Abstract:
We construct a generalization of Courant algebroids which are classified by the third cohomology group $H^3(A,V)$, where $A$ is a Lie Algebroid, and $V$ is an $A$-module. We see that both Courant algebroids and $\mathcal{E}^1(M)$ structures are examples of them. Finally we introduce generalized CR structures on a manifold, which are a generalization of generalized complex structures, and show that every CR structure and contact structure is an example of a generalized CR structure.

Abstract:
A Dirac structure is a Lagrangian subbundle of a Courant algebroid, $L\subset\mathbb{E}$, which is involutive with respect to the Courant bracket. In particular, $L$ inherits the structure of a Lie algebroid. In this paper, we introduce the more general notion of a pseudo-Dirac structure: an arbitrary subbundle, $W\subset\mathbb{E}$, together with a pseudo-connection on its sections, satisfying a natural integrability condition. As a consequence of the definition, $W$ will be a Lie algebroid. Allowing non-isotropic subbundles of $\mathbb{E}$ incorporates non-skew tensors and connections into Dirac geometry. Novel examples of pseudo-Dirac structures arise in the context of quasi-Poisson geometry, Lie theory, generalized K\"ahler geometry, and Dirac Lie groups, among others. Despite their greater generality, we show that pseudo-Dirac structures share many of the key features of Dirac structures. In particular, they behave well under composition with Courant relations.

Abstract:
In this thesis we develop the notion of LA-Courant algebroids, the infinitesimal analogue of multiplicative Courant algebroids. Specific applications include the integration of q- Poisson (d, g)-structures, and the reduction of Courant algebroids. We also introduce the notion of pseudo-Dirac structures, (possibly non-Lagrangian) subbundles W \subseteq E of a Courant algebroid such that the Courant bracket endows W naturally with the structure of a Lie algebroid. Specific examples of pseudo-Dirac structures arise in the theory of q-Poisson (d, g)-structures.

Abstract:
In this paper, we show that two constructions form stacks: Firstly, as one varies the $\infty$-topos, $\mathcal{X}$, Lurie's homotopy theory of higher categories internal to $\mathcal{X}$ varies in such a way as to form a stack over the $\infty$-category of all $\infty$-topoi. Secondly, we show that Haugseng's construction of the higher category of iterated spans in a given $\infty$-topos (equipped with local systems) can be used to define various stacks over that $\infty$-topos. As a prerequisite to these results, we discuss properties which limits of $\infty$-categories inherit from the $\infty$-categories comprising the diagram. For example, Riehl and Verity have shown that possessing (co)limits of a given shape is hereditary. Extending their result somewhat, we show that possessing Kan extensions of a given type is heriditary, and more generally that the adjointability of a functor is heriditary.

Abstract:
In this paper, we describe an integration of exact Courant algebroids to symplectic 2-groupoids, and we show that the differentiation procedure from [26] inverts our integration.

Abstract:
A classical theorem of Drinfel'd states that the category of simply connected Poisson Lie groups H is isomorphic to the category of Manin triples (d, g, h), where h is the Lie algebra of H. In this paper, we consider Dirac Lie groups, that is, Lie groups H endowed with a multiplicative Courant algebroid A and a Dirac structure E /subset A for which the multiplication is a Dirac morphism. It turns out that the simply connected Dirac Lie groups are classified by so-called Dirac Manin triples. We give an explicit construction of the Dirac Lie group structure defined by a Dirac Manin triple, and develop its basic properties.

Abstract:
Let G be a Lie group endowed with a bi-invariant pseudo-Riemannian metric. Then the moduli space of flat connections on a principal G-bundle, P\to \Sigma, over a compact oriented surface, \Sigma, carries a Poisson structure. If we trivialize P over a finite number of points on the boundary of \Sigma, then the moduli space carries a quasi-Poisson structure instead. Our first result is to describe this quasi-Poisson structure in terms of an intersection form on the fundamental groupoid of the surface, generalizing results of Massuyeau and Turaev. Our second result is to extend this framework to quilted surfaces, i.e. surfaces where the structure group varies from region to region and a reduction (or relation) of structure occurs along the borders of the regions, extending results of the second author. We describe the Poisson structure on the moduli space for a quilted surface in terms of an operation on spin networks, i.e. graphs immersed in the surface which are endowed with some additional data on their edges and vertices. This extends the results of various authors.

Abstract:
In this paper we study the symplectic and Poisson geometry of moduli spaces of flat connections over quilted surfaces. These are surfaces where the structure group varies from region to region in the surface, and where a reduction (or relation) of structure occurs along the boundaries of the regions. Our main theoretical tool is a new form moment-map reduction in the context of Dirac geometry. This reduction framework allows us to use very general relations of structure groups, and to investigate both the symplectic and Poisson geometry of the resulting moduli spaces from a unified perspective. The moduli spaces we construct in this way include a number of important examples, including Poisson Lie groups and their Homogeneous spaces, moduli spaces for meromorphic connections over Riemann surfaces (following the work of Philip Boalch), and various symplectic groupoids. Realizing these examples as moduli spaces for quilted surfaces provides new insights into their geometry.

Abstract:
In this note, we revisit the quantization of Lie bialgebras described by the second author, placing it in the more general framework of the quantization of moduli spaces developed in our previous work. In particular, we show that embeddings of quilted surfaces (which are compatible with the choice of skeleton) induce morphisms between the corresponding quantized moduli spaces of flat connections. As an application, we describe quantizations of both the variety of Lagrangian subalgebras and the de-Cocini Procesi wonderful compactification, which are compatible with the action of the (quantized) Poisson Lie group.

Abstract:
Given a manifold M with an action of a quadratic Lie algebra d, such that all stabilizer algebras are co-isotropic in d, we show that the product M\times d becomes a Courant algebroid over M. If the bilinear form on d is split, the choice of transverse Lagrangian subspaces g_1, g_2 of d defines a bivector field on M, which is Poisson if (d,g_1,g_2) is a Manin triple. In this way, we recover the Poisson structures of Lu-Yakimov, and in particular the Evens-Lu Poisson structures on the variety of Lagrangian Grassmannians and on the de Concini-Procesi compactifications. Various Poisson maps between such examples are interpreted in terms of the behaviour of Lagrangian splittings under Courant morphisms.