Abstract:
We discuss 3-body processes in ultracold two-component Fermi gases with short-range intercomponent interaction characterized by a large and positive scattering length $a$. It is found that in most cases the probability of 3-body recombination is a universal function of the mass ratio and $a$, and is independent of short-range physics. We also calculate the scattering length corresponding to the atom-dimer interaction.

Abstract:
We consider a three-boson system with resonant binary interactions and show that three-body observables depend only on the resonance width and the scattering length. The effect of narrow resonances is qualitatively different from that of wide resonances revealing novel physics of three-body collisions. We calculate the rate of three-body recombination to a weakly bound level and the atom-dimer scattering length and discuss implications for experiments on Bose-Einstein condensates and atom-molecule mixtures near Feshbach resonances.

Abstract:
We show that by coupling two hyperfine states of an atom in an optical lattice one can independently control two-, three-, and four-body on-site interactions in a non-perturbative manner. In particular, under typical conditions of current experiments one can have a purely three- or four-body interacting gas of $^{39}$K atoms characterized by on-site interaction shifts of several 100Hz.

Abstract:
According to the mean-field theory a condensed Bose-Bose mixture collapses when the interspecies attraction becomes stronger than the geometrical average of the intraspecies repulsions, $g_{12}^2>g_{11} g_{22}$. We show that instead of collapsing such a mixture gets into a dilute liquid-like droplet state stabilized by quantum fluctuations thus providing a direct manifestation of beyond mean-field effects. We study various properties of the droplet and find, in particular, that in a wide range of parameters its excitation spectrum lies entirely above the particle emission threshold. The droplet thus automatically evaporates itself to zero temperature, the property potentially interesting by itself and from the viewpoint of sympathetic cooling of other systems.

Abstract:
We propose a method of controlling two- and three-body interactions in an ultracold Bose gas in any dimension. The method requires us to have two coupled internal single-particle states split in energy such that the upper state is occupied virtually but amply during collisions. By varying system parameters one can switch off the two-body interaction while maintaining a strong three-body one. The mechanism can be implemented for dipolar bosons in the bilayer configuration with tunnelling or in an atomic system by using radio-frequency fields to couple two hyperfine states. One can then aim to observe a purely three-body-interacting gas, dilute self-trapped droplets, the paired superfluid phase, Pfaffian state, and other exotic phenomena.

Abstract:
These lectures contain a theoretical introduction to the few-body problem with short-range resonant binary interactions. In the first part we discuss the effective range expansion for the two-body scattering amplitude emphasizing the role of the resonance width. In the second part we review the Efimov effect for three atoms, describe the difference in between the Efimovian and non-Efimovian regimes, and discuss the dependence of three-body observables on quantum symmetry, mass imbalance, and resonance width. In the third part we derive the Skorniakov and Ter-Martirosian equation and give several illustrative examples of its solution.

Abstract:
Within the universal zero-range theory, we compute the three-body recombination rate to deep molecular states for two identical bosons resonantly interacting with each other and with a third atom of another species, in the absence of weakly bound dimers. The results allow for a quantitative understanding of loss resonances at finite temperature and, combined with experimental data, can be used for testing the Efimov universality and extracting the corresponding three-body parameters in a given system. Curiously, we find that the loss rate can be dramatically enhanced by the resonant heavy-heavy interaction, even for large mass ratios where this interaction is practically irrelevant for the Efimov scaling factor. This effect is important for analysing the recent loss measurements in the Cs-Li mixture.

Abstract:
We develop a diagrammatic approach for solving few-body problems in heteronuclear fermionic mixtures near a narrow interspecies Feshbach resonance. We calculate s-, p-, and d-wave phaseshifts for the scattering of an atom by a weakly-bound dimer. The fermionic statistics of atoms and the composite nature of the dimer lead to a strong angular momentum dependence of the atom-dimer interaction, which manifests itself in a peculiar interference of the scattered s- and p-waves. This effect strengthens with the mass ratio and is remarkably pronounced in 40K-(40K-6Li) atom-dimer collisions. We calculate the scattering length for two dimers formed near a narrow interspecies resonance. Finally, we discuss the collisional relaxation of the dimers to deeply bound states and evaluate the corresponding rate constant as a function of the detuning and collision energy.

Abstract:
We study low energy collective excitations in a trapped superfluid Fermi gas, that describe slow variations of the phase of the superfluid order parameter. Well below the critical temperature the corresponding eigenfrequencies turn out to be of the order of the trap frequency, and these modes manifest themselves as the eigenmodes of the density fluctuations of the gas sample. The latter could provide an experimental evidence of the presence of the superfluid phase.

Abstract:
Some results of the ongoing development of our Source Galerkin (SG) nonperturbative approach to numerically solving Quantum Field theories are presented. This technique has the potential to be much faster than Monte Carlo methods. SG uses known symmetries and theoretical properties of a theory. In order to test this approach, we applied it to phi^4 theory in zero dimensions. This model has been extensively studied and has a known set of exact solutions. This allows us to broaden the understanding of various properties of the SG method and to develop techniques necessary for the successful application of this method to more sophisticated theories.