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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 191324 matches for " D. Dallacasa "
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Proper motion and apparent contraction in J0650+6001
M. Orienti,D. Dallacasa
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16687.x
Abstract: We present a multi-epoch and multi-frequency VLBI study of the compact radio source J0650+6001. In VLBI images the source is resolved into three components. The central component shows a flat spectrum, suggesting the presence of the core, while the two outer regions, with a steeper spectral index, display a highly asymmetric flux density. The time baseline of the observations considered to derive the source expansion covers about 15 years. During this time interval, the distance between the two outer components has increased by 0.28+/-0.13 mas, that corresponds to an apparent separation velocity of 0.39c+/-0.18c and a kinematic age of 360+/-170 years. On the other hand, a multi-epoch monitoring of the separation between the central and the southern components points out an apparent contraction of about 0.29+/-0.02 mas, corresponding to an apparent contraction velocity of 0.37c+/-0.02c. Assuming that the radio structure is intrinsically symmetric, the high flux density ratio between the outer components can be explained in terms of Doppler beaming effects where the mildly relativistic jets are separating with an intrinsic velocity of 0.43c+/-0.04c at an angle between 12 and 28 degrees to the line of sight. In this context, the apparent contraction may be interpreted as a knot in the jet that is moving towards the southern component with an intrinsic velocity of 0.66c+/-0.03c, and its flux density is boosted by a Doppler factor of 2.0.
Parsec-scale morphology and spectral index distribution in faint high frequency peakers
M. Orienti,D. Dallacasa
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21226.x
Abstract: We investigate the parsec-scale structure of 17 high frequency peaking radio sources from the faint HFP sample. VLBA observations were carried out at two adjacent frequencies, 8.4 and 15.3 GHz, both in the optically-thin part of the spectrum, to obtain the spectral index information. We found that 64% of the sources are resolved into subcomponents, while 36% are unresolved even at the highest frequency. Among the resolved sources, 7 have a morphology and a spectral index distribution typical of young radio sources, while in other 4 sources, all optically associated with quasars, the radio properties resemble those of the blazar population. The equipartition magnetic field of the single components are a few tens milliGauss, similar to the values found in the hotspots of young sources with larger sizes. Such high magnetic fields cause severe radiative losses, precluding the formation of extended lobe structures emitting at centimeter wavelengths. The magnetic fields derived in the various components of individual source are usually very different, indicating a non self-similar source evolution, at least during the very first stages of the source growth.
Parsec--scale radio jets in gamma--ray loud sources
T. Venturi,D. Dallacasa
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/S1387-6473(03)00067-8
Abstract: We will present a multiepoch study of the three blazars 0954+658 (BL--Lac), PKS1510--089 (HPQ) and 1749+096 (BL--Lac). The first two sources are known to be $\gamma$--ray loud. Our study is based on milliarcsecond resolution polarimetric observations carried out with the VLBA at 8.4 GHz. The observations took place between January 1999 and May 2001. Superluminal motion is detected along the jet of PKS1510--089 and 1749+096, with $\beta_{app} \sim 10$ for all features. Magnetic field structure is revealed along the jets of 0954+658 and PKS 1510--089. The polarisation properties of the parsec--scale jets remain stationary in all sources, regardless of their total flux density variability in the radio band and of the presence of superluminal features.
Steep-spectrum sources and the duty cycle of the radio emission
M. Orienti,D. Dallacasa
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: It is currently accepted that intrinsically compact and bright radio sources characterized by a convex spectrum peaking at frequencies ranging from 100 MHz to a few GHz are young objects. Following the evolutionary models, these objects would evolve into the population of classical radio galaxies. However, the fraction of young radio sources in flux density-limited samples is much larger than what expected from the number counts of large radio sources. This may suggest that for some reason a significant fraction of young objects would never become large radio galaxies with sizes up to a few Mpc. The discovery of the young radio source PKS 1518+047 characterized by an uncommonly steep spectrum confirms that the radio emission may switch off shortly after its onset. Then the source spectrum steepens and evolves due to energy losses. If the interruption is not temporary, the fate of the fading sources is to disappear at frequencies lower than those explored by current radio telescopes. Fossils of past activities have been recently found at pc-scale distances from newly born radio sources, suggesting the presence of short-lived objects with an intermittent radio emission.
Physical properties in young radio sources. VLBA observations of high frequency peaking radio sources
M. Orienti,D. Dallacasa
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2217
Abstract: Multifrequency Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations were performed to study the radio morphology and the synchrotron spectra of four high frequency peaking radio sources. They are resolved in several compact components and the radio emission is dominated by the hotspots/lobes. The core region is unambiguously detected in J1335+5844 and J1735+5049. The spectra of the main source components peak above 3 GHz. Assuming that the spectral peak is produced by synchrotron self-absorption, we estimate the magnetic field directly from observable quantities and in half of the components it agrees with the equipartition field, while in the others the difference exceeds an order of magnitude. By comparing the physical properties of the targets with those of larger objects we found that the luminosity increases with the linear size for sources smaller than a few kpc, while it decreases for larger objects. The asymmetric sources J1335+5844 and J1735+5049 suggest that the ambient medium is inhomogeneous and is able to influence the evolution of the radio emission even during its first stages. The core luminosity increases with the linear size for sources up to a few kpc, while it seems constant for larger sources suggesting an evolution independent from the source total luminosity.
The last breath of the young gigahertz-peaked spectrum radio source PKS 1518+047
M. Orienti,M. Murgia,D. Dallacasa
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.16016.x
Abstract: We present the results from multi-frequency VLBA observations from 327 MHz to 8.4 GHz of the gigahertz-peaked spectrum radio source PKS 1518+047 (4C 04.51) aimed at studying the spectral index distribution across the source. Further multi-frequency archival VLA data were analysed to constrain the spectral shape of the whole source. The pc-scale resolution provided by the VLBA data allows us to resolve the source structure in several sub-components. The analysis of their synchrotron spectra showed that the source components have steep spectral indices, suggesting that no supply/re-acceleration of fresh particles is currently taking place in any region of the source. By assuming the equipartition magnetic field of 4 mG, we found that only electrons with $\gamma$ < 600, are still contributing to the radio spectrum, while electrons with higher energies have been almost completed depleted. The source radiative lifetime we derived is 2700+/-600 years. Considering the best fit to the overall spectrum, we find that the time in which the nucleus has not been active represents almost 20% of the whole source lifetime, indicating that the source was 2150+/-500 years old when the radio emission switched off.
A hidden radio halo in A1682?
T. Venturi,S. Giacintucci,D. Dallacasa
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: High sensitivity observations of radio halos in galaxy clusters at frequencies lower than 330 MHz are still relatively rare, and very little is known compared to the classical 1.4 GHz images. The few radio halos imaged down to 150-240 MHz show a considerable spread in size, morphology and spectral properties. All clusters belonging to the GMRT Radio Halo Survey with detected or candidate cluster-scale diffuse emission have been imaged at 325 MHz with the GMRT. Few of them were also observed with the GMRT at 240 MHz and 150 MHz. For A1682, imaging is particularly challenging due to the presence of strong and extended radio galaxies at the center. Our data analysis suggests that the radio galaxies are superposed to very low surface brightness radio emission extended on the cluster scale, which we present here.
Spectral variability in faint high frequency peakers
M. Orienti,D. Dallacasa,C. Stanghellini
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17179.x
Abstract: We present the analysis of simultaneous multi-frequency Very Large Array (VLA) observations of 57 out of 61 sources from the ``faint'' high frequency peaker (HFP) sample carried out in various epochs. Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data have been used to identify the optical counterpart of each radio source. From the analysis of the multi-epoch spectra we find that 24 sources do not show evidence of spectral variability, while 12 objects do not possess a peaked spectrum anymore at least in one of the observing epochs. Among the remaining 21 sources showing some degree of variability, we find that in 8 objects the spectral properties change consistently with the expectation for a radio source undergoing adiabatic expansion. The comparison between the variability and the optical identification suggests that the majority of radio sources hosted in galaxies likely represent the young radio source population, whereas the majority of those associated with quasars are part of a different population similar to flat-spectrum objects, which possess peaked spectra during short intervals of their life, as found in other samples of high-frequency peaking objects. The analysis of the optical images from the SDSS points out the presence of companions around 6 HFP hosted in galaxies, suggesting that young radio sources resides in groups.
Optical identifications of High Frequency Peakers
D. Dallacasa,R. Falomo,C. Stanghellini
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011618
Abstract: We present CCD observations of 13 objects from a complete sample of 55 bright High Frequency Peaker (HFP) radio sources, and provide optical identification for 12 of them. Images in R and V filters have been used to derive some additional information concerning the host of the radio source. Three hosts are likely to be galaxies, one resulted slightly extended, while the remaining 8 are likely distant quasars. Based on these identifications and those available in the literature, we find that the fraction of quasars in our HFP sample is significantly higher than in samples of Compact Steep-Spectrum and GHz-Peaked Spectrum radio sources.
The magnetic field in the Coma cluster
L. Feretti,D. Dallacasa,G. Giovannini,A. Tagliani
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: The polarization data of the radio galaxy NGC4869, belonging to the Coma cluster and located in its central region, allow us to obtain information on the structure of magnetic field associated with the cluster itself. A magnetic field of $\sim$ 8.5 $\mu$G, tangled on scales of the order of less than 1 kpc, is required to explain the observed fluctuations of the rotation measure. This magnetic field is more than one order of magnitude stronger than the equipartition value obtained for Coma C. This implies that the halo source Coma C may not be at the equipartition. Moreover, the need of efficient reacceleration mechanisms for the electrons radiating in Coma C is stronger. The energy supply to the Coma C radiating electrons is probably provided by the cluster merger process.
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