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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 228097 matches for " Daniel N. Blaschke "
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Heat kernel expansion and induced action for matrix models
Daniel N. Blaschke
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/343/1/012016
Abstract: In this proceeding note, I review some recent results concerning the quantum effective action of certain matrix models, i.e. the supersymmetric IKKT model, in the context of emergent gravity. The absence of pathological UV/IR mixing is discussed, as well as dynamical SUSY breaking and some relations with string theory and supergravity.
Special Geometries Emerging from Yang-Mills Type Matrix Models
Daniel N. Blaschke
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: I review some recent results which demonstrate how various geometries, such as Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstroem, can emerge from Yang-Mills type matrix models with branes. Furthermore, explicit embeddings of these branes as well as appropriate Poisson structures and star-products which determine the non-commutativity of space-time are provided. These structures are motivated by higher order terms in the effective matrix model action which semi-classically lead to an Einstein-Hilbert type action.
Schwarzschild Geometry Emerging from Matrix Models
Daniel N. Blaschke,Harold Steinacker
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/27/18/185020
Abstract: We demonstrate how various geometries can emerge from Yang-Mills type matrix models with branes, and consider the examples of Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstroem geometry. We provide an explicit embedding of these branes in R^{2,5} and R^{4,6}, as well as an appropriate Poisson resp. symplectic structure which determines the non-commutativity of space-time. The embedding is asymptotically flat with asymptotically constant \theta^{\mu\nu} for large r, and therefore suitable for a generalization to many-body configurations. This is an illustration of our previous work arXiv:1003.4132, where we have shown how the Einstein-Hilbert action can be realized within such matrix models.
Curvature and Gravity Actions for Matrix Models
Daniel N. Blaschke,Harold Steinacker
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/27/16/165010
Abstract: We show how gravitational actions, in particular the Einstein-Hilbert action, can be obtained from additional terms in Yang-Mills matrix models. This is consistent with recent results on induced gravitational actions in these matrix models, realizing space-time as 4-dimensional brane solutions. It opens up the possibility for a controlled non-perturbative description of gravity through simple matrix models, with interesting perspectives for the problem of vacuum energy. The relation with UV/IR mixing and non-commutative gauge theory is discussed.
Curvature and Gravity Actions for Matrix Models II: the case of general Poisson structure
Daniel N. Blaschke,Harold Steinacker
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/27/23/235019
Abstract: We study the geometrical meaning of higher-order terms in matrix models of Yang-Mills type in the semi-classical limit, generalizing recent results arXiv:1003.4132 to the case of 4-dimensional space-time geometries with general Poisson structure. Such terms are expected to arise e.g. upon quantization of the IKKT-type models. We identify terms which depend only on the intrinsic geometry and curvature, including modified versions of the Einstein-Hilbert action, as well as terms which depend on the extrinsic curvature. Furthermore, a mechanism is found which implies that the effective metric G on the space-time brane M \subset R^D "almost" coincides with the induced metric g. Deviations from G=g are suppressed, and characterized by the would-be U(1) gauge field.
Compactified rotating branes in the matrix model, and excitation spectrum towards one loop
Daniel N. Blaschke,Harold C. Steinacker
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-013-2414-x
Abstract: We study compactified brane solutions of type R^4 x K in the IIB matrix model, and obtain explicitly the bosonic and fermionic fluctuation spectrum required to compute the one-loop effective action. We verify that the one-loop contributions are UV finite for R^4 x T^2, and supersymmetric for R^3 x S^1. The higher Kaluza-Klein modes are shown to have a gap in the presence of flux on T^2, and potential problems concerning stability are discussed.
Heat kernel expansion and induced action for the matrix model Dirac operator
Daniel N. Blaschke,Harold Steinacker,Michael Wohlgenannt
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP03(2011)002
Abstract: We compute the quantum effective action induced by integrating out fermions in Yang-Mills matrix models on a 4-dimensional background, expanded in powers of a gauge-invariant UV cutoff. The resulting action is recast into the form of generalized matrix models, manifestly preserving the SO(D) symmetry of the bare action. This provides noncommutative (NC) analogs of the Seeley-de Witt coefficients for the emergent gravity which arises on NC branes, such as curvature terms. From the gauge theory point of view, this provides strong evidence that the NC N=4 SYM has a hidden SO(10) symmetry even at the quantum level, which is spontaneously broken by the space-time background. The geometrical view proves to be very powerful, and allows to predict non-trivial loop computations in the gauge theory.
One-Loop Calculations and Detailed Analysis of the Localized Non-Commutative p^{-2} U(1) Gauge Model
Daniel N. Blaschke,Arnold Rofner,René I.P. Sedmik
Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry : Methods and Applications , 2010,
Abstract: This paper carries forward a series of articles describing our enterprise to construct a gauge equivalent for the θ-deformed non-commutative p^{-2} model originally introduced by Gurau et al. [Comm. Math. Phys. 287 (2009), 275-290]. It is shown that breaking terms of the form used by Vilar et al. [J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 43 (2010), 135401, 13 pages] and ourselves [Eur. Phys. J. C: Part. Fields 62 (2009), 433-443] to localize the BRST covariant operator (D^2θ^2D^2)^{-1} lead to difficulties concerning renormalization. The reason is that this dimensionless operator is invariant with respect to any symmetry of the model, and can be inserted to arbitrary power. In the present article we discuss explicit one-loop calculations, and analyze the mechanism the mentioned problems originate from.
On the energy-momentum tensor in Moyal space
Herbert Balasin,Daniel N. Blaschke,Francois Gieres,Manfred Schweda
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-015-3492-8
Abstract: We study the properties of the energy-momentum tensor of gauge fields coupled to matter in non-commutative (Moyal) space. In general, the non-commutativity affects the usual conservation law of the tensor as well as its transformation properties (gauge covariance instead of gauge invariance). It is known that the conservation of the energy-momentum tensor can be achieved by a redefinition involving another star-product. Furthermore, for a pure gauge theory it is always possible to define a gauge invariant energy-momentum tensor by means of a Wilson line. We show that the latter two procedures are incompatible with each other if couplings of gauge fields to matter fields (scalars or fermions) are considered: The gauge invariant tensor (constructed via Wilson line) does not allow for a redefinition assuring its conservation, and vice-versa the introduction of another star-product does not allow for gauge invariance by means of a Wilson line.
Wong's Equations and Charged Relativistic Particles in Non-Commutative Space
Herbert Balasin,Daniel N. Blaschke,Francois Gieres,Manfred Schweda
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.3842/SIGMA.2014.099
Abstract: In analogy to Wong's equations describing the motion of a charged relativistic point particle in the presence of an external Yang-Mills field, we discuss the motion of such a particle in non-commutative space subject to an external $U_\star(1)$ gauge field. We conclude that the latter equations are only consistent in the case of a constant field strength. This formulation, which is based on an action written in Moyal space, provides a coarser level of description than full QED on non-commutative space. The results are compared with those obtained from the different Hamiltonian approaches. Furthermore, a continuum version for Wong's equations and for the motion of a particle in non-commutative space is derived.
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