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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 191654 matches for " Dónal ó Mearáin "
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Selling Politics? How the Traits of Salespeople Manifest Themselves in Irish Politicians  [PDF]
Dónal ó Mearáin, Roger Sherlock, John Hogan
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2013.34024
Abstract:

This article seeks to uncover if some of the traits most associated with salespeople manifested themselves in the activities of candidates in the constituency of Dún Laoghaire during the 2007 Irish general election. Such a finding would suggest that just as political parties have looked to the marketing profession for their lead in developing political marketing, politicians are looking to, and adopting the traits of those in the sales profession. This would point to the traits that the modern politician must possess in order to get and remain elected. It would also raise significant questions in terms of how candidates present themselves to the electorate, as well as how they go about campaigning and formulating policy.

China and Sub-Saharan Africa’s Economic Development: A Multipolar Specification  [PDF]
Abdelrasaq Nal
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2015.63015
Abstract: Within the purview of contemporary international development discourse, China, alongside other regional powers are perceived as growth poles or drivers of global development. In the context of Africa’s development around which some of the emergent issues have been framed, analyses often proceed along a bilateral framework where the influence of China is isolated and assumed to be neither connected with nor shaped by the influences of other growth poles. Inspired by recent development in policy circles, this paper develops a multipolar framework to explain ways by which dimensions of possible interactions amongst activities of growth poles can affect development outcomes in other regions. It is then used to demonstrate how a nexus of Sino-EU activities has had limited impact on the development of Africa’s manufactured exports in comparison with similar nexus involving China and US.
Human dignity in the Nazi era: implications for contemporary bioethics
Dónal P O'Mathúna
BMC Medical Ethics , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6939-7-2
Abstract: Social Darwinism was foremost amongst the philosophies impacting views of human dignity in the decades leading up to Nazi power in Germany. Charles Darwin's evolutionary theory was quickly applied to human beings and social structure. The term 'survival of the fittest' was coined and seen to be applicable to humans.Belief in the inherent dignity of all humans was rejected by social Darwinists. Influential authors of the day proclaimed that an individual's worth and value were to be determined functionally and materialistically. The popularity of such views ideologically prepared German doctors and nurses to accept Nazi social policies promoting survival of only the fittest humans.A historical survey reveals five general presuppositions that strongly impacted medical ethics in the Nazi era. These same five beliefs are being promoted in different ways in contemporary bioethical discourse. Ethical controversies surrounding human embryos revolve around determinations of their moral status. Economic pressures force individuals and societies to examine whether some people's lives are no longer worth living. Human dignity is again being seen as a relative trait found in certain humans, not something inherent. These views strongly impact what is taken to be acceptable within medical ethics.Five beliefs central to social Darwinism will be examined in light of their influence on current discussions in medical ethics and bioethics.Acceptance of these during the Nazi era proved destructive to many humans. Their widespread acceptance today would similarly lead to much human death and suffering. A different ethic in needed which views human dignity as inherent to all human individuals.The 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camps has drawn attention once again to one of humanity's darker hours. Medicine and nursing in the Nazi era continue to draw attention and reflection, in part because they demand that we as humans examine who we are and why we believe
Determination of Vitamin C and Organic Acid Changes in Strawberry by HPLC During Cold Storage
Mehmet Ali KOYUNCU,Tuba D?LMA?üNAL
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2010,
Abstract: High pressure liquid chromatographic (HPLC) methods were used for measurement of vitamin C and organic acid changes of two strawberry cultivars (‘Dorit’ and ‘Selva’) during cold storage. Harvested strawberries at the last stage of commercial ripeness were placed in perforated (8 perforations, 10 mm diameter) plastic boxes and stored at 0°C temperature and 90-95% relative humidity for 10 days. Vitamin C content decreased in both cultivars but no significant differences were found in ‘Dorit’ from the beginning to the end of the storage. The highest share of total acids was contributed by citric acid. It decreased with increase in storage time in both cultivars. Malic acid content of cultivars also decreased with storage time. Tartaric, oxalic and fumaric acid contents fluctuated during storage, but at the end of cold storage these organic acids had decreased in comparison to initial values.
Control of Mycobacterium bovis infection in two sika deer herds in Ireland
Tom Partridge, Dónal Toolan, John Egan, Simon More
Irish Veterinary Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/2046-0481-61-1-27
Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) in deer, caused by Mycobacterium bovis, has been diagnosed in every country where deer are managed as a domestic species [9]. A range of strategies has been developed by national agencies to deal with this problem, generally in accordance with local control programmes for tuberculosis in cattle. Red, fallow and sika deer are farmed in Ireland. Approximately 500 herds were present in 1995, but 200-250 farms (averaging 50-60 breeding deer per herd) remained in 2007, reflecting the poor economic viability of deer farming. The reduction in the number of producers, the enlargement of herds and the increase in the number of processors have helped to stabilise the industry and make it more profitable for those remaining. Most venison produced in Ireland is exported.Wild red, fallow and sika deer are also found in Ireland. Fallow are the most common species and are found in virtually every county. The prevalence of TB in wild deer populations in Ireland is unknown, although 4% was recorded in a limited survey of 130 wild red and sika deer in the early 1980s [5]. The prevalence of TB in farmed deer is also unknown but the disease is a major problem in some herds. TB in deer is a notifiable disease in Ireland under the Diseases of Animals Order (1992). Trade in live deer within the European Community is subject to certification of freedom from tuberculosis and brucellosis under the EC's Trade in Animals and Animal Semen, Ova and Embryos Regulations (1996). Although there is no legal obligation for Irish deer farmers to test their herds for TB, deer are subjected to a post mortem examination at slaughter. Standards for post mortem examination were described in European Communities (rabbit and farmed game meat) Regulations, 1995, superseded by Regulation (EC) No 854/2004.This paper describes outbreaks of bovine tuberculosis in sika deer (Cervus nippon) on two farms in southeast Ireland and the methods used to control the disease. Some insights into the applica
Pharmacist’s Use of Screening Tools to Estimate Risk of CVD: A Review of the Literature
Dónal Og O'Donovan,Stephen Byrne,Laura J. Sahm
Pharmacy , 2014, DOI: 10.3390/pharmacy2010027
Abstract: To review pharmacist-led screening programmes for estimation of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using validated screening tools, studies were identified using a search of the following electronic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge and the Cochrane library databases. Each database was searched from inception to December 2011. The search terms used were: “cardiovascular disease”, “screening”, “risk estimation”, “pharmacist” and “pharmacy”. Titles, abstracts and full manuscripts were screened to determine eligibility. Inclusion criteria were: (i) Pharmacist-led CVD screening; and (ii) Use of validated screening tool or tools for CVD. From each included study information was collected on the following: Study author; year of publication; setting; inclusion and exclusion criteria; tools used and outcomes measured. Articles were grouped and independently verified to ensure they met with the inclusion criteria. Over 7,000 citations were found. Twenty full-length articles were retrieved for analysis, of which twelve were excluded, as they did not meet the inclusion criteria. The eight remaining articles were included in this literature review. Whilst pharmacists undertake screening in their own practice, this approach will only go so far. To have a population-health impact, pharmacists should be involved in proactive screening in a variety of settings.
Quality of life in multiple sclerosis: translation in French Canadian of the MSQoL-54
Catherine Acquadro, Louise Lafortune, Isabelle Mear
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-1-70
Abstract: The objective of this project was to translate the MSQOL-54 into French Canadian, and to make it available to the Canadian scientific community for clinical research and clinical practice.Across all French speaking regions, there are occurrences of variation. They include the pronunciation, sentence structure, and the lexicon, where the differences are most marked. For this reason, it was decided to translate the US original MSQOL-54 into French Canadian instead of adapting the existing French version. The SF-36 has been previously validated and published in French Canadian, therefore the translation work was performed solely on the 18 MS specific items. The translation followed an internationally accepted methodology into 3 steps: forward translation, backward translation, and patients' cognitive debriefing.Instructions and Items 38, 43, 45 and 49 were the most debated. Problematic issues mainly resided in the field of semantics. Patients' testing (n = 5) did not reveal conceptual problems. The questionnaire was well accepted, with an average time for completion of 19 minutes.The French Canadian MSQOL-54 is now available to the Canadian scientific community and will be a useful tool for health-care providers to assess HRQOL of patients with MS as a routine part of clinical practice. The next step in the cultural adaptation of the MSQOL-54 in French Canadian will be the evaluation of its psychometric properties.Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by chronic inflammation, demyelination, and scarring of the central nervous system. Symptoms include weakness, fatigue, sensory loss, vertigo, lack of coordination, impotence or sexual dysfunction, urinary incontinence, optic atrophy, dysarthria, and mental problems [1,2]. The average age at onset of MS is 30 years, and the disease runs its course for the remainder of the patient's life frequently causing disability of varying degrees [1]. The prevalence of MS varies with both geography and
Effect of Paired Stenosis on Blood Flow through Small Artery
Mohammed Musad Saleh,Mear Yaseen Ali Khan
Journal of Mathematics Research , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jmr.v3n2p224
Abstract: In this paper the mathematical models have been developed to study the effect of paired stenosis on blood flow, where the blood flow is assumed to behave like a couple stress fluid, peripheral layer plasma (Newtonian fluid) and core layer of suspension of erythrocytes (Non- Newtonian fluid). The study predicts that wall shear stress increases with the increase of the two heights of stenosis. Also wall shear stress has proportional direction relation with the separation factor, the maximum value of wall shear stress occurs at the peak separation of paired stenoses.
GHS-R1a constitutive activity and its physiological relevance
Yves Mear,Alain Enjalbert,Sylvie Thirion
Frontiers in Neuroscience , 2013, DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00087
Abstract: Abundant evidences have shown that ghrelin, by its binding to GHS-R1a, plays an important role for fundamental physiological functions. Increasing attention is given to the GHS-R1a unusually high constitutive activity and its contribution to downstream signaling and physiological processes. Here, we review recent lines of evidences showing that the interaction between ligand-binding pocket TM domains and the ECL2 could be partially responsible for this high constitutive activity. Interestingly, GHSR-1a constitutive activity activates in turn the downstream PLC, PKC, and CRE signaling pathways and this activation is reversed by the inverse agonist [D-Arg1, D-Phe5, D-Trp7,9, Leu11]-substance P (MSP). Noteworthy, GHSR-1a exhibits a C-terminal-dependent constitutive internalization. Non-sense GHS-R1a mutation (Ala204Glu), first discovered in Moroccan patients, supports the role of GHSR-1a constitutive activity in physiological impairments. Ala204Glu-point mutation, altering exclusively the GHSR-1a constitutive activity, was associated with familial short stature syndrome. Altogether, these findings suggest that GHS-R1a constitutive activity could contribute to GH secretion or body weight regulation. Consequently, future research on basic and clinical applications of GHS-R1a inverse agonists will be challenging and potentially rewarding.
THE IMPACT OF YEARS OF TEACHING EXPERIENCE ON THE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT APPROACHES OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS
Zafer ünal,Aslihan ünal
International Journal of Instruction , 2012,
Abstract: This study provided a basis for answering the following essential question: Does the years of experience affect teachers' classroom management approaches? Data were collected from 268 primary school teachers. The findings of this study demonstrated that experienced teachers are more likely to prefer to be in control in their classrooms than beginning teachers while interacting with students when making decisions. Investigating the previous studies, researchers were able to discover that there is certain path teachers follow through their career. While preservice teachers prefer non-interventionism (minimum teacher control), they support interactionism (shared control) during internship and early career years, and finally they prefer to choose complete teacher control when they become experienced teachers.
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