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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 324728 matches for " Daniel J. Redo "
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Land Change in the Greater Antilles between 2001 and 2010
Nora L. álvarez-Berríos,Daniel J. Redo,T. Mitchell Aide,Matthew L. Clark,Ricardo Grau
Land , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/land2020081
Abstract: Land change in the Greater Antilles differs markedly among countries because of varying socioeconomic histories and global influences. We assessed land change between 2001 and 2010 in municipalities (second administrative units) of Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. Our analysis used annual land-use/land-cover maps derived from MODIS satellite imagery to model linear change in woody vegetation, mixed-woody/plantations and agriculture/herbaceous vegetation. Using this approach, we focused on municipalities with significant change ( p ≤ 0.05). Between 2001 and 2010, the Greater Antilles gained 801 km 2 of woody vegetation. This increase was mainly due to the return of woody vegetation in Cuba, and smaller increases in Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. Despite relatively similar environments, the factors associated with these changes varied greatly between countries. In Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, and Jamaica, agriculture declined while mixed-woody vegetation increased, mostly in montane regions. In contrast, Cuba experienced an extensive decline in sugarcane plantations, which resulted in the spread of an invasive woody shrub species and the increase in woody vegetation in areas of high agricultural value. In Haiti, the growing population, fuelwood consumption, and increase in agriculture contributed to woody vegetation loss; however, woody vegetation loss was accompanied with a significant increase in the mixed woody and plantations class. Most regional analyses often treated the Greater Antilles as a homogeneous unit; our results suggest that historical and socio-economic differences among countries are crucial for understanding the variation in present day land change dynamics.
Goya's artwork imaging with Terahertz waves
C. Seco,V. López,G. Arauz,A. Redo,J. Palacios,J. Tejada
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper we use a Terahertz (THz) time-domain system to image and analize the structure of an artwork attributed to Spanish artist Goya painted in 1771. The Thz images show features that cannot be seen in the optical or X-ray images that providence evidence of its authenticity, which is validated by other independent studies. For instance, a feature with a strong resemblance with one of Goya's known signatures is seen in the THz images that cannot be detected otherwise. This paper shows the feasibility of using THz imaging in the field of authentication and characterization of artworks. This may be of great importance in cases where both the signature and specific features that are critical for the authentication of an artwork remain hidden to visible, infrared, or X-ray inspection methods.
From the universal to the particular through intercultural united nations crime prevention law and practice
Redo S?awomir
Temida , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/tem1202049r
Abstract: The article focuses on some legal and criminological counter aspects of the functionalist approach to public international law, by taking as the example United Nations crime prevention law. On this basis, the article’s author analyses the theoretical and practical meaning of cross-disciplinary concepts of the Universal and the Particular, known also in law and criminology as the General and the Specific. He emphasizes the coexistence of both concepts and their mutual reinforcement through the intercultural United Nations policy and action.
A Brief Overview of Amblyaudia  [PDF]
RaeLynn J. Lamminen, Daniel Houlihan
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.78110
Abstract: Amblyaudia, a recent subcategory of auditory processing disorder, is characterized by asymmetrical auditory processing of an individual’s ears. Amblyaudia can result in speech comprehension difficulties, reading difficulties, information processing deficits, and inattention. These difficulties can be mistakenly attributed to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Specific Learning Disorders (SLD), depression, anxiety disorders, and communication disorders. Unfortunately, traditional hearing tests do not place the two ears in competition and cannot detect asymmetry. Therefore, students who exhibit these difficulties and have normal performance on traditional hearing tests should be also evaluated for amblyaudia with dichotic listening tests. Amblyaudia can be addressed through dichotic listening tasks that strengthen the non-dominant ear, as well as minor adjustments to the classroom environment. This paper will examine the current literature on amblyaudia and provide a brief overview of the causes, diagnosis, treatments, and prognosis.
Seasonal ARIMA Modeling and Forecasting of Rainfall in Warri Town, Nigeria  [PDF]
Daniel Eni, Fola J. Adeyeye
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.36015

We obtained historical data of rainfall in Warri Town for the period 2003-2012 for the purpose of model identification and those of 2013 for forecast validation of the identified model. Model identification was by visual inspection of both the sample ACF and sample PACF to postulate many possible models and then use the model selection criterion of Residual Sum of Square (RSS), Akaike’s Information Criterion (AIC) complemented by the Schwartz’s Bayesian Criterion (SBC), to choose the best model. The chosen model was the Seasonal ARIMA (1, 1, 1) (0, 1, 1) process which met the criterion of model parsimony with RSS value of 81.098,773, AIC value of 281.312,35 and SBC value of 289.330,84. Model adequacy checks showed that the model was appropriate. We used the model to forecast rainfall for 2013 and the result compared very well with the observed empirical data for 2013.

Analytical Calculation of the Compton Single Scatter Component of Pencil Beam Scatter Kernel for Scatter Correction in kV Cone Beam CT (kV-CBCT)  [PDF]
Jie Liu, J. Daniel Bourland
International Journal of Medical Physics,Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology (IJMPCERO) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2018.72019

The accuracy of conventional superposition or convolution methods for scatter correction in kV-CBCT is usually compromised by the spatial variation of pencil-beam scatter kernel (PBSK) due to finite size, irregular external contour and heterogeneity of the imaged object. This study aims to propose an analytical method to quantify the Compton single scatter (CSS) component of the PBSK, which dominates the spatial distribution of total scatter assuming that multiple scatter can be estimated as a constant background and Rayleigh scatter is the secondary source of scatter. The CSS component of PBSK is the line integration of scatter production by incident primary photons along the beam line followed by the post-scattering attenuation as the scattered photons traverse the object. We propose to separate the object-specific attenuation term from the line integration and equivalently replace it with an average value such that the line integration of scatter production is object independent but only beam specific. We derived a quartic function formula as an approximate solution to the spatial distribution of the unattenuated CSS component of PBSK. The “effective scattering center” is introduced to calculate the average attenuation. The proposed analytical framework to calculate the CSS was evaluated using parameter settings of the On-Board Imager kV-CBCT system and was found to be in high agreement with the reference results. The proposed method shows highly increased computational efficiency compared to conventional analytical calculation methods based on point scattering model. It is also potentially useful for correcting the spatial variant PBSK in adaptive superposition method.

La lógica del Síndrome de Alienación Parental de Gardner (SAP): terapia de la amenaza .
Antonio Escudero Nafs,Lola Aguilar Redo,Julia de la Cruz
Revista de la Asociación Espa?ola de Neuropsiquiatría , 2008,
Abstract: Concluimos que el SAP fue construido por medio de falacias y que puede ser usado como una amenaza para disuadir a las mujeres de abandonar a su pareja cuando hay violencia de género.
Open-Source Hardware Is a Low-Cost Alternative for Scientific Instrumentation and Research  [PDF]
Daniel K. Fisher, Peter J. Gould
Modern Instrumentation (MI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/mi.2012.12002
Abstract: Scientific research requires the collection of data in order to study, monitor, analyze, describe, or understand a particular process or event. Data collection efforts are often a compromise: manual measurements can be time-consuming and labor-intensive, resulting in data being collected at a low frequency, while automating the data-collection process can reduce labor requirements and increase the frequency of measurements, but at the cost of added expense of electronic data-collecting instrumentation. Rapid advances in electronic technologies have resulted in a variety of new and inexpensive sensing, monitoring, and control capabilities which offer opportunities for implementation in agricultural and natural-resource research applications. An Open Source Hardware project called Arduino consists of a programmable microcontroller development platform, expansion capability through add-on boards, and a programming development environment for creating custom microcontroller software. All circuit-board and electronic component specifications, as well as the programming software, are open-source and freely available for anyone to use or modify. Inexpensive sensors and the Arduino development platform were used to develop several inexpensive, automated sensing and datalogging systems for use in agricultural and natural-resources related research projects. Systems were developed and implemented to monitor soil-moisture status of field crops for irrigation scheduling and crop-water use studies, to measure daily evaporation-pan water levels for quantifying evaporative demand, and to monitor environmental parameters under forested conditions. These studies demonstrate the usefulness of automated measurements, and offer guidance for other researchers in developing inexpensive sensing and monitoring systems to further their research.
Happily Ever after: The Use of Stories to Promote Positive Interventions  [PDF]
Daniel J. Tomasulo, James O. Pawelski
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.312A176

People turn to myriad ways to achieve happiness, such as physical pleasures, relationships, or the achievement of goals. Success in these endeavors varies, however, and may not be sustainable. Recent advances in scientific research may be able to help, with a number of studies suggesting that people have the power to increase happiness through intentional activities. Narrative is one of the most pervasive and promising elements of positive interventions, and stories play a significant role both in psychological research and in application. A proposal is made that stories should be used more frequently as a vehicle to demonstrate and encourage the use of positive interventions, and a suggestion is made on how to collect and disseminate them.

Non Small-Cell Lung Cancer Metastatic to the Mitral Valve: Case Report and Review of the Literature  [PDF]
Daniel J. Axelson, Natalie P. Kreitzer, Gregory J. Fermann
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2014.37094

In 2008, 1.6 million new cases of lung cancer were diagnosed worldwide, representing 13% of all cancer cases for the year, and in 2010, 19% of cancer deaths were attributed to lung cancer. Though lung cancer frequently metastasizes to the adrenal glands, bone, brain, liver, and other lung, it infrequently metastasizes to the heart. Here, we report a case of lung cancer metastatic to the mitral valve.

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