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OALib Journal期刊

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SUBJECTIVE DISTRESS CAUSED BY CO-SPEAKERS’ REACTIONS – REDUCTION DURING STATIONARY GROUP TREATMENT
Jelena TADIKJ,Darinka SHOSTER,Nada DOBROTA DAVIDOVIKJ,Nadica JOVANOVIKJ SIMIKJ
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2010,
Abstract: Stuttering is a disorder that represents multifunctional problem. It probably exists since the beginning of mankind. Its’ frequency and severity are influenced by different factors. Among the most significant ones are the complexity of statement, speaking speed, and speakers’ emotional reaction to the whole speech situation and other co-speakers. Goal: To present the results of two-weeks intensive group stationary treatment of adults who stutter, especially stuttering severity and level of subjective distress caused by co-speakers’ reactions in the beginning and at the end of the treatment. Subjects: A group of 25 adults who stutter. Methodology: At the beginning and at the end of the group stationary treatment speech status was taken, consisting of counting, enumerating, repeating the sentences, reading a 100-word tale, retelling the read text, and conversation on a free subject. In the same time, subjective distress caused by 13 different co-speakers reactions was estimated. Results show that very positive results are achieved in the reduction of speech disfluences, as well as moderate reduction of subjective distress caused by co-speakers’ reactions. In the paper the results are shown in more details, and, subsequently, implications for further research and treatment.
THE IMPORTANCE OF GROUP THERAPY USED IN THE TREATMENT OF STUTTERING
Darinka SHOSTER,Nada DOBROTA DAVIDOVIК?,Silvana FILIPOVA,Biljana LOZANOVSKA
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Stuttering is not a problem of individuals, but it’s a problem in the verbal communication with others. Individual and group treatment is equally important to use while working with people who stutter.Purpose: Group treatment is used to allow the patient adequate adjustment in all problematic situations (situations increasing stuttering) in the environment and to gradually inhibit negative emotions.Material and methods: Objective speech tool is used in this testing (evaluation of speech status under Fiedler, PA Standop, R.Stotern-Schwarzenberg, Munchen, 1978) to determine the degree and type of speech disorder. The anxiety feeling is also evaluated, where the subjective assessment of patients' anxiety is expressed in units SUD (subjective units of disturbance or distress - subjective assessment of suffering).Results and Conclusion: The results showed that group stationary treatment has a huge significance in reducing the anxiety of patients who stutter.
DEVELOPMENTAL LEVEL OF THINKING OPERATIONS AT CHILDREN WITH SPEECH IMPAIRMENTS
Silvana FILIPOVA,Ana POPOVSKA,Darinka SHOSTER,Laura GJURCHINOVSKA
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2008,
Abstract: Simple accumulation of perceptive data, motor actions, verbal descriptions and intelligence that manages previously mentioned is not due to cognitive processes. “In order to get familiar with the objects, the subject has to act on them, which means transform them. Starting from the elementary sensory-motor actions, until the finest intellectual operations (formal-logic), which are actions yet, but interiorized and exe-cuted in the thoughts, cognition is continuously related to actions and operations, e.g. trans-formations (1).J. Piageot identifies three major levels of intellectual operation development:1. Sensory-motor intelligence – from birth up to the age of 18 months or until the end of the second year of age.2. Representational intelligence level – leading to specific operations. This is a longer deve-lop-men-tal period which lasts from the end of se-cond year up to 11-12 years of age.
Patrones de Discurso Observados en el Aula de Matemática de Segundo Ciclo Básico en Chile
Radovic,Darinka; Preiss,David;
Psykhe (Santiago) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22282010000200007
Abstract: triadic sequences (initiation-response-follow up) are a frequent type of interaction in classrooms in many different countries. this study describes, using a spoken discourse codification system, these sequences in 89 chilean public middle-school level mathematics lessons, chosen at random from 684 classes that were filmed for a national evaluation. triadic sequences were related to teachers' performance scores and lesson activities. the study identified a relatively shared interactional pattern, whose main features were: closed ended questions, low frequency of student participation and low use of metacognitive teacher follow-ups. in addition, when teaching mathematic skills, teachers generated more questions involving application of content, in comparison to other type of questions. teachers that received a higher performance assessment produced a higher number of open-ended questions as well as a higher number of questions about students' personal experiences. the results of this study suggest that increasing the repertoire of teacher discourse is a potential area for teachers' training.
Irena Grickat-Radulovi is a great Serbian lexicographer and a great lexicography teacher
Gortan-Premk Darinka
Ju?noslovenski Filolog , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/jfi1066021g
Abstract: Irena Grickat-Radulovi was a great Serbian lexicographer, great lexicography teacher, founder of modern Serbian lexicography and creator of Belgrade school of lexicography. Her contribution to linguistic descriptive lexicography is immense.
Patrones de Discurso Observados en el Aula de Matemática de Segundo Ciclo Básico en Chile Discourse Patterns Observed in Middle-School Level Mathematics Classes in Chile
Darinka Radovic,David Preiss
Psykhe (Santiago) , 2010,
Abstract: Las secuencias triádicas (pregunta-respuesta-seguimiento) son una forma frecuente de interacción en las salas de clases de diversas partes del mundo. A partir de la codificación del discurso hablado, el presente estudio describe estas secuencias en 89 clases de matemáticas de segundo ciclo básico de escuelas públicas filmadas en Chile, elegidas al azar de 684 clases filmadas para una evaluación nacional. En base al análisis descriptivo de las frecuencias con la que los profesores utilizan distintos tipos de preguntas y seguimientos y a la asociación de estas con actividades de la clase y desempe o del profesor, se identificó un patrón de interacción relativamente compartido, caracterizado por preguntas cerradas, escasa participación de los estudiantes y seguimientos de bajo potencial metacognitivo. Se evidenció que, al ejecutar actividades de práctica de contenidos matemáticos, los profesores produjeron más preguntas de aplicación y que los profesores mejor evaluados produjeron mayor cantidad de preguntas abiertas y sobre experiencias personales. Los resultados sugieren que una potencial área de capacitación de profesores es el aumento del repertorio del discurso pedagógico. Triadic sequences (initiation-response-follow up) are a frequent type of interaction in classrooms in many different countries. This study describes, using a spoken discourse codification system, these sequences in 89 Chilean public middle-school level mathematics lessons, chosen at random from 684 classes that were filmed for a national evaluation. Triadic sequences were related to teachers' performance scores and lesson activities. The study identified a relatively shared interactional pattern, whose main features were: closed ended questions, low frequency of student participation and low use of metacognitive teacher follow-ups. In addition, when teaching mathematic skills, teachers generated more questions involving application of content, in comparison to other type of questions. Teachers that received a higher performance assessment produced a higher number of open-ended questions as well as a higher number of questions about students' personal experiences. The results of this study suggest that increasing the repertoire of teacher discourse is a potential area for teachers' training.
The role of phosphorus in eutrophication
Bogdanovi? Darinka M.
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/zmspn0611075b
Abstract: Eutrophication is an increase in the biological productivity of water basins resulting from the accumulation of biogenic elements under the influence of anthropogenic factors. Natural eutrophication is a slow and inevitable process. Artifical eutrophica-tion is caused by human activity and it can be very rapid, especially in technologically developed countries. Eutrophication does not represent a mere change of water but a change in the metabolism of the entire ecosystem and hence a change of the ecosystem itself. In Serbia and Montenegro, all factors are present that promote eutrophication in both still (especially in lowland areas) and running waters. This paper deals with the results of eutrophication monitoring and prognostication for the DTD canal network and major rivers and lakes in Serbia, including a special review of the trophic status of lakes in the country's main lowland region, the Vojvodina Province. As phosphorus concentration is an important factor in the process of eutrophication of a body of water, the study has devoted particular attention to the control of this element.
Common Mathematical Foundations of Expected Utility and Dual Utility Theories
Darinka Dentcheva,Andrzej Ruszczynski
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We show that the main results of the expected utility and dual utility theories can be derived in a unified way from two fundamental mathematical ideas: the separation principle of convex analysis, and integral representations of continuous linear functionals from functional analysis. Our analysis reveals the dual character of utility functions. We also derive new integral representations of dual utility models.
Vizija Prihodnosti Zdravstvenih Domov V Sloveniji
Darinka Klan ar , Igor vab , Janko Kersnik
Slovenian Journal of Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10152-010-0005-x
Abstract: This article presents a theoretical starting point for restructuring of heath centres in Slovenia. The new health centre should maintain its mission and the basic principles, and would be upgraded with the new contents brought about by modern society. Health centres would become a modern integrated social-medical center, in accordance with the guidelines of the new center for health promotion, with emphasis on selfpreventative health concerns.
Heavy metal biosorption sites in Penicillium cyclopium
Kolishka Tsekova, Darinka Christova, Maria Ianis
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2006,
Abstract: The biomass of Penicillium cyclopium was subjected to chemical treatment to study the role of the functional groups in the biosorption of heavy metal ions. The modifications of the functional groups were examined with infrared spectroscopy. Hydroxyl groups were identified as providing the major sites of heavy metal deposition, augmented by secondary binding by amides and carboxylates. Phosphate groups and the lipids fraction of the biomass did not play significant role in biosorption of the metal ions in the studied biomass. Biosorption of copper and cobalt ions displaced K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ present on the biosorbents indicating that biosorption took place as a result of an ion-exchange process. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management Vol. 10(3) 2006: 117-121
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