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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 66 matches for " Covadonga; Bacigalupe "
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Impacto de la morbilidad en la salud de la población del País Vasco 2002-2007: una visión integral a través de las esperanzas de salud
Martín,Unai; Esnaola,Santiago; Audicana,Covadonga; Bacigalupe,Amaia;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272011000500006
Abstract: background: the estimation of the impact of morbidity on health is essential to health planning. the objective was to estimate this impact using disability free life expectancy, and to analyze whether the hypothetical elimination of various diseases would have led to a compression or expansion of morbidity. methods: cross-sectional study on the population of the basque country. data on mortality (2002-2006), health survey data (2007) and population based data were used. the impact of different groups of diseases on mortality rates, years of life and potential years of life lost (pyll) and disability (absolute number and rates) were calculated. an integrated analysis was also done, using disability free life expectancy (dfle), using the sullivan method. results: the diseases causing the greatest impact on mortality were tumours among men (35,2% and 39,3% of deaths and pyll respectively), and circulatory diseases (34,5% of deaths) and tumours (43,6% of pyll) among women. osteomuscular diseases had a major impact on disability, causing the 26,6% and the 45,2% of the total cases in men and women). circulatory diseases had the highest impact as a whole (4.2 years of dfle in men and 3.8 in women). however, osteomuscular diseases had the highest influence on years of life with disability. conclusions: the diseases which caused the overall greatest impact on mortality and disability were circulatory system related ones, tumors, and osteomuscular diseases. the elimination of this last group of diseases would have led to a morbidity compression, meaning the greatest reduction in life years with disability among all the causes.
Review Essay: Gespr chsforschung: Zur Praxis von Fokusgruppen Review Essay: Focus Group Practices: Studying Conversation Ensayo: Estudiando la conversación
Gonzalo Bacigalupe
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2005,
Abstract: Focus Group Practice besch ftigt sich mit für den Erfolg von Fokusgruppen f rderlichen Interaktionsprozessen und Moderationstechniken. Gestützt auf theoretische und methodologische Ans tze aus der Diskurs- und Konversationsanalyse werden die für Fokusgruppen charakteristischen "Mikropraktiken" untersucht. In sieben Kapiteln werden Empfehlungen für Moderator(inn)en und Forscher(innen) gegeben, die sich für die Methodologie von Fokusgruppen interessieren. Dabei ist das Buch, in dessen Zentrum die Analyse von Gespr chsprozessen steht, nicht als "Rezeptur" für die Gestaltung von Fokusgruppen konzipiert, sondern es handelt sich vielmehr um ein vorsichtiges Herausarbeiten der Choreographie, die für erfolgreiche Gruppeninterviews notwendig ist. Zus tzlich enth lt Focus Group Practice eine Reihe kurzer Beispiele zu Fokusgruppen in der Marktforschung sowie Definitionen zur Konversationsanalyse und von Schlüsselbegriffen der diskursiven Psychologie. Ein – in jedem Kapitel vorhandener – Satz an Grundregeln bezieht sich darauf, was wirkungsvolle Fokusgruppeninteraktionen ausmacht (formaler/informeller Charakter von Interaktion, Partizipation, Meinungen, usw.). Auch werden einige zus tzliche Informationen geboten z.B. zu Transkriptionen in der Konversationsanalyse. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs050293 Focus Group Practice aims at analyzing the interactional process that supports the success of focus groups. The book makes specific observations of what effective focus group moderation can accomplish. Informed by theoretical and methodological approaches taken from conversation and discourse analysis, this work aims at an analysis of the micro-practices that characterize the focus group process. The seven chapters of the book include recommendations for moderators as well as researchers interested in studying focus group methodology as a subject in itself. The book, an analysis of what goes on in the form of conversational processes, is purposely not a "how to" of focus groups, but rather a careful unveiling of the "choreographic" movements that lead to successful group interviews. It includes a series of brief examples of market-research focus groups and pedagogical definitions of conversation analysis and discursive psychology key concepts. A set of principles related to what creates an effective focus group interaction organizes each chapter (interaction, informality, participation, and opinions). Also included are some conversational analysis artifacts like explanations about how transcription is employed in conversational analysis. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs050293 Práctic
Review Essay: Eine Einladung zum intuitiven Verstehen in der Lehre und in der Praxis: Ist Intuition neutral? Review Essay: Inviting Intuitive Understandings in Teaching and Professional Practices: Is Intuition Relationally and Culturally Neutral? Ensayo: Invitación a la comprensión intuitiva en la ense anza y en la práctica profesional: Es la intuición neutral?
Gonzalo Bacigalupe
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2002,
Abstract: Terry ATKINSON und Guy CLAXTON analysieren das Konstrukt der "Intuition" ausgehend von Forschungs- und Lehrerfahrung an der Universit t Bristol in Gro britannien. In vierzehn Kapiteln wird die meist schwer zu fassende Idee der Intuition und ihr Einfluss auf professionelles Handeln untersucht, wobei viele der Autor(inn)en Intuition eher als eine kognitive psychologische Strategie definieren und weniger als relationalen und kulturellen Austausch. Das letzte Kapitel enth lt eine kritische Zusammenfassung und Bewertung von ERAUT, der nicht der Universit t Bristol angeh rt. Das Buch ist weniger eine integrierte theoretische Zusammenschau, sondern eher ein abschlie ender Bericht, der die universit ren Diskussionen und die Forschung der Autor(inn)en versammelt. Das Resultat ist eine inspirierende Darstellung sich überlappender Konzepte, die die Leser(innen) über die Relevanz von Intuition in p dagogischen und professionellen Handlungsfeldern informiert. Allerdings ist das Buch nicht in erster Linie geeignet für Berufst tige, die konkrete Methoden für die Umsetzung intuitiver Praktiken erlernen wollen, oder für Forscher(innen), die für die Analyse der Intuition in verschiedenen kulturellen und/oder institutionellen Kontexten auf der Suche nach anwendbaren theoretischen Konstrukten sind. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0204514 To analyze the construct of intuition, Terry ATKINSON and Guy CLAXTON draw from the research, teaching experiences, and theoretical expertise of faculty at the University of Bristol, UK. The fourteen chapters by the faculty at Bristol explore the often slippery notion of "intuition" and its impact in professional practice, which is generally (and there are exceptions) defined as a cognitive psychological strategy rather than a relational and cultural exchange. The last chapter is a critical summary by ERAUT who assesses the book as an outsider to Bristol. The book reads like a final report of discussions and research by the authors within a university context rather than a cohesive theoretical summary by a sole author. The result is inspiring as a review of overlapping ideas that inform the reader of the relevance of intuition in educational and professional settings within the context of educational reforms during the last decade in several countries. It will not be compelling reading for professionals attempting to learn a set of activities that would aid them in learning how to incorporate "intuitive practices" or for researchers searching for ways of clearly formalizing intuition as a well-defined theoretical construct that can be analyzed in v
Repercusiones de la violencia de género en la salud de las emigrantes
Covadonga Naredo
Circunstancia , 2007,
Abstract: La emigrante en Espa a se encuentra más vulnerable a la violencia de sus parejas o ex parejas por varias razones: su cultura, la falta de permiso de trabajo y de conocimiento de las leyes espa olas. La decisión de una mujer de viajar sola en busca de una vida mejor puede ser el inicio de un proceso de empoderamiento que pierde cuando su pareja se reúne con ella. El tomar la decisión de venir sola no significa que haya cambiado su rol sino que, en la mayoría de los casos, asume el sostenimiento de la familia. Cuando es la mujer la que viaja después de su pareja se encuentra en un estado de dependencia que la hace vulnerable a la violencia. La inmigración en Espa a es compleja y heterogénea con colectivos diferenciados por su procedencia geográfica, cultural, de religión y origen étnico, características que no marcan diferencias en el fenómeno de la violencia de género. Por ello no podemos hablar de consecuencias diferentes de la violencia de género en la salud de las emigrantes, pero sí hay ciertos factores que inciden de manera diferente.
Community Violence as Psychosocial Stressor:The Case of Childhood Asthma in Boston  [PDF]
Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Takeo Fujiwara, Sabrina Selk, Meghan Woo
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2010.11005
Abstract: Childhood asthma is a critical public health problem of urban centers in the United States and other industrialized nations. Population-based and laboratory research studies indicate that psychosocial stress differentially affects asthma expression. Witnessing or experiencing community violence is a psychosocial stressor that results in long-term biological changes that may in turn contribute to asthma morbidity. This is a review of the literature that examines the exposure to violence as a psychosocial stressor that is independently associated with asthma morbidity even after adjustment for income, housing, and other adverse life events. In addition to acting as a physiological trigger for the disease, community violence can also impact health behaviors and exposure to other unknown environmental risk factors. This connection leads the authors to suggest that reducing violence and the amelioration of its impact has implications beyond public health. The City of Boston in Massachusetts serves as the context to contextualize a series of recommendations that may ameliorate and/or prevent asthma incidence and prevalence. The reduction of poverty, unemployment, substandard housing, and high crime/violence rates can have significant health implications for children asthma and a decline on asthma hospitalization.
Reflexiones sobre el debate de la difusión de políticas
Meseguer, Covadonga;Gilardi, Fabrizio;
Política y gobierno , 2008,
Abstract: this paper surveys what is new in the study of the international diffusion of policies. we critically review the most recent contributions on the topic, trying to identify the substantive and methodological novelties in this literature. regarding mechanisms, we argue that whereas there is acknowledgement that they overlap, there is hardly any attention to the way in which they interact (either with other mechanisms of diffusion or with domestic factors). more generally, mechanisms are studied separately and are not integrated into a coherent model of diffusion. regarding empirics, we argue that existing studies have concentrated on policies that seem to have diffused in an explosive way despite the fact that both theory and methods are appropriate to study any type of diffusion. we argue that new empirical work should tackle the difficult issue of how to better operationalize alternative diffusion mechanisms. more attention should also be given to modeling diffusion processes to account for the fact that causal patterns may be highly heterogeneous in time and space. finally, we show that the last wave of studies on diffusion may have had the unintended consequence of opening up new questions. some of these questions are about the mechanisms that initiate vs. accelerate the diffusion of policies and institutions, why policies diffuse in clusters rather than globally, why some policies diffuse faster than others, and why some policies do not diffuse at all.
Biocidas. Eficacia. Criterios para su evaluación y autorización Biocides. Efficacy. Criteria for its assessment and authorization
Covadonga Caballo Diéguez
Revista de Salud Ambiental , 2006,
Abstract: En el artículo 13 del Real Decreto 865/2003, de 4 de julio, por el que se establecen los criterios higiénicos-sanitarios para la prevención y control de la legionelosis se contempla que en las operaciones de mantenimiento higiénico-sanitario se podrán utilizar aquellos desinfectantes que para tal fin haya autorizado la Dirección General de Salud Pública. De acuerdo con la legislación nacional existente, entre los requisitos exigibles para llevar a cabo esta autorización figura el ensayo de eficacia correspondiente, además de las propiedades físico-químicas del producto, datos sobre seguridad (toxicidad, ecotoxicidad) e información sobre incompatibilidad con otros productos químicos empleados en las instalaciones así como con los materiales de las mismas. La Dirección General de Salud Pública, Subdirección General de Sanidad Ambiental y Salud Laboral, estudia y evalúa la información suministrada por el titular del producto. Si procede se incluye en el Registro Oficial de la Dirección General de Salud Pública. La Dirección General de Salud Pública tiene inscritos, a fecha 1 de junio de 2006, 183 productos desinfectantes contra Legionella. Estos desinfectantes, en función de las materias activas, pueden dividirse por su forma de actuación en oxidantes y no oxidantes interaccionando de distinta manera con los factores ligados a la proliferación de Legionella. No obstante, la eficacia de los biocidas oxidantes y no oxidantes dependerá de condiciones tales como: las características propias de la instalación (dimensiones, material, tecnología, antigüedad), nivel de uso y mantenimiento, ubicación, uso de otros productos que puedan interferir con el biocida utilizado (anticorrosivos, antiincrustrantes, etc). Si bien es cierto que los ensayos de eficacia para registrar estos biocidas se basan en pruebas de laboratorio, no se puede poner en duda la eficacia en campo sin tener en cuenta factores tales como los arriba referenciados. Article 13 of Royal Decree 865/2003, 4 July, establishes hygienic-sanitary criteria for prevention and control of Legionellosis, provides for the use of disinfectants duly authorized by Public Health General Directorate, in the course of hygienic-sanitary maintenance operations. In accordance with existing national laws among requirements necessary to effect said authorization are the due efficacy assay product, physic-chemical properties, data on toxicity and ecotoxicity and information on incompatibility with other chemicals used in installations, as well as materials constitutive of the latter. Public Health General Directorate, Genera
Sentimientos antipartidistas en el cono sur: un estudio exploratorio
Covadonga MESEGUER YEBRA
América Latina Hoy , 2009,
Abstract: RESUMEN: Este ensayo tiene como objetivo analizar las actitudes hacia los partidos políticos en tres democracias en pleno proceso de consolidación de sus instituciones. Más concretamente, se trata de averiguar si los partidos políticos en Uruguay, Chile y Argentina gozan o no de aceptación entre la ciudadanía y por ende, de legitimidad para guiar ese proceso de consolidación. Mediante la construcción de un índice de sentimientos hacia los partidos se explora, por un lado, la relación entre estos sentimientos y actitudes más generales hacia el régimen político y, por otro, el posible origen histórico y sociodemográfico de esos sentimientos más o menos entusiastas. Mientras que los partidos son ampliamente aceptados en Uruguay y Argentina, lo son menos en Chile donde además el régimen democrático es más cuestionado y la apatía y desinterés ciudadana más extendida ABSTRACT: This essay analyses the attitudes towards political parties in airee democracies currently facing a process of institutional consolidation. I explore whether political parties in Uruguay, Chile and Argentina have the legitimacy to guide this process by studying their acceptance among the citizenship. I build an índex of sentiments towards political parties and I explore, first, the relationship between these sentiments and more general attitudes towards the political regime and, second, the possible historical and sociodemografic origins of more or less enthusiastic patterns. Parties are highly valued in Uruguay and Argentina and considerably less valued in Chile, where attitudes towards the political regime are also more ambivalent and political apathy more extended.
Metodología de desarrollo de un procedimiento para la resolución de conflictos y acoso psicológico laboral
Bernat Jiménez,Antonia; Caso Pita,Covadonga;
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S0465-546X2010000200003
Abstract: this article is focused on describing the methodology used in the creation of a conflict situation and psychological harassment at work resolution procedure. the described procedure is part of a preventive design line of work intended to constitute an action plan to prevent violence within a healthcare organization. its main feature is the importance given to the co-responsability of every member of the organization in terms of creating and implementing the preventive measures that constitute the preventive program itself.
Metodología de desarrollo de un procedimiento para la resolución de conflictos y acoso psicológico laboral Development of a procedure for the resolution of conflict situations and psychological harassment at work
Antonia Bernat Jiménez,Covadonga Caso Pita
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2010,
Abstract: El artículo se centra en la descripción de la metodología utilizada en la elaboración de un procedimiento de resolución de conflictos y acoso psicológico en el entorno laboral. El procedimiento se encuadra dentro de una línea de trabajo de dise o preventivo, que pretende constituir un programa de actuación para prevenir la violencia interna en una organización sanitaria. La característica fundamental de este desarrollo, es apostar por la corresponsabilidad de todos los miembros de la organización a la hora de elaborar e implementar las herramientas que constituyen el programa preventivo. This article is focused on describing the methodology used in the creation of a conflict situation and psychological harassment at work resolution procedure. The described procedure is part of a preventive design line of work intended to constitute an action plan to prevent violence within a healthcare organization. Its main feature is the importance given to the co-responsability of every member of the organization in terms of creating and implementing the preventive measures that constitute the preventive program itself.
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