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Embed System for Robotic Arm with 3 Degree of Freedom Controller using Computational Vision on Real-Time
Luiz Cortinhas,Patrick Monteiro,Amir Zahlan,Gabriel Vianna,Marcio Moscoso
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: This Paper deals with robotic arm embed controller system, with distributed system based on protocol communication between one server supporting multiple points and mobile applications trough sockets .The proposed system utilizes hand with glove gesture in three-dimensional recognition using fuzzy implementation to set x,y,z coordinates. This approach present all implementation over: two raspberry PI arm based computer running client program, x64 PC running server program, and one robot arm controlled by ATmega328p based board.
Altera??es fundoscópicas e sua associa??o clínica empacientes com tuberculose, no Distrito Federal
Mendes, Gustavo Federici;Toríbio, Rachel Cortinhas;Alvares, Tomaz Aiza;Alvares, Rosicler Rocha Aiza;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492003000300019
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the incidence of eye posterior lesions in patients with tuberculosis in the federal district, brazil, and to identify the risk factors for the appearance of these lesions. methods: in a prospective study, indirect binocular ophthalmoscopy was performed in 292 patients with systemic tuberculosis. these patients were examined in five different regional hospitals of the federal district, between august 1st, 1997 and july 30th, 1998. a multiple analysis was applied to identify associations between the variable "eye posterior lesion" and the variables "sex, age, bacilloscopy, hiv, tuberculosis site, patient hospitalization, duration of symptoms, origin of the patient and previous experience with treatment. results: the results showed a 5,5% incidence of posterior lesions in patients with tuberculosis. a multiple analysis showed that hiv co-infection, patient hospitalization and miliary tuberculosis were risk factors for the presence of eye posterior lesions. when these characteristics were simultaneously present, the probability of a patient to present these lesions was 66%. conclusions: in the evaluation of the incidence of eye posterior lesions in patients with tuberculosis, certain individual characteristics should be taken in to account, since risk factors, such as hiv co-infection, miliary tuberculosis, and hospitalization, influenced the presence of these lesions.
Use of accelerometry to measure physical activity in adults and the elderly
Bento,Teresa; Cortinhas,António; Leit?o,José Carlos; Mota,Maria Paula;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102012005000022
Abstract: objective: to review the use of accelerometry as an objective measure of physical activity in adults and elderly people. methods: a systematic review of studies on the use of accelerometty as an objective measure to assess physical activity in adults were examined in pubmed central, web of knowledge, ebsco and medline databases from march 29 to april 15, 2010. the following keywords were used: "accelerometry," "accelerometer," "physical activity," "pa," "patterns," "levels," "adults," "older adults," and "elderly," either alone or in combination using "and" or "or." the reference lists of the articles retrieved were examined to capture any other potentially relevant article. of 899 studies initially identified, only 18 were fully reviewed, and their outcome measures abstracted and analyzed. results: eleven studies were conducted in north america (united states), five in europe, one in africa (cameroon) and one in australia. very few enrolled older people, and only one study reported the season or time of year when data was collected. the articles selected had different methods, analyses, and results, which prevented comparison between studies. conclusions: there is a need to standardize study methods for data reporting to allow comparisons of results across studies and monitor changes in populations. these data can help design more adequate strategies for monitoring and promotion of physical activity.
Altera es fundoscópicas e sua associa o clínica empacientes com tuberculose, no Distrito Federal
Mendes Gustavo Federici,Toríbio Rachel Cortinhas,Alvares Tomaz Aiza,Alvares Rosicler Rocha Aiza
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2003,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência de les es de fundo de olho em pacientes com tuberculose no Distrito Federal e identificar fatores de risco para o aparecimento dessas les es. MéTODOS: Em estudo prospectivo, foi realizada oftalmoscopia binocular indireta em 292 pacientes com tuberculose sistêmica. Estes pacientes foram avaliados em cinco diferentes Hospitais Regionais do Distrito Federal, entre 1ode agosto de 1997 e 30 de julho de 1998. Análise multivariada foi aplicada para identificar associa es entre a variável "les o de fundo de olho" e as variáveis "sexo, idade, baciloscopia, HIV, localiza o da tuberculose, interna o dos pacientes, tempo de sintomas, procedência e experiência anterior com tratamento". RESULTADOS: Os resultados deste estudo mostraram incidência de 5,5% de les es fundoscópicas em pacientes com tuberculose. Análise multivariada mostrou que a co-infec o pelo HIV, interna o dos pacientes e tuberculose miliar foram fatores de risco para a presen a de les es de fundo de olho. Quando essas características estiveram presentes simultaneamente, a probabilidade de um indivíduo apresentar estas les es foi de 66%. CONCLUS ES: Na avalia o da incidência de les es de fundo de olho em pacientes com tuberculose, devem ser levadas em considera o certas características individuais, visto que fatores de risco como a co-infec o pelo HIV, tuberculose miliar, e interna o, influenciaram na presen a destas les es.
Prediction of bovine milk true protein content by mid-infrared spectroscopy
Botaro, Bruno Garcia;Cortinhas, Cristina Sim?es;Mestieri, Lucinéia;Machado, Paulo Fernando;Santos, Marcos Veiga dos;
Ciência Rural , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782011000800028
Abstract: the aim of this study was to estimate the concentration of milk true protein (tp) by mid-infrared absorbance method (mir) in samples from bulk tank of dairy herds, and to determine the correlation between the results of tp of milk determined by kjeldahl and mir. forty nine dairy herds were selected (17 holstein, 6 jersey and 26 girolando) for monthly collections of samples from bulk tanks during the period of one year (284 samples). fat, lactose, crude protein and total solids were firstly determined by mir, and then analyzed for total and true protein by kjeldahl method. the regression equation to estimate tp contents based on mir crude protein determination was as follows: tp=0.0021+(1.0104xcp), where: tp is the content of true protein, cp is the crude protein content determined by the mir method, and 0.0155 is the model error term.
Milk flow, teat morphology and subclinical mastitis prevalence in Gir cows
Porcionato, Marco Aurélio de Felicio;Soares, Weber Vilas Boas;Reis, Carolina Barbosa Malek dos;Cortinhas, Cristina Sim?es;Mestieri, Lucinéia;Santos, Marcos Veiga dos;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2010001200023
Abstract: the aim of this work was to evaluate the association between milk flow, teat morphological measurements and subclinical mastitis prevalence in gir cows. eighty cows in the 2nd and 3rd lactations, with 90 to 200 days of lactation, were divided according to milk flow during milking into fast or slow groups. teat morphometry was assessed by ultrasound scanning of the right anterior teat and external measurements. milk samples were collected for somatic cells count (scc) and microbiological culture. the effect of milk flow during milking was evaluated by analysis of variance of milk yield, scc, morphometry and external measurements. the association of morphometry and external measurements of the teats with the scc and microorganisms found in milk were analysed. milk flow was significantly correlated to milk production. gir cows with slower milk flow had longer teat canal and greater milk yield, in comparison to cows with fast milk flow. teat-end to floor distance influenced scc of gir cows. prevalence of subclinical mastitis and the type of mastitis-causing pathogens were not affected by milk flow during milking
Effect of the kappa-casein gene polymorphism, breed and seasonality on physicochemical characteristics, composition and stability of bovine milk
Botaro, Bruno Garcia;Lima, Ygor Vinícius Real de;Cortinhas, Cristina Sim?es;Silva, Luís Felipe Prada e;Rennó, Francisco Palma;Santos, Marcos Veiga dos;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982009001200022
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of genetic polymorphism of kappa-casein, breed and seasonality on the physicochemical characteristics, composition and stability of milk in commercial dairy herds. a total of 879 milk and blood samples were collected from 603 holstein and 276 girolando cows, obtained during rainy and dry seasons. milk samples were analyzed to determine the physicochemical characteristics, composition and ethanol stability, while blood samples were subjected to polymerase chain reaction to identify the kappa-casein genotype. the frequencies of genotypes aa, ab and bb of k-casein were respectively, 66.83, 31.84 and 1.33% for holstein, and 71.38, 27.90 and 0.72% for the girolando cows, respectively. the a allele was more frequent than the b allele, both for holstein (0.827 and 0.173) and girolando cows (0.853 and 0.147), respectively. cows of ab and bb genotypes showed a higher milk fat content compared to the aa genotype. there was an interaction between breed and seasonality on the concentration of milk urea with higher values for holstein and girolando cows in the rainy and dry season, respectively. the levels of lactose, total solids, crude protein, true protein, casein and the casein:true protein ratio were higher during the dry season, while during the rainy season, the somatic cell count and milk urea concentration were higher. there was no association between milk stability and k-casein genotypes, but holstein cows showed higher milk stability than girolando cows, and milk was more stable during the rainy season than during the dry season.
Organic and inorganic sources of zinc, copper and selenium in diets for dairy cows: intake, blood metabolic profile, milk yield and composition
Cortinhas, Cristina Sim?es;Freitas Júnior, José Esler de;Naves, Julianne de Rezende;Porcionato, Marco Aurélio de Felicio;Silva, Luís Felipe Prada e;Rennó, Francisco Palma;Santos, Marcos Veiga dos;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982012000600023
Abstract: the present study was carried out with the objective of evaluating the effects of feeding dairy cows with organic or inorganic sources of zinc (zn), copper (cu) and selenium (se) on blood concentrations of these minerals, blood metabolic profiles, nutrient intake and milk yield and composition. nineteen holstein cows were selected and randomly assigned to two groups for receiving organic (n = 9) or inorganic (n = 10) sources of zn, cu and se from 60 days before the expected date of calving to 80 days of lactation. samples of feed, orts and milk were collected for analysis. body condition score (bcs) was determined and blood samples were collected for analysis of zn, cu and se concentrations, as well as for metabolic profile. supplying organic or inorganic sources of zn, cu, and se did not affect dry matter and nutrient intake, blood metabolic profile, milk yield and composition, plasma concentration of these minerals, and bcs or change the bcs in cows from 60 days before the expected date of calving to 80 days of lactation. an effect of time was observed on all feed intake variables, plasma concentrations of zn and se, milk yield, milk protein content, bcs and change in bcs.
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