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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 52964 matches for " David Oladeji "
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Personal, Situational and Socio-Cultural Factors as Correlates of Intimate Partner Abuse in Nigeria  [PDF]
David Oladeji
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2013.34014
Abstract: This study established the relationships between personal, situational and socio-cultural factors and intimate partner abuse among couples in Nigeria. A multiple regression statistical procedure was employed in analyzing the data collected from 200 participants randomly selected from five ministries in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. Results obtained indicated that the three variables when combined effectively predicted intimate partner abuse (F-ratio of 5.756 significant at 0.05 alpha level). Taken separately, situational and socio-cultural factors contributed significantly to the prediction (t = 2.146, p < 0.05; t = 2.284, p < 0.05), while personal factor did not (t = 1.705, p > 0.05). On the basis of these findings it was suggested that counselling psychologists should design intervention strategies to promote life-skills training in schools and out-of-schools settings. These include age-appropriate content on sexuality, conflict resolution, building healthy relationships and personal safety. Also, it was suggested that couples should be informed on the long-term health and social consequences of physical and sexual abuse.
Social Influences as Determinants of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviours among Adolescents of Reproductive Age in Nigeria
Oladeji David
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study established the influence of parenting style, siblings, sexual partners and friends/peers interactions on adolescents` sexual attitudes and behaviours. A total of five hundred and forty secondary school adolescents from three senatorial districts in Oyo State were randomly involved in the study. Their ages ranged between 15 and 21 years with a mean age of 18.2 years and standard deviation of 4.2. The two instruments used were author-constructed questionnaires with 0.81 and 0.69 reliability coefficient, respectively. The data obtained were analysed using multiple regression analysis. The result indicated that significant relationship existed between parenting style, friends/peers interactions and sexual partners but not with siblings. The results further indicated that, a combination of the independent variables significantly predicted adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviours. Based on the findings, it was recommended that, those in the helping professions should take cognizance of those variables that have been found to influence adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviours.
Socio-Cultural and Norms Factors Influencing Family Planning Choices among Couples in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria
Oladeji David,O. Folaranmi Olufunmilayo
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study established the influence of socio-cultural and norms factors on couples family planning choices. Couples involved in the study were randomly selected from 5 different professions in Ibadan constituted the sample for the study. The two instruments used were author-constructed questionnaires with 0.62 and 0.69 reliability co-efficient, respectively. The data obtained were analysed using chi-square statistics and multiple regression analysis. The results indicated that significant relationship existed between social and cultural factors (252.959); gender roles (176.849); social networks (95.424); religion (125.742) and local belief factors (205.196). The results further indicated that a combination of the five independent variables significantly predicted couples family planning choices yielding a co-efficient multiple Regression (R) of 0.467 and F-ratio of 57.241. The results further revealed that significant relationship existed between each of the independent variables except local belief factors. Based on the results of this finding, it was recommended that those in the helping professions should take cognizance of those variables that have been found to influence family planning choices among couples.
Family Violence Variables Influencing the Psychosocial Well-Being of Children of Abused Partners in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria
T.G. Adegoke,Oladeji David
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The examined how family violence variables influence the psychosocial well-being of children in the family of abused partners. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The study sample was 500 randomly drawn from five local government areas of Ibadan metropolis. A self-completed questionnaire tagged: Family Violence and Psychosocial Well-Being of Children`s Evaluative Questionnaire (FVPSWBOCEQ) was used to collect the requisite data. The data was analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Chi-Square (x2) Statistics. The result showed that there is a significant relationship between Family violence variables such as promiscuity, infidelity and physical assault and psychosocial well-being of children in the family of abused partners. While religion and coercive sex of abused partners have no significant relationship with psychosocial well-being of children in the family. Significant relationships were also revealed between abused partner`s marital status and psychosocial well-being of children (x2 = 17.6, df = 4, p< 0.05) and between abused parent`s level of education and psychosocial well-being of children (x2 = 25.7, df = 8, p< 0.05). Based on these findings, it is recommended that family counselling services will be very helpful for the families in understanding and coping with problems within family situations.
Community Norms and Cultural Attitudes and Beliefs Factors Influencing Violence Against Women of Reproductive Age in Nigeria
T.G Adegoke,Oladeji David
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study examined the influence of men`s right to control their wives` behaviour, discipline their wives by force, how dowry can escalate threat and violence, how bridewealth is synonymous to purchasing a wife and how female, chastity and male honour serve to justify violence on violence among women of reproduction age in Nigeria. A total of 250 men and women from different professions drawn randomly in Ibadan constituted the sample for the study. The three instruments used were author-constructed questionnaires with 0.69, 0.72 and 0.66 reliability coefficients, respectively. The data obtained were analysed using multiple regression analysis. The results indicated that significant relationships existed between, men`s right to control their wives` behaviour, discipline their wives by force, that bridewealth is synonymous to purchasing a wife and that, female chastity and male honour serve to justify violence but not with dowry demand. The results therefore, indicate the need for those in the helping professions, the government, community leaders and non-governmental organizations to mount strategies towards putting an end to violence against women.
Psychological Variables as Correlates of Incestuous Behaviour among Adolescents of Reproductive Age in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria
David Oladeji,J.A. Ayangunna
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: This study investigated the relationship between psychological factors and incestuous behaviours among adolescent of reproductive age in Oyo State. A total of five hundred adolescents in senior school one in Ibadan constituted the sample for the study. Their ages ranged between 12 and 18 years with a mean of 15 years and standard deviation of 4.1. The instruments used were author-constructed questionnaires with 0.76 and 0.79 reliability co-efficient respectively. The data obtained were analysed using multiple regression analysis. The result indicated that significant relationship existed between parenting style and emotional stability but not with affection style. The results further indicated that a combination of the independent variables significantly predicted incestuous behaviours. Based on the findings, it was recommended that, guidance counsellors, psychologists and social workers should take cognizance of those variables that have bee found to influence incestuous behaviours among the adolescents.
Family Care, Social Services, and Living Arrangements Factors Influencing Psychosocial Well-Being of Elderly from Selected Households in Ibadan, Nigeria
D. Oladeji
Education Research International , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/421898
Abstract: This study examined family care, social services, and living arrangements factors influencing the psychosocial well-being of the elderly from selected households in Ibadan, Nigeria. The participants for the study consisted of 280 elderly persons randomly drawn from selected households in five local government areas of Ibadan metropolis. A descriptive survey design was employed in collecting the data from the respondents. Data collected were analyzed using chi-square (2) statistics. Results obtained indicated that significant relationships existed between family care (2=127.9, df = 12, <.05), social services (2=191.9, df = 12, <.05), and living arrangements (2=14.4, df = 6, <.05) and psychosocial well-being of elderly. The results implicate the need for the framework on the complex system of the elderly services. These areas of service include economic services, attitudes toward aging, roles played by the elderly, and health care services.
Impact of Gender-Based Abuse on Women’s Economic Wellbeing and Participation in Public Life in Abeokuta Metropolis in Ogun State, Nigeria
D Oladeji
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: This study established the influence of gender-based abuse on women’s economic wellbeing and participation in public life. A total of two-hundred and fifty married women from Abeokuta metropolis constituted the sample for the study. Their ages ranged from 25 years to 49 years with a mean age of 37 years and standard deviation of 8.48. The two instruments used were author-constructed questionnaires with 0.69 and 0.74 reliability coefficient respectively. The data obtained were analysed using frequency counts, percentages, and chi-square (X2) statistics. The results indicated that the three research questions raised and tested contributed significantly to the prediction of the dependent variable. Based on the results of this finding, it was recommended that those in the helping professional should take cognizance of those variables that have been found to influence women’s economic well-being and participation in public life
Family Care, Social Services, and Living Arrangements Factors Influencing Psychosocial Well-Being of Elderly from Selected Households in Ibadan, Nigeria
D. Oladeji
Education Research International , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/421898
Abstract: This study examined family care, social services, and living arrangements factors influencing the psychosocial well-being of the elderly from selected households in Ibadan, Nigeria. The participants for the study consisted of 280 elderly persons randomly drawn from selected households in five local government areas of Ibadan metropolis. A descriptive survey design was employed in collecting the data from the respondents. Data collected were analyzed using chi-square ( ) statistics. Results obtained indicated that significant relationships existed between family care ( , df = 12, ), social services ( , df = 12, ), and living arrangements ( , df = 6, ) and psychosocial well-being of elderly. The results implicate the need for the framework on the complex system of the elderly services. These areas of service include economic services, attitudes toward aging, roles played by the elderly, and health care services. 1. Introduction Aging is not an entirely negative process, but old age is undoubtedly a difficult period, worsened by the inadequacy of social institutions to care for the aged [1]. Some studies have found no differences among the young and the elderly on measures of satisfaction, morale, and general happiness, and some studies show that elderly have a more positive self-concept than the younger ones. Old age is often said to begin at 65, which in our society (Nigerian reference) is a typical age of retirement. In some part of the world, where life expectancy is lower, a person might be old at 35 or 40. Even in our own society (i.e., Nigeria), we see enormous variation among older people. Neugarten [2], therefore, gave the reason for this variation that “old age” is quite a long period of time, encompassing many phases and changes. Hence, he has divided older individuals into three distinct groups as follows:(i)the young-old, those between 55 and 65, who are still working and at peak of their social and vocational status in life,(ii)the middle-old, those between 65 and 75, the majority of whom are retired and in good health and who have abundant time to follow their interest, and(iii)the old-old, those over age 75, who as a group are the frailest and poorest of the old. Family care has been one of the focal points in this study. Families have been the major resource, and until very recently their responsibility for relatives was enforced morally, culturally, and through law. For instance, relative responsibility laws held adult children responsible for the support of their parents. Today, if children could not take an older parent needing care
Single Parenthood Impact on Street Children in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria
YL Olaleye, D Oladeji
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: Throughout the world, there are children who are drifted away from homes or families of orientations. They are commonly referred to as “runaway” children. This study examined single parenthood impact on street children in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria .The study made use of random sampling techniques and the data collected was 200 non institutionalized street children in Ibadan metropolis. The instrument used for this study was a questionnaire and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to analyzed the results. The results indicated that, hypothesis 2and 3 was significant (attachment of street children-F(1.198=55.318, P< 0.05) and hypothesis 3 (aggression of the street children-F( 1.198=56.122,P<0.05) while hypothesis 1 was not significant ( anti-social behaviour of street children-F (1.198=.227, P>0.05)i. Based on the findings, the study recommended that there is need for parents to stay together with their children to ensure that their welfare is properly catered for. Single parenthood could be totally reduced if not totally eliminated from the society. Government should provide free and compulsory education to children without family support and help the less privileged parents with financial support by empowering them.
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