Abstract:
In this paper we calculate the mean number of metastable states for spin glasses on so called random thin graphs with couplings taken from a symmetric binary distribution $\pm J$. Thin graphs are graphs where the local connectivity of each site is fixed to some value $c$. As in totally connected mean field models we find that the number of metastable states increases exponentially with the system size. Furthermore we find that the average number of metastable states decreases as $c$ in agreement with previous studies showing that finite connectivity corrections of order $1/c$ increase the number of metastable states with respect to the totally connected mean field limit. We also prove that the average number of metastable states in the limit $c\to\infty$ is finite and converges to the average number of metastable states in the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model. An annealed calculation for the number of metastable states $N_{MS}(E)$ of energy $E$ is also carried out giving a lower bound on the ground state energy of these spin glasses. For small $c$ one may obtain analytic expressions for $$.

Abstract:
We study the drag force on uniformly moving inclusions which interact linearly with dynamical free field theories commonly used to study soft condensed matter systems. Drag forces are shown to be nonlinear functions of the inclusion velocity and depend strongly on the field dynamics. The general results obtained can be used to explain drag forces in Ising systems and also predict the existence of drag forces on proteins in membranes due to couplings to various physical parameters of the membrane such as composition, phase and height fluctuations.

Abstract:
We study a model lipid bilayer composed of a mixture of two incompatible lipid types which have a natural tendency to segregate in the absence of membrane fluctuations. The membrane is mechanically characterized by a local bending rigidity $\kappa(\phi)$ which varies with the average local lipid composition $\phi$. We show, in the case where $\kappa$ varies weakly with $\phi$, that the effective interaction between lipids of the same type can either be everywhere attractive or can have a repulsive component at intermediate distances greater than the typical lipid size. When this interaction has a repulsive component, it can prevent macro-phase separation and lead to separation in mesophases with a finite domain size. This effect could be relevant to certain experimental and numerical observations of mesoscopic domains in such systems.

Abstract:
The mean field theory of a spin glass with a specific form of nearest and next nearest neighbor interactions is investigated. Depending on the sign of the interaction matrix chosen we either find the continuous replica symmetry breaking seen in the Sherrington-Kirkpartick model or a one step solution similar to that found in structural glasses. Our results are confirmed by numerical simulations and the link between the type of spin-glass behavior and the density of eigenvalues of the interaction matrix is discussed.

Abstract:
We study the problem of a Brownian particle diffusing in finite dimensions in a potential given by $\psi= \phi^2/2$ where $\phi$ is Gaussian random field. Exact results for the diffusion constant in the high temperature phase are given in one and two dimensions and it is shown to vanish in a power-law fashion at the dynamical transition temperature. Our results are confronted with numerical simulations where the Gaussian field is constructed, in a standard way, as a sum over random Fourier modes. We show that when the number of Fourier modes is finite the low temperature diffusion constant becomes non-zero and has an Arrhenius form. Thus we have a simple model with a fully understood finite size scaling theory for the dynamical transition. In addition we analyse the nature of the anomalous diffusion in the low temperature regime and show that the anomalous exponent agrees with that predicted by a trap model.

Abstract:
We analyse the steady state regime of a one dimensional Ising model under a tapping dynamics recently introduced by analogy with the dynamics of mechanically perturbed granular media. The idea that the steady state regime may be described by a flat measure over metastable states of fixed energy is tested by comparing various steady state time averaged quantities in extensive numerical simulations with the corresponding ensemble averages computed analytically with this flat measure. The agreement between the two averages is excellent in all the cases examined, showing that a static approach is capable of predicting certain measurable properties of the steady state regime.

Abstract:
We study the effective diffusion constant of a Brownian particle linearly coupled to a thermally fluctuating scalar field. We use a path integral method to compute the effective diffusion coefficient perturbatively to lowest order in the coupling constant. This method can be applied to cases where the field is affected by the particle (an active tracer), and cases where the tracer is passive. Our results are applicable to a wide range of physical problems, from a protein diffusing in a membrane to the dispersion of a passive tracer in a random potential. In the case of passive diffusion in a scalar field, we show that the coupling to the field can, in some cases, speed up the diffusion corresponding to a form of stochastic resonance. Our results on passive diffusion are also confirmed via a perturbative calculation of the probability density function of the particle in a Fokker-Planck formulation of the problem. Numerical simulations on simplified systems corroborate our results.

Abstract:
A uniformly moving inclusion which locally suppresses the fluctuations of a classical thermally excited field is shown to experience a drag force which depends on the dynamics of the field. It is shown that in a number of cases the linear friction coefficient is dominated by short distance fluctuations and takes a very simple form. Examples where this drag can occur are for stiff objects, such as proteins, nonspecifically bound to more flexible ones such as polymers and membranes.

Abstract:
We carry out an analysis of the effect of a quenched magnetic field on the dynamics of the spherical Sherrington-Kirkpatrick spin-glass model. We show that there is a characteristic time introduced by the presence of the field. Firstly, for times sufficiently small the dynamic scenario of the zero field case - with aging effects - is reproduced. Secondly, for times larger than the characteristic time one sees equilibrium dynamics. This dynamical behaviour is reconciled with the geometry of the energy landscape of the model. We compare this behaviour with experimental observations at a finite applied field.

Abstract:
We consider the renormalization of the bending and Gaussian rigidity of model membranes induced by long-range interactions between the components making up the membrane. In particular we analyze the effect of a finite membrane thickness on the renormalization of the bending and Gaussian rigidity by long-range interactions. Particular attention is paid to the case where the interactions are of a van der Waals type.