Abstract:
A model for a possible variable cosmic object is presented. The model consists of a massive shell surrounding a compact object. The gravitational and self-gravitational forces tend to collapse the shell, but the internal tangential stresses oppose the collapse. The combined action of the two types of forces is studied and several cases are presented. In particular, we investigate the spherically symmetric case in which the shell oscillates radially around a central compact object.

Abstract:
We derive an exact solution to the Einstein's equations with a stress-energy tensor corresponding to an opposite-sign scalar field, and show that such a solution describes the internal region of a rotating wormhole. We also derive an static wormhole asymptotically flat solution and match them on both regions, thus obtaining an analytic solution for the complete space-time. We explore some of the features of these solutions.

Abstract:
We derive the space time geometry associated with the Navarro Frenk White dark matter galactic halo model. We discuss several properties of such a spacetime, with particular attention to the corresponding Newtonian limit, stressing the qualitative and quantitative nature of the differences between the relativistic and the Newtonian description. We also discuss on the characteristics of the possible stress energy tensors which could produce such a geometry, via the Einstein's equations.

Abstract:
We discuss the initial-boundary value problem for the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura evolution system of Einstein's field equations which has been used extensively in numerical simulations of binary black holes and neutron stars. We specify nine boundary conditions for this system with the following properties: (i) they impose the momentum constraint at the boundary, which is shown to preserve all the constraints throughout evolution, (ii) they approximately control the incoming gravitational degrees of freedom by specifying the Weyl scalar Psi_0 at the boundary, (iii) they control the gauge freedom by requiring a Neumann boundary condition for the lapse, by setting the normal component of the shift to zero, and by imposing a Sommerfeld-like condition on the tangential components of the shift, (iv) they are shown to yield a well-posed problem in the limit of weak gravity. Possible numerical applications of our results are also discussed briefly.

Abstract:
We describe the Kerr black hole in the ingoing and outgoing Kerr-Schild horizon penetrating coordinates. Starting from the null vector naturally defined in these coordinates, we construct the null tetrad for each case, as well as the corresponding geometrical quantities allowing us to explicitly derive the field equations for the ${\Psi_0}^{(1)}$ and ${\Psi_4}^{(1)}$ perturbed scalar projections of the Weyl tensor, including arbitrary source terms. This perturbative description, including arbitrary sources, described in horizon penetrating coordinates is desirable in several lines of research on black holes, and contributes to the implementation of a formalism aimed to study the evolution of the space time in the region where two black holes are close.

Abstract:
We give an approach to studying the critical behaviour that has been observed in numerical studies of gravitational collapse. These studies suggest, among other things, that black holes initially form with infinitesimal mass. We show generally how a black hole mass formula can be extracted from a transcendental equation. Using our approach, we give an explicit one parameter set of metrics that are asymptotically flat and describe the collapse of apriori unspecified but physical matter fields. The black hole mass formula obtained from this metric exhibits a mass gap - that is, at the onset of black hole formation, the mass is finite and non-zero.

Abstract:
Analysis of the radio-metric data from Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecrafts has indicated the presence of an unmodeled acceleration starting at 20 AU, which has become known as the Pioneer anomaly. The nature of this acceleration is uncertain. In this paper we give a description of the effect and review some relevant mechanisms proposed to explain the observed anomaly. We also discuss on some future projects to investigate this phenomenon.

Abstract:
We study gravitational perturbations of Schwarzschild spacetime by solving a hyperboloidal initial value problem for the Bardeen-Press equation. Compactification along hyperboloidal surfaces in a scri-fixing gauge allows us to have access to the gravitational waveform at null infinity in a general setup. We argue that this hyperboloidal approach leads to a more accurate and efficient calculation of the radiation signal than the common approach where a timelike outer boundary is introduced. The method can be generalized to study perturbations of Kerr spacetime using the Teukolsky equation.

Abstract:
We give an exact spherically symmetric solution for the Einstein-scalar field system. The solution may be interpreted as an inhomogeneous dynamical scalar field cosmology. The spacetime has a timelike conformal Killing vector field and is asymptotically conformally flat. It also has black or white hole-like regions containing trapped surfaces. We describe the properties of the apparent horizon and comment on the relevance of the solution to the recently discovered critical behaviour in scalar field collapse.

Abstract:
In order to study their interplay with large scale cosmic evolution and with relativistic effects, such as gravitational lenses, quintessence sources or gravitational waves, we construct a post-Newtonian fluid framework for the "Navarro-Frenk-White'' (NFW) models of galactic halos that follow from N-body numerical simulations. Since these simulations are unable to resolve regions very near the halo center, the extrapolation of the fitting formula leads to a spherically averaged "universal'' density profile that diverges at the origin. We remove this inconvenient feature by replacing a small central region of the NFW halo with an interior Schwarzschild solution with constant density, continuously matched to the remaining NFW spacetime. A model of a single halo, as an isolated object with finite mass, follows by smoothly matching the NFW spacetime to a Schwarzschild vacuum exterior along the virial radius, the physical "cut-off'' customarily imposed, as the mass associated with NFW profiles diverges asymptotically. Numerical simulations assume weakly interacting collisionless particles, hence we suggest that NFW halos approximately satisfy an "ideal gas'' type of equation of state, where mass-density is the dominant rest--mass contribution to matter--energy, with the internal energy contribution associated with an anisotropic kinetic pressure. We show that, outside the central core, this pressure and the mass density roughly satisfy a polytropic relation. Since stellar polytropes are the equilibrium configurations in Tsallis' non-extensive formalism of Statistical Mechanics, we argue that NFW halos might provide a rough empirical estimate of the free parameter $q$ of Tsallis' formalism.