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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1072 matches for " Darren Chadwick "
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Internet Access by People with Intellectual Disabilities: Inequalities and Opportunities
Darren Chadwick,Caroline Wesson,Chris Fullwood
Future Internet , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/fi5030376
Abstract: This review gives an overview of the societal inequalities faced by people with intellectual disabilities, before focusing specifically on challenges people face accessing the Internet. Current access will be outlined along with the societal, support and attitudinal factors that can hinder access. Discussion of carer views of Internet use by people with intellectual disabilities will be covered incorporating consideration of the tension between protection, self-determination and lifestyle issues and gaining Internet access. We will address how impairment related factors may impede access and subsequently discuss how supports may be used to obfuscate impairments and facilitate access. We will move on from this to critically describe some of the potential benefits the Internet could provide to people with intellectual disabilities, including the potential for self-expression, advocacy and developing friendships. Finally, strategies to better include people with intellectual disabilities online will be given along with future research suggestions.
GENOMICS, PUBLIC HEALTH AND IDENTITY
Chadwick,Ruth;
Acta bioethica , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S1726-569X2003000200007
Abstract: this paper questions the utility of the ethical principles that are usually invoked to deal with genomic issues, particularly genetic databases. concepts such as solidarity, benefit sharing, equity, public participation, and collective identity are discussed. the author argues that genetic banks are precipitating new concern over group interest, as opposed to concern over issues arising from individualistic medical ethics. genomics era needs new paradigms in ethics. an individualistic approach based on choice and autonomy is not useful, because we make choices not only as individuals but also as members of different groups. the doctrine of informed consent evolved in different historical conditions from the ones we face in the era of genomics. this is complicated by the global context of genetic research, in addition to powerful commercial interests. this suggests that it is not sufficient to move from an individual-centred ethic approach to a more community-centred one; an approach of renegotiating the relationship between individual and community. we need also to be clear about what the interests at stake are, which may mean reconceiving the terms 'individual' and 'community' in this context and the ways in which their interests are affected, identifying the sources of collective identity that are at stake
GENOMICS, PUBLIC HEALTH AND IDENTITY GENóMICA, SALUD PúBLICA E IDENTIDAD GENOMICA, SAUDE PúBLICA E IDENTIDADE
Ruth Chadwick
Acta Bioethica , 2003,
Abstract: This paper questions the utility of the ethical principles that are usually invoked to deal with genomic issues, particularly genetic databases. Concepts such as solidarity, benefit sharing, equity, public participation, and collective identity are discussed. The author argues that genetic banks are precipitating new concern over group interest, as opposed to concern over issues arising from individualistic medical ethics. Genomics era needs new paradigms in ethics. An individualistic approach based on choice and autonomy is not useful, because we make choices not only as individuals but also as members of different groups. The doctrine of informed consent evolved in different historical conditions from the ones we face in the era of genomics. This is complicated by the global context of genetic research, in addition to powerful commercial interests. This suggests that it is not sufficient to move from an individual-centred ethic approach to a more community-centred one; an approach of renegotiating the relationship between individual and community. We need also to be clear about what the interests at stake are, which may mean reconceiving the terms 'individual' and 'community' in this context and the ways in which their interests are affected, identifying the sources of collective identity that are at stake Este artículo cuestiona la utilidad de los principios éticos que son generalmente aludidos para abordar problemas de genómica, particularmente los de bancos de datos genéticos. Conceptos como solidaridad, compartir los beneficios, equidad, participación pública e identidad colectiva son discutidos. La autora sugiere que los bancos de datos genéticos están generando nuevas preocupaciones sobre los intereses del grupo, preocupaciones opuestas a los temas de una ética médica individualista. La era de la genómica necesita nuevos paradigmas éticos. Un enfoque individualista basado en la elección y la autonomía no es útil, puesto que tomamos decisiones no sólo como individuos sino también como miembros de diferentes grupos. La doctrina del consentimiento informado surgió en condiciones históricas diferentes de las que enfrentamos en la era de la genómica. Esto se complica por el contexto global de la investigación genómica y la presencia de poderosos intereses comerciales. Ello sugiere que no es suficiente moverse desde un enfoque centrado en el individuo a un enfoque más centrado en la comunidad; uno de renegociación de la relación entre individuo y comunidad. Necesitamos también tener claro cuáles son los intereses en riesgo, lo que puede significar rede
Una revolución verde en la educación: las estrategias de aprendizaje
Clifton Chadwick
Revista de Psicología , 1991,
Abstract: Una "revolución verde", es propuesta para el área de la Educación, a través del desarrollo y uso de estrategias de aprendizaje. Aprender a aprender es promovido a través de estrategias cognitivas que llevan al auto-aprendizaje, estrategias afectivas detonan el uso de estrategias cognitivas de procesamiento y ejecución. Se enfatiza la meta-cognición como parte de las estrategias de aprendizaje, las cuales deben integrarse en el aula y el currículum, cambiando metodología y contenido. Esto reduciría la deserción y repetición escolar y capacitaría al estudiante para funcionar mejor en la vida.
Gender And The Human Genome
Chadwick Ruth
Mens Sana Monographs , 2009,
Abstract: Gender issues arise in relation to the human genome across a number of dimensions: the level of attention given to the nuclear genome as opposed to the mitochondrial; the level of basic scientific research; decision-making in the clinic related to both reproductive decision-making on the one hand, and diagnostic and predictive testing on the other; and wider societal implications. Feminist bioethics offers a useful perspective for addressing these issues.
Stop That Subversive Spreadsheet!
David Chadwick
Computer Science , 2007,
Abstract: This paper documents the formation of the European Spreadsheet Risks Interest Group (EuSpRIG www.eusprig.org) and outlines some of the research undertaken and reported upon by interested parties in EuSpRIG publications
Establishing A Minimum Generic Skill Set For Risk Management Teaching In A Spreadsheet Training Course
David Chadwick
Computer Science , 2008,
Abstract: Past research shows that spreadsheet models are prone to such a high frequency of errors and data security implications that the risk management of spreadsheet development and spreadsheet use is of great importance to both industry and academia. The underlying rationale for this paper is that spreadsheet training courses should specifically address risk management in the development process both from a generic and a domain-specific viewpoint. This research specifically focuses on one of these namely those generic issues of risk management that should be present in a training course that attempts to meet good-practice within industry. A pilot questionnaire was constructed showing a possible minimum set of risk management issues and sent to academics and industry practitioners for feedback. The findings from this pilot survey will be used to refine the questionnaire for sending to a larger body of possible respondents. It is expected these findings will form the basis of a risk management teaching approach to be trialled in a number of selected ongoing spreadsheet training courses.
EuSpRIG TEAM work:Tools, Education, Audit, Management
David Chadwick
Computer Science , 2008,
Abstract: Research on spreadsheet errors began over fifteen years ago. During that time, there has been ample evidence demonstrating that spreadsheet errors are common and nontrivial. Quite simply, spreadsheet error rates are comparable to error rates in other human cognitive activities and are caused by fundamental limitations in human cognition, not mere sloppiness. Nor does ordinary "being careful" eliminate errors or reduce them to acceptable levels.
Are Otters an Effective Flagship for the Conservation of Riparian Corridors in an Amazon Deforestation Frontier?
Darren Norris,Darren Norris
IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin , 2009,
Abstract: Using flagship species to generate support for conservation activities has been successfully applied in some regions. We investigated whether using otters as a flagship for the conservation of riparian corridors in an Amazonian deforestation frontier would be likely to result in similar success. Between December 2007 and May 2009, we conducted 64 interviews with local landowners in the region of Alta Floresta (MT, Brazil). These interviews revealed a neutral attitude towards otters, which indicates that direct persecution (e.g. retaliation against otter predation on fish) is unlikely in the region. However, it also suggested that using otters as a flagship to generate local support for regional conservation activities will not be effective. There was a sharp contrast with the replies to questions regarding riparian corridors, where interviews did reveal strong positive attitudes. These results suggested that to conserve Giant Otters in the Amazon “Arc of deforestation”, efforts should focus on the support of maintenance of riparian corridors connecting forest fragments by local people.
Bioethical Implications of Globalization: An International Consortium Project of the European Commission.
Novotny,Mordini,Chadwick,Pedersen
PLOS Medicine , 2006,
Abstract:
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