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Le juge constitutionnel colombien vis-à-vis du déplacement forcé
Marzia Dalto
Revista Derecho del Estado , 2011,
Abstract: Esta contribución trata del desplazamiento forzado en Colombia. En particular, este artículo se enfoca sobre el papel específico de la Corte Constitucional colombiana como defensora de los derechos humanos de las personas desplazadas, como juez y al mismo tiempo como actor de políticas públicas. La Corte Constitucional colombiana ha declarado el “estado de cosas inconstitucional” vis-à-vis de la situación de las personas desplazadas: esto implica que se trata de una situación dramática cuya solución necesita la intervención de muchas instituciones públicas. En el marco de este paper estaré demostrando cómo la Corte Constitucional colombiana se vuelve, de facto, como un actor que orienta las políticas públicas, para garantizar los derechos efectivos de las personas desplazadas. En particular, desde el 2004 el juez constitucional ha implementado un sistema de seguimiento al cumplimiento de las órdenes dictadas por la Sentencia T-025 del 2004, para que sea para las víctimas que son sujetos de especial protección constitucional, como mujeres, comunidades afrocolombianas, indígenas, ni os y discapacitados. Consideramos que el caso colombiano es relevante porque el juez constitucional tiene un papel de suprema importancia, que podría contribuir a un nuevo modelo para otras experiencias que cuenten con instituciones del Estado íntegras, en el marco de un conflicto armado.
Efecto de los probióticos sobre el colesterol plasmático: Ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado
Dalto,Paula; Takehara,Natalia Andrea;
Diaeta , 2012,
Abstract: objective: to determine whether the average drop in total cholesterol and ldl-cholesterol is higher in adult patients diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia who receive an hypocholesterolemic diet combined with a probiotic compared with those who receive only diet. materials and methods: a randomized controlled clinical trial. the sample consisted of 46 patients of both sexes who attended the pi?ero hospital outpatient center with a diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia from august 2009 to april 2011. they were assigned to two groups: one received an hypocholesterolemic diet and another the same diet plus a dairy product containing probiotic lactobacillus casei strain shirota. results: no significant differences were found in the average drop in total cholesterol between the group that followed the hypocholesterolemic diet and the one that followed the same diet combined with the probiotic (p = 0.386), whereas a significant difference (p <0.001) was observed between the initial and final total cholesterol in both. in the case of ldlcholesterol, no significant differences were found in its average drop between both groups (p = 0.313) as well, but there was a significant difference (p <0.001) between the initial and final ldl . conclusions: in this study no significant differences were found in the average drop in total cholesterol and ldl-cholesterol between the group that followed only the hypocholesterolemic diet and the group that followed the diet with the probiotic. however, the results obtained confirm that the adoption of a meal plan designed to achieve a reduction in total cholesterol and ldl-cholesterol is effective, becoming a mainstay for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
A mesoeconomia do desenvolvimento econ?mico: o papel das institui??es
Pessali, Huáscar;Dalto, Fabiano;
Nova Economia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-63512010000100001
Abstract: institutions affect economic development, and at the same time they are a way to measure it. correlation and causality tangle up within a circular and cumulative process of changes, which draws the limits and possibilities for increased individual freedom. this essay brings together some key ideas that relate institutions to economic development and tries to link them in such a way as to offer the reader a refreshed view of classic themes. the complex and historically diverse relationship among firms, markets and the state is used as a short illustration of our attempt at providing an institutional reading on economic development.
Divulga??o do discurso político: as metáforas de Lula e suas formas de interdi??o
Daltoé, Andréia da Silva;
Linguagem em (Dis)curso , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1518-76322011000300007
Abstract: in this study the forms of divulging, by the media, the metaphors by lula (ml) during the period of his presidency of brazil (2002/2006 and 2006/2010) are discussed from the perspective of discourse analysis according to pêcheux. based on newspapers and magazines texts, which published the ml during that time/space, it is investigated how most of the meanings attributed to such sayings push them to the room of error, of deviation from the norm, of the absurd and of ignorance, indicating a sort of unfamiliarity in relation to the ml. in this work one observes if such a defamiliarization is a symptom of a shaking of the stabilized meanings of political discourse, while discussing how those meanings divulged by the media in relation to the ml are built as the only possible interpretation.
Efecto de los probióticos sobre el colesterol plasmático: Ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado Effect of probiotics on plasma cholesterol: Randomized controlled clinical trial
Paula Dalto,Natalia Andrea Takehara
Diaeta , 2012,
Abstract: Objetivo: Determinar si la disminución promedio del colesterol total y LDL- colesterol es mayor en pacientes adultos con diagnóstico de hipercolesterolemia que reciben una dieta hipocolesterolémica sumada a un probiótico en comparación con aquellos que reciben sólo dieta. Materiales y métodos: Ensayo clínico controlado y aleatorizado. La muestra estuvo conformada por 46 pacientes de ambos sexos que asistieron a los consultorios externos del Hospital Pi ero con diagnóstico de hipercolesterolemia durante los meses de Agosto de 2009 a Abril de 2011. Los mismos fueron asignados a dos grupos: uno que recibió una dieta hipocolesterolémica y otro la misma dieta sumada a un producto lácteo que contiene la cepa probiótica Lactobacillus Casei Shirota. Resultados: En el caso del colesterol total no se hallaron diferencias significativas en el promedio de descenso del mismo entre el grupo que realizó la dieta hipocolesterolémica y el que realizó la misma dieta sumada al consumo del probiótico (p=0,386), al mismo tiempo que sí se pudo observar una diferencia significativa (p<0,001) entre el colesterol total inicial y el final en ambos. En lo que respecta al LDL-colesterol tampoco se hallaron diferencias significativas en el promedio de descenso del mismo entre ambos grupos (p=0,313), aunque hubo una diferencia significativa (p<0,001) entre el LDL-colesterol inicial y el final. Conclusiones: En este estudio no se han encontrado diferencias significativas en el descenso promedio del colesterol total y el LDL-colesterol en el grupo que realizó la dieta hipocolesterolémica sola en comparación con el que realizó la dieta y consumió el probiótico. Sin embargo, los resultados obtenidos permiten confirmar que la adopción de un plan alimentario destinado a lograr la reducción de los niveles de colesterol total y LDL- colesterol resulta efectivo, constituyéndose en un pilar fundamental para la prevención y tratamiento de las enfermedades cardiovasculares. Objective: To determine whether the average drop in total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol is higher in adult patients diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia who receive an hypocholesterolemic diet combined with a probiotic compared with those who receive only diet. Materials and methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial. The sample consisted of 46 patients of both sexes who attended the Pi ero Hospital outpatient center with a diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia from August 2009 to April 2011. They were assigned to two groups: one received an hypocholesterolemic diet and another the same diet plus a dairy product containing
Conhecimento e atitudes de pediatras em rela??o à cárie dentária
Dalto, Vanessa;Turini, Barbara;Cordoni Junior, Luiz;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832008000100016
Abstract: early dental care is emphasized today, since the attitudes and practices acquired during the first years of life become resistant to change. because of greater contact with their patients, pediatricians are professionals of importance with regard to transmitting guidance relating to oral health. the present study had the aim of investigating the knowledge and attitudes of pediatricians practicing in londrina, pr, regarding the promotion of oral health among the children that they attend. data were collected by means of a questionnaire that covered matters relating to tooth formation and caries. regarding dental caries, 28.8% of the pediatricians could not say what its etiology was, while 48.1% said that the disease was transmissible. the results observed suggested that the pediatricians presented positive attitudes and practices in relation to oral health, but that the information on dental caries needs to be reinforced.
Alian?a estratégica no canal de marketing: o caso ALE Combustíveis S.A.
Cotta, Carlos Eduardo Garcia;Dalto, Edson José;
Produ??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65132010005000021
Abstract: this paper analyses the strategy adopted by ale combustíveis, a brazilian company, in an operation designed to sell automotive lubricants at gas stations. this study reviews the alliances made with elf and later with ac delco, exposing ale's motivations, partner selection, design of relationship model, alliance management and assessment of adopted model, confronting practical experience with prescriptions in the published literature. the model, named broker, is characterized by preservation of the brand's autonomy, with ale contributing its structure and sales force, and its partner, in turn, the fuelling logistics and order processing. the case method was adopted as a research strategy and this report shows how successful the model selection proved, as well as the strategic blunders related to the operational capacity and product positioning, in the alliance with elf, and in the forces of management interrelations within the channel, in the ac delco alliance case, leading to failure in both attempts.
Impactos da lei 8.630 sobre a infra-estrutura de terminais de contêineres e na viabiliza o da navega o de cabotagem no Brasil
Edson José Dalto,Daniel Ramos Victorino
Transportes , 2009,
Abstract: Com a reforma da legisla o portuária e o processo de privatiza o dos portos, os terminais públicos marítimos passaram por significativa reestrutura o. O elevado investimento e a simplifica o da lei propiciaram o aumento de produtividade e de seguran a e redu o das tarifas. A melhoria nos terminais de contêineres viabilizou a consolida o da navega o de cabotagem de carga geral, como alternativa de transporte rodoviário. Estas mudan as trouxeram novas perspectivas na presta o de servi o por parte dos armadores, no sentido de atender plenamente as necessidades de transportes dos embarcadores, através de um servi o logístico completo porta-a-porta, como alternativa ao transporte porto-a-porto, incluindo a oferta de transporte multimodal, estufagem de contêineres e armazenagem. S o ainda apresentados dois exemplos práticos de transporte de resinas no sentido norte-sul e de arroz, no sentido oposto, ilustrando como as mudan as no setor favoreceram a migra o do transporte rodoviário para o marítimo. Abstract With the changing on port legislation and privatization process in Brazilian ports, the maritime public terminals passed trough an important restructuring. The expressive investment and simplification on law brought productivity and security improvement and reduced fees. The enhancement on container terminals enabled strengthening of cabotage navigation as an alternative to road transportation. These changes brought new perspective on service offered by shipowners, in a sense of attending the fully transport necessities of the shippers, by a complete logistic service door-to-door, as alternative to a port-to-port transportation, including the multimodal transport offering, container filling and wholesaling. It is so introduced two practical examples of transportation of gum, over the north-south bound and rice over the opposite direction, illustrating how changes on the sector favored the migration from road transport to maritime one.
Alian a estratégica no canal de marketing: o caso ALE Combustíveis S.A. Strategic alliance in the marketing channel: the Ale Combustíveis S.A. case
Carlos Eduardo Garcia Cotta,Edson José Dalto
Produ??o , 2010,
Abstract: O artigo analisa a estratégia utilizada pela ALE Combustíveis em uma opera o desenhada para vender lubrificantes automotivos em sua rede de postos. O estudo avalia as alian as efetuadas com a Elf e posteriormente com a AC Delco, revelando as motiva es, escolha dos parceiros, desenho do modelo de relacionamento, gest o das alian as e avalia o do modelo adotado, confrontando a experiência prática com as prescri es da literatura. O modelo adotado, denominado broker, caracteriza-se pela preserva o da autonomia das marcas, com a ALE aportando sua estrutura e for a de vendas, e o parceiro, a logística de reabastecimento e processamento de pedidos. O método do caso foi adotado como estratégia de pesquisa e o relato revela o acerto na escolha do modelo, porém falhas estratégicas na capacidade operacional e posicionamento do produto, na alian a com a Elf, e na rela o de for as no canal, na alian a com a AC Delco, conduziram ao fracasso de ambas as tentativas. This paper analyses the strategy adopted by ALE Combustíveis, a Brazilian Company, in an operation designed to sell automotive lubricants at gas stations. This study reviews the alliances made with Elf and later with AC Delco, exposing ALE's motivations, partner selection, design of relationship model, alliance management and assessment of adopted model, confronting practical experience with prescriptions in the published literature. The model, named broker, is characterized by preservation of the brand's autonomy, with ALE contributing its structure and sales force, and its partner, in turn, the fuelling logistics and order processing. The case method was adopted as a research strategy and this report shows how successful the model selection proved, as well as the strategic blunders related to the operational capacity and product positioning, in the alliance with Elf, and in the forces of management interrelations within the channel, in the AC Delco alliance case, leading to failure in both attempts.
Sistema de Informa o para Classifica o de Clientes
Luiz Claudio Mandarino Freire,Edson José Dalto
Revista Eletr?nica de Sistemas de Informa??o , 2008,
Abstract: O acirramento da competi o dos mercados incentivou as empresas a investirem na cria o de novos produtos e servi os como forma de diferencia o. Conseqüentemente, os custos de atendimento retorno proporcionado por eles. Desta maneira, o gerenciamento da carteira de clientes desempenha papel fundamental na estratégia das empresas. A Metodologia do Gerenciamento Integrado (MGI), proposta a partir da uni o das metodologias do Valor do Cliente e Custo de Servir, constitui um importante sistema de informa o que propicia um maior conhecimento da carteira de clientes e dos custos alocados na mesma. Permite a análise, classifica o e auxilio na tomada de decis o quanto à captura, reten o dos clientes mais lucrativos e de menor custo de atendimento e descontinuidade de clientes, utilizando critérios objetivos, como margem bruta, custo de servir e potencial do cliente.
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