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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 89433 matches for " Cruz José Miguel "
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La victimización por violencia urbana: niveles y factores asociados en ciudades de América Latina y Espa?a
Cruz,José Miguel;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49891999000400009
Abstract: this article looks at eight cities in latin america and spain and compares the chances of and variables associated with being a victim of various kinds of urban violence. the analysis was done using data from the activa multicenter study, which was coordinated by the pan american health organization in 1996. the study sample consisted of 10 821 persons who were representative of residents between the ages of 18 and 70 in eight metropolitan areas of latin america and spain: rio de janeiro, brazil; salvador, brazil; santiago, chile; cali, colombia; san josé, costa rica; san salvador, el salvador; caracas, venezuela; and madrid, spain. the results show that the likelihood of being a victim of different types of violence varies from city to city. the variables associated with a greater likelihood of being a victim in most-though not all-of the cities are sex, age, and consumption of alcohol.
El impacto psicosocial de la violencia en San Salvador
Cruz,José Miguel;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49891999000400013
Abstract: this study had two objectives: (1) to describe the levels of victimization of salvadorians due to criminal violence, and the population groups most affected by it; (2) to learn if these levels of victimization are related to the presence of norms, attitudes, and behaviors that encourage the occurrence of violence. for this purpose data from the activa project of el salvador were used. the project was carried out by the university institute of public opinion during october and november 1996, with a sample of 1 290 personal interviews that were presumed to be representative of people between 18 and 70 years of age living in the metropolitan area of san salvador. the sample was obtained through multistage probability sampling. the results show that the level of victimization from violence is quite high in san salvador and that it especially affects adult and young men. the results also indicate that persons who have been victims of serious aggression tend to show, more frequently than average, norms justifying and approving the use of violence, a tendency to use weapons, and aggressive behaviors toward other people.
Violencia y democratización en Centroamérica: el impacto del crimen en la legitimidad de los regímenes de posguerra Violence and democratization in Central America: the impact of crime in the legitimacy of post-war regimes
José Miguel CRUZ
América Latina Hoy , 2010,
Abstract: El propósito fundamental del artículo es mostrar que los elevados niveles de la violencia común y de la delincuencia que afectan en la actualidad a los países latinoamericanos, especialmente a los países centroamericanos de posguerra, constituye un obstáculo y una amenaza para los procesos de democratización. Esto porque la violencia criminal erosiona el apoyo ciudadano a los regímenes surgidos de las transiciones políticas y resta legitimidad al sistema político. El artículo parte de los resultados de una serie de encuestas llevadas a cabo con más de 6.700 ciudadanos en países centroamericanos en situación de posguerra (Guatemala, El Salvador y Nicaragua) en 1999 y se analiza la vinculación entre los niveles de victimización y de percepción de inseguridad pública con el nivel de apoyo político para el sistema. The main purpose of this article is to show that the high levels of common violence and crime, which currently affect Latin American countries, especially post-war Central American ones, represent a threat and obstacle to democratization processes. This is so, because common violence erodes the citizens’ support to the regimes emerged from the political transitions and deteriorates the legitimacy of the political system. The article is based on the results of a series of surveys conducted with more than 6.700 citizens who live in post-war Central American countries (Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua) during 1999, as the link between victimization levels, perception of public insecurity and the level of political support for the system is analyzed.
El impacto psicosocial de la violencia en San Salvador
Cruz José Miguel
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1999,
Abstract: En este estudio se busca lograr dos objetivos: primero, describir los niveles de victimización de la población salvadore a a causa de la violencia delictiva y el tipo de población más afectada por ella; segundo, averiguar si estos niveles de victimización están relacionados con la presencia de normas, actitudes y comportamientos que favorecen la aparición de la violencia. Para ello se utilizaron los datos del proyecto ACTIVA de El Salvador, que fue realizado por el Instituto Universitario de Opinión Pública entre los meses de octubre y noviembre de 1996 con una muestra de 1 290 entrevistas personales, presuntamente representativa de las personas entre los 18 y 70 a os de edad que residen en el área Metropolitana de San Salvador. La muestra se obtuvo mediante un muestreo probabilístico y multietápico. Los resultados revelan que el nivel de victimización por la violencia es bastante alto en San Salvador y que afecta sobre todo a los hombres y a los jóvenes, y sugieren que las personas que han sido víctimas de agresiones graves suelen mostrar con más frecuencia que el resto normas de justificación y aprobación del uso de la violencia, inclinación por el uso de armas, y conductas de agresión hacia otras personas.
La victimización por violencia urbana: niveles y factores asociados en ciudades de América Latina y Espa a
Cruz José Miguel
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1999,
Abstract: En este artículo se comparan los niveles de victimización por diversas causas y se identifican los factores asociados con ella en ocho ciudades de América Latina y Espa a. Con este propósito se utilizaron los datos del estudio multicéntrico ACTIVA, que se realizó en 1996 bajo la coordinación de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud. La muestra estudiada estuvo constituida por 10821 personas, repartidas entre las ciudades de Salvador de Bahía y Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; Cali, Colombia; Caracas, Venezuela; Madrid, Espa a; San José, Costa Rica; San Salvador, El Salvador, y Santiago, Chile, que representan a la población de cada ciudad entre los 18 y 70 a os de edad. Los resultados revelan que los niveles de victimización por diversos tipos de violencia son diferentes en cada ciudad y que las variables asociadas con la victimización con más frecuencia en las ciudades, aunque no en todas, son el sexo, la edad y el consumo de alcohol.
Cuadernos de Economía , 2003,
Chagas disease in Mexico: an analysis of geographical distribution during the past 76 years - A review
Cruz-Reyes, Alejandro;Pickering-López, José Miguel;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762006000400001
Abstract: literature from 1928 through 2004 was compiled from different document sources published in mexico or elsewhere. from these 907 publications, we found 19 different topics of chagas disease study in mexico. the publications were arranged by decade and also by state. this information was used to construct maps describing the distribution of chagas disease according to different criteria: the disease, vectors, reservoirs, and strains. one of the major problems confronting study of this zoonotic disease is the great biodiversity of the vector species; there are 30 different species, with at least 10 playing a major role in human infection. the high variability of climates and biogeographic regions further complicate study and understanding of the dynamics of this disease in each region of the country. we used a desktop genetic algorithm for rule-set prediction procedure to provide ecological models of organism niches, offering improved flexibility for choosing predictive environmental and ecological data. this approach may help to identify regions at risk of disease, plan vector-control programs, and explore parasitic reservoir association. with this collected information, we have constructed a data base: chagmex, available online in html format.
Quality of Academic Work, College Life, and Work Environment in a Public State University in Mexico, from the Teacher’s Perception  [PDF]
José Luis Arcos Vega, Fabiola Ramiro Marentes, Miguel ángel Ojeda Ruíz De La Pe?a, Gustavo Rodolfo Cruz Chávez
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.99108
Abstract: This study has the objective to describe academic work quality and work environment of Autonomous University of Baja California South, in Mexico, from the teacher’s perspective. We used a quantitative, non-experimental, cross-sectional, descriptive method (Hernández, Fernández, & Baptista, 2014). We applied, electronically, a structured survey based on the change instruments and organizational environment designed by Kraut (1996). The analysis categories were academic work, work environment, college life, and decision making in the institution. The sample was non-probabilistic, of opportunity, obtaining the participation of 107 teachers of many campus located in the cities of La Paz, Cabo San Lucas, Loreto, Ciudad Insurgentes, and Guerrero Negro. The data analysis technique was descriptive, and processed in an electronic system corresponding to year 2013. The results showed a high commitment of teachers to values and principles of the Institutions (94.4%), strengthening their identity and belonging to the Institution.
Temperature Sensor Based on Ge-Doped Microstructured Fibers
Salvador Torres-Peiró,Antonio Díez,José Luis Cruz,Miguel Vicente Andrés
Journal of Sensors , 2009, DOI: 10.1155/2009/417540
Abstract: The fundamental mode cutoff properties of Ge-doped microstructured fibers, filled with a liquid, permit the implementation of wavelength- and amplitude-encoded temperature sensors with an ultra-high sensitivity. The cutoff wavelength changes with temperature, and the thermo-optic coefficient of the liquid determines the sensitivity of the sensor. Sensitivity as high as 25 nm/°C is reported. In addition, simple amplitude interrogation techniques can be implemented using the same sensor heads.
Bladder exstrophy: reconstructed female patients achieving normal pregnancy and delivering normal babies
Giron, Amílcar Martins;Passerotti, Carlo Camargo;Nguyen, Hiep;Cruz, José Arnaldo Shiomi da;Srougi, Miguel;
International braz j urol , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1677-55382011000500006
Abstract: purpose: bladder exstrophy (be) is an anterior midline defect that causes a series of genitourinary and muscular malformations, which demands surgical intervention for correction. women with be are fertile and able to have children without this disease. the purpose of this study is to assess the sexual function and quality of life of women treated for be. materials and methods: all patients in our institution treated for be from 1987 to 2007 were recruited to answer a questionnaire about their quality of life and pregnancies. results: fourteen women were submitted to surgical treatment for be and had 22 pregnancies during the studied period. from those, 17 pregnancies (77.2%) resulted in healthy babies, while four patients (18.1%) had a spontaneous abortion due to genital prolapse, and there was one case (4.7%) of death due to a pneumopathy one week after delivery. there was also one case (5.8%) of premature birth without greater repercussions. during pregnancy, three patients (21.4%) had urinary tract infections and one patient (7.14%) presented urinary retention. after delivery, three patients (21.4%) presented temporary urinary incontinence; one patient (7.14%) had a vesicocutaneous fistula and seven patients (50%) had genital prolapsed. all patients confirmed to have achieved urinary continence, a regular sexual life and normal pregnancies. all patients got married and pregnant older than the general population. conclusions: be is a severe condition that demands medical and family assistance. nevertheless, it is possible for the bearers of this condition to have a satisfactory and productive lifestyle.
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