the analysis of the transaction dimensions (frequency, asset specificity and uncertainty) we address hypothesis of the determinants of the contractual arrangement in the beef producers-processors transaction; and (iii) we run a statistical test of the hypotheses based on a logit model. we used a panel data with producers-processors transaction from uruguayan agricultural bureau (77,000 transactions). we confirm the hypotheses of the determinants of the contractual arrangement choice. the probability of a transaction being aligned with the direct contractual arrangement increase in transaction with higher asset specificity (i.e., young steer), lower distance between the producer and the processor, and with higher frequency of transaction.
Stability of contracts in the Brazilian wine industry
Zylbersztajn, Decio;Miele, Marcelo;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032005000200008
Abstract: a variety of contracts between wineries and grape growers are observed in brazil. this study addresses the concept of coordination of food chains, particularly the stability of contractual relationships. a qualitative analysis of industry-farmers contracts is presented, followed by a quantitative analysis testing transaction cost economics-based hypothesis. scale, location, age of vineyard, and the cooperative organizational form are addressed in terms of the effect on the stability of contracts. vertical and horizontal coordination are addressed. data come from a sample of 139 grape-growers that supplied 10 major wineries. the results show that more stable contracts or vertical integration are characteristic of high quality wine production, where the need for strict contractual coordination is more relevant, i.e. risk of hold up losses is larger. we test the hypothesis that site specificity and quality-related specific investments are associated with more stable contractual architectures. farmers' cooperatives present poorer performance but tend to hold more stable relationships with their members, possibly the result of adverse selection, since specialized farmers prefer to maintain contracts with investor-owned wineries, instead of farmers' cooperatives. conclusions are presented in the final part.
Editorial
Nicolau Reinhard,Decio Zylbersztajn
Revista de Administra??o (S?o Paulo) , 2013,
Abstract:
Quebras contratuais e dispers?o de senten?as
Rezende, Christiane Leles;Zylbersztajn, Decio;
Revista Direito GV , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-24322011000100008
Abstract: the problems which have motivated a study and this article were the contractual breaches during an expressive increase of price and their judicial decisions. descriptive and econometric analysis have been carried out on 161 appeal judicial decisions of goiás court of justice (brazil) and a quantitative survey was done with 70 farmers. the study has supported the hypothesis that a weak judiciary increases transaction costs and decreases the economic development rate. a large dispersion of court decisions was found between the first and appeal decision, as well inside the same level. the use of the concept of “social role of contract” inserted a high degree of instability in contracts the effects of court decisions could be realized such as more requirements of warranties and the reduction in the number of contracts. those soybean producers who did not breach their contracts also have been negatively affected by the strategic reactions of trading and industries.
Pacta sunt servanda versus the social role of contracts: the case of Brazilian agriculture contracts
Rezende, Christiane Leles;Zylbersztajn, Decio;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032012000200001
Abstract: this study explores the instability created by contradictory court decisions related with contract breaches. forward marketing contracts represent an important source of resources to finance brazilian agriculture, however a large number of contract breaches were observed during a period of marked increase in soy prices. the study analyzed 161 judicial appeal decisions and a survey was carried with 70 farmers. the results show the difference of judges' interpretation and the existence of second order effects. the effects of court decisions were more requirements of guarantees and the reduction in the number of contracts. those soybean farmers who did not breach their contracts have also been negatively affected by the strategic reactions of trading and processing companies. the concept of "social function of the contract" introduced in brazilian civil code led to a higher degree of instability in contracts, raising transaction costs and motivating private economic sanctions.
Explaining agro-industrial contract breaches: the case of Brazilian tomatoes processing industry
Zylbersztajn, Decio;Nadalini, Lygia B.;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032007000400005
Abstract: three hundred small tomato growers located in brazilian northeast states, supplied a processing industry. in view of the large number of contract hazards and weak enforcement of clauses, managers have decided to move to the midwest, where a reduced number of larger farmers have been contracted. the industry blamed high transaction costs due to the weak mechanism of public enforcement of property rights. the industry blamed some farmers of selling the product at the market for fresh consumption. also, farmers blamed the industry for taking advantage of asymmetric information related to quality. this study presents an analysis of contract architecture and an evaluation of effects of transaction costs related variables on the likelihood of contract breaches. a panel data study with 1,523 observations and limited dependent variable models has been formulated to test hypothesis based on transaction cost theory. results show that opportunism and the absence of courts guarantees of property rights precluded the possibility of achieving a stable contract relationship in the region.
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