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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 191184 matches for " D Buor "
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Factors Influencing Child Health at the Periphery of the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana
D Buor
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2008,
Abstract: The paper examined some of the factors that influence child health at peripheral settlements of the Kumasi Metropolis in Ghana. The simple random technique, supported by purposive procedure, was used to select 240 women whose children were above 2 years but less than 5. Formal interview was the main data collection instrument, whilst linear regression, alongside crosstabulation, was the main analytical tool. Results showed that the principal determinants of child health, in the metropolis were mother's education, household income and exclusive breastfeeding (nutrition). Besides, the use of insecticide bed-nets has been established as having a positive impact on child health. Among the recommendations to improve child health in the locality are the adoption of an integrated approach by appropriate government Ministries and institutions to lift women from the buck of ignorance and poverty through the functional literacy and income generation programmes, whilst steps should be taken to ensure effective formal education of the girl-child. It is recommended that a survey on the impact of childhood immunisation on child health, using a larger sample size, be carried out. A schematic model of the determinants of child health has emerged. This survey has an additional merit of deviating from the normal bivariate and purely descriptive approaches to the use of the multivariate model which evaluates the impact of independent variables.
Social class and HIV/AIDS prevalence in Sub-Saharan Africa
D Buor
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2005,
Abstract: The main objective of the paper is to test hypotheses on social class variables as determinants of the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa, and to structure a schematic model for the relationship on the impact of social class on HIV/AIDS prevalence. World Bank data, 2002 World Development Indicators, are used for the analyses. Interactive graphs, with a combination of regression lines, are used as the main instruments of analysis. The indicators of social class used for the analysis are education, women's education, Gross National Income (GNI) per capita, level of poverty, urbanisation and contraceptive usage. Inbound tourist movement is included in the analysis, though not directly linked with social class, due to it being an emerging factor in the spread of the pandemic. Education has turned out to be the main determinant of HIV/AIDS prevalence in Sub-Saharan Africa. Inbound tourism movement has emerged as an important factor in the prevalence of the disease, after education. Defects of quality of data would not be far fetched, given the lack of logistics and financial resources of most governments for the exercise, possible political manipulations and ideological biases. It is recommended that primary research at individual country levels be carried out on the effectiveness of the use of condoms, and the social class and tourist movement factors on HIV/AIDS prevalence to confirm the sub-regional findings. Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 25(2) 2005: 66- 79
Discriminant Analysis of Demand-Side Roadblocks to Financial Inclusion in Northern Ghana  [PDF]
Issahaku Yakubu, Romanus Dinye, Daniel Buor, Wahab A. Iddrisu
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2017.73038
Abstract: Northern Ghana has been described as the most poverty-stricken spot in Ghana. Given the link between financial inclusion and poverty reduction, this paper aims at estimating a discriminant function model to analyse demand-side roadblocks to financial inclusion in Northern Ghana. The study is mainly based on primary data elicited through survey questionnaires. Even though the minimum sample size was determined to be 385 households, a total of 400 households were selected systematically, out of which 395 households returned their questionnaires for analysis. The estimated discriminant function model was found to be significant at the 1% level of significance. It was also found that, the demand-side roadblocks that are very crucial to financial inclusion in Northern Ghana (in order of importance) are “Culture”, “Cost”, “Capability”, and “Trust”. Overall, 77.2% of the cases were correctly classified by the estimated model. This paper therefore concludes that most vulnerable groups in Northern Ghana still find it difficult to access formal financial services due to barriers such as culture, cost, capability and trust. Government policies should therefore be directed at addressing these barriers so as to enhance financial inclusion in the area which eventually will lead to poverty reduction.
Comparative Osteogenesis of Radiopaque Dicalcium Silicate Cement and White-Colored Mineral Trioxide Aggregate in a Rabbit Femur Model
Buor-Chang Wu,Shu-Ching Huang,Shinn-Jyh Ding
Materials , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ma6125675
Abstract: The radiopaque dicalcium silicate cement (RDSC) displayed a shortened setting time and good biocompatibility. This study aimed to compare the regenerative potential of RDSC and white-colored mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA) using a rabbit femur model. The animals were sacrificed at one, three and six months to accomplish histological and biochemical analyses. The results indicated that after one month of implantation, WMTA was associated with a greyish color alteration within its mass, while RDSC presented color stability even at six months. Histological assay with Masson’s Trichrome and Von Kossa stains showed the presence of newly formed bone surrounding the implanted sites in the rabbit femur. The histochemical data revealed that the RDSC group had significantly more bone regeneration than did the WMTA groups at three and six months. The conclusion drawn is that the encouraging results support the potential applications of RDSC as an improved alternative to WMTA for endodontic uses.
Differential Impact of IL-10 Expression on Survival and Relapse between HPV16-Positive and -Negative Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas
Chun-Yi Chuang, Wen-Wei Sung, Lee Wang, Wea-Long Lin, Kun-Tu Yeh, Mao-Chang Su, Chun-Han Hsin, Shiann-Yann Lee, Buor-Chang Wu, Ya-Wen Cheng, Huei Lee
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047541
Abstract: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor in a subset of oropharyngeal cancer; however, the contribution of HPV in the malignancy of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) is not fully understood in Taiwanese. Herein, 61 patients with no risk factors and 117 patients with one or more risk factors were enrolled in this study. HPV16/18 infection rate in non-smokers, non-drinkers and non-betel quid chewers was higher than their counterparts. The development of HPV-infected cancer has been shown to be associated with interleukin-10 (IL-10) expression. To this end, IL-10 mRNA expression in OSCC tumors was evaluated by real-time RT-PCR. Data showed that HPV-positive patients had higher IL-10 mRNA levels than in HPV-negative patients. Kaplan-Meier and Cox-regression analysis indicated that the prognostic significance of IL-10 mRNA on overall survival and relapse free survival was only observed in HPV-positive OSCC, but not in HPV-negative OSCC. Mechanistically, the elevation of IL-10 by E6 was responsible for increased colony formation and migration capability in OSCC cells. Therefore, we suggest that IL-10 induced by E6 promotes cell growth and migration capability and consequent poor survival and relapse in HPV-positive OSCC.
Electrical Conductivity of Collapsed Multilayer Graphene Tubes  [PDF]
D. Mendoza
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering (WJNSE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2012.22009
Abstract: Synthesis of multilayer graphene on copper wires by a chemical vapor deposition method is reported. After copper etching, the multilayer tube collapses forming stripes of graphitic films, their electrical conductance as a function of temperature indicate a semiconductor-like behavior. Using the multilayer graphene stripes, a cross junction is built and owing to its electrical behavior we propose that a tunneling process exists in the device.
Porous Carbon Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition on Copper Substrates  [PDF]
D. Mendoza
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.38003
Abstract: Amorphous porous carbon was synthesized by chemical vapor deposition on copper substrates. The average size of the pores is around 1.2 microns with some small pores decorating the big ones. Lamellar samples of this carbonaceous material can be separated from the copper support and may be useful as electrode due to its low electrical resistivity of the order of 0.4 Ωcm.
Application of Enzyme Extracted from Aloe vera Plant in Chemical Pretreatment of Cotton Knitted Textile to Reduce Pollution Load  [PDF]
D. Jothi
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33B007
Abstract:

Nowadays, highly alkaline chemicals like caustic soda, soda ash, silicate, acetic acid and soaping agents are used for scouring to remove the non-cellulosic impurities from the cotton. Using 30 - 40 gm/Kg on weight of the fabric results in destruction of cotton structure. Intensive rinsing and more acid is needed for reutilization of cotton, which enlarges the volume of effluent. Furthermore, these hazards chemicals result in increase in COD, BOD and TDS in waste water. These chemicals also attack the cellulose leading to heavy strength loss and weight loss in the fabric. The net result is low quality control and polluted environment with high usage of energy, time, chemical and water. Aloe vera presents the finest commercial opportunity in various industrial sectors among the various plants. Also, most of the countries are gifted with the unique geographical features that are essential for cultivation of Aloe vera. Yet, none of the country has realized and reaped the full potential of such plants in various industrial applications. The reason is simple: lack of the requisite expertise in extraction of various enzymes present in aloe plant. Fortunately, the technology is now accessible to make use of enzyme in textile application. In this research an attempt has been made to make use of lipase enzyme extracted from aloe plant in textile chemical pre- treatment process. In the present research work, an attempt was made to develop bio scouring of 100% cotton knitted fabric with lipase enzyme extracted from Aloe deberena plant at various concentration (1%, 2% and 3%) at various temperature (40?C, 60?C and 70?C) for a period of 30 minutes, 60 minutes and 90 minutes. The properties of bio scoured fabrics are compared with these of conventional scoured one. Encouraging results in terms of dye uptake, dye levelness, wash fastness, light fastness and rubbing fastness are obtained in case of bio scouring fabric dyed with dark reactive colors. Further, it reduces volume of effluent as well as COD, TDS and pH. It saves a substantial thermal energy 50% and electrical energy 40%. Bio scouring waste water has 40% - 50% less COD and 60% less TDS as compared to conventional scouring waste water.

Hyporheic Zone Hydrochemistry of the Mine-Polluted River  [PDF]
D. Ciszewski
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.310008
Abstract:

Intensity of stream waters mixing with groundwaters and lateral extent of these processes in the hyporheic zone were investigated in a near-bank sandbar and an adjacent floodplain through the comparison of groundwaters and stream water chemistry of the Bia?a Przemsza River in southern Poland. The stream waters were polluted by the discharge of mine waters from “Boles?aw” lead and zinc mine. The investigated waters were several times more mineralized than the natural spring waters of the river valley. The concentration of: potassium, sodium, and the pH, as well as cadmium, lead, and zinc decreased in the hyporheic zone towards the stream bank, whereas conductance, calcium, magnesium, sulphates, as well as silica contents were the highest on the floodplain, diminishing towards the stream. The changes observed in the chemical composition of groundwaters were apparent in mixing stream waters below the depth of 2 m with shallow groundwaters draining the valley slope. Hyporheic mixing also takes place in the 10-meter-wide, marginal zone of the sandbar, whereas in the 5-meter-wide stream-side zone of the sandbar groundwaters represent weakly transformed stream water.

Fractional Topological Insulators—A Bosonization Approach  [PDF]
D. Schmeltzer
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2016.71012
Abstract: A metallic disk with strong spin orbit interaction is investigated. The finite disk geometry introduces a confining potential. Due to the strong spin-orbit interaction and confining potential the metal disk is described by an effective one-dimensional model with a harmonic potential. The harmonic potential gives rise to classical turning points. As a result, open boundary conditions must be used. We bosonize the model and obtain chiral Bosons for each spin on the edge of the disk. When the filling fraction is reduced to \"\" the electron-electron interactions are studied by using the Jordan Wigner phase for composite fermions which give rise to a Luttinger liquid. When the metallic disk is in the proximity with a superconductor, a Fractional Topological Insulator is obtained. An experimental realization is proposed. We show that by tunning the chemical potential we control the classical turning points for which a Fractional Topological Insulator is realized.
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