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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32690 matches for " Daniel Achutti "
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Restorative Justice in Juvenile Courts in Brazil: a brief review of Porto Alegre and S o Caetano pilot projects / Justicia Restaurativa en Cortes Juveniles en Brasil: breve revisión de los proyectos piloto de Porto Alegre y S o Caetano
Daniel Achutti,Raffaella Pallamolla
Universitas Psychologica , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, it is presented the results of the first three years (2005-2007) of the application of Restorative Justice (RJ) in the Brazilian juvenile justice system. To this end, it was made a bibliographical and documental researches, so all data used in the paper has not been collected directly by the authors. Good results are verified, despite the almost complete absence of publicity given to the work developed in the country. It was also noticed a considerable lack of dialogue between those who are responsible for the programmes, the legal actors involved, and the local Universities. For even better results, it is suggested that all institutions involved improve the dialogue between them and encourage scientific researches of their own practices.
Fotografias e artistas s o sagrados
Luiz Eduardo Robinson Achutti
Discursos Fotográficos , 2009,
Abstract: Resenha do livro Imagens do Sagrado - Entre Paris Match e O Cruzeiro, de Fernando de Tacca. Campinas: Unicamp, 2009, 200 p.
Doen?as cr?nicas n?o-transmissíveis no Brasil: repercuss?es do modelo de aten??o à saúde sobre a seguridade social
Achutti,Aloyzio; Azambuja,Maria Inês Reinert;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232004000400002
Abstract: social security comprehends governmental and societal actions on the rights to the social insurance, to social service, and to health care itself. this article sketches each one of these elements. many of this group disease have common risk factors, demanding continuous attention. comparing our population with that from the us, it is possible to observe that they are quite identical until the 15 to 24 years old, while the american population is twofold bigger from 35 to 44 years old and more than four times above the 75. this difference explains why the number of deaths by cncd is still very low in brazil compared with us: our population is younger and dies before, by other causes. the ageing process of our population, particularly through reduction of the early mortality, will be followed by the increased proportion of the cncd and their impact in the social security. health care as well as social insurance and social service are suffering the pressure of the power hegemony, from economy and culture of the global market. trying to forecast a possible future scenario for the social security in brazil, it is being discussed the urgent necessity to reform the country budget, aiming the financial balance.
Fumo ou saúde/ direitos ou deveres?
Jornal de Pneumologia , 2000,
Caderno de campo digital: antropologia em novas mídias
Achutti, Luiz Eduardo Robinson;Hassen, Maria de Nazareth Agra;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832004000100012
Abstract: this research presents an ethnographic and photoethnographic experiment with digital equipment. the research aims to register the transformations through which a rural fishing community is going through, in viam?o, in the vicinities of porto alegre, rs, brazil. the vila, called vila de itapu?, is surrounded by the guaíba river on one side and by the patos lagoon on the other; in the year 2002 the paths to the vila were asphalted and a wild life reserve park was opened, inviting visitors to end this vila's isolation. the former isolation of the place was a fundamental reason for the establishment, in the 1940's, of the colony hospital, a prison-leprosarium. the present research registers the remaining azorean culture and, above all, our goal is to think of the modern in relation to the traditional, with all the implications of such a relationship in the construction of a local identity. running side by side with this modernizing process in the field, the present research also has methodological novelties, by testing and widening the uses of digital photography for photoethnography. we discuss these resources and their limits, as other resources, such as the internet, once our field notes are systematically published online at www.ufrgs.br/fotoetnografia, since july 2003.
Mortalidade precoce por doen?as cardiovasculares e desigualdades sociais em Porto Alegre: da evidência à a??o
Bassanesi, Sérgio Luiz;Azambuja, Maria Inês;Achutti, Aloyzio;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2008000600004
Abstract: background: two perspectives, the economic (disease causing impoverishment) and social (poverty causing illness), have internationally disputed the justification for public health policies. objective: to investigate the relationship between early mortality by cardiovascular disease (cvd) and socioeconomic (se) conditions in the city of porto alegre (pa), and discuss bases and strategies for the prevention of cvd. methods: an ecological analysis of the association between mortality by cvd at 45-64 years of age and se conditions of 73 districts/neighborhoods in pa. the relative risk (rr) and the fraction of risk (fra) attributable to inequality among the districts grouped into 4 se strata were estimated. results: early mortality by cvd was 2.6 times higher in the districts classified in the worst compared to the best of the 4 se strata. among the extreme districts, the rr reached 3.3 for cvd and 3.9 for cerebrovascular disease. compared to the mortality in the best stratum, 62% of the early deaths in the worst stratum and 45% of those in the city as a whole could be attributed to socioeconomic inequality. conclusion: almost half of the mortality by cvd before 65 years of age can be attributed to poverty. disease, on the other hand, contributes towards poverty and reduces competitiveness of the country. it is necessary to reduce illness and recover the health of the poorest inhabitants with investments that result in national economic development and improvement of the social conditions of the population.
Conversation sur les préoccupations scientifiques et les perspectives de recherche au sein du Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Visuelle et Sonore du Monde Contemporain
Arlaud, Jean;Dibie, Pascal;Guigneraye, Christine Louveau de la;Achutti, Luiz Eduardo Robinson;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832000000100012
Abstract: la présent conversation a été pensée comme l'opportunité de présenter le "laboratoire d'anthropologie visuelle et sonore du monde contemporain", de l'université paris 7 - denis diderot. il a été crée en 1992 par monsieur le professeur dr. jean arlaud, anthropologue et cinéaste, directeur auteur et réalisateur de plus de vingt filmes sur des sociétés de tous les continents, dans le même esprit que jean rouch, son directeur de doctorat. ce laboratoire, qui regroupe actuellement 35 chercheurs statutaires et associés, développe des programmes de recherche en asie centrale (population kalash, culture populaire et identité), asie du sud-est ( danses masquées, musique, silat), ?les du pacifique (vanuatu), etats unis (population cajun), afrique (population nilotiques nyangatom, populations dogon et bambara) et europe (anthropologie urbaine, anthropologie rurale, identité, migrations/changements). ce dialogue, fruit de l'initiative du doctorant brésilien luiz eduardo robinson achutti, chercheur associé au laboratoire, présent la démarche scientifique et méthodologique du laboratoire. a travers les paroles du dr. jean arlaud, du dr.pascal dibie, de la dra.christine louveau de la guigneraye et achutti, sont abordés les sujets et les préoccupations actuels de ces chercheurs, questions sur l'anthropologie de proximité, l'approche poétique, la pratique du travail avec les images et les sons, la ville comme lieu de recherche et les connections entre anthropologie et multimédia.
Impacto econ?mico dos casos de doen?a cardiovascular grave no Brasil: uma estimativa baseada em dados secundários
Azambuja, Maria Inês Reinert;Foppa, Murilo;Maranh?o, Mário Fernando de Camargo;Achutti, Aloyzio Cechella;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2008001500005
Abstract: background: the scarce amount of data available in brazil on the economic burden of cardiovascular diseases (cvd) does not justify the growing concern in regard to the economic burden involved. objective: the present study aims at estimating the costs of severe cvd cases in brazil. methods: cases of severe cvd were estimated based on hospitalized cases lethality and total cvd mortality rates. national data bases and sample studies were used to estimate costs of hospitalization, outpatient care, and social security benefits. loss of income was estimated from the burden of disease in brazil data. results: approximately two million cases of severe cvd were reported in 2004 in brazil. that accounts for 5.2% of the population over 35 years of age. the resulting annual cost was at least r$ 30.8 billion (36.4% for health care, 8.4% for social security and employers' reimbursements, and 55.2% due to loss in productivity). that corresponded to r$ 500.00 per capita (considering 35 year-old and older population) and r$ 9,400.00 per patient. direct costs with health care from severe cvd cases accounted for 8% of total national expenditure on health and 0.52% of 2004 gnp (r$ 1,767 billion = us$ 602 billion). that corresponded to an yearly average direct cost of r$182.00 per capita (r$ 87.00 from public resources) and of r$ 3,514.00 per case. conclusion: total annual costs per severe cvd case were estimated to be significant. costs per capita and total costs corresponding to this sub-group of cvd patients are expected to escalate as the population ages and the prevalence of severe cases increases.
Urban health, environment, and inequalities Salud urbana, ambiente y desigualdades Saúde urbana, ambiente e desigualdades
Maria Inês Reinert Azambuja,Aloyzio Cechella Achutti,Roberta Alvarenga Reis,Jacqueline Oliveira Silva
Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade , 2011, DOI: 10.5712/rbmfc6(19)151
Abstract: The psychosocial, economic, and physical environment where we were born, and now are growing, living, working, and reproducing affect health and longevity as much as do smoking, exercise, and diet. Individual attention to health is not enough to prevent or control the effects of bad environmental conditions. Historical and current evidence show that a decline in the health condition of the poorest is associated with rapid urbanization. Population aging in an urban environment of social inequalities is expected to make the health situation of the poorest even worse, resulting in more human suffering and economic losses for the country. Based on these observations, a group of professors from the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) organized themselves, through an extension program, to contribute on the discussion and national initiatives of intervention in urban health. The group’s projects are comprised of: discussions about the potential impact of private initiatives and sector public policies (housing, sanitation, transportation, education, technological innovation, environmental sustainability, and so on) on urban health; the production and dissemination of information about social and environmental determinants of health; the production and dissemination of new indicators of inequality as determinants of health; human resources development; and the participation in social networks. The public presentation of this project satisfies the objective of initiating the group’s contribution to this discussion. Los ambientes psicosocial, económico y físico en los cuales nacemos, crecemos, vivimos, trabajamos y nos reproducimos afectan la salud y la longevidad, tanto como el tabaco, el ejercicio y la dieta. La atención individual a la salud no es suficiente para prevenir o controlar los efectos de malas condiciones ambientales. Evidencias históricas y actuales muestran el agravamiento de las condiciones de salud de las poblaciones más pobres acompa ando procesos de urbanización rápida. Previsiblemente, el envejecimiento de la población en un ambiente urbano de desigualdad social deberá agravar la situación de la salud de la población más pobre, resultando en más sufrimiento y en pérdidas económicas para el país. Con base en estas justificativas, un grupo de profesores de la Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) se organizó, a través de la extensión universitaria, para contribuir con la discusión y las iniciativas nacionales de intervención sobre la Salud Urbana. Los proyectos del grupo abarcan: el debate sobre el impacto potencial de i
Fatores de risco para doen?as n?o-transmissíveis em área metropolitana na regi?o sul do Brasil: prevalência e simultaneidade
Duncan,Bruce B.; Schmidt,Maria I.; Polanczyk,Carísi A.; Homrich,Clécio S.; Rosa,Roger S.; Achutti,Aloyzio C.;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101993000100007
Abstract: three-quarters of deaths in rio grande do sul state, brazil, are due to non-communicable diseases - cardiovascular diseases, alone, being responsible for 35% of them. to evaluate the prevalence of risk factors for these diseases, a household survey of 1,157 randomly sampled individuals between 15 and 64 years of age was undertaken in 1986 and 1987 in census tracts of 4 areas of the city of porto alegre. the age-and sex-adjusted prevalence of smoking was 40%, hypertension 14%, obesity 18%, overall sedentary lifestyle 47%, and excessive alcohol consumption 7%. thirty-nine percent of the sample presented two or more of these five risk factors, and only 22% of men and 21% of women had none of them. the high frequencies and simultaneous presence of these risk factors indicate their importance for programs aimed at the prevention of non-communicable diseases and the promotion of adult health.
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