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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1908 matches for " Damien Stark "
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Prevalence of gastrointestinal pathogens in Sub-Saharan Africa: systematic review and meta-analysis
Stephanie M. Fletcher,Damien Stark,John Ellis
Journal of Public Health in Africa , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/jphia.2011.e30
Abstract: A significant proportion of vulnerable people in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remain at risk for contracting diarrhoeal diseases due to the presence of many risk factors facilitating their transmission. A systematic review of published articles from the SSA region was done to determine the prevalence and types of diarrhoeal pathogens in circulation, based on a search of databases, including EBSCO host, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Google scholar and Web of Science was done between September 2009 and December 2010. Data were summarized from 27 studies, with pooled data analysed and reported. Pathogens were isolated from between 26.8-65.6% of cases, with an overall isolation rate of 55.7% (95% CI, 48.2-62.9%). Isolation rates were highest amongst adult cases followed by children, and the odds of isolating a pathogen was greater in diarrhoeal cases (Odds Ratio 4.93 (95% CI, 1.99 to 12.23), than in asymptomatic controls. Overall isolation ranged from 8% to 99%; and heterogeneity testing suggests differences between age groups (Q=5.806; df=2, P=0. 055). Mixed E. coli spp., (29.95%), Cryptosporidium (21.52%), Cyclospora (18%), Entamoeba, (13.8%), Shigella spp. (10.49%), Salmonella spp. (8.36%), and Campylobacter spp. (8.33%), were most commonly reported, and rotavirus was the most common virus isolated. This is the first review to look at the range of enteric pathogens circulating in SSA, and has confirmed high rates of isolation of pathogens from diarrhoeal cases. Public health practitioners can use this information to understanding the challenges related to diarrhoeal illness and set priorities for their prevention and control.
Repeated Dientamoeba fragilis infections: a case report of two families from Sydney, Australia
Damien Stark,Joel Barratt,John Ellis,John Harkness
Infectious Disease Reports , 2009, DOI: 10.4081/idr.2009.e4
Abstract: We report cases of two unrelated families who both presented with recurrent Dienta-moeba fragilis infections. Subsequent antimicrobial therapy resulted in the clearance of D. fragilis and total resolution of gastrointestinal symptoms in both families. This report highlights the potentially recurrent nature of D. fragilis infections and the need for laboratories to routinely test for this organism.
Free Anterolateral Thigh Perforator Flap for Head and Neck Cancer Resection in a Nonagenarian  [PDF]
Frank Lin, Damien Grinsell
Modern Plastic Surgery (MPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/mps.2012.21001
Abstract: With an aging population, free flap reconstruction for head and neck cancer ablation in the elderly is becoming more commonplace. In nonagenarians, however, such major operations are still rarely offered due to its physiological demands. We report the first case of successful resection and reconstruction of head and neck cancer with a free perforator flap in a 96 year old patient. We feel that with careful patient and flap selection, careful preoperative workup and close collaboration between treating teams, age alone should not preclude patients from receiving the best possible curative treatment and reconstruction in head and neck cancers. Even in nonagenarians, perforator free flaps, such as the anterolateral thigh flap, can be used safely to achieve good functional and aesthetic outcomes.
An Inquiry into the Effectiveness of Student Generated MCQs as a Method of Assessment to Improve Teaching and Learning  [PDF]
Damien Hutchinson, Jason Wells
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.47A2014
Abstract:

In anticipation of helping students mature from passive to more active learners while engaging with the issues and concepts surrounding computer security, a student generated Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) learning strategy was designed and deployed as a replacement for an assessment task that was previously based on students providing solutions to a series of short-answer questions. To determine whether there was any educational value in students generating their own MCQs students were required to design MCQs. Prior to undertaking this assessment activity each participant completed a pre-test which consisted of 45 MCQs based on the topics of the assessment. Following the assessment activity the participants completed a post-test which consisted of the same MCQs as the pre-test. The pre and post test results as well as the post test and assessment activity results were tested for statistical significance. The results indicated that having students generate their own MCQs as a method of assessment did not have a negative effect on the learning experience. By providing a framework to the students based on the literature to support their engagement with the learning material, we believe the creation of well-structured MCQs resulted in a more advanced understanding of the relationships between the concepts of the learning material as compared with plainly answering a series of short-answer questions from a textbook. Further study is required to determine to what degree this learning strategy encouraged a deeper approach to learning.

What Is the Natural Weight of the Current Old?  [PDF]
Damien Gaumont, Daniel Leonard
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2013.35043
Abstract: We consider a simple overlapping generations model with an externality à la Arrow-Romer [1,2] and a government with fiscal powers. If it wishes to maximize a criterion depending on the lifelong utility of agents, is there a natural weight for the utility of the current old? We show in a simple example that this weight depends on the specific features of the model, in particular the length of the horizon, and cannot be chosen arbitrarily. Our result has a neat economic interpretation [2].
La morphosyntaxe dans les SMS suisse francophones: Le marquage de l'accord sujet – verbe conjugué
Stark, Elisabeth
Linguistik Online , 2011,
Abstract: The overall aim of this article is to show the stability of graphically marking morphosyntactic structures in French text messages. It presents a manual analysis of the first 400 French messages of the new corpus sms4science.ch, an analysis which focuses on subject-verb-agreement and its graphical marking in a form of communication commonly assumed to show a considerable amount of non-standard spelling. The overall results show two things: First, the marking of subject-verb agreement is closer to standard orthography when occurring with lexical subjects, which, however, are very infrequent in text messages, a hint at their variationist character as texts of 'communicative immediacy' ('oral discourse'). Second, this type of agreement, central both for typological and theoretical approaches to human language(s), is marked in almost 90% of the occurrences according to standard graphic regularities or by other devices, which leads to the conclusion that core syntax (grammar) is completely unaltered also in apparently 'non-standard' texts.
The Peasant Poor and Images of Poverty: Finnish Proverbs as Discursive Representations of Cultural Knowledge
Eija Stark
Folklore : Electronic Journal of Folklore , 2013, DOI: 10.7592/fejf2013.53.stark
Abstract: This article examines the core idea of poverty proverbs as hints of cultural knowledge in old Finnish rural countryside. Until World War II, most of the Finns lived in a high-risk society with only few institutions to guarantee their safety and well-being. The continuous threat of absolute poverty was evident for the majority of the Finns. The basis of this research is 204 proverbs that contain the words poor, poverty, pity or unfortunate. The proverbs analyzed and classified here were collected in the Folklore Archives of the Finnish Literature Society between the years 1885 and 1950. The ideational level of the proverbs in the context of social history is crucial in revealing the schematic structure that people use to communicate about rural poverty.
Откуда происходят знания Канта об Азии? — Первый итог (перевод с нем. А. Зильбера)
Stark W.
Kantovskij Sbornik , 2009, DOI: 10.5922/0207-6918-2009-2-14
Abstract: На материале десяти иллюстраций впервые осуществляется попытка проследить обстоятельства, которые пробудили и поддержали интерес Канта к географии. Вторым пунктом в общих чертах обозреваются картографические и литературные источники, из которых Кант черпал материал для раздела об Азии в своих лекциях по физической географии. Заключительная часть посвящена истории становления курса лекций.
Landscapes of The Mind: The Setting as Psyche in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter And F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby Landscapes of The Mind: The Setting as Psyche in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter And F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby
Cruce Stark
Ilha do Desterro , 2009,
Abstract: In the closing moment of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gateby, Nick returns for one last look at what once was Gateby's house. But instead of physical buildings, he has a vision of an earlier time, a vision of the "old island" that "flowered once for Dutch sailor's eyes -- a fresh green breast of the new world." "For a transitory enchanted moment," Nick thinks, "man must have held his breath in the presence of this continent, compelled into an aesthetic contemplation he neither understood nor desired, face to face for the last time in history with something commensurate to his capacity for wonder (182)." In the closing moment of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gateby, Nick returns for one last look at what once was Gateby's house. But instead of physical buildings, he has a vision of an earlier time, a vision of the "old island" that "flowered once for Dutch sailor's eyes -- a fresh green breast of the new world." "For a transitory enchanted moment," Nick thinks, "man must have held his breath in the presence of this continent, compelled into an aesthetic contemplation he neither understood nor desired, face to face for the last time in history with something commensurate to his capacity for wonder (182)."
La fábrica de automóviles más moderna de Europa, GM-Espa a, S. A.
Stark, H.
Informes de la Construccion , 1982,
Abstract: Not available. Con el propósito de entrar en la competencia de los coches de peque o tama o, la Adam Opel AG recibió de la General Motors Corporation el encargo de desarrollar un automóvil adecuado a tal fin, y de construir los centros fabriles e instalaciones de producción correspondientes. La capacidad de producción debía calcularse para 75 coches por hora o 270.000 coches al a o. Para ello se eligieron unos terrenos, de 3,1 km2 situados en las proximidades de Zaragoza, sobre los que se ha edificado una superficie total construida de 442.000 m2 con un volumen de 3,5 millones de m2 que dan idea de la magnitud de la obra. En el mes de marzo de 1980 comenzaron los trabajos del proyecto industrial más importante de Espa a en aquel momento. El 30 de agosto, de 1982, se pudo iniciar la producción de acuerdo con el calendario establecido. Un plazo de construcción tan breve exigió de todos los participantes en el proyecto una óptima disposición de rendimiento y precisión, con un exacto cumplimiento de los plazos fijados.
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