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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3460 matches for " Corinne Lewis "
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Businesses’ human rights responsibilities
Corinne Lewis
Forced Migration Review , 2012,
Abstract: There is no international human rights law standard that expresslyprohibits businesses’ arbitrary displacement of persons. Businessesdo, however, have the responsibility to avoid infringements of humanrights that could lead to displacement and also to take actions toremedy their human rights violations that might lead to displacement.
Prevalence of maternal smoking and environmental tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy and impact on birth weight: retrospective study using Millennium Cohort
Corinne Ward, Sarah Lewis, Tim Coleman
BMC Public Health , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-7-81
Abstract: Retrospective study using interview data from parents of 18,297 children born in 2000/2001 and living in the UK 9 months afterwards (the Millennium Cohort Survey). Comparison of birth weight, sex and gestational age specific (SGA) z score, birth before 37 weeks and birth weight < 2.5 Kg (LBW) in infants born to women exposed to: i) no tobacco smoke, ii) ETS only and iii) maternal smoking whilst pregnant.13% of UK infants were exposed to ETS and 36% to maternal smoking ante natally. Compared to no ante natal tobacco smoke exposure, domestic ETS lowered infants' adjusted mean birth weights by 36 g (95% CI, 5 g to 67 g) and this effect showed a dose-response relationship. ETS exposure also caused non-significant increases in the adjusted risks of Low Birth Weight (<2.5 Kg) [OR 1.23 (95% CI, 0.96 to 1.58) and premature birth [OR 1.21 (95% CI, 0.96 to 1.51)], whilst the impacts of maternal smoking were greater and statistically significant.UK prevalences of domestic ETS exposure and maternal smoking in pregnancy remain high and ETS exposure lowers infants' birth weights.Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure has a clinically significant, detrimental impact on public health [1,2] and so is an important issue for policy makers and clinicians. Maternal smoking during pregnancy impairs fetal growth [3-6]. and shortens gestation causing premature birth [7] with significant fetal and infant mortality and morbidity. ETS contains lower doses of the same toxins that smokers inhale [1], so maternal ETS exposure during pregnancy should have similar but less severe effects. If ETS exposure has even a small impact on fetal growth in the womb, this could translate into significant morbidity by increasing the numbers of high-morbidity, low birth weight (LBW) infants [8].Studies investigating whether or not maternal ETS exposure during pregnancy affects birth outcomes have reported mixed findings [9,10]. A review [9] found significant heterogeneity between studies, but still present
Developing nursing curriculum to facilitate the delivery of holistic care to the military veteran  [PDF]
Michelle Beckford, Corinne Ellis
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.35054

Daily media coverage tells the story of challenges facing returning members of the United States Military. High rates of suicide, more than twenty per day, horrific traumatic injuries necessitating challenging physical and emotional healing, and lingering post-traumatic stress disorders warranting the most advanced methods of treatment are reported daily. As America recoils from two prolonged oversea wars, the need for prepared healthcare providers is essential not only for the Veterans Administration (VA), but also for civilian based healthcare systems. The bulk of nursing education literature seems to evidence a void regarding this segment of the population. What seems like a prime education focus remains yet to be enacted in most nursing programs. The authors have responded to this challenge, by creating curricula developed to increase nursing student awareness of veterans’ unique needs, and to prepare undergraduate nursing students to provide quality care to veterans. Through the creation of a laboratory simulation scenario, students learned how to holistically view and respond to the needs of a veteran client. Debriefing allowed for reviewing the experience and discussing concerns. Outcomes measured via pre- and post- testing survey reflected the complexity of patient care needs. Students were asked to rate their ability to identify and prioritize appropriate nursing interventions. Anecdotal feedback was positive in that students consistently expressed a need to have additional simulation experiences.

Reduction in the Corrosion Rate of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloy Specimens and Implications for Plain Fully Bioresorbable Coronary Artery Stents: A Review  [PDF]
Gladius Lewis
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2016.44055
Abstract: The most popular treatment/management modality for coronary artery disease, which is one of the leading causes of death, is percutaneous transluminal coronary intervention (popularly known as “plain old balloon angioplasty”) followed by implantation of a stent (“stenting”). Stent types have evolved from bare metal stents through first-generation drug-eluting stents to fully bioresorbable stents (FBRSs). Two examples of FBRSs are 1) Mg scaffold with no coating; and 2) Mg alloy scaffold coated with a bioresorbable polymer in which an anti-proliferative drug is embedded. In the case of Mg/Mg alloy FBRSs, one of the reported clinical results is that the resorption time of the stent is too short (in vivo resorption time (and, hence, improving the clinical efficacy) of the current generation of fully-bioresorbable Mg/Mg-alloy stents as well as guide the development of the next generation of these stents.
Revista de Economía Institucional , 2006,
Abstract: cardoso is among the most famous thinkers on development and dependency theory. he successfully combines sociology, economics and political science to build an interdisciplinary view of latin america?s transformations. this paper analyses cardoso?s ?radical? theoretical evolution between two major books, dependency and development in latin america (1970) and charting a new course: the politics of globalization and social transformation (2001). the positions he occupied when he wrote these two books, academician-political opponent and then politician, could explain his evolution. cardoso claims that new political and economic conditions have taken place and a new theory is thus required in order to ?chart a new course?.
Addressing problems in integrated schools: student teachers\' perceptions regarding viable solutions for learners\' academic problems
Corinne Meier
South African Journal of Education , 2005,
Abstract: No
Structuring an integrated care system: interpreted through the enacted diversity of the actors involved – the case of a French healthcare network
Corinne Grenier
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2011,
Abstract: Research question: We are looking at the process of structuring an integrated care system as an innovative process that swings back and forth between the diversity of the actors involved, local aspirations and national and regional regulations. We believe that innovation is enriched by the variety of the actors involved, but may also be blocked or disrupted by that diversity. Our research aims to add to other research, which, when questioning these integrated systems, analyses how the actors involved deal with diversity without really questioning it. Case study: The empirical basis of the paper is provided by case study analysis. The studied integrated care system is a French healthcare network that brings together healthcare professionals and various organisations in order to improve the way in which interventions are coordinated and formalised, in order to promote better detection and diagnosis procedures and the implementation of a care protocol. We consider this case as instrumental in developing theoretical proposals for structuring an integrated care system in light of the diversity of the actors involved. Results and discussion: We are proposing a model for structuring an integrated care system in light of the enacted diversity of the actors involved. This model is based on three factors: the diversity enacted by the leaders, three stances for considering the contribution made by diversity in the structuring process and the specific leading role played by those in charge of the structuring process. Through this process, they determined how the actors involved in the project were differentiated, and on what basis those actors were involved. By mobilizing enacted diversity, the leaders are seeking to channel the emergence of a network in light of their own representation of that network. This model adds to published research on the structuring of integrated care systems.
A new model of care collaboration for community-dwelling elders: findings and lessons learned from the NORC-health care linkage evaluation
Corinne Kyriacou
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2009,
Bridging theory and practice: design and implementation of the NORC-SSP linkage evaluation
Corinne Kyriacou
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2009,
The Foundations for learning campaign: helping hand or hurdle?
Corinne Meier
South African Journal of Education , 2011,
Abstract: The education system in South Africa has failed to produce competent learners. The effect thereof is intensely felt by higher education institutions. Many of the country's first-year students cannot read, write and comprehend satisfactorily. Public outcry has forced the Department of Basic Education to go back to the drawing-board. One initiative taken by the Department was to launch the Foundations for Learning Campaign, a four-year national literacy and numeracy programme, in 2008. The Campaign entails amongst other things providing teachers with lesson plans and the resources needed for effective teaching and assessment. In view of the immense importance of this initiative for South African education, the aim of this research was to investigate teacher perceptions about the Campaign, and the provisional impact of the Campaign on the literacy levels of the Grade 3s of three urban schools, located in different socio-economic circumstances. A combined quantitative and qualitative approach was used, the former through an analysis of the results of the 2008 and 2009 literacy assessments, and the latter by the incorporation of observation and interviews at participant sites. The findings suggest that the Campaign is a necessary and welcome initiative but that attention should be paid to simplifying particular aspects of the Campaign. The impact of the Campaign, although slight, did indicate an improvement in literacy levels.
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