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Rese a: La estrategia del simbionte, de Fernando Broncano
Daniel Escandell Montiel
Caracteres : Estudios Culturales y Críticos de la Esfera Digital , 2012,
Abstract: Review of the book "La estrategia del simbionte" written by Fernando Broncano.
Evaluation of Montreal cognitive assessment for the differential diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease in elderly patients with more than 5 years of schooling: Data from a Brazilian sample  [PDF]
José M. Montiel, Juliana F. Cecato, Daniel Bartholomeu, José Eduardo Martinelli
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2013.24018
Abstract:

Background: Diagnostic investigation of dementia is based on a series of tests which lie the neuropsychological evaluations. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was developed as an instrument to recognize Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and initial cases of Alzheimer’s disease. The present study aims to evaluate the predictive value of Brazilian MoCA test version in a sample of elderly above 5 years of education. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 136 elderly, above 60 years old at least 5 years of education. Diagnostic criteria is based on clinical and neuropsychological data classified Alzheimer’s disease n = 52, MCI n = 45 e normal controls n = 39. MoCA test was compared with Cambridge Cognitive Examination, Mini-Mental State Exam, Verbal Fluency, Clock Drawing Test, Geriatric Depression Scale and Pfeffer Functional Activities Questionnaire. Accuracy was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to compare the MoCA with the other tests. It was also used logistic regression analysis to identify the main risk factors for the diagnostic groups. Results: MoCA was the best test to differentiate Alzheimer’s disease cases from MCI with 86.5% sensitivity and 75.6% specificity. Furthermore, analyzes of correlation test showed that MoCA correlates robust way of already validated with other tests and wide application inBrazil. Conclusions: It can be concluded that MoCA is a good screening tool for investigation of MCI among the elderly in Brazil with over 5 years of schooling. Studies with larger numbers of participants are needed to further validate the test also for elderly people with low education.

Cognitive Impairment in Alzheimer’s Disease: Longitudinal Data from Brazilian Elderly  [PDF]
Daniel Bartholomeu, Juliana Francisca Cecato, José Eduardo Martinelli, José Maria Montiel
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2014.32025
Abstract:

Research on cognitive aging is becoming increasingly common because aging is a global phenomenon and brings with it many challenges, for example, the increased incidence of dementias such as Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Even if the cognitive decline in AD is apparently linear, impairment of autonomy in activities of daily living does not follow the same pattern. Objectives: To monitor and evaluate the cognitive aspects of elderly diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. Methodological procedures: This research was conducted from January 2006 to July 2013 at the Clinic of Geriatrics and Gerontology. Longitudinal study of 51 elderly patients aged 60 years, of both sexes who received a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease by DSM-IV (APA, 1994) and NINDS-ADRDA (McKhann et al., 2011). Results: From the results obtained in the present study, we observed that the participants had a decline in cognitive function from the first to the second assessment, even with drug treatment.

Neuroticism and Extraversion: Contributions to Diagnosis of Dysthymia  [PDF]
Mara Rúbia de Camargo Alves Orsini, Daniel Bartholomeu, Cecília Rodrigues Ribeiro, José Maria Montiel
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.514174
Abstract: Dysthymic disorder can be characterized as a mild depression and persistent, lasting at least two years. Are described the symptoms more experienced on the subjective plane than objective? Mild neurovegetative symptom with long duration is the most frequent symptom experienced by the patients and is the landmark to differential diagnosis. It is interesting to investigate the relationship of these factors in the configuration of personality of the dysthymic. Starting from the assumption that the disorder is more experienced in the subjective level and perceived by the subject as an intrinsic part of their way of being, a model based on the configuration of these personality dimensions could contribute to a more reliable diagnosis. The present study aimed to investigate the configuration of Neuroticism and Extraversion factors in patients diagnosed with dysthymia. Participants, n = 568, 59.2% women and 40.8% men, mean age = 25 years, SD = 7.0. Results and Discussion, the studies 1 and 2 suggest the possibility the dysthymia be evaluated based on personality characteristics, revealing that this framework affects the character of the subject, or which is in itself an even psychological concept, because it is personality tendency. This assumption is based on the fact that patients with dysthymia have higher scores on neuroticism and lower extraversion because of the control group.
Inseguretat lingüística o consciència normativa? Inseguretat i ús de la llengua entre els joves valencians [Linguistic insecurity or normative consciousness? Insecurity and language use among young Valencians]
Baldaquí Escandell, Josep M.
Zeitschrift für Katalanistik , 2009,
Abstract: In this article we analyse the relationship between the use of the Catalan language in the Valencian Country and the linguistic insecurity of stu dents in their last years of compulsory education (between age 14 and 16). Two different indexes have been produced: the first as regards the formal linguistic insecurity (the consciousness of the distance between the normative linguistic usages and the speakers’ own usages), and the second concerning the perception and the beliefs as regards this linguistic insecurity. The analysis of the results shows that those students who have the best linguistic competence and use the Catalan language most often, have a lower perception of their own linguistic insecurity but a higher formal linguistic insecurity. This contradiction could be interpreted as being a result of their better linguistic competence. The paper also offers some reflections on the theoretical concept of linguistic insecurity.
Elasticity and melodic reformulations in music by oral transmission in Western Mediterranean area: music for flaüta and drum in Eivissa and Formentera Islands
Escandell i Guasch, Jaume
Anuario Musical , 2010,
Abstract: The article focuses on instrumental music of oral transmission in the islands of Eivissa and Formentera. In particular, are explained two aspects of the structural behaviour detected in liturgical repertoire for the set of flaüta and drum. The first one of these aspects consists of the development of a musical discourse from the constant reformulation of two melodic models clearly delimited by the used degrees –in relation to all the gamma of sounds that the instrument produces– and for the ending notes. The second one refers to the elasticity that characterizes the studied pieces, which do not have a prefixed extension, but have mechanisms based on a variable times repetition of determinate segments. This fact enables more widespread or more reduced versions of the same pieces [es] El presente artículo aborda la música instrumental de transmisión oral de las islas de Eivissa y Formentera. Concretamente, se explican dos aspectos del comportamiento estructural detectados en el repertorio litúrgico para flaüta y tambor. El primero de ellos consiste en el desarrollo de un discurso musical a partir de la reformulación constante de dos modelos melódicos delimitados claramente por los grados utilizados –en relación con toda la gama de sonidos que produce la flaüta– y por las notas de terminación. El segundo se refiere a la elasticidad que caracteriza las piezas estudiadas. éstas no tienen una extensión prefijada, sino que cuentan con mecanismos basados en la repetición –un número variable de veces- de segmentos determinados, lo que permite desarrollar versiones más extensas o más reducidas de una misma pieza. [ct] L’article se centra en la música instrumental de transmissió oral a les les illes d’Eivissa i Formentera. En concret, s’expliquen dos aspectes del comportament estructural detectats en el repertori litúrgic per al conjunt de flaüta i tambor. El primer de dits aspectes consisteix en el desenvolupament d’un discurs musical a partir de la reformulació constant de dos models melòdics delimitats clarament pels graus utilitzats –en relació amb tota la gamma de sons que produeix l’instrument- i per les notes de terminació. El segon fa referència a l’elasticitat que caracteritza les peces estudiades, les quals no tenen una extensió prefixada, sinó que compten amb mecanismes basats en la repetició, un nombre variable de vegades, de segments determinats, fet que permet desenvolupar versions més esteses o més redu des d’una mateixa pe a.
Personality Disorders in Brazilian Homeless Compared with Non-Psychiatric and Psychiatric Patients  [PDF]
Daniel Bartholomeu, José M. Montiel, Geraldo A. Fiamenghi Jr., Lucas F. Carvalho, Mara Rubia C. A. Orsini, Cecilia R. Ribeiro
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.68099
Abstract: Personality disorders are regarded as conditions that involve a maladaptive personality functioning. Homelessness is a worldly debated phenomenon. The present study aimed to understand the situation of homelessness related to the health sector, instead of considering it only as a social or economic problem. Research was conducted with three different groups, male and female, living in a Metropolitan area of Southeast Brazil, the first composed of 71 homeless people; the second, 74 psychiatric patients; and the third, 250 college students that completed the Personality Disorders Dimensional Inventory (IDTP). A logit regression model and ROC curve were used to analyse data. Results showed that homeless people scored higher in all dimensions, especially Antisocial and Schizotypal, compared with the other groups. Although the number of participants was reduced to only one part of the country, as well as the correlational design preventing clearer causal inferences, the results of this research call the attention for the need of new investigations to homeless people’s mental health, aiming to focus on public health policies that could deal with the problem.
Teste de habilidades sociais para crian?as: evidências psicométricas de uma vers?o inicial
Bartholomeu, Daniel;Silva, Marjorie Cristina Rocha da;Montiel, José Maria;
Psico-USF , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-82712011000100005
Abstract: this article describes the development of a social skills measure for elementary school children. 257 children, attending in second to fourth grades in public schools in the interior of s?o paulo state, aged from 8 to 11 years old (mean age 9 years, dp=0,77) were studied. the scale was composed by 99 items that described scholar interpersonal relationship situations. the data were analyzed by means of principal components analysis with varimax rotation and suggested a three factor structure explaining 38,42% of variance. the dimensions were altruism and civility (alpha=0,85); self-control and resourcefulness in the social interaction (alpha=0,60) and coping assertivity (alpha=0,47). the application of the instrument was made collectively, in the students' classrooms, and only to those students whose parents provided previous authorization. the instrument assesses social skill factors splitting the difficulty of behavior expression of each behavior, which can be useful in the planning of interventions. these data enables the instrument to be used in future research.
Improving the Likert Scale of the Children’s Social Skills Test by Means of Rasch Model  [PDF]
Daniel Bartholomeu, Marjorie C. Rocha da Silva, José Maria Montiel
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.76085
Abstract:

This study addressed the psychometric properties of the Children’s Social Skills Test (THAS-C). Results were divided into two parts. Initial studies investigated 257 children attending Grades 2 to 4 in public schools of two cities in the countryside of the state of São Paulo. Study 2 assessed 1381 children and adolescents aged 7 to 15 years from public and private schools in cities located in the countryside of the state of São Paulo. Infit and outfit indexes showed adequate fit for both items and people. A progression analysis using Rasch measurement model showed greater people’s ability in function of response categories. On the other hand, the outfit index suggested good fit in all categories. These data show relevance for the structure of three analysis categories. Few items showed DIF. Precision data obtained with these two methods showed satisfactory indexes. These data enable validity evidences based on the internal structure. Such findings may facilitate the assessment process and planning of interventions that are more focused on individual needs.

On Macroeconomic Reforms and Macroeconomic Resiliency: Lessons from the Great Recession  [PDF]
Peter J. Montiel
Modern Economy (ME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.24058
Abstract: What are the payoffs from macroeconomic reforms? Whether such reforms yield higher long-term growth has long been controversial. However, the experience of the Great Recession suggests that other important benefits may have been neglected in the controversy over the growth benefits of reform. Specifically, in contrast with previous international recessions, recovery from the Great Recession has been led by emerging and developing economies, many of which have implemented significant reforms over the past two decades. How much of the resilience of these economies can be attributed to these reforms, and what do these lessons suggest for the desirability of further reforms? This paper is intended to provide some preliminary answers to these questions.
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