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USUáRIO, CLIENTE OU PACIENTE? QUAL O TERMO MAIS UTILIZADO PELOS ESTUDANTES DE ENFERMAGEM?
Danielle Yuri Takauti Saito,Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli,Mariana Cabral Schveitzer,Sayuri Tanaka Maeda
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar el término más utilizado por los estudiantes de enfermería: usuario, cliente o paciente, y también saber acerca de la comprensión colectiva de cada término. Estudio prospectivo, cuanti-cualitativo, elaborado en la Escuela de Enfermería, Universidad de S o Paulo, con los estudiantes de los cuatro a os del curso de Licenciatura en Enfermería. En total 215 estudiantes fueron abordados, 162 respondieron y de estos 60% utilizaran el término usuario. Independiente de cual término es empleado en la práctica de la atención es importante se alar que los conceptos comunes de autonomía y atención de salud como un derecho deben ser respetados, de la misma manera que la relación inhumana y la pasividad deben ser dejados de fuera en la relación dialógica que debe establecerse entre los profesionales y el usuario-cliente-paciente.
Evaluation of a Recombinant Measles Virus as the Expression Vector of Hepatitis C Virus Envelope Proteins  [PDF]
Yuri Kasama, Masaaki Satoh, Makoto Saito, Seiji Okada, Chieko Kai, Kyoko Tsukiyama-Kohara
World Journal of Vaccines (WJV) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wjv.2011.13010
Abstract: Measles virus (MV) is a negative strand RNA virus of the family Paramyxoviridae, and the attenuated Edmonston-B strain can be engineered by the reverse genetics system. Here we constructed the recombinant Edmonston strain of measles virus (MV-Ed) that expressed hepatitis C virus (HCV) envelope proteins (rMV-E1E2). The rMV-E1E2 successfully expressed HCV E1 and E2 proteins. To evaluate its immunogenicity, NOD/Scid/Jak3null mice that were engrafted with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (huPBMC-NOJ) were infected with this rMV-E1E2. Although human lymphocytes could be isolated from the spleens of mock-infected mice during the 2-weeks-long experiment, the proportion of mice that were infected with MV or rMV-E1E2 was decreased in a viral dose-dependent manner. Over 103 PFU of virus infection decreased the human PBL to less than 5%. Significant decrease of B cell population in human PBL from rMV-E1E2 infected NOD-SCID mice and decrease of T cell population in those from MV infected mice were observed. Human antibody production in these mice was also examined. Thus, the results in this study may contribute for future improvement of recombinant vaccine using measles virus vector.
Proteomic Analyses of Nucleoid-Associated Proteins in Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, and Staphylococcus aureus
Ryosuke L. Ohniwa,Yuri Ushijima,Shinji Saito,Kazuya Morikawa
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019172
Abstract: The bacterial nucleoid contains several hundred kinds of nucleoid-associated proteins (NAPs), which play critical roles in genome functions such as transcription and replication. Several NAPs, such as Hu and H-NS in Escherichia coli, have so far been identified.
Diversity of Microflora in Colonic Mucus from Severe Ulcerative Colitis Patients Analyzed by Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism and Clone Libraries of Bacterial 16S rRNA Gene Sequences  [PDF]
I-Nung Huang, Yuri Sato, Mitsuo Sakamoto, Moriya Ohkuma, Shinobu Ohnuma, Takeshi Naitoh, Chikashi Shibata, Akira Horii, Junko Nishimura, Haruki Kitazawa, Tadao Saito
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2014.413095
Abstract: Although the gut microflora is thought to be an essential factor in the development of ulcerative colitis (UC), the entire gut microflora occurring in UC remains unknown. Most studies use feces to represent the microflora distribution; however, here we analyzed the bacterial diversity in colonic mucus from UC patients receiving colectomy surgery and control patients. The diversity of microflora was investigated using a combination of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) and clone library analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequences. In the T-RFLP analysis, the number of terminal restriction fragments (T-RFs) decreased significantly in UC patients when compared to control samples. Also in the clone library analysis, the number of operational taxonomic units (OTU) and the Shannon diversity index were reduced significantly in UC patients. These molecular analyses reveal an overall dysbiosis in UC patients. No specific pathogen was found, and a strong negative correlation in relative abundance of bacterial populations was observed between the phyla Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes in the UC patients. This is the first report showing a significant correlation between these two phyla, which may be important characteristics in the pathogenesis of UC.
Applications of Forensic Science in Private Security  [PDF]
Danielle Sapse
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.44017
Abstract:

Private security guards are a necessity at the present time, as a complement of the police departments in order to combat crime and terrorism. Both police forces and private security organizations are greatly helped in their work by the methods of forensic science. Forensic science applies scientific methods to the solving of crimes. These methods include fingerprinting, drug analysis, DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) studies, ballistics, arson and explosive investigations, and studies of glass fragments. Fingerprinting and urine, saliva, or hair analysis for the presence of drugs are essential for the hiring of private security guards, in order to establish their suitability for the position.

Rationality and Stability of Equilibrium in a Search-Theoretic Model of Money  [PDF]
Tetsuya Saito
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.23052
Abstract: In this short note, I examine the rationality of money-search equilibrium in a basic second-generation money search model, which is a perfectly divisible goods and indivisible money model. I then show that only an inflationary economy can generate a socially and individually rational stable equilibrium. On the basis of this finding, I demonstrate that there is no loss of generality in an analysis that assumes dictatorial buyers in an inflationary economy, since the properties of a dictatorial buyers model are identical to those of a general inflationary economy model. The result of this paper is especially useful for empirical applications since we are generally incapable of finding data showing bargaining power. This result also alerts us against employing the second-generation model to analyze a deflationary economy and commodity money.
Prospects of Carbyne Applications in Microelectronics  [PDF]
Yuri Prazdnikov
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.28100
Abstract: We design carbyne transistor which is integrable into the existing silicon technology and can be scaled up in a rather broad range -- starting from that prepared by us (by 0.5-mkm technology) up to the monomolecular one because the key mechanism here is the inter-chain charge transfer.
Superinjection from Oriented Carbyne as the Result of Landau Quantization in Giant Pseudo-Magnetic Field  [PDF]
Yuri Prazdnikov
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.47134
Abstract:

The qualitative explanation of the earlier published experimental data was obtained within new energetic model of oriented carbyne. The conductivity spectrum and the superinjection effect feature Landau quantization in a giant pseudomagnetic field. The relativistic dispersion of carriers and non-dissipative character of their motion cause the effect of superinjection where carriers go upwards on an energetic ladder. Raman-spectra and other data point out to the fact that the plane of carriers’ motion is close to the carbyne-insulator interface. Quantum effects and on-surface conductivity allow considering oriented carbyne as an analogue of topological insulator.

Identification of Rotor Unbalance as Inverse Problem of Measurement  [PDF]
Yuri Menshikov
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2013.39A1004
Abstract:

In this paper, the problem of identification of the characteristics of the rotor unbalance on two supports is investigated as the inverse problem of measurement. The vibration of rotor supports in two mutually perpendicular directions used as the initial information. The inverse problem is considered, taking into account the error of the mathematical description of rotor-bearings system. To obtain estimates of real unbalance characteristics, the hypothesis as to the exact solutions is applied. The method of Tikhonov regularization is used to obtain stable results. Test calculations are given to illustrate the proposed approach.

A Simplified Approach to the Problems of Room-Temperature Superconductivity  [PDF]
Yuri Prazdnikov
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.64043
Abstract: An attempt to simplify the approach to the problems of room-temperature superconductors was done. The key factor has been highlighted—a giant spin-orbit interaction as a result of specific geometry of crystal. Considering oriented carbyne as an example, it was shown that maximal value of SOC was attained in low-dimensional systems. A qualitative model of superconductivity in the localized phase with “pseudo-magnetic field” and “Rashba effective field” as parameters was presented. Their correlation was shown via geometry of electric microfields of crystal. Oriented carbyne was presented as localized phase of room-temperature superconductor and the recipe of its transformation to macroscopic superconductivity was given.
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