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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 33014 matches for " Cristina Andrea Kamlofski "
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The HLP mutation confers enhanced resistance to leafrust in different wheat genetic backgrounds  [PDF]
Cristina Andrea Kamlofski, Alberto Acevedo
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/as.2010.12008
Abstract: In several plant species, lesionmimic mutants simulate the diseaseresistance response in the absence of pathogens. Interestingly, some of these mutants confer broadspectrum resistance to diverse pathogens. We previously demonstrated that the HLP (hypersensitivelike phenotype) mutant of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) exhibited spontaneous hypersensitive response (HR) in the absence of any pathogen input. However, when HLP plants showing HR phenotype were challenged with leafrust (Puccinia triticina) they were more resistant than plants of the motherline of comparable developmental stage that did not show spontaneous HR, suggesting that the HLP mutation may confer enhanced resistance to the fungus. In this paper we validate the aforementioned finding in several wheat genetic backgrounds. Two way crosses were performed among the HLP mutant and eight wheat commercial stocks, and third backcross progenies with and without spontaneous HR were challenged with leafrust to investigate the response to the fungus. Backcrosses to cv. Sinvalocho M.A., the mother line, and cv. Purplestraw, highly susceptible to leafrust attack, were used as controls. Third backcross progenies of cvs. Sinvalocho M.A., Purplestraw, Buck Guaraní and Pro INTA Imperial bearing spontaneous HR phenotype were more resistant to the fungal pathogen than third backcross progenies that did not carry the HLP mutation. Other four wheat stocks were as healthy as the HLP mutant. As expected, backcross to the motherline demonstrated that the HLP mutation conferred an additional resistance to the already healthy performance displayed by the motherline at adult plant stage. The introgression of the HLP mutation conferred heigh tened leafrust resistance and caused no kernel weight reduction on the backcrossed progenies. Taken together, these data validate the direct use of this type of mutations in diseaseresis tance breeding.
Dentro y fuera de las organizaciones. Principios metodológicos para la investigación empírica inspirados en la teoría de sistemas Innerhalb und ausserhalb von Organisationen. Methodologische Grunds tze einer durch Systemtheorie inspirierten empirischen Forschung Inside Organizations and Out. Methodological Tenets for Empirical Research Inspired by Systems Theory
Cristina Besio,Andrea Pronzini
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: Este trabajo se centra en cómo la investigación organizacional inspirada en la teoría de sistemas de Niklas LUHMANN puede enmarcarse epistemológicamente y dise arse metodológicamente. Se discuten los principales pilares metodológicos, tales como: los análisis estructurales y semánticos, la observación de las contingencias, la explicación de trivialidades, el análisis funcional y el estudio de los mecanismos de acoplamiento. A partir de varios estudios empíricos, demostramos que la teoría de sistemas es un marco muy eficaz para el estudio de las organizaciones modernas, ya que permite una perspectiva de observación poco común que es capaz de cuestionar lo que se suele dar por sentado. Por último, destacamos cómo la gestión puede obtener beneficios de la investigación teórica de sistemas en las organizaciones. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1003165 Dieser Aufsatz stellt die Frage, wie eine durch Niklas LUHMANNs Systemtheorie inspirierte Organisationsforschung epistemologisch und methodologisch gestaltet werden kann. Besprochen werden methodologisch zentrale Aspekte wie die strukturelle und semantische Analyse, die Beobachtung von Kontingenzen, die Erkl rung von "Trivialit ten", die funktionale Methode und die Erforschung von Koppelungsmechanismen. Aufbauend auf einigen schon verfügbaren Studien zeigen wir, dass die Systemtheorie ein sehr wirkungsvoller Rahmen für die Untersuchung moderner Organisationen ist, da sie eine ungew hnliche Beobachtungsperspektive erm glicht, die erlaubt, das infrage zu stellen, was h ufig als nicht erkl rungsbedürftig angesehen wird. Schliesslich versuchen wir zu zeigen, wie das Management von der systemtheoretischen Forschung von Organisationen profitieren kann. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1003165 This paper focuses on how organizational research inspired by Niklas LUHMANN's systems theory can be epistemologically framed and methodologically designed. Central methodological pillars such as structural and semantic analyses, observing contingencies, explaining trivialities, functional analysis and exploring coupling mechanisms are discussed. Drawing from several empirical studies, we demonstrate that systems theory is a highly efficacious framework for the study of modern organizations, as it permits an uncommon observational perspective that is able to question what is often taken for granted. Finally, we highlight how management can profit from systems theoretical research on organizations. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1003165
Feeding specializations in Late Triassic fishes
Cristina Lombardo,Andrea Tintori
Museologia Scientifica e Naturalistica , 2005,
Abstract: The ichthyofauna of the Zorzino Limestone represents an important proof of the richness and variety reached by bony fishes during the Norian and, at the same time, it testifies the beginning of the faunal transition which will be realized during the Jurassic. The thousands of specimens and the extraordinary quality of preservation found in the fossiliferous levels of this unit allowed, in the last years, not only to follow such a crucial moment in the evolution of vertebrates, but also to reconstruct the mode of life and the trophic adaptations reached by the different groups, living in the depositional basins. As evidence of this peculiar evolutionary period, the large predators at the highest trophic levels are still represented by ’primitive’ basal actinopterygians; on the contrary, the most derived neopterygians specialized in durophagy, a trophic niche previously almost unexploited by actinopterygians. Within the main trophic categories, anyway, we can find different morphological specializations, which probably allowed the fishes to exploit most of the available trophic resources.
On the singular loci and the images of proper holomorphic maps from pseudoellipsoids
Cristina Giannotti,Andrea Spiro
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We prove a generalisation of Rudin's theorem on proper holomorphic maps from the unit ball to the case of proper holomorphic maps from pseudoellipsoids.
Steepest descent curves of convex functions on surfaces of constant curvature
Cristina Giannotti,Andrea Spiro
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: Let S be a complete surface of constant curvature K = + 1 or -1, i.e. the sphere S^2 or the Lobachevskij plane L^2, and D a bounded convex subset of S. If S = S^2, assume also diameter (D) < pi/2. It is proved that the length of any steepest descent curve of a quasi-convex function in D is less than or equal to the perimeter of D. This upper bound is actually proved for the class of G-curves, a family of curves that naturally includes all steepest descent curves. In case S = S^2, it is also proved the existence of G-curves, whose length is equal to the perimeter of their convex hull, showing that the above estimate is indeed optimal. The results generalize theorems by Manselli and Pucci on steepest descent curves in the Euclidean plane.
The role of certification in the Brazilian fruit sector
Dorr, Andrea Cristina;Grote, Ulrike;
Revista de Economia Contemporanea , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-98482009000300007
Abstract: certification systems play an important role in any market that is burdened with a high degree of information asymmetry and quality uncertainty. thus, producers and exporters of fresh fruit in developing countries like brazil are increasingly required to demonstrate the safety and traceability of their produce up to the consumption stage. this paper aims at presenting a comparative analysis of the different certification schemes applied to fruit production in brazil. a survey of 303 grape and mango farmers was conducted in 2006 in the juazeiro and petrolina regions of the s?o francisco valley. the results of the certification schemes adopted by grape farmers show that globalgap certified ones have higher productivity. the income of farmers with one certificate is higher than that of those with two certificates. the comparative analysis of small and medium farms concludes that there is no evidence of the marginalization of small farmers.
Diagnostic Accuracy of MRI in Primary Cervical Cancer  [PDF]
Giuliano Rigon, Cristina Vallone, Andrea Starita, Marco Flavio Michele Vismara, Pasquale Ialongo, Lorenza Putignani, Fabrizio Signore
Open Journal of Radiology (OJRad) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojrad.2012.21003
Abstract: Introduction: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies obtained during the initial staging of patients affected by uterine cervical cancer were compared to the final histological report after surgery. Methods: Data were retrieved from published papers. Results: MRI detection of lymph node metastases shows a sensitivity of 49.3% (1209 patients) and a specificity of 87.7% (1182 patients). Parametrial involvement detection has 66.2% sensitivity (1288 patients) and 83.6% specificity (1282 patients). MRI tumor size evaluation shows significant error. Even detection of over 1 cm diameter primary tumor can fail. MRI appears promising in the detection of myometrial and endometrial involvement. Conclusions: Primary uterine cervical cancer evaluation with routine MRI has a limited accuracy especially in the detection of lymph node involvement and parametrial invasion. It is not sensitive enough to replace histology of dissected nodes and parametria. Tumor size estimation is imprecise. Detection of myometrial and endometrial invasion using MRI might be possible. Awareness of MRI limitations is crucial in primary cervical cancer staging.
Anterior Surgery in Multilevel Stenosis of the Lower Cervical Spine: Technical Indications and Personal Experience. 12 Years Follow-Up  [PDF]
Alessandro Landi, Nicola Marotta, Cristina Mancarella, Carlotta Morselli, Roberto Tarantino, Andrea Ruggeri, Roberto Delfini
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.54027

Objective: cervical spondylotic myelopathy is a progressive degenerative cervical spine disease. During later stages of segmental degeneration, kyphosis of the cervical spine can occur and further compromise the spinal cord and nerve roots. Optimal surgical approach remains controversial. The choice to perform an anterior, posterior or combined approach depends on: sagittal alignment, number of involved levels, main compression localization, and clinical status. The anterior approach is recommended when compression involves primarily anterior horn of spinal cord. Methods: between January 2001 and December 2005, 121 patients (42 F, 79 M, mean age 62 years) were operated for cervical spondylosis (98 myelopathy, 23 radiculopathy). Anterior surgical approach was performed in 81 patients. 63 patients were operated performing multilevel discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and 18 patients performing corpectomy and fusion and anterior plating (ACCF). Preoperative documentation collected consisted of cervical X-ray (static-dynamic), cervical spine TC, cervical MRI. Clinical documentation permitted us to obtained clinical status of each patient based on JOA, NDI and VAS. A Clinical and radiological follow-up was performed at 1 month, 3 months, 1 year, 6 years, 12 years. Results: the fusion rate was calculated based on the static and dynamic X-ray

Polanco,Lady Andrea; Vargas-Irwin,Cristina;
Suma Psicológica , 2011,
Abstract: pavlovian fear conditioning is one of the most popular preclinical models in the study of post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd). the aim of the present research was explore the sex differences that characterize ptsd by means of this experimental paradigm, as well as to offer a preliminary description of how these sex differences behave throughout development. forty five native rats, of wistar descent were used as subjects, with 18 males and 27 females approximately balanced by litter across the two experimental groups: adolescents and adults. the results show significant differences in the second measurement of the conditioned stimulus in the interaction between sex and age and to compare the tree measurements of the conditioned stimulus. results are discussed regarding the discrepancies in the literature regarding the effect of the variables evaluated in the acquisition of conditioned fear.
Trabalho de mulheres executivas no Brasil no final do século XX
Bruschini, Cristina;Puppin, Andrea Brand?o;
Cadernos de Pesquisa , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-15742004000100006
Abstract: the article presents some comments on the work of executive women in brazil during the late 20th century. in the first section, based on official statistics (census and household surveys, data from the ministry of labor, ministry of education and others), it presents some general trends of labor insertion of brazilian women in that period, aiming at building the context in which the work of executive women emerged and was consolidated. the second part presents a short analysis of the presence of executive women in top level positions in brazilian corporations of the formal economy, in 2000, based on data from the ministry of labor. the third and last section presents the results of interviews with 10 executive women of different corporations.
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