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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19265 matches for " Cristina BOBOC "
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The Risk of Imbalances in the Financing of Social Protection in the Context of Demographic Ageing
Cristina Boboc,Vergil Voineagu
Contemporary Economics , 2008,
Abstract: In the next decades, developed countries will experience dramatic changes in their demographic trends. The retirement of the wide baby-boom generations, the increase in life expectancy and the decline in fertility ratios are likely to modify the size and the age-structure of their populations. The expected population ageing in European countries will burden the pension systems, especially wherever the pay-as-you-go pillar is predominant. Recently, migration has received a widespread attention as a solution to expected population decline and ageing in these countries. The flow of (young) migrants to developed countries is perceived as a means to alleviate the financial burden of pension systems. The aim of this contribution is to clarify the issue of aging on labour and capital markets in a macroeconomic perspective. A special attention is given to the risk of imbalances in the financing of social protection in the context of demographic ageing.
Romanian Labour Market – Vulnerable persons and vulnerabilities
Cristina BOBOC,Emilia ?I?AN,Daniela TODOSE
Revista Roman? de Statistic? , 2011,
Abstract: Romanian economy’s transition process began suddenly and was accompanied by disintegration of former political and economic system. In terms of GDP per capita, Romania has been one of the poorest countries in Central and Eastern Europe. Also, the Romanian economy was one of the most agrarian economies in Europe. Completely isolated from the informational point of view, Romania had a fully centralized economic system. Beginning of transition was completely chaotic, especially because of the complexity of integrating the fundamentals of democracy and market economy. Internal problems, instability, political corruption or lack of appropriate reforms have led to a difficult restructuring and privatization process.In this paper we present and analyze the tendencies and vulnerabilities on Romanian labor market between 19991 and 2009 versus EU member states. There were identified three shocks with major social impact on Romanian economy: the revolution in December 1989; the EU accession in January 2007 and the world economic crisis began in 2007. These three structural shocks have deeply influenced and still do the evolution of Romanian labor market.
Statistical – Econometric Analysis of the Correlations between the Social Security Budget and the Main Macroeconomic Aggregates in Romania
Emilia ?I?AN,Cristina BOBOC,Simona GHI??,Daniela TODOSE
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2011,
Abstract: This paper analyses the correlation between social security budget and the main macroeconomic indicators (like GDP, monthly average gross earnings, unemployment) in Romania during the period 2000 – 2009. Romania faces a more severe economic recession than originally anticipated. Although the implementation of anti-crisis program was able to lead to normalization of financial conditions, the contraction of economic activity is higher than initial projections. Because of the great policy debate in Romania about the impact of the reduction of pensions and salaries and increases of taxations on the reduction of budget deficit, we have explained in our paper the basic sides of the balanced budget debate. There are three basic sides to the balanced budget debate. The traditionalists argue for a reduction of the budget deficit since it harms the economy. Another group holds the Ricardian view of government debt in believing that there is no real harm done to the economy by the national debt. A third group claims one way or another that the budget deficit is not an adequate measure of fiscal policy. We will argue which of these views is most reasonable, based on a study case. The study is based on official data published by the National Institute of Statistics, with the specification that they are transformed into real values in order to assure the data comparability. The methodology used is the correlation analysis, the factorial analysis and the regression analysis, in order to evaluate the impact of some macroeconomic policies on the budget deficit. Three hypotheses on macroeconomic policies are discussed in the paper and their influences on the budget deficit. The main problem in Romania was that the macroeconomic policies didn't give enough attention to budget deficit in order to keep it under control. This is the main cause of the actual unfavourable economical situation in Romania, with a huge budget deficit, with a decrease in economic activity, with increases of inflation and unemployment. Among the variables used in the study we mention: total incomes, total expenditure, budgetary deficit, unemployment rate, monthly average net earnings, average number of pensioners and social allowance recipients, monthly average pension of pensioners and social allowance recipients, economically active population, monthly average inflation rate. By analysing the correlation between all the studied variables we observe that there is a strong correlation between monthly average pension and monthly average net earnings. Increases in the level of earnings will determine
The Postmodern Curriculum in a Modern Classroom
Marius Boboc
International Journal of Education , 2012, DOI: 10.5296/ije.v4i1.1167
Abstract: This article is intended to formulate several points of interest in the study of various forms postmodern curricula take in our contemporary classrooms. A critical look at the state of the latter poses the question of accommodating the needs of an increasingly diverse student population. The answer lies in curriculum negotiations (Hyun, 2006) representing sustainable adaptability. However, in an era of accountability that prescribes the structure and sequence of curriculum, our schools (perceived as a social system) lag behind. Therefore, the connection our students develop among truth, knowledge, value, and their own petits récits – personal texts that weave the web of their public lives in and outside of schools – represents the focus of future research into effective design, implementation, and evaluation of inclusive and student-centered curricula.
Universal jurisdiction and concurrent criminal jurisdiction
Luciana Boboc
Law Review , 2008,
Abstract: The Princeton Principles on Universal Jurisdiction define universal jurisdiction as “criminal jurisdiction based solely on the nature of the crime, without regard to where the crime was committed, the nationality of the alleged or the convicted perpetrator, the nationality of the victim, or any other connection to the state exercising such jurisdiction.” This is not the appropriate forum in which to attempt to define universal jurisdiction; a general understanding of the theory is essential to distinguish what universality is not, especially with respect to an assessment of conventional law.Both the Council of Europe and the European Union have legislated on the issue of concurrent jurisdiction and the solution of conflicts of jurisdiction. It is irrelevant whether the jurisdictional principle applied is universal jurisdiction or any other principle of jurisdiction: what matters is the fact that there is overlapping jurisdiction. But there is no country that would establish express “criteria” to decide upon competing national jurisdictions.According to the Rome Statute, International Criminal Court jurisdiction is complementary to national ones. The ICC cannot request the transfer of proceedings as long as they are pending in a domestic Court.
Economic and Managerial Approach of Health Insurances
Georgeta DRAGOMIR,Marinela BOBOC
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Oeconomica , 2005,
Abstract: The paper represents an analysis in the domain of the social insurances for health care. It emphasizes the necessity and the opportunity ofcreating in Romania a medical service market based on the competing system. In Romania, the social insurances for health care are at their verybeginning. The development of the domain of the private insurances for health care is prevented even by its legislation, due to the lack of a normativeact that may regulate the management of the private insurances for health care. The establishment of the legislation related to the optional insurancesfor health care might lead to some activity norms for the companies which carry out optional insurances for health care. The change of the legislationis made in order to create normative and financial opportunities for the development of the optional medical insurances. This change, as part of thesocial protection of people, will positively influence the development of the medical insurance system. The extension of the segment of the optionalinsurances into the medical insurance segment increases the health protection budget with the value of the financial sources which do not belong tothe budgetary funds.
Human Rights and American Traditions
Alexandru Boboc-Cojocaru
International Journal of Social Science and Humanity , 2013, DOI: 10.7763/ijssh.2013.v3.226
Abstract: Since the beginning, the United States has recognized and respected the rights of individuals. Besides serving as custodian of a rich historical and political tradition on human rights, the United States has contributed greatly to the crystallization of International human rights legislation through the establishment of the United Nations Organization and the development of the United Nations Charter. From my perspective, the real dilemma faced by the United States has included so far the issue of solving specific problems related to human rights, the way in which human rights considerations combine with other factors of foreign policy and the way of creating a sustainable public consensus in support of their policy on the realm of human rights. In my opinion it is unlikely that these efforts should ever be entirely solved successfully. That’s why, in this paper, I try to analyze the correlation between moral and pragmatic components of the U.S. policy on human rights in the last 40 years.
Contribution of Feminism to the Evolution of Deliberative Democracy Concept
Alexandru Boboc Cojocaru
EIRP Proceedings , 2012,
Abstract: Two types of feminist approaches bring their contribution in the debate on deliberativedemocracy. The first type, which highlights women’s greater capacity to provide care, change and expandesthe deliberation by providing images and models of practice from the experience of women. In this view,women's socialization and role in childrearing, among other causes, makes them especially concerned totransform "I" into "we" and to seek solutions to conflict that accommodate diverse and often suppresseddesires. In our society women are usually brought up to identify their own good with that of others,especially their children and husbands. More than men, women build their identities through relationshipswith friends. Feminist critiques of deliberative democracy have focused on the abstraction, impartiality andrationality of mainstream accounts of deliberation. Feminist writers propose this capacity for broader selfdefinitionas a model for democratic politics.
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2011,
Abstract: The enuntiation principles of the French Revolution of 1789 , equality , liberty and fraternity , have penetrated all the European countries of the nineteenth century, and continue to be the basic principles of all democratic societies even now, more than two centuries after the fall of the Bastille (July 14, 1789), symbol of the old regime , obtuse and dominating the world , with reminiscence of medieval Europe. Declaration of Human Rights and Citizen, developed and edited on 26 of August 1789 , provides in its preamble that "... ignoring, forgetting or disregarding human rights are the only causes of public evils and corruption of governments ...", thus showing that man and his rights were to become the center of the universe.It is necessary to start the analysis of political, cultural and constitutional life of Romania of the nineteenth century from these principles, because only thus will we will understand how the modern Romanian state formed , developed and evolved , first under the scepter of The beloved prince of the Union”, Alexandru Ioan Cuza and then ,during the great reign of King Carol 1st, during which , it was adopted on 1st of July 1866, the first deed with the status and name of the Constitution. Over the years, exactly two hundred years after the French Revolution, Romanians cried their desire to live free in a country where human rights are respected and where access to information and freedom of expression must be met by fundamental Law . Our study comes to show the developments in the Romanian press of the two crucial moments in the historical development of Romania, respectively the first decade after the Constitution was adopted in 1866 and the first decade after December(1989).
Rééquilibrage des temps autour de la retraite
Anca Boboc,Jean-Luc Metzger
Temporalités , 2012,
Abstract: Le passage à la retraite ne se réduit pas à une date séparant hermétiquement deux périodes disjointes de l’existence. D’une part, ce passage présente une certaine durée, s’étendant de part et d’autre de la date formelle de cessation d’activité . D’autre part, le temps de la retraite est aussi l’occasion d’entreprendre des activités qui, nouvelles ou en prolongement, s’inscrivent dans le parcours antérieur des individus. Plus précisément, ce passage particulier est l’occasion de repenser l’organisation des différentes temporalités sociales, d’articuler différemment activités professionnelles — pour ceux qui cumulent emploi et retraite —, associatives, familiales, artistiques, ludiques, etc. Il en résulte une diversité des parcours de retraite, comme permet de l’apprécier la variété des activités qu’entreprennent les retraités. Si cette diversité est le reflet d’une certaine autonomie dans les choix des acteurs, elle dépend également des libertés de choix — capacités — qui leur sont réellement accessibles. Dans ce sens, l’article examine les apports et les limites d’un raisonnement en termes d’ environnement capacitant , pour rendre compte de l’inégale distribution des capacités à s’emparer des opportunités offertes par la retraite.Plus précisément, l’environnement capacitant désignera l’ensemble constitué des cadres temporels dans lesquels les individus construisent leurs parcours de vie avant la retraite. Dans ce sens, on peut identifier trois cadres temporels constitutifs des parcours de vie : l’axe des politiques macro-économiques, celui des politiques d’entreprise (ou sectorielles) et celui des biographies familiales. Chacun de ces trois cadres est lui-même le lieu d’une tension entre temps comptables rigides et temps vécus caractérisés par une plus grande souplesse temporelle. Selon la résultante de ces tensions, les individus vont développer ou non des capacités à repenser leur organisation temporelle, inventer des temps à soi , au moment du passage à la retraite. The switch to retirement cannot be reduced to a date that separates two disjointed periods of existence in a strict way. On one hand, this switch takes place on a certain duration of time, before and after the formal date when activity stops. One the other hand, retirement is the occasion to undertake activities, whether new ones or the prolongation of former ones, that spring from the individuals’anterior path. More precisely, this particular switch is an occasion to think again on the organisation of social temporalities, and to rearticulate activities in a new way :
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