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Attitudes of mothers and staff towards treatment and possible outcomes of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants in Bloemfontein
DJ Griessel, G Joubert, M Setlaba, O Seboco, L Chokoe
South African Journal of Child Health , 2012,
Abstract: Objectives. In neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), difficult decisions about care and withdrawal of treatment sometimes have to be taken by parents and healthcare workers, especially when the infant will probably have a poor developmental outcome. Only one previous study conducted in South Africa investigated whether preferences in this regard differ between these groups. We aimed to acquire more information on the issue. Design. A comparative cohort study comprising separate groups. Setting. Neonatal units of Universitas Academic and Pelonomi Regional hospitals. Subjects. Mothers of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) babies and children with multiple disabilities; paediatricians (including registrars) and nurses working in these units. Outcome measures. The preferences for developmental outcomes were compared between four groups: nurses, paediatricians, mothers of VLBW infants, and mothers of babies with multiple disabilities. Different scenarios were illustrated, and questionnaires were used to obtain the opinions on active treatment for babies with a poor developmental outcome. Results. When asked whether doctors should attempt to save premature babies, even with a more than 50% chance of being handicapped, 100% of mothers agreed, as opposed to 23% of paediatricians. Similar results were obtained when respondents were asked whether they would prefer to have a severely handicapped child rather than no children at all. Seventy per cent of mothers of VLBW babies indicated that parents are the most important stakeholders in NICU decision making. Conclusions. Doctors may underestimate mothers’ capacity to cope with handicapped children. The opinion and perspectives of mothers are therefore important factors in NICU decision making.
A post-Jungian perspective on the psychological development of Afrikaner cultural identity
Martina Kotzé,Loura Griessel
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v77i2.54
Abstract: In order to enhance an understanding of different cultures and groups, post-Jungians are currently applying C.G. Jung’s theory of personal ego and complexes to the cultural level of the psyche of groups. In the post-Jungian view, much of what tears groups apart can be understood as the manifestation of autonomous processes in the collective and individual psyche that organise themselves around the cultural identity and cultural complexes of groups. A post-Jungian model of the development of the Self, based on Jung’s early identification of the archetypal patterns of Masculine and Feminine, was used to explore and discuss the development and formation of the Afrikaner cultural identity and its concomitant complexes within South Africa as they were shaped by important historical events. The interplay between the Masculine and Feminine principles led to the argument that, within the premises of the model, Afrikaner identity was forged by traumatic events in the static Feminine, which lead to a gross overemphasis of the Masculine in its dynamic and, more especially, in its static forms, reverberating in the notorious nationalist strategy of Apartheid. It was further argued that that the change and transformation of the Afrikaner cultural identity under the auspices of the dynamic Feminine was inevitable, leaving the Afrikaner in a situation in which the reconstruction of their cultural identity or identities is still emerging. It was concluded that, since all human cultures are seen as having their roots in and being centred around a religious viewpoint, as was evident in the Great Father-God, Calvinistic, patriarchal ethic of the Afrikanerdom, the individuation of the Afrikaner and the evolution of the Afrikaner cultural identity will most probably include a renewal of some of its religious viewpoints.
HIV/AIDS programmes: what do learners want?
Estie Griessel-Roux, Liesel Ebersohn, Brigitte Smit, Irma Eloff
South African Journal of Education , 2005,
Genetic variation in tolerance of brown trout to acidic water
DJ Edwards
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1978, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-10-4-601c
“Habitus” in soul care. Towards “spiritual fortigenetics” (parrhesia) in a pastoral anthropology
DJ Louw
Acta Theologica , 2010,
Abstract: It is argued that habitus plays a fundamental role in both a practical theological and pastoral-anthropological approach in order to focus on the “wholeness” of the human soul (soul as a qualitative and relational entity). It is hypothesized that a spiritual understanding of fortigenetics and the emphasis on a positive growth model can help pastoral theology to develop a theological theory for the empowerment of the being functions of human beings. In this regard, the theological notion of parrhesia can play a decisive role. The article proposes a paradigm shift from pathogenic thinking to growth thinking within the parameters of hope care.
Middle age (35-65 years)
DJ Glassman
Continuing Medical Education , 2004,
Clinical approach to dyslipidaemia
DJ Blom
Continuing Medical Education , 2003,
Peacekeeping in a bad neighbourhood: The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in peace and security in West Africa
DJ Francis
African Journal on Conflict Resolution , 2009,
Abstract: Is there any role for regional organisations in the maintenance of international peace and security and if so, how effective are they? This question has polarised the debate on the role and potential contribution of regional intergovernmental collective security organisations in the maintenance of international peace and security in the post-Cold War period. Some scholars argue that regional organisations play only a limited role and that even when they do so, it is often in pursuit of their political or strategic self-interests. On the other hand, some academics and policy practitioners are of the view that regional organisations not only have a role to play but have emerged as a viable framework for the maintenance of regional peace and security. In the process, they have ‘rescued’ the global institution, the United Nations, in its mandate to maintain international peace and security. The case of the West African peacekeeping and conflict stabilisation interventions and regional deployments have been cited as a reflection of this development, despite its many problems and challenges. If this is the case, what has been the role and contribution of ECOWAS (the Economic Community of West African States) integration in regional peace, security, conflict prevention, management and resolution?
Oor die Teologiese Inhoud van die Belydenis van Belhar
DJ Smit
Acta Theologica , 2012,
Abstract: The essay argues that the theological content is indeed the most important contribution of Reformed confessional documents, but that the theological content can only be understood against the specific historical, which most often means socio-political, circumstances in which these confessions were originally adopted. Regarding the Confession of Belhar, the theological content consists in three confessional claims (each including allusions to the false teaching that is implicitly thereby unmasked and rejected) within the broader framework of an introduction and conclusion, involving key theological claims as well, respectively about the nature of the church and the lordship of Jesus Christ. After some interpretive comments on all five of these structural aspects – the introduction and conclusion and the three claims – brief consideration is given to the nature of reception of confessional documents in the Reformed tradition and some implications for the reception of the theological content of the Confession of Belhar. Article text in Afrikaans
Die leksikografiese bewerking van verwantskapsterme in Sepedi
DJ Prinsloo
Lexikos , 2012,
Abstract: Die verwantskapsterminologie van Sepedi is omvangryk en vorm 'n komplekse sisteem. In teenstelling met tale soos Afrikaans, Engels en Duits word groter uitdagings aan die Sepedileksikograaf gestel ten opsigte van die identifisering van verwantskapsterme en die lemmatisering en bewerking daarvan. Voorafstudie van die verwantskapsterminologiestelsel is 'n voorvereiste vir suksesvolle gebruikersleiding. Die Sepedi leksikograaf is die tussenganger tussen veral die onervare woordeboekgebruiker en hierdie ingewikkelde verwantskapsterminologiesisteem, en moet derhalwe sorg vir effektiewe lemmatisering en voldoende bewerking van verwantskapsterme. Die aard en omvang van verwantskapsterminologie in Sepedi word ontleed en daar word aangetoon dat verwantskapsterminologie in Sepedi problematies is, veral ten opsigte van die lemmatisering van samestellings, en in besonder, afgeleide enkelwoordvorme en frases, soos byvoorbeeld veelvuldige besitskonstruksies. Ten einde toegang tot verwantskapsterme in die woordeboek te vergemaklik word 'n leksikografiese konvensie vir die lemmatisering van verwantskapsterme voorgehou. Korpusvoorkomste van verwantskapsterme word aangegee en ruimte word afgestaan vir 'n kritiese evaluering van die lemmatisering en bewerking van verwantskapsterme in Sepediwoordeboeke. Sleutelwoorde: Verwantskapsterme, Sepedi, Stamboom, Paterne, Lemmatisering, Woordeboekkonvensie, Leksikografiese Bewerking, Reseptiewe Woordeboekgebruik, Produktiewe Woordeboekgebruik, Gebruiksfrekwensie
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