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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 328381 matches for " D. E. Wolf "
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Collision Rates in Charged Granular Gases
T. Scheffler,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: The dissipation rate due to inelastic collisions between equally charged, insulating particles in a granular gas is calculated. It is equal to the known dissipation rate for uncharged granular media multiplied by a Boltzmann-like factor, that originates from Coulomb repulsion. Particle correlations lead to an effective potential that replaces the bare Coulomb potential in the Boltzmann factor. Collisional cooling in a granular gas proceeds with the known t^-2 -law, until the kinetic energy of the grains becomes smaller than the Coulomb barrier. Then the granular temperature approaches a time dependence proportional to 1/ln(t). If the particles have different charges of equal sign, the collision rate can always be lowered by redistributing the charge, until all particles carry the same charge. Finally granular flow through a vertical pipe is briefly discussed. All results are confirmed by computer simulations.
Instability of the symmetric Couette-flow in a granular gas: hydrodynamic field profiles and transport
M. Sasvari,J. Kertesz,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.62.3817
Abstract: We investigate the inelastic hard disk gas sheared by two parallel bumpy walls (Couette-flow). In our molecular dynamic simulations we found a sensitivity to the asymmetries of the initial condition of the particle places and velocities and an asymmetric stationary state, where the deviation from (anti)symmetric hydrodynamic fields is stronger as the normal restitution coefficient decreases. For the better understanding of this sensitivity we carried out a linear stability analysis of the former kinetic theoretical solution [Jenkins and Richman: J. Fluid. Mech. {\bf 171} (1986)] and found it to be unstable. The effect of this asymmetry on the self-diffusion coefficient is also discussed.
Island Density in Homoepitaxial Growth:Improved Monte Carlo Results
H. Jeong,B. Kahng,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4371(97)00311-7
Abstract: We reexamine the density of two dimensional islands in the submonolayer regime of a homoepitaxially growing surface using the coarse grained Monte Carlo simulation with random sequential updating rather than parallel updating. It turns out that the power law dependence of the density of islands on the deposition rate agrees much better with the theoretical prediction than previous data obtained by other methods if random sequential instead of parallel updating is used.
Two-dimensional array of magnetic particles: The role of an interaction cutoff
S. Fazekas,J. Kertesz,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.68.041102
Abstract: Based on theoretical results and simulations, in two-dimensional arrangements of a dense dipolar particle system, there are two relevant local dipole arrangements: (1) a ferromagnetic state with dipoles organized in a triangular lattice, and (2) an anti-ferromagnetic state with dipoles organized in a square lattice. In order to accelerate simulation algorithms we search for the possibility of cutting off the interaction potential. Simulations on a dipolar two-line system lead to the observation that the ferromagnetic state is much more sensitive to the interaction cutoff $R$ than the corresponding anti-ferromagnetic state. For $R \gtrsim 8$ (measured in particle diameters) there is no substantial change in the energetical balance of the ferromagnetic and anti-ferromagnetic state and the ferromagnetic state slightly dominates over the anti-ferromagnetic state, while the situation is changed rapidly for lower interaction cutoff values, leading to the disappearance of the ferromagnetic ground state. We studied the effect of bending ferromagnetic and anti-ferromagnetic two-line systems and we observed that the cutoff has a major impact on the energetical balance of the ferromagnetic and anti-ferromagnetic state for $R \lesssim 4$. Based on our results we argue that $R \approx 5$ is a reasonable choice for dipole-dipole interaction cutoff in two-dimensional dipolar hard sphere systems, if one is interested in local ordering.
A deterministic sandpile automaton revisited
S. Lubeck,N. Rajewsky,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1007/s100510050090
Abstract: The Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld (BTW) sandpile model is a cellular automaton which has been intensively studied during the last years as a paradigm for self-organized criticality. In this paper, we reconsider a deterministic version of the BTW model introduced by Wiesenfeld, Theiler and McNamara, where sand grains are added always to one fixed site on the square lattice. Using the Abelian sandpile formalism we discuss the static properties of the system. We present numerical evidence that the deterministic model is only in the BTW universality class if the initial conditions and the geometric form of the boundaries do not respect the full symmetry of the square lattice.
Conductance of DNA molecules: Effects of decoherence and bonding
M. Zilly,O. Ujsaghy,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.125125
Abstract: The influence of decoherence and bonding on the linear conductance of single double-stranded DNA molecules is examined by fitting a phenomenological statistical model developed recently (EPJB {\bf 68}, 237 (2009)) to experimental results. The DNA molecule itself is described by a tight binding ladder model with parameters obtained from published ab initio calculations (J.Am.Chem.Soc. {\bf 127}, 14894 (2005)). The good agreement with the experiments on sequence and length dependence gives a hint on the nature of conduction in DNA and at the same time provides a crucial test of the model.
A three-dimensional self-learning kinetic Monte Carlo model: application to Ag(111)
A. Latz,L. Brendel,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/24/48/485005
Abstract: The reliability of kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations depends on accurate transition rates. The self-learning KMC method (Trushin et al 2005 Phys. Rev. B 72 115401) combines the accuracy of rates calculated from a realistic potential with the efficiency of a rate catalog, using a pattern recognition scheme. This work expands the original two-dimensional method to three dimensions. The concomitant huge increase in the number of rate calculations on the fly needed can be avoided by setting up an initial database, containing exact activation energies calculated for processes gathered from a simpler KMC model. To provide two representative examples, the model is applied to the diffusion of Ag monolayer islands on Ag(111), and the homoepitaxial growth of Ag on Ag(111) at low temperatures.
Layer-by-layer pattern propagtion and pulsed laser deposition
F. Westerhoff,L. Brendel,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: In this article kinetic Monte Carlo simulations for molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and pulsed laser depositon (PLD) are compared. It will be shown that an optimal pattern conservation during MBE is achieved for a specific ratio of diffusion to deposition rate. Further on pulsed laser deposition is presented as an alternative way to control layer by layer growth. First results concerning the island density in the submonolayer regime are shown.
Layer-by-layer growth for pulsed laser deposition
B. Hinnemann,F. Westerhoff,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) is a popular growth method, which has been successfully used for fabricating thin films. Compared to continuous deposition (like molecular beam epitaxy) the pulse intensity can be used as an additional parameter for tuning the growth behavior, so that under certain circumstances PLD improves layer-by-layer growth. We present kinetic Monte-Carlo simulations for PLD in the submonolayer regime and give a description of the island distance versus intensity. Furthermore we discuss a theory for second layer nucleation and the impact of Ehrlich-Schwoebel barriers on the growth behavior. We find an exact analytical expression for the probability of second layer nucleation during one pulse for high Ehrlich-Schwoebel barriers.
Kinetic Monte-Carlo simulations of sintering
F. Westerhoff,R. Zinetullin,D. E. Wolf
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: We simulate the sintering of particle aggregates due to surface diffusion. As a method we use Kinetic Monte-Carlo simulations in which elasticity can explicitly be taken into account. Therefore it is possible to investigate the shape relaxation of aggregates also under the influence of an external pressure. Without elasticity we investigate the relaxation time and surface evolution of sintering aggregates and compare the simulations with the classical Koch-Friedlander theory. Deviations from the theoretical predictions will be discussed.
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