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Data on Population Dynamics of Three Syntopic Newt Species from Western Romania
Alfred-S. Cicort-Lucaciu,Nicoleta-R. Radu,Cristiana Paina,Severus-D. Covaciu-Marcov
Ecologia Balkanica , 2011,
Abstract: We studied the population dynamics of three syntopic newt species [Mesotriton alpestris (Laurenti, 1768), Lissotriton vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758) and Triturus cristatus (Laurenti, 1768)] in Zarand Mountains (Arad County, Romania). M. alpestris had the shortest aquatic phase, approximately two months, out of which the nuptial display was 2-3 weeks long. L. vulgaris and T. cristatus spent three months in the habitat, having a nuptial display of 2-3 weeks for L. vulgaris, and of 4-5 weeks for T. cristatus. M. alpestris had the highest degree of reproductive synchronization, while this was the lowest at T. cristatus. Males from all three species had a higher affinity for the aquatic habitat than females. The population size was estimated at 769 for L. vulgaris, 588 for T. cristatus, and 294 for M. alpestris. Balanced sex ratio was observed in the peak of breeding activity for all species.
Situational analysis of teaching and learning of medicine and nursing students at Makerere University College of Health Sciences
Kiguli Sarah,Baingana Rhona,Paina Ligia,Mafigiri David
BMC International Health and Human Rights , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-698x-11-s1-s3
Abstract: Background Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) in Uganda is undergoing a major reform to become a more influential force in society. It is important that its medicine and nursing graduates are equipped to best address the priority health needs of the Ugandan population, as outlined in the government’s Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP). The assessment identifies critical gaps in the core competencies of the MakCHS medicine and nursing and ways to overcome them in order to achieve HSSP goals. Methods Documents from the Uganda Ministry of Health were reviewed, and medicine and nursing curricula were analyzed. Nineteen key informant interviews (KII) and seven focus group discussions (FGD) with stakeholders were conducted. The data were manually analyzed for emerging themes and sub-themes. The study team subsequently used the checklists to create matrices summarizing the findings from the KIIs, FGDs, and curricula analysis. Validation of findings was done by triangulating information from the different data collection methods. Results The core competencies that medicine and nursing students are expected to achieve by the end of their education were outlined for both programs. The curricula are in the process of reform towards competency-based education, and on the surface, are well aligned with the strategic needs of the country. But implementation is inadequate, and can be changed: Learning objectives need to be more applicable to achieving competencies. Learning experiences need to be more relevant for competencies and setting in which students will work after graduation (i.e. not just clinical care in a tertiary care facility). Student evaluation needs to be better designed for assessing these competencies. Conclusion MakCHS has made a significant attempt to produce relevant, competent nursing and medicine graduates to meet the community needs. Ways to make them more effective though deliberate efforts to apply a competency-based education are possible.
O ensino da medicina na índia colonial portuguesa: funda??o e primeiras décadas da Escola Médico-cirúrgica de Nova Goa
Bastos, Cristiana;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702004000400002
Abstract: the centennial celebration of the new goa medical-surgical school, held in 1942, glorified the institution's contribution to the consolidation of the portuguese empire in africa. i observe the school from the perspective of the literature on medicine and empire, whose analyzes tend to view it as a tool for exercising biopower. i then question this hypothesis from the perspective of primary sources on the school's first decades, which paint a picture of frailty and administrative disregard that is not very compatible with an imperial project engineered to train physicians and disperse them throughout the colonies. i conclude that the school's creation stemmed from a process where local interests dominated, in a society where the categories "colonizer" and "colonized" were diluted within the complexities of social differentiation. it was with the twentieth-century rewriting of portuguese colonial history that the narrative of imperial glorification appropriated the school.
Maria índia, ou a fronteira da coloniza??o: trabalho, migra??o e política no planalto sul de Angola
Bastos, Cristiana;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832009000100003
Abstract: this article analyses a peculiar and obscure episode in the colonial history of southern angola. in the 1880s, the portuguese government sponsored the settlement in the huíla plateau of a group of impoverished migrants from the island of madeira. this was part of a strategy of guaranteeing territorial control, frontier expansion and definition of borders in the context of the "european scramble for africa". the study of primary sources reveals a great deal of improvisation, fragilities and ambiguities that the colonial history written in the 20th century rapidly erased and replaced for a narrative of pioneering heroism and white entitlement.
Participa??o da sociedade civil na política ambiental do Governo Lula
Losekann, Cristiana;
Ambiente & Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-753X2012000100012
Abstract: this paper analyzes the diversified set of forms of participation of civil society organizations within the environmental policy during the government of luiz inacio lula da silva between 2003 and 2008. it takes into account aspects of effectiveness of participation and the democratization of debates on environment. it is based in qualitative research, with documental sources and interviews. conclusions show the existence of a highly organized civil society that makes use of multiple mechanisms of participation to reach most effectiveness. it suggests, also, that effectiveness as well as democratization are intimately linked to the existence of institutional warrants, without which it is very difficult to oppose to economic interests.
Medicina, império e processos locais em Goa, século xix
Bastos,Cristiana;
Análise Social , 2007,
Abstract: this article aims to expand the scope of ?medicine and empire? studies by introducing data and analysis regarding portuguese colonialism and its medical services. the main focus is given to the role of the medical school of goa, india. twentieth century literature refers to this institution as central to empire-building in africa and asia, suggesting that it may be understood as a ?tool of empire?. nineteenth century sources, however, reveal a fragile institution that had little support of the central administration. further analysis indicates that the portuguese had little saying besides the formalities in which the school was wrapped; most of the action and decision making was taken by native goans, whose early trajectories in africa did not gather consensual support from the portuguese colonial authorities. i argue that the medical school of goa was founded in 1842 not as an act of imperial administration - as the portuguese had difficulties in erasing local medical practices by promoting european medicine - but in spite of it. only towards the twentieth century, when the project of empire-building in africa became central to the portuguese, was the medical school of goa embraced by the central administration and goan physicians appreciated for their work in the colonial health services.
Psicanálise modernista no Brasil: um recorte histórico
Facchinetti, Cristiana;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312003000100006
Abstract: the current article's basic premise is that psychoanalytic discourse is always appropriated by an interpreter thereof who belongs to a historical and cultural tradition. from this perspective, the production of subjectivity in psychoanalytic practice is marked by the analyst's prime tradition. thus the major relevance of investigating the discursive routes by which psychoanalysis entered brazil, identifying its anchoring points in local culture and history. the article thus outlines the urbanization and modernization process in early 20th-century brazil, together with the entry of psychoanalysis in a field of divergent forces. what occurred was a struggle for discursive hegemony between two antagonistic and irreconcilable readings: on the one hand, psychiatric-hygienist discourse with its reformist and universalizing reading of psychoanalysis; on the other, that of the modernist vanguard, with a reading that subverted established codes in the pursuit of singularity. both were constituted in the wake of a quest to forge what was viewed as the desired brazilian. this study covers the modernist psychoanalytic bias, with its unique utilization in the analysis of culture and subjectivities, as well as its role in the construction of new worlds.
First record of the behavior of latex drainage by Trigona spinipes (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in laticiferous flowers
Koschnitzke, Cristiana;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262011005000023
Abstract: this paper describes the behavior of the bee trigona spinipes, to avoid the latex, when piercing the base of the tubular corolla of the flowers of mandevilla guanabarica in order to steal the nectar.
Book Review: Daniel Goleman Intelligenza ecologica Rizzoli, Milano 2009
Cristiana Boscarelli
S&F_scienzaefilosofia.it , 2009,
Abstract:
Understanding the Roots of the US Subprime Crisis and its Subsequent Effects
Cristiana Tudor
The Romanian Economic Journal , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper we provide an overview of the roots, first manifestations and furtherdevelopments of the US subprime crisis and explain the securitization process byemphasizing especially the mortgage securitization process. Some explanations forthe ongoing financial crisis are also offered. We continue with a presentation ofthe US real estate sector and its main indicators.Finnally, we investigate the relationship between home mortgages growth andgross domestic product in the United States using quarterly observations for thetwo variables, covering the 2002-2008 time period. We find that curret GDP isexplained both by its own lagged value and by previous quarter change in homemortgages. A unidirectional Granger causality from home mortgages to the grossdomestic product is also attested. We can therefore report that a significant decreasein borrowing leads to an equally significant decrease in house prices andcauses a future economic slowdown, reflected by a decrease in the gross domesticproduct.
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