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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 56476 matches for " David Galloso Santana "
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Perceived support in caregivers of patients legally dependent
Antonio M. Vázquez Merino,David Galloso Santana,álvaro Sánchez Gualberto
NURE Investigación , 2012,
Abstract: The Spanish law of Promoting the Personal Autonomy and Attention to people in dependence situation (39/2006) recognizes the enjoyment of assistance to its beneficiaries. General Objective: Determinate the degree of perceived social support in caregivers of persons receiving benefits established by the law. Specific Objectives: To establish the socio-sanitary profile of patients and caregivers and to know, on the basis of the degree of dependency recognized, the features catalogue offered and chosen by our patients. Methodology: descriptive cross-sectional study. Study population: 98 patient-caregiver pairs belonging to Isla Chica’s Health Center (Huelva). Results: The patient profile was a polymedicated woman aged around 74 years old, mainly with self-care deficits and a physical mobility impairment. The caregiver profile was a woman aged around 58 years old, who was taking care of her mother for two years. She showed arterial hypertension, adaptation disorders and osteoarticular diseases. 67.4% of the caregivers receive little total support. Discussion: The physical and mental efforts these dependent caregivers are subjected to has a negative influence on the perception of social support, despite the benefits granted.
Peces de Los Andes de Colombia
Carlos David de Santana
Neotropical Ichthyology , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/s1679-62252006000300011
Abstract:
Evaluación del comportamiento productivo de búfalos de río en sistema arborizado y en monocultivo de gramíneas
Simón,L; Galloso,M;
Pastos y Forrajes , 2008,
Abstract: the effect of trees on the rearing of river buffaloes was studied in two units or farms with 30 dairy cows each and their calves, and the technology of rational silvopastoral system with leucaena leucocephala was compared to a grass monocrop. an initial diagnosis was carried out to learn the characteristics of each unit and the floristic composition of the areas. the dry matter availability of the pastures was determined monthly in order to regulate the stocking rate in the pastureland and during four consecutive years the productive and reproductive indicators, as well as the economic incomes, were measured. the results in the tree system were higher in 0,72 kg of milk per cow per day; 279,8 kg/lactation; 1,49 kg/ha/day and 42 more days of lactation; nevertheless, the most significant aspect turned out to be the daily milk production per hectare in the system with trees, which tripled that of the grass monocrop (2,24 vs 0,75 kg), as a consequence of a higher availability of dry matter and nutrients. this allowed to increase the stocking rate, which was reflected positively on the incomes for the milk sale. all the indicators analyzed favored the system of leucaena with the technology of rational silvopastoral system.
Presencia y perspectivas de los búfalos en Cuba
Simón,L; Galloso,M;
Pastos y Forrajes , 2011,
Abstract: buffaloes were introduced in the country in the early 80's, in order to produce food for human consumption. the criteria followed for their introduction were their rusticity and utilization of feedstuffs with low nutritional quality, their possibilities for extensive rearing in places where cattle and other species could not produce, in addition to the nutritional and industrial qualities of their products. the breeds present in cuba are buffalypso and the swamp buffalo or carabao, the latter used for meat production due to its low milk yields, for which a genetic program of crossing between them is being conducted in order to improve their dairy characteristics. it has been proven that they can dissipate heat under the shade of trees in the paddocks and maintain a high birth rate (more than 80%) which exceeds that of cattle; nevertheless, their milk production is especially extensive due to the low stocking rates (0,6-0,8 animals/ha) that must be used in grazing, due to their feeding habits and the productive capacities of the buffalypso breed (700 and 1 000 kg of milk per lactation). for such reason, dairy improvement by crossings with higher-potential breeds and the transformation of the feeding basis where they are located, can make positive contributions in the intensification of their production and increase their competitiveness with cattle regarding milk production.
Efecto de la arborización en la crianza de los búfalos de río
Simón,Leonel; Galloso,Maykel;
Zootecnia Tropical , 2008,
Abstract: the raising of buffaloes has been having a satisfactory development from its introduction in the country, since a relatively a short period of time, and there is the need to improve the conditions of handling and operation. for this reason, it was investigated the effect of the arborisation in the raising of river buffaloes, for which in two units were selected with 30 milk buffaloes each one and their young to compare the effect of the arborization using the technology of rational tree grazing with leucaena leucocephala compared to a monoculture of grasses without arborization. to compare, an initial diagnostic was done to know the characteristics of each unit and determining both the soil chemical and floristic composition of the areas and monthly determined the availability of dry matter of the grass to regulate the animal rate in the pasture. we proceed this way for the next 4 years in the determination of the productive milk indicators by buffalo, lactancy and area, the reproductive behaviour, and the economic income. the results obtained in the arborizated system were superior in 0.72 kg milk/anim/d, 279.8 kg/ lactancy, 1.49 kg/ha/d and 42 days of lactancy, being reflected more positively in the income by the milk sale by buffalo, hectare, and lactancy in the national currency and convertible cuban money. all the analyzed indicators favoured the tree production system with leucaena, with the technology of rational tree grazing.
Presencia y perspectivas de los búfalos en Cuba Presence and perspective of buffaloes in Cuba
L Simón,M Galloso
Pastos y Forrajes , 2011,
Abstract: Los búfalos fueron introducidos en el país a principios de la década de los 80, con el objetivo de producir alimentos para el consumo humano. Los criterios para su introducción fueron: su rusticidad y el aprovechamiento de alimentos de baja calidad nutritiva, sus posibilidades para la cría extensiva en lugares donde los bovinos y otras especies no podían producir, además de las cualidades nutritivas e industriales de sus productos. Las razas que se encuentran en el país son el Buffalypso y el de pantano o Carabao, este último utilizado para la producción de carne por su pobre rendimiento lechero, por lo que se realiza un programa genético de cruzamiento entre ellos para mejorar sus características lecheras. Se ha demostrado que pueden disipar el calor a la sombra de los árboles de los potreros y mantener una elevada tasa de natalidad (más del 80%) que supera la de los bovinos; no obstante, su producción de leche resulta extensiva por las bajas cargas (0,6-0,8 UGM/ha) que hay que emplear en pastoreo, debido a su hábito alimentario y a la capacidad productiva de los Buffalypsos (700 y 1 000 kg de leche por lactancia). Por ello el mejoramiento lechero mediante cruzamientos con razas de mayor potencial y la transformación de la base alimentaria en los lugares que se encuentren, podrían aportar positivamente en la intensificación de su producción y hacerlos más competitivos con los bovinos en producción de leche. Buffaloes were introduced in the country in the early 80's, in order to produce food for human consumption. The criteria followed for their introduction were their rusticity and utilization of feedstuffs with low nutritional quality, their possibilities for extensive rearing in places where cattle and other species could not produce, in addition to the nutritional and industrial qualities of their products. The breeds present in Cuba are Buffalypso and the swamp buffalo or Carabao, the latter used for meat production due to its low milk yields, for which a genetic program of crossing between them is being conducted in order to improve their dairy characteristics. It has been proven that they can dissipate heat under the shade of trees in the paddocks and maintain a high birth rate (more than 80%) which exceeds that of cattle; nevertheless, their milk production is especially extensive due to the low stocking rates (0,6-0,8 animals/ha) that must be used in grazing, due to their feeding habits and the productive capacities of the Buffalypso breed (700 and 1 000 kg of milk per lactation). For such reason, dairy improvement by crossings with higher-pote
Evaluación del comportamiento productivo de búfalos de río en sistema arborizado y en monocultivo de gramíneas Evaluation of the productive performance of river buffaloes in system with trees and grass monocrop
L Simón,M Galloso
Pastos y Forrajes , 2008,
Abstract: Se investigó el efecto de la arborización en la crianza de los búfalos de río en dos unidades o fincas con 30 búfalas lecheras cada una y sus crías, y se comparó la tecnología del silvopastoreo racional con Leucaena leucocephala y un monocultivo de gramíneas. Se realizó un diagnóstico inicial para conocer las característi-cas propias de cada unidad y la composición florística de las áreas; mensualmente se determinó la disponibilidad de materia seca de los pastos para regular la carga animal en el pastizal y durante cuatro a os consecutivos se midieron los indicadores productivos y reproductivos, así como los ingresos económicos. Los resultados en el sistema arborizado fueron superiores en 0,72 kg de leche por búfala por día; 279,8 kg/lactancia; 1,49 kg/ha/ día y 42 días más de lactancia; no obstante, lo más significativo resultó la producción de leche diaria por hectárea en el sistema arborizado, que triplicó la del monocultivo de gramíneas (2,24 vs 0,75 kg), como producto de una mayor disponibilidad de materia seca y nutrimentos. Ello permitió incrementar la carga animal, lo que se manifestó positivamente en los ingresos por la venta de la leche. Todos los indicadores analizados favorecieron al sistema de leucaena con la tecnología del silvopastoreo racional. The effect of trees on the rearing of river buffaloes was studied in two units or farms with 30 dairy cows each and their calves, and the technology of rational silvopastoral system with Leucaena leucocephala was compared to a grass monocrop. An initial diagnosis was carried out to learn the characteristics of each unit and the floristic composition of the areas. The dry matter availability of the pastures was determined monthly in order to regulate the stocking rate in the pastureland and during four consecutive years the productive and reproductive indicators, as well as the economic incomes, were measured. The results in the tree system were higher in 0,72 kg of milk per cow per day; 279,8 kg/lactation; 1,49 kg/ha/day and 42 more days of lactation; nevertheless, the most significant aspect turned out to be the daily milk production per hectare in the system with trees, which tripled that of the grass monocrop (2,24 vs 0,75 kg), as a consequence of a higher availability of dry matter and nutrients. This allowed to increase the stocking rate, which was reflected positively on the incomes for the milk sale. All the indicators analyzed favored the system of leucaena with the technology of rational silvopastoral system.
The use of patient-reported outcomes becomes standard practice in the routine clinical care of lung–heart transplant patients
Maria J Santana,David Feeny,Justin Weinkauf
Patient Related Outcome Measures , 2010,
Abstract: Maria J Santana1, David Feeny2, Justin Weinkauf1, Roland Nador1, Ali Kapasi1, Kathleen Jackson1, Marianne Schafenacker1, Dalyce Zuk1, Dale Lien11Lung Transplant Program, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; 2The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR, USAObjective: To assess the use of patient-reported outcome (PROs) measures in the routine clinical care of lung–heart transplant patients. We assessed whether the addition of PROs in routine clinical care affected the duration of the consultation and patient’s and clinician’s views.Method: Consecutive lung–heart transplant patients visiting the outpatient clinic, University of Alberta Hospital, completed the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) and the Health Utilities Index (HUI) on touchscreen computers. Information on the patient’s responses was made available to the members of the transplant team prior to the encounter with the patient. The duration of clinical encounters was noted. At the end of every visit, clinicians completed a questionnaire on the usefulness of having PRO information available. After 6 months patients completed a survey of their experiences.Results: The final patient sample consisted of 172 patients with a mean (SD) age of 52 (13.3) years old; 47% were female; 68% were organ recipients and 32% candidates. The transplant team, comprising four pulmunologists, two nurses, and one pharmacist had an average of 9 years of practical experience in pulmunology. The mean duration of patient–clinician encounters in minutes was 15.15 (4.52). Ninety-eight percent of patients indicated that they would be happy to complete the CRQ and HUI at every clinic visit. Ninety-one percent of the assessments completed by clinicians showed complete satisfaction with the use of PROs in routine practice. Further, the clinicians developed guidelines for the use of PRO information in clinical practice.Conclusions: The incorporation of PRO measures in the routine clinical care of lung–heart transplant patients resulted in a reduction of the duration of patient–clinician encounters. The experience was well accepted by patients and clinicians. We conclude that the routine use of PROs in lung–heart transplant patients has become standard practice.Keywords: patient-reported outcome measures, Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire, Health Utilities Index, routine clinical care, lung transplant
The use of patient-reported outcomes becomes standard practice in the routine clinical care of lung–heart transplant patients
Maria J Santana, David Feeny, Justin Weinkauf, et al.
Patient Related Outcome Measures , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PROM.S11943
Abstract: se of patient-reported outcomes becomes standard practice in the routine clinical care of lung–heart transplant patients Original Research (3133) Total Article Views Authors: Maria J Santana, David Feeny, Justin Weinkauf, et al. Published Date September 2010 Volume 2010:1 Pages 93 - 105 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PROM.S11943 Maria J Santana1, David Feeny2, Justin Weinkauf1, Roland Nador1, Ali Kapasi1, Kathleen Jackson1, Marianne Schafenacker1, Dalyce Zuk1, Dale Lien1 1Lung Transplant Program, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; 2The Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR, USA Objective: To assess the use of patient-reported outcome (PROs) measures in the routine clinical care of lung–heart transplant patients. We assessed whether the addition of PROs in routine clinical care affected the duration of the consultation and patient’s and clinician’s views. Method: Consecutive lung–heart transplant patients visiting the outpatient clinic, University of Alberta Hospital, completed the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) and the Health Utilities Index (HUI) on touchscreen computers. Information on the patient’s responses was made available to the members of the transplant team prior to the encounter with the patient. The duration of clinical encounters was noted. At the end of every visit, clinicians completed a questionnaire on the usefulness of having PRO information available. After 6 months patients completed a survey of their experiences. Results: The final patient sample consisted of 172 patients with a mean (SD) age of 52 (13.3) years old; 47% were female; 68% were organ recipients and 32% candidates. The transplant team, comprising four pulmunologists, two nurses, and one pharmacist had an average of 9 years of practical experience in pulmunology. The mean duration of patient–clinician encounters in minutes was 15.15 (4.52). Ninety-eight percent of patients indicated that they would be happy to complete the CRQ and HUI at every clinic visit. Ninety-one percent of the assessments completed by clinicians showed complete satisfaction with the use of PROs in routine practice. Further, the clinicians developed guidelines for the use of PRO information in clinical practice. Conclusions: The incorporation of PRO measures in the routine clinical care of lung–heart transplant patients resulted in a reduction of the duration of patient–clinician encounters. The experience was well accepted by patients and clinicians. We conclude that the routine use of PROs in lung–heart transplant patients has become standard practice.
Desempe o e identidad institucional: el tribunal electoral en la alternancia del 2000 Performance and institucional identity: the Electoral Tribunal in the 2000 electoral alternance
David H. CORROCHANO,Héctor DíAZ-SANTANA
América Latina Hoy , 2010,
Abstract: Analizamos el desempe o del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF) relacionándolo con su grado y tipo de identidad en la coyuntura de las elecciones presidenciales del 2 de julio del 2000. Para ello partimos de la premisa que las instituciones no sólo deben tener un buen desempe o, sino que éste debe ser trasmitido ante la ciudadanía. Nuestra hipótesis es que el TEPJF tuvo un buen desempe o pero carecía de identidad lo que facilitó la puesta en marcha de un "chantaje" institucional que marcó la incertidumbre del proceso, pudo limitar los avances democratizadores construidos hasta la fecha, y generar un conflicto postelectoral con consecuencias para la estabilidad política del país. In this article we want to analyse the work made by the "Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF)" and its relation, in its grade and identity, within the presidential elections on the July 2sd, 2000. Our hypothesis is that TEPJF had started an institutional blackmail, which put several doubts on the process, and could limit the democratic advances built until today but also generate a post electoral conflict with political instability consequences in the country.
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