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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 193329 matches for " Dayamí Díaz Garrido "
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Hábito de fumar en la adolescencia al nivel comunitario
álvarez Valdés,Neiza; Gálvez Cabrera,Elisa; Díaz Garrido,Dayamí;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2007,
Abstract: considering adolescence like the more susceptible stage to develop addiction, and washing an increment of smoker adolescents in health area, we propose to characterize smoking in adolescent seen in basic work group of “marcio manduley” polyclinic in 2006, by means of a descriptive and transversal study made in 402 adolescent aged between 11 y 14, fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria. we used the main instrument, world survey on nicotinism in youth (gyts 2001), where adolescents are classified as smokers and non-smokers, it is estimated a prevalence of 14.2 % of smokers, with a predominance of male sex and aged 13. purchase of drug (cigarette) in shops or street sellers, and its consumption in homes. it was obvious a high rate of challenge to environmental tobacco smoke as well a high rate of family members smokers of pupils. active smokers are classified in most of them in low physical dependent, and with a high motivation to abandon smoking. we conclude that smoking in adolescence is a high prevalence health problem in study population that is why it is necessary a active social and community involvement considering that integral care to adolescent is a critical link in equilibrium of community health.
Hábito de fumar en la adolescencia al nivel comunitario Smoking in adolescence at a community level
Neiza álvarez Valdés,Elisa Gálvez Cabrera,Dayamí Díaz Garrido
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2007,
Abstract: Considerándose la adolescencia como la etapa más susceptible a desarrollar una adicción y observándose un incremento de los adolescentes fumadores en el área de salud, se propone caracterizar el hábito de fumar en los adolescentes atendidos por un Grupo Básico de Trabajo del Policlínico “Marcio Manduley”, en el a o 2006, a través de un estudio descriptivo de índole transversal en el que se investiga a 402 adolescentes de entre 11 y 14 a os de edad que cumplen con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se utiliza como principal instrumento la Encuesta Mundial sobre Tabaquismo en Jóvenes (GYTS 2001), donde se clasifican los adolescentes en fumadores y no fumadores, se estima una prevalencia de 14,2 % de fumadores, con predominio del sexo masculino y de la edad de 13 a os. Se destaca la adquisición de la droga (cigarro) en tiendas o vendedores callejeros y su consumo en los hogares. Se constata una alta exposición al humo del tabaco ambiental, así como un elevado índice de familiares fumadores que conviven con los escolares. Se clasifican los fumadores activos, en su mayoría, en bajos dependientes físicos, y con alta motivación por dejar de fumar. Se concluye que el hábito de fumar en la adolescencia es un problema de salud de alta prevalencia en la población estudiada, por lo que se hace necesaria una activa participación social y comunitaria, teniendo en cuenta que la atención integral al adolescente constituye un eslabón medular en el equilibrio de la salud comunitaria. Considering adolescence like the more susceptible stage to develop addiction, and washing an increment of smoker adolescents in health area, we propose to characterize smoking in adolescent seen in Basic Work Group of “Marcio Manduley” Polyclinic in 2006, by means of a descriptive and transversal study made in 402 adolescent aged between 11 y 14, fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria. We used the main instrument, World Survey on Nicotinism in Youth (GYTS 2001), where adolescents are classified as smokers and non-smokers, it is estimated a prevalence of 14.2 % of smokers, with a predominance of male sex and aged 13. Purchase of drug (cigarette) in shops or street sellers, and its consumption in homes. It was obvious a high rate of challenge to environmental tobacco smoke as well a high rate of family members smokers of pupils. Active smokers are classified in most of them in low physical dependent, and with a high motivation to abandon smoking. We conclude that smoking in adolescence is a high prevalence health problem in study population that is why it is necessary a active social
Valor del índice de pulsatilidad promedio de las arterias uterinas en gestantes hipertensas crónicas Value of average pulsatility index of the uterine arteries in chronic hypertensive patients
Alfredo Nodarse Rodríguez,Roberto Guzmán Parrado,Dayamí Díaz Garrido
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: las pacientes con hipertensión arterial crónica presentan una frecuencia de un 5 % a 25 % de agravamiento de la hipertensión de de base durante la gestación, con desarrollo de preeclampsia sobrea adida como evento más frecuente. Objetivos: evaluar la aplicación de la flujometría Doppler de las arterias uterinas analizando sus valores promedios como predictores de resultados perinatales desfavorables. Métodos: se realizó un estudio empírico observacional, prospectivo, descriptivo, no intervencionista durante un momento de la gestación. Se estudiaron 214 embarazadas atendidas en el hospital "Ramón González Coro" con el diagnóstico de hipertensión arterial crónica en el período comprendido entre septiembre de 2007 hasta noviembre de 2010. Resultados: tenían menos de 35 a os 142 pacientes (66,4 %), 148 de las gestantes tuvieron índice de pulsatilidad de las arterias uterinas normal, de estas el 76,7 % tuvo un recién nacido con peso adecuado para el tiempo de gestación y 28 mostraron relación con preeclampsia sobrea adida. Conclusiones: la edad menor de 35 a os fue la que caracterizó al grupo estudiado. La sensibilidad del índice de pulsatilidad promedio fue bueno para el crecimiento intrauterino retardado (CIUR). Este índice demostró el mejor valor para la predicción de resultados perinatales desfavorables. Introduction: patients with chronic hypertension have a frequency of 5 % to 25 % worsening of base hypertension during pregnancy, developing pre-eclampsia as more frequent event. Objectives: to evaluate the application of Doppler flowmetry of the uterine arteries analyzing their average values as predictors of adverse perinatal outcomes. Methods: an empirical, prospective, descriptive, non-interventionist study was conducted during a gestation moment. We studied 214 pregnant women attending Ramón González Coro OB/GYN hospital. These subjects had diagnosis of chronic hypertension from September 2007 to November 2010. Results: 142 patients were younger than 35 years (66.4 %); 148 pregnant women had normal pulsatility index of the uterine arteries; 76.7 % had a newborn with appropriate weight for gestational age, and 28 showed relation to pre-eclampsia. Conclusions: the characteristic age was under 35 was in this group studied. The sensitivity of the mean pulsatility index was good for intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). This index showed the best value for the prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes.
Prevalencia de discapacidad mental en ancianos de la provincia Granma Prevalence of mental disability in the elderly from Granma province
Héctor Bayarre Vea,Dayamí Díaz Garrido,Miguel ángel Lazo álvarez,Jesús Menéndez Jiménez
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2007,
Abstract:
Prevalencia de discapacidad física en ancianos de la provincia Granma Prevalence of physical disability in the elderly from Granma province
Dayamí Díaz Garrido,Héctor Bayarre Vea,Miguel ángel Lazo álvarez,Jesús Menéndez Jiménez
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2007,
Abstract:
Prevalencia de discapacidad mental en adultos mayores en cinco provincias de Cuba, 2000-2004
Bayarre Vea,Héctor Héctor D.; Pérez Pi?ero,Julia S.; Menéndez Jiménez,Jesús; Tamargo Barbeito,Teddy O.; Morejón Carralero,Agustín; Díaz Garrido,Dayamí; Pi?era Marrero,Arlín González de;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662008000300007
Abstract: introduction: mental disability in the aged people is one of the most important problems that the cuban scientific community currently faces. objectives: to estimate the prevalence of mental disability in the aged people from the city of havana, las tunas, gramma, holguín and camagüey provinces from 2000 and 2004. methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study of complex samples (multi-stage cluster sampling) of randomly selected aged people from each of the above provinces, whose size was estimated through a calculation formula for descriptive studies in finite populations, was conducted. the minimal mental: status examination was applied. global and specific mental disability prevalence rates were estimated. data processing was computerized. results mental disability ranged from 4.5 % (holguín province) to 21.5 % (gramma province). it increased with the age, from 0.3% in 60-69 y age group dwelling in holguín to 56.3% in the 80 years and over group in las tunas and it was predominant in females from all these provinces, with 20 % rates, except for las tunas (13.5 %) and holguin (5.8 %). the main problems in the mental status were related to calculating and remembering, both in the disabled group and in the non-disabled group regardless of the province. conclusions: mental disability prevalence changes in the studied provinces, ranging from low rates in holguin provinces to high rates in gramma province. the highest rates of mental disability found in all these territories were associated with old age, female, low education and inactivity. the most frequent mental disturbances were calculation and remembering; all this should be taken into account for any intervention strategy to be designed to this end.
Prevalencia de discapacidad física en adultos mayores de provincias seleccionadas, Cuba 2000-2004
Bayarre Vea,Héctor D.; Pérez Pi?ero,Julia S.; Menéndez Jiménez,Jesús; Tamargo Barbeito,Teddy O.; Morejón Carralero,Agustín; Garrido Díaz,Dayamí; Pi?era Marrero,Arlín González de;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662008000200002
Abstract: introduction: physical disability is one of the most important problems that the cuban scientific community faces. objective to estimate the prevalence of physical disability in elders from the city of havana, las tunas, gramma, holguín and camagüey provinces from 2000 to 2004. methods: a descriptive study of complex samples of randomly selected elders from each of the above provinces was conducted. lawton index and minimal mental status examination were applied. global and specific physical disability prevalence rates were estimated. results: physical disability ranged from 13.9 % (holguín province) to 36.6 % (gramma province). it increased with the age, from 4.5 % in 60-69 age group dwelling in holguín to 83 % in 80 years and over group in las tunas and it was predominant in females in the five provinces, with rates of 40 %, except for holguín. elders in this last province were less disabled than those of the other provinces in all the activities except for housekeeping in which older people from las tunas were more capable (10.9 %). use of telephone was the most preserved ability in elders regardless of the province whereas the responsibility for taking their medicines showed similar values. conclusions: physical disability is common in the researched older population except for that of holguín province; it increases with the age, is predominant in females and derives from loss of mobility activities. the most affected psychosocial variables are illiteracy and lack of active social role. feelings of idleness and dissatisfaction with daily life activities predominated in the elderly from holguín; the former was also present in las tunas province and the latter in camagüey province. additionally, the feeling of loneliness also prevailed in the city of havana and gramma provinces.
Factores de riesgo de discapacidad física en ancianos de Ciudad de La Habana, Camagüey, Las Tunas, Granma y Holguín
Bayarre Vea,Héctor D; Pérez Pi?ero,Julia S; Menéndez Jiménez,Jesús; Tamargo Barbeito,Teddy O; Morejón Carralero,Agustín; Garrido Díaz,Dayamí; González de Pi?era Marrero,Arlín;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2008,
Abstract: introduction: physical disability is an important contemporary health problem that is related to factors investigated in the national and international arena. objective: to identify the risk factors of physical disability in the elderly from the selected provinces. methods: case-control studies nested in descriptive studies were conducted. all the elderly with diagnosed physical disability were considered as cases and a sample of older adults without this condition as controls, at a ratio 4:1. the information was obtained by mini-mental state examination, lawton index and survey of risk factors for physical disability. the data processing was carried out by multiple logistic regression by the stata program package, version 8.0. results: for the elderly from the capital, the probability of physical disability was influenced by the following variables: sex, inadaptation to retirement, loss of the social role, age, feelings of loneliness and educational level; for those from camagüey: age, hip fracture sequel, absence of confidents, unsatisfaction with the daily activities, presence of feelings of loneliness and occupation; for the aged from las tunas: age, occupation, sex, sensation of inactivity, unsatisfaction with the daily activities and educational level; for those from granma: age, inadaptation to retirement, loss of the social role, the presence of feelings of loneliness and sex; and for the elderly from holguín: age and unsatisfaction with the daily activities. conclusions: age is a risk factor for physical disability in the elderly from the investigated territories. the female sex, the feelings of loneliness and the unsatisfaction with the daily activities are risk factors in 3 provinces. unemployment, inadaptation to retirement, the loss of the social role and the low educational level favor the appearance of disability in 2 provinces; whereas the absence of confidents, the sensation of inactivity and the hip fracture sequel are risk factors for the aged fro
Modelos para el vaticinio de discapacidad física en adultos mayores en el nivel primario de atención
Bayarre Vea,Héctor D.; Pérez Pi?ero,Julia S.; Menéndez Jiménez,Jesús; Tamargo Barbeito,Teddy O.; Morejón Carralero,Agustín; Garrido Díaz,Dayamí; González de Pi?era Marrero,Arlín;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2009,
Abstract: introduction: treatment of physical disabilities is a challenge for contemporary gerontology, hence the significance of its approach. aim: to establish mathematical forms for prediction of physical disabilities in community third age persons resident in cuban selected provinces. methods: a development research in each province was performed, allowing obtaining and validation of above mentioned forms to predict physical disabilities. previously, we made prevalence studies. cases selected included all elderly with physical disability, and as controls, a sample of third age persons without this condition, for a ratio of 4:1. information was obtained by: minimal examination of mental state, lawton index, and risk factors survey of physical disability. data processing was performed by multiple logistic regression, step by step method, and receiver operating characteristic curve, by means of automated programs. results: forms developed have an acceptable validity and the area under roc curve is of 0,75 (0,68-0,80) for havana city; of 0,96 (0,92-0,99) for camaguey province, of 0.76 (0,72-0,81) for las tunas province, of 0,69 (0,63-0,76) for gramma province, and of 0,91 (0,85-0,97) for holguin province. conclusions: forms obtained allow, from individual risk profile, to predict physical disability in elderly groups from study provinces, thus they may to become significant tools to predict and to control health deviation refer by staff of primary care level.
Evaluación de cepas nativas de Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner para el control de Heliothis virescens Fabricius en el cultivo del tabaco en Cuba
Carreras Solís,Bertha; Rodríguez Batista,Dayamí; Piedra Díaz,Felicia;
Fitosanidad , 2009,
Abstract: liquid culture of eight bacillus thuringiensis strains were evaluated on second instar larvae of heliothis virescensfabricius. lbt-111 strain showed 50% of mortality the second day of experiment. a second bioassay with this strain allowed to determinate the cl50 against heliothis virescens, which was 2.6 x 107 spores/ml-1 and the highest correlation (0.95) was obtained with the data of 48 h. the confidence limits (p 0.05) in the dosis-probit correlation line showed narrow margins with the data of 48 h, which indicate the accuracy in the calculation of the cl50.
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