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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461344 matches for " Constan?a; Manzanera "
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Evaluación de la gestión de los casos de incapacidad temporal por contingencia común de más de 15 días en Catalu?a
Benavides,Fernando G.; Torá,Isabel; Martínez,José Miguel; Jardí,Josefina; Manzanera,Rafael; Alberti,Constana; Delclós,Jordi;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112010000300007
Abstract: objectives: to compare the length of nonwork-related sick leave among cases managed by an insurance company versus those managed by the national institute of social security (niss). methods: we performed a retrospective cohort study of 289,686 cases of sick leave lasting for more than 15 days that began in 2005 after certification by a primary care physician in catalonia, were reported to the catalonian institute of medical evaluations, and were followed to term. of the total, 156,676 cases were managed by the niss. to account for repeat episodes (approximately 25% of the total), the wang-chang estimator was used to calculate the median duration and percentiles; comparisons were made using log-logistic regression with shared gamma frailty models, with calculation of time ratios (tr) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% ci). results: the median duration of sick leave was 43 days for cases managed by the niss and 39 days for those managed by the insurance company. this difference was statistically significant both for men employed under contract (tr=0.87; 95% ci: 0.85-0.88) and for those who were self-employed (tr=0.78; 95% ci: 0.75-0.80) as well as for women under contract (tr=0.85; 95% ci: 0.84-0.87) and self-employed women (tr=0.84; 95% ci: 0.81-0.88). these differences persisted after adjustment was performed for age and health region. conclusions: for sick leave lasting more than 15 days, these results confirm that cases managed by an insurance company ended earlier than for those managed by the niss, both for contract and self-employed workers. further research is needed to explore the reasons for these differences.
Comparación entre Andalucía y Catalu?a de la frecuencia de incapacidad laboral durante la gripe (H1N1) 2009
Torá,Isabel; Delclós,Jordi; Martínez,José Miguel; Tobías,Aurelio; Jardí,Josefina; Alberti,Constana; Manzanera,Rafael; Dios Villar,Juan de; Delgado,Miguel; Benavides,Fernando G.;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272011000100011
Abstract: background: this study compared surveillance of cases of sickness absence due to illness caused by influenza and reported in andalusia and catalonia in the period 2007-2009. methods: a time series of incident cases of sickness absence due to influenza, by sex and age, in which episodes in andalusia and catalonia in a previous epidemic period (from 01/01/2007 through 30/09/2009) were compared to the pandemic period (last three months of 2009). the weekly number of new cases of sickness absence due to influenza was calculated, and the minimum, median and maximum values were plotted for each of these two periods. results: unexpectedly, women had a higher proportion of new cases of sickness absence due to influenza during the pandemic period (52.2% in catalonia and 49.7% in andalusia). during both periods the 25 to 34 year old age group had a higher number of new cases of sickness absence both in catalonia (37.439 in the epidemic period and 15.379 in the pandemic) and andalusia (20.465 epidemic period and 9.630 pandemic period). the arrival of the pandemic was around november (approximately 10.000 cases in catalonia and 5.000 cases in andalusia), resulting in a significant increase of cases in contrast to the median of the epidemic period. conclusions: during the 2009 pandemic, there was an increase in new cases of sickness absence due to influenza, somewhat greater in catalonia than andalusia, with an earlier peak in november, especially among women in these two autonomous communities.
Duración de los episodios de incapacidad temporal por contingencia común según regiones sanitarias en Catalunya
Torá Rocamora,Isabel; Martínez Martínez,José Miguel; Delclos Clanchet,Jordi; Jardí Lliberia,Josefina; Alberti Casas,Constana; Serra Pujadas,Consol; Manzanera López,Rafael; Benavides,Fernando G.;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272010000100007
Abstract: background: this study analyze the duration of episodes of work absence due to non work-related diseases in catalonia by health regions, assuming a homogeneous distribution of durations between health regions. methods: a retrospective cohort study of 811.790 episodes in 2005 and followed to episode closure through july 2007 provided by the institut català d'avaluacions mèdiques, describing their median duration (md) in days for each of the seven health regions of catalonia. the probability of returning to work was plotted according to wang_chang survival curves and median durations were then compared using the barcelona health region as the referent group. results were extended through stratification by sex. results: the camp de tarragona health region had the shortest md (5 days), while the episodes in the alt pirineu i aran region had the longest (md, 13 days). the barcelona health region had a md of 7 days as was the case for catalu?a central. md in girona was 8 days, and in lleida and terres de l'ebre it was 9 days. this latter region also had the highest median duration 13 days. conclusions: the are significant differences in the duration of work absence between the health regions of catalonia. these differences persisted after adjusting for age, management of episodes and social security system status, in both men and women.
Usefulness of PCR-based assays to assess drug efficacy in Chagas disease chemotherapy: value and limitations
Britto, Constana Carvalho;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762009000900018
Abstract: one major goal of research on chagas disease is the development of effective chemotherapy to eliminate the infection from individuals who have not yet developed cardiac and/or digestive disease manifestations. cure evaluation is the more complex aspect of its treatment, often leading to diverse and controversial results. the absence of reliable methods or a diagnostic gold standard to assess etiologic treatment efficacy still constitutes a major challenge. in an effort to develop more sensitive tools, polymerase chain reaction (pcr)-based assays were introduced to detect low amounts of trypanosoma cruzi dna in blood samples from chagasic patients, thus improving the diagnosis and follow-up evaluation after chemotherapy. in this article, i review the main problems concerning drug efficacy and criteria used for cure estimation in treated chagasic patients, and the work conducted by different groups on developing pcr methodologies to monitor treatment outcome of congenital infections as well as recent and late chronic t. cruzi infections.
Notes on the Akathiston at Arbore
Constana Costea
Revue Roumaine d'Histoire de l'Art : Série Beaux-Arts , 2010,
Abstract: The disordered scenes of the Arbore Akathiston have been identified, resorting to parallel versions, in connection with the stanzas they illustrate; remarks on the infrequent arrangement of images lead to certain supposed new meanings of the cycle, revealing characteristics of the Moldavian society’s life towards the middle of the 16th century: prayer and pain.
Improving subject retrieval : user-friendly interfaces and effectiveness
Espelt, Constana
BiD : Textos Universitaris de Biblioteconomia i Documentació , 1998,
Abstract: Considerant l'augment d'ús d'internet, l'article presenta els elements que afecten l'èxit en la recuperació de la informació, el context de les bases de dades, els procediments d'indexació aplicats i les interfícies, remarcant els canvis més significatius en els darrers anys en les bases dades en línia OPAC. Tendències com la varietat d'informació accessible, uniformitat i eines de cerca fàcils d'usar i carència d'informació, són discutits amb la finalitat de millorar la satisfacció de l'usuari en la recuperació per matèries. S'usen diferents camins per tal de proveir als usuaris d'un entorn estructurat del navegador, com els menus de matèria orientats en l'inici de la cerca i els mapes mostrant les relacions entre temes per refinar els resultats de la cerca. Aquests són analitzats en respecte a la seva eficàcia i el seu potencial d'augmentar el coneixement de l'usuari en el context de la cerca.
La posada en marxa del sistema de crèdits europeu com a eina d'avaluació del currículum
Espelt, Constana
BiD : Textos Universitaris de Biblioteconomia i Documentació , 2002,
Abstract: Per tal de situar l experiència de transició al sistema europeu de crèdits a l ensenyament de Documentació de la Universitat de Barcelona, es fa una breu presentació del marc legal dels estudis de l àrea de Biblioteconomia i Documentació a Espanya, es donen els trets generals de l organització d aquests ensenyaments de primer i segon cicle a la Universitat de Barcelona, i es detallen les actuacions d aquesta Universitat relatives al procés de Convergència europea. A continuació, s enumeren els objectius generals del pla pilot de Documentació i es desglossen en objectius específics vinculats a la formació en competències, a l aprenentatge centrat en l alumnat, i als aspectes d organització i materials docents. En el darrer punt es descriuen les actuacions realitzades per tal de proporcionar pautes de treball als professors i recollir dades per a l estimació de les hores d estudi i de treball que comporten les diferents assignatures.
Informe sobre el 21st International Online Information Meeting (Londres, 9-11 de desembre de 1997)
Espelt, Constana
BiD : Textos Universitaris de Biblioteconomia i Documentació , 1998,
Constana ENEA
Management & Marketing , 2009,
Abstract: Environmental adaptation and behavioral integration are two major problemsthe organization of this beginning of century is confronting with.Organizational culture is one of the solutions to solving these problems. Thispaper presents the characteristics of organizational culture and the degree ofinfluence on it by the different levels of managers. The most important part ofthe paper presents how managers can change the culture of organizationsthrough influencing the cultural web of it.
Constana ENEA
Management & Marketing , 2007,
Abstract: The tourism industry is one of the largest industries in the world, and despite recent events that have made its operating environment more complex, the industry continues to grow [Theobald, 2005, Global Tourism, 3rdedn., Butterworth-Heinemann/Elsevier]. Commensurate to the size of the industry is a growth in the number of students pursuing degree courses in tourism around the world. Despite an increasingly sophisticated literature, the relative recency of the industry and its study has meant little attention has been paid in the ethics literature to the dilemmas facing tourism managers and its students. Based on interviews with senior members of the tourism industry six scenarios are developed with pertinence to the challenges faced by industry practitioners today.
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