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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 302165 matches for " Cynthia J. Patel "
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The development of an instrument to measure women’s experience of an aerobic dance class
Cynthia J. Patel,Madhubala I. Kasiram
Health SA Gesondheid , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/hsag.v16i1.523
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to pilot an instrument to measure women’s experience in an aerobic dance class with regard to their descriptions of the general atmosphere, the music, the dance moves and routines, and the instructor. In addition, the participants were asked to rate a list of exercise benefits in order of personal importance. A sample of 27 women, ranging in age from 25 to 60 years participated in this pilot study. The women responded with positive endorsements for all aspects of the overall dance experience, but their most affirming descriptions revolved around the instructor. There was an almost unanimous agreement amongst the participants about the importance of the instructor’s role in their experience of the class. Their responses to the open‐ended questions supported these sentiments. The mental and physical benefits were rated as important for most of the women whilst a much lower percentage rated the social benefit as important. Two items in the semantic differential posed problems but the instrument showed promise in eliciting key aspects of women’s experience in an aerobics dance class. Opsomming Die doel van die studie was om ‘n instrument daar te stel wat die ervaring van vroue in ‘n fiksheidsdans‐klas meet: hulle ervaring ten opsigte van die algemene atmosfeer en die musiek, asook hulle opinie oor die dans‐roetines en ‐bewegings en die instrukteur. Die deelnemers is ook gevra om ‘n lys te maak van die voordele van oefening met verwysing na hulleself. ‘n Steekproef van 27 vroue tussen die ouderdomme van 25 tot 60 jaar is in hierdie loodsstudie gebruik. Die vroue het positief gereageer op alle aspekte van die algehele dansondervinding, maar hul mees positiewe ervaring was gesentreer om die instrukteur. Verder was hulle opinie rakende die belangrikheid van die instrukteur se rol in hul ondervinding van die klas byna dieselfde. Hulle antwoorde op die oop‐einde vrae het hierdie sentimente ondersteun. Die psigiese en fisiese voordele is as die belangrikste deur die meeste vroue aangedui, terwyl ‘n veel laer persentasie die sosiale voordeel as belangrik beskou het. Afgesien van twee problematiese items in die semantiese differensiasie, het die instrument belofte getoon om sleutelaspekte van vroue se persepsies van ‘n fiksheidsdansklas te identifiseer. How to cite this article: Patel, C.J. & Kasiram, M.I., 2011, ‘The development of an instrument to measure women’s experience of an aerobic dance class’, Health SA Gesondheid 16(1), Art. #523, 7 pages. doi:10.4102/hsag.v16i1.523
Perceptions of inequity in the workplace: Exploring the link with unauthorised absenteeism
Jessie Banks,Cynthia J. Patel,Mohammed A. Moola
South African Journal of Human Resource Management , 2012,
Abstract: Orientation: The focus of this study was the relationship between perceptions of inequity and specific withdrawal behaviours.Research purpose: The purpose of the investigation was to explore possible relationships between workers’ perceptions of inequity in the workplace, intentions toward withdrawal behaviour and unauthorised absenteeism.Motivation for the study: There is very little South African research on the correlates of perceived inequity in the workplace. This study attempted to address the gap by exploring specific withdrawal behaviours as possible correlates of perceived inequity.Research design, approach and method: Using a small-scale survey design, the researchers measured intentions towards withdrawal behaviour and recorded rates of absenteeism in a sample of 110 employees from a variety of automotive manufacturing companies in the KwaZulu-Natal area.Main findings: The researchers did not find a relationship between perceptions of inequity and unauthorised absenteeism but did find one between perceptions of inequity and future withdrawal behaviours.Practical/managerial implications: The high levels of perceptions of inequity amongst the workers and the finding that workers were more likely to engage in withdrawal behaviours in the future if they perceived unequal treatment in the workplace are worrying issues for the companies involved.Contribution/value-add: The scale that the researchers developed to measure perceptions of inequity shows preliminary evidence of construct validity. The results suggest that employers need to monitor levels of perceived inequity especially in relation to future withdrawal behaviour.How to cite this article: Banks, J., Patel, C.J., & Moola, M.A. (2012). Perceptions of inequity in the workplace: Exploring the link with unauthorised absenteeism. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 10(1), Art. #402, 8 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v10i1.402
Working mothers: Family-work conflict, job performance and family/work variables
Cynthia J Patel,Vasanthee Govender,Zubeda Paruk,Sarojini Ramgoon
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2006, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v32i2.238
Abstract: The present study examined the relationship between family-work conflict, job performance and selected work and family characteristics in a sample of working mothers employed at a large retail organization. The hypothesis of a negative relationship between family-work conflict and job performance was rejected. Married women reported significantly higher family-work conflict than unmarried women, while women in the highest work category gained the highest job performance rating. More than half the sample indicated that paid work was more important than their housework and reported that their working had a positive impact on their families. The findings are discussed in relation to the changing work and family identities of non-career women.
Refining a Church-Based Lifestyle Intervention Targeting African-American Adults at Risk for Cardiometabolic Diseases: A Pilot Study  [PDF]
Yuan E. Zhou, Cynthia D. Jackson, Veronica J. Oates, Gerald W. Davis, Carolyn Davis, Zudi-Mwak Takizala, Richmond A. Akatue, Konya Williams, Jianguo Liu, James R. Hébert, Kushal A. Patel, Maciej S. Buchowski, David G. Schlundt, Margaret K. Hargreaves
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2017.72009
Abstract: Objective: The pilot study was intended to test the feasibility of a multiple-component lifestyle intervention targeting African American adults in a weight control and cardiometabolic risk reduction program on diet, activity, and stress, using community-engagement principles. Methods: Applying mixed qualitative and quantitative measures, the intervention had a two-part sequential study design consisting of 12 weekly small group sessions that provided individual and group counseling in nutrition, exercise, and mindfulness, while incorporating focus group and interactive techniques to learn about barriers and acceptable practices for this population. The program was implemented at an African-American church in Nashville, Tennessee. Results: Thirty-four participants (aged 56.1 ± 11 years, body mass index (BMI) 36.7 ± 6.6 kg/m2) completed the intervention. Lifestyle changes after the 12 weekly sessions showed some positive trends including reduced sodium intake (from 2725.3 ± 326.5 to 2132 ± 330, mg/day, P = 0.008), increased walking steps (from 4392.1 ± 497.2 to 4895.3 ± 497.9, steps/day, not significant), and slightly decreased Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) scores (from 13.7 ± 1.4 to 12.4 ± 1.5, not significant). Body fat % among male participants decreased significantly (from 33.8 ± 2.6 to 28 ± 2.6, %, P = 0.043). Among cardiometabolic risk biomarkers, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) decreased significantly (from 6.6 ± 0.2 to 6.1 ± 0.2, %, P < 0.001). The baseline PSS score was positively associated with baseline adiposity levels (e.g., weight, β = 2.4, P = 0.006). Twenty-one participants took part in focus groups during the program to identify barriers to healthy lifestyle changes. Primary barriers reported were price, time for preparing healthy meals, unfamiliarity with mindfulness activities, their health condition, and daily schedule available for physical activities. Conclusions: This church-based pilot intervention was proven feasible by showing modest progress in reducing adiposity and decreasing HbA1c levels. The focus group and interactive methods facilitated program direction. Future full-scale studies are warranted to identify key strategies that provide more personalized approaches and supportive environments to sustain a healthy lifestyle among these at risk minorities with limited resources.
Salivary flow rates, per se, may not serve as consistent predictors for dental caries  [PDF]
Cynthia P. Trajtenberg, Juliana A. Barros, Shalizeh A. Patel, Leslie Miles, Charles F. Streckfus
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2013.32025

Background: This clinical study evaluated the effects of salivary flow rate, age, race, health status and medications on the incidence of caries. Methods:Cauca-sian and African-American men and women (n = 501), aged 22-93 years participated in the study. Stimulated (S) and unstimulated (U) parotid (P) and submandibular glands (SM) salivary secretions were collected. Stimulated whole saliva (SWS) was collected as control. Glandular stimulation was achieved using 2% citric acid at 30-second intervals to the dorsal surface of the tongue. Salivary flow rates (SFR) were calculated by total weight of saliva divided by 5 minutes and expressed in ml/minute. Coronal caries were scored using the NIDR DMFS index. Carious lesions were classified according to tooth surfaces by a calibrated single examiner. Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated to determine the association between SFR with age and percentage of carious teeth. Multiple regression analyses were calculated at (p < 0.05). Results: The variables gender, race, age, health status, medication usage and salivary function were not predictors for dental disease. Additionally, these risk factors were not risk factors for missing teeth. Conclusions: In conclusion, cross-sectional investigations are limited in their ability to identify the relevant variables for disease prediction. In addition, clinical and basic science investigations will be necessary to assess risk factors for dental caries.

Transient Hypertensive Response to CO2 Aortography in a Patient with Pheochromocytoma  [PDF]
Nimesh Patel, Kyung J. Cho
Open Journal of Radiology (OJRad) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojrad.2015.51001
Abstract: We report on a 15-year-old male with 4-year history of hypertension and retroperitoneal masses referred to Interventional Radiology to evaluate the nature of the persistent masses and renal artery stenosis. Angiographic evaluation began with CO2aortogram during which the patient had a hypertensive response with bradycardia and arrhythmia to the intra-aortic injection of CO2. His hypertension, bradycardia, and arrhythmia responded to an intravenous nitroglycerin drip without administration of alpha or beta blockers. Due to this response and neovascularity of the mass, selective venous sampling of catecholamines and renin was performed which confirmed functioning paragangliomas and hemodynamically significant stenosis of left accessory renal artery, respectively. This is the first known case of hypertensive response to CO2 aortography in a patient with unsuspected functioning paragangliomas. We propose that patients with known or suspected diagnosis of catecholamine-secreting tumors undergoing CO2 angiography should be considered for pre-procedural treatment with alpha and beta blockage or have the appropriate medication on hand with close monitoring in the event of hypertensive response.
Diabetes and the kidney.
Patel J
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine , 1985,
Ten year study of stool samples with particular reference to intestinal parasites.
Patel J
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine , 1986,
Simultaneous estimation of amitriptyline HCl and perphenazine in tablets by UV-Visible spectrophotometric and HPTLC
Dhara J Patel,Vivek Patel
International Journal of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: A simple and specific UV/Visible spectrophotometric and HPTLC methods were developed for the simultaneous determination of amitriptyline HCl and perphenazine in tablets. The former is the UV/Visible spectrophotometric method which involves the determination of amitriptyline HCl and perphenazine using the simultaneous equation method at 240.0 and 258.0 nm over the concentration ranges of 2-12 μg/mL for both. The later is the HPTLC method, where the separation of drugs was carried out on Merck thin layer chromatographic aluminium sheets of silica gel 60 F254 using the mobile phase containing carbon tetrachloride: toluene:methanol:triethyl amine (4:3:2:0.2, v/v/v). The separation was followed by densitometric measurements of their spots at 240 nm. The methods were validated for linearity precision, sensitivity, and specificity. The linearity was found to be in the range of 50–600 and 40–480 ng/spot for amitriptyline hydrochloride and perphenazine, respectively. The methods were specific because no chromatographic interferences from the tablet excipients were found and therefore, the proposed methods were successfully applied for the routine quantitative analysis of tablets containing amitriptyline HCl and perphenazine.
Floodplain Delineation Using HECRAS Model—A Case Study of Surat City  [PDF]
Chandresh G. Patel, Pradip J. Gundaliya
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology (OJMH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojmh.2016.61004
Abstract: Surat city, the commercial capital of Gujarat state, India is situated at latitude 21°06’ to 21°15’ N and longitude 72°45' to 72°54'E on the bank of river Tapi and is affected by flood once in every five years since last hundred years. Present study describes the application of HEC-RAS model with integration of GIS for delineation of flood plain. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of Surat city is used as main input for flood inundation mapping. River section near Nehru Bridge is used as sample case to simulate flood flow. Discharges equal to food return period for 25 and 32 (worst flood year) have been used for investigation of flood scenario. Outcome of the research clearly indicates that most of the area of the Surat city is submerged for a depth of 2.5 to 4.0 m when the discharge released from Ukai dam equals to return period of 32 years (25768.09 Cumecs).
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