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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 191228 matches for " D Schuurman "
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The Madagascar rosewood massacre
D Schuurman, PP Lowry II
Madagascar Conservation & Development , 2009,
Abstract: Valuable timber has been exploited from Madagascar’s rainforests for many decades, and Malagasy rosewood and palissandre (Dalbergia spp.) are among the most sought after hardwoods in the world. Large quantities have been harvested and exported at an increasing rate over the last decade, almost entirely from illegal logging in protected areas, in particular Masoala and Marojejy National Parks, which comprise part of the newly - established Atsinanana UNESCO World Heritage Site in the SAVA (Sambava - Antalaha - Vohémar - Andapa) region of northeast Madagascar. We present information obtained from sources in the region that documents an unprecedented, highly organized expansion in the illegal timber trade operating openly in the wake of the country’s current political turmoil, with more than 625 containers of rosewood worth an estimated US $ 130 million leaving just from the port of Vohémar (Iharana) since early 2009 to cater for the demand of the international market. Members of local communities around Masoala and Marojejy derive very little benefit from timber harvesting, which severely compromises the integrity of the protected areas and their ecosystems, while nearly all the profits go to those who run the illegal operations. Income from ecotourism and other potential benefits is limited at Masoala and Marojejy by the region’s climate, relative inaccessibility and poor infrastructure, making it nearly impossible for locals to resist short - term gains from forest exploitation. Insufficient in numbers and lacking authority, park staff are unable to effect any control over logging activity within protected areas. The current scramble for resources in Madagascar’s parks and reserves challenges the viability of the previous government’s plans to protect 10 % of the country and calls into question the conservation commitment of the current regime.
The Madagascar rosewood massacre
Schuurman, D.,Lowry II, P. P
Madagascar Conservation & Development , 2009,
Abstract: Valuable timber has been exploited from Madagascar’s rainforests for many decades, and Malagasy rosewood and palissandre (Dalbergia spp.) are among the most sought after hardwoods in the world. Large quantities have been harvested and exported at an increasing rate over the last decade, almost entirely from illegal logging in protected areas, in particular Masoala and Marojejy National Parks, which comprise part of the newly - established Atsinanana UNESCO World Heritage Site in the SAVA (Sambava - Antalaha - Vohémar - Andapa) region of northeast Madagascar. We present information obtained from sources in the region that documents an unprecedented, highly organized expansion in the illegal timber trade operating openly in the wake of the country’s current political turmoil, with more than 625 containers of rosewood worth an estimated US $ 130 million leaving just from the port of Vohémar (Iharana) since early 2009 to cater for the demand of the international market. Members oflocal communities around Masoala and Marojejy derive very little benefit from timber harvesting, which severely compromises the integrity of the protected areas and their ecosystems, while nearly all the profits go to those who run the illegal operations. Income from ecotourism and other potential benefits is limited at Masoala and Marojejy by the region’s climate, relative inaccessibility and poor infrastructure, making it nearly impossible for locals to resist short - term gains from forest exploitation. Insufficient in numbers and lacking authority, park staff are unable to effect any control over logging activity within protected areas. The current scramble for resources in Madagascar’s parks and reserves challenges the viability of the previous government’s plans to protect 10 % of the country and calls into question the conservation commitment of the current regime.
De strijd om de richting van de Westerse cultuur
E. Schuurman
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v75i1.74
Abstract: The struggle around the direction of Western culture Herbert Marcuse is the most important representative of the cultural revolution of the sixties of the twentieth century. He represents resistance against the scientific-technological ideal of the Enlightenment. His ideal of freedom has, nevertheless, the same roots. Since the Enlightenment Western culture has been characterised by a struggle between the freedom ideal and the scientific-technological control ideal. To lessen the tension we need a cultural transformation. Therefore we need an enlightenment of the Enlightenment. In the old cultural paradigm, nature is seen as lifeless and, given that framework, is exploited by unbridled manipulation. Today we see how the technologicaleconomic development threatens “life” itself, to the point of destroying it. A responsible cultural development summons a representation of culture that depicts earth as a garden tended by humans. The garden has to be developed in the perspective of a city garden, where righteousness, love and therefore protecting life are the main principles. To follow such guidelines implies a spiritual and philosophical struggle in the direction of a transformation of Western culture.
Technology and religion: Islam, Christianity and materialism
E. Schuurman
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v76i2.21
Abstract: The Western world and the world of Islam share a history, but they also differ greatly. The rise of terrorism has once again made us fully aware of that. In these tense times I would like to consider a question that is rarely raised today, yet which may be very relevant and very revealing: What attitude do these two worlds take toward technology?
Mag, wat kan? Over genetische manipulatie*
E. Schuurman
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1983, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v47i4.1032
Abstract: In the course of the development of technology the ethical question as to whether indeed man "may” do all that he is "able" to do frequently rears its head. In this article ethical issues are raised with regard to the problems surrounding genetic manipulation. Various experiments in the field of genetics, the possibilities of application of these and the ethical responsibility of the scientists involved are discussed. Attention is directed especially at the genetic manipulation of man as in, for example, test-tube baby techniques. A stand is taken against experiments with aborted foetuses, test-tube babies and cloning. Manipulation of the total genetic composition of man is rejected unequivocally.
Struggle in the ethics of technology
E. Schuurman
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2006, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v71i1.235
Abstract: The advantages as well as the disadvantages of modern technology, especially in combination with the development of the natural sciences, call in general for philosophical reflection. There is a struggle going on between the various philosophical movements. What is the content of Christian-philosophical thinking about technology and its problems? And what are the consequences in relation to the ethics of technology? Such questions are very unusual among Christians. Nevertheless, the potentially disastrous effects of technology require an ethics of technology. Such an ethics must concern itself with man’s good and responsible conduct in and through technology. Generally speaking, since modern times there has been a technological control mentality. All questions relating to spiritual reflection and religious problems are ruled out. The world view has been transformed to a technological worldview. Motives, values and norms are derived from it. This implies a technological ethics which is the cause of many threats and problems. It is characterised by a cosmological deficit and an ethical deficit. It is only possible to overcome these deficits by a reorientation in culture and in ethics. The “Enlightenment” ought to be enlightened itself by the God-given revelation. The cosmology of the reality as God’s creation and the commandments of love give a possibility for the redirection of an ethics of technology. A responsible cultural and technological development evokes a representation of culture that depicts earth as a garden tended by humans. Technology must be developed within the perspective of the earth as one large garden-city. Technology ought to serve life and not to threaten it. Besides, in an ethics of responsibility attention is given to the central motive of love against the central motive of power of the technological worldview. For a justified, responsible technology the ethical challenge is finding not only true motives, but also environment values, technological values and social values. Furthermore, technology has to obey a large number of normative principles and related norms. At the end of the article attention is paid to the consequences for praxis of this ethical-philosophical view and to the differences from those views which are currently held. The perspective of an ethics of technology ought not to be on doing things right, but on doing the right things.
Problemen en crisis van de opgezweepte Westerse technologische cultuur
E. Schuurman
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1993, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v58i3.712
Abstract: Western culture is in its kernel a technological culture. This culture is speeded up by technology and is characterized by a lot of problems, such as pollution and labour problems, the growing distance between developed and underdeveloped countries and the one-sidedness in the normative orientation. This culture is in a crisis because there is no agreement about the cause of and the way to solve the problems. At the bottom of the spiritual-historical background of Western culture the 'hidden' ideology of technology is active. The contents of this ideology implies that man pretends to be an autonomous master of reality, that he can therefore manipulate everything, that he can solve all old and new problems by scientific-technological control, and that he can guarantee the progress of material welfare, ideology as a driving force ensures a ‘technological paradise ', in which the perspective of eternity has been lost. The ideology of technology is strengthened by the ideology of science and economy. Together they are the cause of cultural problems.
Rese a de "Peaceful surrender. The depopulation of rural Spain in the twentieth century" de Fernando Collantes and Vicente Pinilla.
Anton Schuurman
Ager : Revista de Estudios Sobre Despoblación y Desarrollo Rural , 2012,
Abstract:
Het dilemma van een verleidelijk crossover boek
A. Schuurman
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 2008,
Abstract: Woud, A. van der, Een nieuwe wereld. Het ontstaan van het moderne Nederland (Amsterdam 2006) The Predicament of a Seductive Crossover Book Auke van der Woud’s new book is a must for everyone interested in the second half of the nineteenth century, particularly the consequences of spatial change. His book has all the virtues and vices of a crossover book, that is one which appeals to two different audiences. It is a book based on new research written for the general reader. Therefore, it is not clear enough with regard to various scientific questions. More explicit attention for the role of industrial capitalism and the process of democracy would have enriched the book even more.
Erik Thoen en Leen van Molle (eds.), Rural History in the North Sea Area. An Overview of Recent Research, Middle Ages - Twentieth Century
Anton Schuurman
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 2010,
Abstract:
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