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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DRINKING WATER WITH BLOOD ARSENIC LEVEL AND SKIN LESIONS OCCURRENCE IN BUYAT VILLAGE NORTH SULAWESI INDONESIA
Anwar Daud,Mukono Mukono,Veni Hadju,Anwar Anwar
Bumi Lestari , 2012,
Abstract: Kontaminasi Arsenik pada air tanah merupakan krisis kesehatan masyarakat di daerah Buyat, dimana penduduk yang terkontaminasi arsenik melalui air minum dari sumur gali yang digunakan untuk minum dapat menimbulkan berbagai lesi kulit. Studi kasus control dimaksudkan untuk meneliti faktor risiko air minum dengan konsentrasi arsenik dalam darah dan lesi kulit. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 54 kasus yang menderita lesi kulit dan sebanyak 54 kontrol dengan tidak ada lesi kulit. Kemudian dilakukan analisis risiko dengan menggunakan Odd Rasio (OR). Hasil menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi arsenik dalam air minum pada sumur gali sekitar 0,01-0,104 mg/L (rata-rata 0,056 mg/L). Analisis risiko antara konsentrasi arsenik dalam air minum dengan konsentrasi arsenic dalam darah didapatkan nilai OR = 19,45 95% CI: 6,52-58,00), kemudian kadar arsenik dalam darah dengan kejadian lesi kulit (keratosis dan hiperkeratosis) didapatkan nilai OR = 15,63, CI 95%: 4,94-49,40). Penelitian Ini menyimpulkan bahwa tingginya kadar arsenik dalam air minum dan darah merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya lesi kulit pada penduduk di daerah Buyat Sulawesi Utara Indonesia.
Impact of Advertisement on the Life Style of Pakistani Youth
Usman Daud,Umer Farooq,Faiza Anwar
Interdisciplinary Journal of Research in Business , 2011,
Abstract: Objective of this Study was to access to the role of the TV advertisement in changing the life style of Pakistani youth with the help of the habits, attitudes, tastes, moral standards parameter. And also to measure to which extent advertisement is useful in changing the life style and its impact on society. It was a community-based analytical study, undertaken from March to June 2011. A group of 200 respondents takes part in the study out of which 141 were female, 61 were male, and data was collected from different universities of Lahore. In results, male and female both point out that the advertisement is changing lifestyle and variable associated with lifestyle by far of its limit and can be problematic of our society.
Indigenous (“Bumiputera”) Malay Entrepreneurs in Malaysia: Government Supports, Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firms Performances
Fakhrul Anwar Zainol,Wan Norhayate Wan Daud
International Business and Management , 2010,
Abstract: The research examines entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in Indigenous or Bumiputera entrepreneurs (Malay firms) by taking government supports as the antecedent. This construct is used to explain the influence of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and its consequence towards firm performance. Design/methodology/approach Multiples Linear Regressions (MLR) analysis was conducted to test the hypothesis on surveyed firms selected from the current available list given by MARA (the government agency for Indigenous or Bumiputera SMEs). The specific research question is: Does the relationship between government supports received by entrepreneur and firm performance is mediated by entrepreneurial orientation (EO)? Findings In Malay firms, the relationship between government supports with firm performance was not mediates by entrepreneurial orientation (EO). However, the construct is significant as predictor towards firm performance. Practical implications This research provides a better understanding of the indigenous entrepreneurs for policy makers, NGOs, business support organizations and the indigenous entrepreneurs themselves particularly in planning or utilizing government supports programmes. Originality/value The impact of government supports towards firm performance observed in Malay firms is unique to the paper. Our studies provided the empirical test in understanding indigenous entrepreneurship in Malay firms in Malaysia towards developing a more holistic entrepreneurship theory. Key words: Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO); Government Supports; Indigenous Entrepreneurship
Indigenous (“Bumiputera”) Malay Entrepreneurs in Malaysia: Government Supports, Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firms Performances
Fakhrul Anwar Zainol,Wan Norhayate Wan Daud
International Business and Management , 2011,
Abstract: The research examines entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in Indigenous or Bumiputera entrepreneurs (Malay firms) by taking government supports as the antecedent. This construct is used to explain the influence of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and its consequence towards firm performance. Design/methodology/approach Multiples Linear Regressions (MLR) analysis was conducted to test the hypothesis on surveyed firms selected from the current available list given by MARA (the government agency for Indigenous or Bumiputera SMEs). The specific research question is: Does the relationship between government supports received by entrepreneur and firm performance is mediated by entrepreneurial orientation (EO)? Findings In Malay firms, the relationship between government supports with firm performance was not mediates by entrepreneurial orientation (EO). However, the construct is significant as predictor towards firm performance. Practical implications This research provides a better understanding of the indigenous entrepreneurs for policy makers, NGOs, business support organizations and the indigenous entrepreneurs themselves particularly in planning or utilizing government supports programmes. Originality/value The impact of government supports towards firm performance observed in Malay firms is unique to the paper. Our studies provided the empirical test in understanding indigenous entrepreneurship in Malay firms in Malaysia towards developing a more holistic entrepreneurship theory. Key words: Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO); Government Supports; Indigenous Entrepreneurship
Extraction of Ashwagandha by conventional extraction methods and evaluation of its anti-stress activity
Jain H,Parial S,Jarald E,Daud Anwar
International Journal of Green Pharmacy , 2010,
Abstract: The present study was conducted to compare the yield and the antistress activity of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) extracts, using two extraction methods: hot continuous percolation and maceration. Various parameters like temperature, extraction time (10 hours) solvents (water, alcohol, hydroalcohol) and drug-solvent ratios (1:6, 1:8, 1:10) were fixed. The highest yield was found to be 16.96% w/w by maceration process using water (1:8). The activity of different extracts was done by Plus-Maze model using alprazolam as the standard drug. Significant result was found in water extract and hydroalcoholic (1:8) extract prepared by maceration method and also in hydro-alcoholic extract (1:8) prepared by soxhlet process.
A Proposed Conceptual Framework for Market Orientation and Innovation towards Takaful Performance in Malaysia
Norizan Remli,Wan Norhayate Wan Daud,Fakhrul Anwar Zainol,Hamizah Muhammad
International Journal of Business and Management , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v8n7p100
Abstract: This paper aims to propose a conceptual framework to study the relationship between Market Orientation and Organizational Performance from Takaful Business’s standpoint in Malaysia. The Innovation was added in this research to represents the mediating factor. Apparently the framework suggests that Market Orientation has positively effects Performance of the organization. Considering Innovation as the catalyst within the relationship, the mediating effect of it is to be investigated. From the review of literatures, hypotheses were developed to suggest the relationship between the Market Orientation, Innovation and Performance by choosing the Takaful Operators in Malaysia as the research sample. The findings of this research are expected to provide new ideas for the representative specially Marketing Manager from Takaful industry to increase their level of market penetration which is still low at the present.
Trousseau’s sign  [PDF]
Anwar Alam
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2013.25087
Abstract: The trousseau’s sign is carpopedal spasm that results from ischemia that is induced by pressure applied to the upper arm. It is a sensitive and specific sign of hypocalcemia. Here the author is sending the short case summary, images of the demonstration of the Trousseau’s sign. This case also had a cluster of seizures induced by hypocalcemia.
LOGISTICS EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF MALAYSIA: A CONCEPTUAL STUDY
Dazmin Daud
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: This paper presents a conceptual framework on the Malaysian logistics educational needs. To explore the Malaysian logistics educational needs (LEN), this paper emphasizes the need to conduct a research to gain the thoughts of local logistician practitioners on logistics and the supply chain management issues to provide salient inputs. The components of the LEN to be explored in this paper are courses offered by the Malaysian higher education institutions (MHEIs), knowledge, and the competency required by students in a logistics programme.Three propositions were derived from previous literature review. Conclusions from the literature are drawn that states that knowledge, competency and courses offered play a key role in how they contribute to Malaysian LEN.
PREVENTION OF HEPATITIS B
SEEMA DAUD
The Professional Medical Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: To assess the knowledge and practice of first year MBBS students, for the prevention ofHepatitis B. Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of study: The study was conducted at Lahore Medical &Dental College, Lahore. The data was collected in two weeks in December, 2006. Methodology: A total of 50 studentswere recruited using a non probability random sampling technique, through the lottery method. A pre-tested structuredquestionnaire was administered to collect information about the knowledge and practice of students about theprevention of hepatitis B. Data was presented in the form of simple tables and graphs. Results: Out of 50 students,majority (96%) responded that it was a disease of liver. Regarding knowledge about the communicability of HepatitisB, 78% said it was communicable, 19% assumed that it was water borne. Other responses included spread via bloodtransfusion (28%), through use of injection (21%), close physical contact (8%) and un-hygienic conditions (18%). Forprevention of Hepatitis B, the more common responses were, provision of clean water (24%), improvement in hygiene(27%), restriction to single sex partner (6%), avoidance of sharing syringes and needles (19%), screening blood beforetransfusion (9%) and vaccination (15%). The high risk group was identified as the poor people living in unhygienicconditions (34%), surgeons (32%), barbers (12%), Intravenous drug users (8%), recipient of blood transfusion (6%)and uneducated people (6%). Only 1 respondent (2%) said that sex workers could be at risk of getting this disease.When inquired about their vaccination status, 66% of students admitted to have been vaccinated against Hepatitis B,while 34% of have not been vaccinated. Conclusion: The present study concludes that there is lack of awarenessamong the medical students entering into the profession about the hazards of Hepatitis B, its routes of spread and itsmodes of prevention. Similarly, all the students were not vaccinated against Hepatitis B, which made them veryvulnerable to this disease.
Investigating the Relationship between Quality of Work Life and Organizational Commitment amongst Employees in Malaysian Firms
Normala, Daud
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n10p75
Abstract: Determining the quality of work life (QWL) of employees is an important consideration for employers interested in improving employees’ job satisfaction and commitment. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relationship between quality of work life and organizational commitment among a sample of employees in Malaysia. Seven QWL variables were examined namely growth and development, participation, physical environment, supervision, pay and benefits and social relevance were examined to determine their relationship with organizational commitment. The results showed that there was a relationship between QWL and organizational commitment and provide insights on how Malaysian firms could improve upon their employees’ commitment.
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