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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 51989 matches for " Da Ros "
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Judges in the formation of the Nation-State: professional experiences, academic background and geographic circulation of members of the Supreme Courts of Brazil and the United States
Ros,Luciano Da;
Brazilian Political Science Review (Online) , 2010,
Abstract: this article compares the career profiles of judges from the highest bodies of the judiciary in brazil and the united states of america, examining the biographies of all the ministros of the supreme court of justice (empire) and of the supreme federal tribunal (republic) in brazil, and of all the justices of the supreme court of the united states, appointed until 2008 in both cases. based on the sociology of political elites perspective, the article examines data concerning academic background, geographic circulation and the different professional experiences - legal, political and linked to the administration of the state's coercive activity (police or military) - lived through by future members of the supreme courts of brazil and the united states so as to identify the types of individuals recommended to join the top bodies of the judiciary in the two countries. in this sense, different state-building processes are identified on the basis of the examination of brazilian and us judicial elites, suggesting a more fragmented and diverse trajectory in the case of us justices, and greater homogeneity and centralization in the case of their brazilian counterparts.
Poder de decreto e accountability horizontal: dinamica institucional dos três poderes e medidas provisórias no Brasil pós-1988
Da Ros, Luciano;
Revista de Sociologia e Política , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-44782008000200011
Abstract: this article articulates studies on the relationship between executive and legislative powers with bibliography on what has been called the "judicialization of politics" in order to promote a better understanding of how horizontal accountability unfolds with specific regard to the issue of the brazilian president's power to decree bills within the current context of democracy. for these purposes, we present a brief overview of recent bibliography in brazilian political science on the role of "medidas provisórias" ("temporary acts") holding it up against the light of quantitative and qualititative analysis of observed phenomena. we conclude in agreement with the thesis that these measures enable executive control over the political agenda in which the supreme court and the congress tend not to interfere. the changes introduced through the promulgation of constitutional amendment n. 32/2001 allows us to note, contrary to what it would be possible to assume, the continuity that characterized this scenario, rather than greater controls over presidential legislating activities. this can be explained by looking at the dynamics of the three state powers during the period that precedes 2001, in which the parameters that were incorporated into the constitution through the above-mentioned amendment were taking shape. furthermore, the data collected support our argument on the diminishing control over executive decrees, particularly with regard to supreme court concession of injunctions which was reduced after the amendment's promulgation.
Juízes profissionais? Padr?es de carreira dos integrantes das Supremas Cortes de Brasil (1829-2008) e Estados Unidos (1789-2008)
Da Ros, Luciano;
Revista de Sociologia e Política , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-44782012000100010
Abstract: this article compares the career profiles of u.s. and brazilian supreme court judges throughout the political history of these two countries. for these purposes, we analyze data on professional and juridical experience and the circulation of positions within other branches of state power, including elected offices, prior to supreme court appointment. in particular, this examination reveals similarities and differences of professionalization patterns among those who are the height of judicial power in both countries, allowing for discussion of the political bases of this phenomenon within the juridical field. most significantly, the article suggests that periods of increased recruitment of individuals linked to specifically juridical professions occurs as a response to the strengthening of the courts themselves. in the face of a new stage of increased prominence of these institutions, people who are recognizably qualified in the area become an alternative source of legitimation for the organs themselves, whether in contexts of competition or of the political hegemony of particular groups.
A política fundiária do governo Olívio Dutra no Rio Grande do Sul ? Brasil (1999-2002): diretrizes, dinamica política e resultados atingidos
Da Ros,César Augusto;
Mundo agrario , 2007,
Abstract: this paper has as objective to analyze the foundry work politics made by the olívio dutra's government in the state of rio grande do sul-brazil, being taken into account their guidelines, the dynamics of the political struggle promoted between the social leaders from the rural area and the achieved global results. this government's freshness is related to the fact of it was being sustained and supported by a coalition of left wing parties and by a group of social movements and also by syndical entities of the field, which was decisive in the presentation of an antagonistic program to the neoliberal politics on energy in a national extent. hence this government became committed in adopting an own foundry work politics, being opposed to the program of market land reform extolled by cardoso's government, in national wide. therefore, the results presented along the article demonstrate that in spite of the assumed commitments and, in face of legal, institutional and economical limitations and also its existent politics, the space of the state governments' performance can only be thought about its complemental character on the federal government's actions.
O movimento "vistoria zero" e a resistência do patronato rural às políticas de assentamentos no Rio Grande do Sul
Ros, César Augusto da;
Sociologias , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-45222009000200010
Abstract: this article analyzes the formation process of the rural employers' resistance movement against the inspection of rural properties conducted by instituto nacional de coloniza??o e reforma agrária - incra (national institute of colonization and land reform) in the state of rio grande do sul, in order to understand the ramifications of this action as opposed to the implementation of settlement policies from 1999 to 2002. this movement broke out in march 1998, led by big landowners from the rural union of the municipality of bagé, who called it "zero inspection". this unprecedented movement soon spread all over the state, an addition to the rural employers' opposition to the process of expropriation for land reform purposes. throughout the article, the author maintains that the blockade the rural employers imposed on the inspections is directly responsible for the drastic decrease in the number of families settled by incra in the years between 1999 and 2002, which is in accordance with the second administration of president fernando henrique cardoso and its support for market-assisted land reform.
The foundry work politics by Olívio Dutra's government in Rio Grande do Sul-Brazil (1999-2002): guidelines, political dynamics and achieved results A política fundiária do governo Olívio Dutra no Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil (1999-2002): diretrizes, dinamica política e resultados atingidos
César Augusto Da Ros
Mundo agrario , 2007,
Abstract: This paper has as objective to analyze the foundry work politics made by the Olívio Dutra's government in the state of Rio Grande do Sul-Brazil, being taken into account their guidelines, the dynamics of the political struggle promoted between the social leaders from the rural area and the achieved global results. This government's freshness is related to the fact of it was being sustained and supported by a coalition of left wing parties and by a group of social movements and also by syndical entities of the field, which was decisive in the presentation of an antagonistic program to the neoliberal politics on energy in a national extent. Hence this government became committed in adopting an own foundry work politics, being opposed to the program of market land reform extolled by Cardoso's government, in national wide. Therefore, the results presented along the article demonstrate that in spite of the assumed commitments and, in face of legal, institutional and economical limitations and also its existent politics, the space of the state governments' performance can only be thought about its complemental character on the federal government's actions. Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a política fundiária executada pelo governo Olívio Dutra, no estado do Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil, levando-se em considera o as suas diretrizes, a dinamica da luta política travada entre os atores sociais do meio rural e os resultados globais atingidos. O ineditismo deste governo está relacionado ao fato deste ter sido sustentado e apoiado por uma coaliz o de partidos de esquerda e por um conjunto de movimentos sociais e entidades sindicais do campo, o que foi determinante na apresenta o de um programa antag nico às políticas neoliberais em vigor em ambito nacional. Por essa raz o este governo comprometeu-se em adotar uma política fundiária própria, opondo-se ao programa de reforma agrária de mercado preconizado pelo governo Cardoso, em nível nacional. Os resultados apresentados ao longo do artigo demonstram que a despeito dos compromissos assumidos e, em face das limita es legais, institucionais, econ micas e políticas existentes, o espa o de atua o dos governos estaduais somente pode ser pensado em caráter complementar as a es do governo federal.
Gênese, desenvolvimento, crise e reformas nos servi os públicos de extens o rural durante a década de 1990 Genesis, development, crisis and reforms in public agricultural extension during the 1990s
César Augusto Da Ros
Mundo agrario , 2012,
Abstract: Este artigo tra a um painel histórico sobre a gênese, desenvolvimento, crise e reformas realizadas nos servi os públicos de extens o rural ao longo da década de 1990, oferecendo uma vis o geral sobre os seus principais determinantes, tendo por base a literatura especializada sobre o tema. Neste percurso, analisou-se o processo de constitui o dos aparatos institucionais destinados ao oferecimento dos servi os de extens o rural e sua vincula o as políticas de moderniza o técnica da agropecuária mundial durante o período do pós-guerra, tecendo-se considera es sobre o caso brasileiro. O artigo também examina os aspectos que determinaram na emergência de uma crise dos servi os públicos de extens o rural ocorrida ao longo da década de 1980, num contexto de intensifica o das críticas ao modelo agrícola da revolu o verde. Por fim, o artigo busca destacar as conex es existentes entre a crise e as reformas de privatiza o dos servi os públicos de extens o rural ocorridas em diversos países do mundo durante a década de 1990 pautadas na reformula o dos seus formatos institucionais, das formas de financiamento, dos seus objetivos, do seu público alvo, das metodologias de trabalho e da matriz tecnológica preconizada This article presents an historical overview of the processes of genesis, development, crisis and reforms in public agricultural extension throughout the 1990s, offering an overview of its main determinants, based on the literature on the subject. In this way, we analyzed the process of constitution of institutional apparatuses for the offering of extension services and linking policies technical modernization of agriculture worldwide during the postwar period, weaving considerations on the Brazilian case. The article also examines the aspects that determined the emergence of a crisis of public extension occurred during the 1980s, amid intensifying criticism of the Green Revolution model of agriculture. Finally, the article seeks to highlight the connections between the crisis and the reforms of privatization of public extension occurred in several countries during the 1990s guided the redesign of its institutional forms, forms of financing, its goals, its target audience, the working methodologies and technological matrix advocated
TRABALHO VERSUS VIDA EM FAMíLIA: CONFLITO E CULPA NO COTIDIANO DAS TRABALHADORAS DE ENFERMAGEM
SPINDOLA,THELMA; DA SILVA SANTOS,ROS?NGELA;
Ciencia y enfermería , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95532004000200006
Abstract: a quality survey of the quotidian life of the woman-mother-nurse including the description of her own appraisal of that life. the method employed was that of life stories. 25 female nurses of a rio de janeiro city public hospital were interviewed about their life stories. the following proposal was made them: let yourself talk freely about your life as a woman, a mother and a nurse. the analysis of the statements showed that they feel guilty for being out of home and not following family routine and the growing up of children. keeping the job interferes directly in their lives as they must serve the long hours of work and be away from home. they have to face division and struggle daily in the compromise of their activities. such ambivalence can get them to neglect self-care and their own sexuality and even to forget their woman essence.
A etiologia da cárie no estilo de pensamento da ciência odontológica
Gomes,Doris; Da Ros,Marco Aurélio;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232008000300031
Abstract: this study deals with the construction of the odontological thought style about the etiology of caries. as a reference we use the theory of ludwik fleck (1896 -1961) maintaining that knowledge is a result of social activity and that each individual with certain knowledge belongs to a certain cultural environment, a thought-collective sharing the same thought-style. the sources used for studying the transformations in the theory were classic literature and a universe of 161 articles published between 1980 and 2001, selected from the medline/pubmed base using the key words dental caries/etiology/theoretical. based on the analysis of these articles and books we identified a macro style of thinking characterized as multicausal-biologicist transforming the etiological knowledge mainly since the mid 90s. in this stage, in which the period of classicism of the theory does not respond any more to the reality of the disease revealed in epidemiological studies, five distinct trends could be identified: the biological; the clinical-biological; the clinical-epidemiological; the biopsychosocial and the social. thus, one of the challenges posed to odontology today is to transform its thought-style adapting it to the new social reality of the disease.
Os partidos dentro e fora do poder: a judicializa??o como resultado contingente da estratégia política
Taylor, Matthew M.;Da Ros, Luciano;
Dados , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582008000400002
Abstract: the article analyzes the judicialization patterns in politics during the two terms of president fernando henrique cardoso (1995-2002) and compare them to the subsequent period of slightly less than a term and a half under president luiz inácio lula da silva (2003-2008). the purpose of the comparison was to observe whether appeals were issued to the supreme court challenging federal acts on grounds of unconstitutionality. both differences were observed and some common uses of judicialization when comparing the two presidential administrations.
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