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La revolución está vencida, pero el gobierno está muerto . Crisis política, discursos periodísticos y demostraciones callejeras en Buenos Aires, 1890
Rojkind, Inés
Anuario de Estudios Americanos , 2012,
Abstract: This paper addresses the crisis of the régimen conservador in 1890, in the context of a failed armed rebellion and the resignation of President Miguel Juárez Celman. It seeks to explain how the expansion and diversification of political participation helped to undermine the legitimacy of the existing order. The paper analyzes a series of street demonstrations that, fed by press articles and parliamentary debates, took place in the city of Buenos Aires along several days. Este trabajo aborda la crisis que atravesó en 1890 el régimen conservador, en el contexto de una fallida rebelión armada y de la renuncia del presidente Miguel Juárez Celman. La intención es explicar el modo en que la ampliación y la diversificación de la participación política contribuyeron a profundizar los cuestionamientos que corroían la legitimidad del orden vigente. Se analizan las demostraciones callejeras que, alimentadas por los discursos de la prensa y por los debates parlamentarios, se sucedieron en la ciudad de Buenos Aires durante varios días.
Assesmenf of T.B Patients, Relation between their knowledge of disease and therapeutic regimers in TB/Controlcenter, Tehran, 1377
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2000,
Abstract: "nThis research is a descriptive- analytic study which has been conducted in"norder to determine the degree of tuberculous patients knowledge of their tubereulosis disease and its relation to therapeutic regimen in Tehran TB control centers."nIn this research , 120 tuberculous patients calling on tuberculosis control centers in Tehran and being under drug therdpyfor about 2-9 months were selected as subjects in this research . sampling has been easy as well as haphazardly data was gathered through a questionnaire. the questionnaire used in this research includes 3 section . After gathering the data, descriptive and deductive statistics used in order to analyse the data more over, chi-square and fisher Exact Test used to study the relation between the knowledge variables and therapeutic regimen in accordance with demographic characteristics and chouporof coefficient used to determine correlation intensity."nResearch results concerning units under investigation showed that the majority on insufficient knowledge of their disease which the minority (%18) had a sufficient knowledge, the majority (%62) had a proper drug therapy while the minority (%1) did not the majority (%72) did not Take a efficient diet while the minority (%2) took a proper diet, the majority (%58) medium personal Health care while the minority (%15) folllowed a good personal health care, and generally the majority (%47) had a medium therapeutic regimen while the minority (%11) did not have sufficient"nRegarding the relation between the degree of knowledge and thrapeutic therapy which was the main objective in this research,the result ofperson,s correlation coefficient (z= 7.88, r-o.62 jshowed a direct correlation in such a manner that the degree of knowledge will increase with quality of therapeutic regimen.
Pharmacist Role in Pharmaceutical Care during Ramadan  [PDF]
Osama H. Mohamed Ibrahim
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2015.612061
Abstract: Introduction: Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic Hijri calendar where Muslims are ex-pected to fast every day from dawn to sunset. The eating behavior changes during Ramadan and the abstinence of food affects the oral drugs administration and other convenience dosage forms. There is a need to highlight and illustrate the role of the pharmacists in medication adjustment challenges that the patients conquer in the Holy month of Ramadan. Objectives: To estimate the awareness of pharmacists’ role in providing pharmaceutical care during Ramadan; moreover, to explore pharmacists’ perspective on the importance of medication regimen adjustment along with the proper counseling required to optimize patients’ health throughout fasting. Method: This is an observational study that was done through dissemination of a cross-sectional survey among 130 pharmacists covering Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, and Northern Emirates regions. The targeted population consisted of practicing community pharmacists and hospital pharmacists across UAE. Results: Among pharmacists participated in the study 115 pharmacists (88.5%) were Muslims and 79 pharmacists (60.8%) were Arabs. 126 pharmacists (97%) reported performing one or more kinds of medication regimen adjustment around Ramadan for at least one patient. Changing the frequency had the highest percentage by the pharmacist compared to other methods of regimen adjustment (39%). Moreover, the results revealed that 46.9% of the pharmacists chose not to change the medication itself. Nineteen percent of Muslim pharmacists initiated the conversation about medication regimen adjustment (P = 0.0448) compared to non-Muslims, while14% of pharmacists were Arabs who showed no statistically significant difference. Conclusion: In conclusion, pharmacists are more qualified to adjust and manage medication regimens than what they are presently performing. Utilization of such skill is required to adjust patients’ medication regimen during fasting the Holy month of Ramadan and to ensure safe transition for fasting patients into and out of Ramadan.
Oral Misoprostol 2 Hourly for Labor Induction  [PDF]
Souzan Kafy
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.86062
Abstract: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of the 2 hourly oral misoprostol for labor induction. Between May and November 2013, the hospital records of 83 women who were induced for labor and met the eligibility criteria were retrospectively reviewed. Eligibility criteria were singleton pregnancy of at least 34 weeks’ gestation and a baseline Bishop score < 6. Women with a previous cesarean section or other uterine surgery, severe pregnancy-induced hypertension, and parity of 4 or more were excluded. Oral misoprostol was administered as 20 μg 2 hourly unless active labor. A maximum of 12 doses was allowed. The age of the women was 27.9 ± 5.3 years (mean ± SD). Vaginal delivery within 24 hours occurred in 38 (45.8%) women. Cesarean delivery occurred in 17 (20.5%) women. Although more parous women achieved vaginal delivery within 24 hours (52.6%) compared with nulliparous women (40.0%), the difference was not significant (P = .35). Uterine tachysystole occurred in 12 (14.5%) women. No perinatal deaths or neonatal intensive care unit admission occurred in the study group. Evidence supporting an optimal regimen is lacking, and additional research is warranted to optimize the use of oral misoprostol for the induction of labor.
O Pensamento Conservador
Antonio Ozaí da Silva
Revista Espa?o Acadêmico , 2010,
Abstract: A palavra conservador indica substantivo e adjetivo. No primeiro caso, conservador, e a deriva o conservadorismo, implicam um conceito, um conteúdo; no segundo, corresponde à qualifica o de atitudes práticas e idéias. Do ponto de vista do uso comum, conservadorismo está ligado à pretens o de manter intacta, de conservar, portanto, de rejeitar o novo e o apelo à mudan a, visto como riscos à ordem instituída. A Ciência Política segue procedimento semelhante identificando o conservadorismo às idéias e atitudes que visam à manuten o do sistema político, contrapondo-se às for as inovadoras.
Randomized Trial Comparing Cyclophosphamide, Methotrexate, and 5-Fluorouracil (CMF) Regimen with Rotational CMFEV Regimen (E=Epirubicin, V=Vincristine) as Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Moderate Risk Operable Breast Carcinoma  [PDF]
Giorgio Cocconi, Corrado Boni, Maurizio Tonato, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Mariantonietta Colozza, Anna M. Mosconi, Giancarlo Bisagni, Ermanno Rondini, Lina Rodinò, Amalia Carpi, Francesco Di Costanzo, Mauro Brugia, Giuseppe Attardo, Luigi Acito, Riccardo Rossetti, Maria Bella, Roberta Camisa, Francesco Cardinale, Beatrice Dozin
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2011.23047
Abstract: Objectives: The CMFEV (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin, vincristine) regimen is an innovative schedule, designed by our Group, aimed at administering five partially or totally no cross-resistant cytotoxic agents in breast carcinoma. It was randomly compared to CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil) as primary treatment in operable disease and demonstrated a short-term significant increase in clinical complete response rate and a long-term significant locoregional relapse-free survival in premenopausal patients. So, it seemed worth comparing this regimen with CMF as adjuvant chemotherapy in moderate risk operable breast carcinoma. Methods: Four hundred and eighty-nine patients with stage I or II moderate risk breast carcinoma were randomized to receive CMF or CMFEV regimen for 6 cycles after surgery. Main end points were overall survival (OS), invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) and recurrence-free interval (RFI), as estimated by Kaplan-Meier analyses and log-rank tests. Results: At a median observation time of 7.3 years (range 5.4 months-10.3 years), no significant differences in OS and IDFS were observed between the two arms. Deaths from breast carcinoma were more frequent with CMF (58.5%) than with CMFEV regimen (41.7%) as well as recurrences from breast carcinoma (58.8% with CMF and 41.2% with CMFEV). These differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: CMFEV appears more effective than CMF in preventing recurrences from primary disease in patients with moderate risk stage I-II breast carcinoma. The lack of statistical significance of the observed differences was probably due to the limited number of patients enrolled which rendered the study underpowdered.
Outcome and Effectiveness of Inpatient Care of Malnourished under Five Children in District Hospitals of Mwanza Region, North Western Tanzania  [PDF]
Sospatro E. Ngallaba, Daniel J. Makerere, Anthony Kapesa, Stella Mongela, Basinda Namanya
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.45036

Background: Malnutrition is a disease affecting commonly children from 0 to 5 years of age. In Tanzania it is still a problem with a prevalence of 36% and 28% mortality. Objective: This study aimed to compare the outcome and effectiveness of therapeutic regimes used by different district hospitals in the management of malnutrition of under five years old children in Mwanza Region. Methods: Patient charts were reviewed collecting social demographic attributes, diagnosis, type of therapeutic regimen given and treatment outcome. Results: The prevalence of malnutrition was found to be 30% with case fatality rate (CFR) of 8.8%, for the health facilities using WHO regime while 29% CFR for those using traditional regimen. The use of recommend malnutrition screening tests was generally poor. Conclusion: Malnutrition is still a public health problem with high mortality rate in Tanzania which is mainly caused by failure to use the WHO regimen. There is a need to use the available screening methods and recommended regimens to avert this.

Manejo del embarazo gemelar cuando muere uno de los fetos Conservative management of twin gestation after death of one fetus
ómar Armando Méndez Gallo
Iatreia , 1992,
Abstract: Se presenta un caso de embarazo gemelar manejado en forma conservadora después de la muerte de uno de los fetos. Con base en él, y en una revisión bibliográfica, se hacen recomendaciones para el seguimiento y el manejo del gemelo sobreviviente y énfasis sobre las posibles complicaciones materno-fetales. We report on the case of a twin gestation that was conservatively managed after the death of one of the fetuses. Based on this experience and on a bibliographic review on the subject, we make recommendations for the follow-up and the care of these situations, with emphasis on maternal and fetal complications.
T. Saeed, R. Ahmad, M. Nawaz1 and T. Iqbal
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2000,
Abstract: Genetical variations in the local population apprise of the need for describing biodisposition and fate of drug in indigenous species and environments. Kanamycin is one of the extensively used antibiotics in veterinary clinics. Its disposition kinetics was investigated in local female buffaloes following intravenous dose of 5 mg/kg body weight. The blood samples collected at different time intervals were analyzed for kanamycin concentration by a microbiological assay. Two compartment model kinetics analysis of plasma kanamycin concentration versus time data revealed its rapid distribution and elimination with half life (t 1/2) 5.42 ± 0.39 hours (Mean ± SE). Total body clearance of Kanamycin in buffaloes was 2.59 ± 0.17 ml/min./kg body weights. To maintain the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 2 μg/ml of plasma, optimal dosage regimen of 11.8 mg/kg body weight for primary and 9.4 mg/kg body weight for maintenance to be repeated after 12 hours interval has been suggested in buffaloes.
Assessment of Digoxin Serum Concentration in Continuous and Interrupted Digoxin Regimens.
Sima Sadray,Soha Namazi,Kheirollah Gholami,Masood Eslami
DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: Since digoxin possesses a narrow therapeutic index and shows a large interpatient pharmacokinetic variability, serum digoxin monitoring is a suitable guideline for optimization of digoxin therapy. However, digoxin concentration monitoring is not always accessible; and as result sometimes in order to prevent digoxin toxicity a drug holiday is performed (the drug is off for 1 or 2 days a week). In this investigation a prospective cohort study was designed to evaluate drug regimen. One hundred and twenty three inpatients receiving digoxin for heart failure or atrial were included in this study. In the group with a drug holiday regimen, 3 samples of serum were taken from each patient. (Preholiday trough, 6-8 hrs after the last dose in steady state, post holiday trough). In other groups 2 samples were collected (trough and 6-8 hrs after the last dose in steady state) and samples were assayed by radioimmunoassay. The results showed that 73.33% of patients receiving 0.125 mg/day had a level less than 0.8 ng/ml (sub therapeutic). While most patients had preholiday concentration within therapeutic range (0.8-2 ng/ml), due to the concentration fluctuation, clinical ineffectiveness of this drug regimen is questionable. In patients with 0.25 mg/day regimen, 62.5% of had therapeutic level and an appropriate clinical response. While a population pharmacokinetic analysis must be designed for a proper decision about the dosage adjustment in patients of this study in future, it seems that 1 tablet/day regimen is preferred.
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