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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 313556 matches for " D.H. Makobe "
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UNDERSTANDING THE BULHOEK MASSACRE: VOICES AFTER THE MASSACRE AND DOWN THE YEARS
D.H. Makobe
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/26-2-244
Abstract: Die gevolge van die Bulhoekopstand het uiteenlopende reaksies ontlok. Afhangend vanuit watter politieke oogpunt die aangeleentheid benader is, het die toerekening van blaam gewissel van die Israeliete self tot die Regering se optrede. Hierdie verskillende reaksies word ontleed. The squatting and defiance of the law by the followers of Enoch Mgijima (Israelites) at Bulhoek was an unwelcome exercise by the people who stayed in the vicinity of Queenstown. Various African leaders, including the members of the South African Native National Congress (SANNC), tried to persuade the Israelites to leave Bulhoek peacefully. The massacre generated mixed reactions from different political organisations: within parliament, the general public and from various newspapers. There were many fiery debates about the tragedy after the massacre and the trial.1 Almost every newspaper in the country at the time carried reports about the events of 24 May 1921. The newspaper reports give a clear indication of who was blamed for the Bulhoek massacre. It is the purpose of this article to analyze what the nation at the time thought of the conflict between the Israelites and the government and what African political leaders thought of the event down the years.
SLOVO: THE UNFINISHED AUTOBIOGRAPHY
D.H. Makobe
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/26-2-247
Abstract: The book Slovo: The Unfinished Autobiography begins with an introduction by Slovo's second wife, Helena Dolny, in which she explains the context in which Slovo wrote his memoirs, and why it was left incomplete. The book is divided into two main parts. Part One entitled Autobiography was written by Slovo. He started his autobiography with a chapter on his return to Obel in December 1981, a small town in Lithuania where he was born. His parents migrated when he was two years old and settled in Argentina before moving to South Africa where they settled permanently. He narrated the different opportunities that were available to him during his years in exile to visit Obel and the reasons why he was unable to visit the place of his early childhood before December 1981.
THE BULHOEK MASSACRE: ORIGINS, CASUALTIES, REACTIONS AND HISTORICAL DISTORTIONS
D.H. Makobe
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/26-1-237
Abstract: The Bulhoek massacre remains a standard feature in accounts of South African history. Historians who wrote on the incident before the birth of the Popular or Peoples history movement and evidence submitted to Sir Thomas Graham, the presiding judge at the trial of the Israelites, made it clear beyond all doubt that the Israelites were religious fanatics who were driven by their fanaticism and blind faith in Enoch Mgijima's words to attack the Police. In the 1980s, with the birth of the Popular history movement, the massacre was reinterpreted by social historians, especially those associated with the University of Witwatersrand (Wits) History Workshop to fit into the perspective of the Popular history approach. The Israelites were seen as political heroes who stood against an oppressive system. The two different approaches to the massacre leads to the historical distortions of the event.
THE PRICE OF FANATICISM: THE CASUALTIES OF THE BULHOEK MASSACRE
D.H. Makobe
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/26-1-239
Abstract: The Bulhoek massacre is a well-known event in popular memory of many black South Africans and a standard feature in accounts of South African history. Despite this fact historians have not yet established the exact number of Israelites who were killed as a result of their attack on the Police on 24 May 1921. It is the purpose of this article to establish a reliable number of Israelites who were killed during the Bulhoek massacre. The Union Defence medical personnel that accompanied the Police force to Bulhoek consisted of Major M. Welsh (in charge), Sergeant Major W. Richardson, Sergeant S. Allan, Sergeant Wallace, Private Kriel and Driver Valentine with one motor ambulance and field equipment. En route from Pretoria to Queenstown, the team was joined by Private Sutton from Tempe hospital in Bloemfontein. On their arrival at Queenstown the medical personnel accompanied Colonel Truter to an interview with the senior Magistrate of Queenstown E.C.A. Welsh. The latter stressed the seriousness of the situation and warned that the Police would not be able to carry out the Government's instructions without bloodshed. The medical personnel became convinced that bloodshed was unavoidable. They decided to ascertain the exact number of available accommodation at the Frontier Hospital in Queenstown. They found that only about 25 Europeans and up to 40 Africans could be accommodated. After checking available accommodation at Frontier Hospital, they erected a tent hospital at the show grounds of Queenstown.
THE DESTRUCTION OF THE ZULU KINGDOM: THE CIVIL WAR IN ZULULAND 1879-1884
D.H. Makobe
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/26-1-242
Abstract: The Destruction of the Zulu Kingdom: The civil war in Zululand 1879-1884, was originally submitted as a Ph.D dissertation in History at the University of London in 1975. Professor Jeff Guy, a well known historian on Zulu history and the present head of the History Department at the University of Natal, Durban branch has divided his work into three main parts. In the first part, entitled the "Invasion" he details the foundations of the Zulu Kingdom, the political structure of the Kingdom during the reign of Cetshwayo kaMpande, the invasion of the Zulu Kingdom by the British army supported by colonial forces, and the Anglo-Zulu war which ended up with the capture of Cetshwayo, the last king of the independent Zulu Kingdom established by Shaka.
RELIGIOUS FANATICS THAT BECAME POLITICAL HEROES: THE HISTORICAL DISTORTIONS OF THE BULHOEK MASSACRE
D.H. Makobe
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/26-2-245
Abstract: In die slotartikel word die bronne asook die polemiek rondom die Bulhoekopstand ontleed. Gedurende die sewentigerjare is die opstand beskou as deel van die Suid-Afrikaanse swart versetgeskiedenis. Nou word die pleidooi gelewer dat die Bulhoekopstand nie uit 'n politieke oogpunt benader moet word nie maar dat die feite krities ontleed moet word.
CONFRONTATION WITH THE POLICE: THE ISRAELITES OF ENOCH MGIJIMA AND THE BULHOEK MASSACRE OF 24 MAY 1921
D.H. Makobe
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/26-1-238
Abstract: ORIGINS OF THE ISRAELITES MOVEMENT The Israelites movement in South Africa dates back to 1918, but it was originally founded by an American negro William Saunders Crowdy in 1896 at Kansas. Later in his life in a series of revelations he claimed to have discovered the "stone of truth" mentioned in the Bible in 1 Corinthian 1:1-2, which contained ancestral data concerning the origins of the negro race. Black men, he maintained were descended from the lost tribes of Israel and were Jews. Although the movement incorporated certain aspects of the New Testament theology, the Old Testament doctrine and rituals became central in the formulation of his dogma. For instance the church adopted a Jewish calendar. Furthermore it observed Jewish feast days, the Jewish sabbath, and the Jewish central religious festival namely the Passover. This event is celebrated by Jews as a reminder of how God brought them out of Egypt. An angel of death flew over Egypt, killing all the first born sons in each family. The families of the Jews (Israelites) were spared. They had previously been warned by God to mark the doors of their homes with blood to show who they were. At the time they were slaves in Egypt, and the killing of the first born sons was meant as a punishment for their captors, the Egyptians.
Onderwysersopleiding as prakties-sielkundige antwoord op die eise wat die moderne tyd aan die Calvinistiese filosofie en praktyk van die opvoeding stel
D.H. Cilliers
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1969, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v37i1.1292
Abstract: Die tema van hierdie simposium gaan oor hoe die eise van die moderne tyd deur die Calvinistiese filosofie en praktyk van die opvoeding benader kan word. Aan my is toebedeel die prakties-sielkundige aspek daarvan; maar dit is ’n geweldige wye onderwerp en daarom gaan ek my meer bepaald toespits op een besondere aspek daarvan naamlik die van die onderwyser en onderwysersopleiding.
Simbool en waarheid
D.H. Steenberg
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1975, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v40i1.809
Abstract: Die waarde van die simbool berus op sy basies bipolêre karakter, wat ook etimologies in die woord simbool opgesluit lê. Die Griekse symbolon, waaruit die term afgelei is, dra die betekenis van waarmerk, oorspronklik ’n herkenningsteken in die vorm van twee helftes van dieselfde voorwerp wat by sluiting van ’n ooreenkoms geskei en later as bewys op mekaar gepas is.
Some Observations on the Concepts of Information-Theoretic Entropy and Randomness
Jonathan D.H. Smith
Entropy , 2001, DOI: 10.3390/e3010001
Abstract: Certain aspects of the history, derivation, and physical application of the information-theoretic entropy concept are discussed. Pre-dating Shannon, the concept is traced back to Pauli. A derivation from first principles is given, without use of approximations. The concept depends on the underlying degree of randomness. In physical applications, this translates to dependence on the experimental apparatus available. An example illustrates how this dependence affects Prigogine's proposal for the use of the Second Law of Thermodynamics as a selection principle for the breaking of time symmetry. The dependence also serves to yield a resolution of the so-called ``Gibbs Paradox.'' Extension of the concept from the discrete to the continuous case is discussed. The usual extension is shown to be dimensionally incorrect. Correction introduces a reference density, leading to the concept of Kullback entropy. Practical relativistic considerations suggest a possible proper reference density.
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