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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9228 matches for " Coll Seck Awa Marie "
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International response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic: planning for success
Piot,Peter; Coll Seck,Awa Marie;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862001001200006
Abstract: more assertive political leadership in the global response to aids in both poor and rich countries culminated in june 2001 at the un general assembly special session on aids. delegates made important commitments there, and endorsed a global strategy framework for shifting the dynamics of the epidemic by simultaneously reducing risk, vulnerability and impact. this points the way to achievable progress in the fight against hiv/aids. evidence of success in tackling the spread of aids comes from diverse programme areas, including work with sex workers and clients, injecting drug users, and young people. it also comes from diverse countries, including india, the russian federation, senegal, thailand, the united republic of tanzania, and zambia. their common feature is the combination of focused approaches with attention to the societywide context within which risk occurs. similarly, building synergies between prevention and care has underpinned success in brazil and holds great potential for sub-saharan africa, where 90% reductions have been achieved in the prices at which antiretroviral drugs are available. success also involves overcoming stigma, which undermines community action and blocks access to services. work against stigma and discrimination has been effectively carried out in both health sector and occupational settings. accompanying attention to the conditions for success against hiv/aids is global consensus on the need for additional resources. the detailed estimate of required aids spending in low- and middle-income countries is us$ 9.2 billion annually, compared to the $ 2 billion currently spent. additional spending should be mobilized by the new global fund to fight aids, tuberculosis and malaria, but needs to be joined by additional government and private efforts within countries, including from debt relief. commitment and capacity to scale up hiv prevention and care have never been stronger. the moment must be seized to prevent a global catastrophe.
International response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic: planning for success
Piot Peter,Coll Seck Awa Marie
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2001,
Abstract: More assertive political leadership in the global response to AIDS in both poor and rich countries culminated in June 2001 at the UN General Assembly Special Session on AIDS. Delegates made important commitments there, and endorsed a global strategy framework for shifting the dynamics of the epidemic by simultaneously reducing risk, vulnerability and impact. This points the way to achievable progress in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Evidence of success in tackling the spread of AIDS comes from diverse programme areas, including work with sex workers and clients, injecting drug users, and young people. It also comes from diverse countries, including India, the Russian Federation, Senegal, Thailand, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zambia. Their common feature is the combination of focused approaches with attention to the societywide context within which risk occurs. Similarly, building synergies between prevention and care has underpinned success in Brazil and holds great potential for sub-Saharan Africa, where 90% reductions have been achieved in the prices at which antiretroviral drugs are available. Success also involves overcoming stigma, which undermines community action and blocks access to services. Work against stigma and discrimination has been effectively carried out in both health sector and occupational settings. Accompanying attention to the conditions for success against HIV/AIDS is global consensus on the need for additional resources. The detailed estimate of required AIDS spending in low- and middle-income countries is US$ 9.2 billion annually, compared to the $ 2 billion currently spent. Additional spending should be mobilized by the new global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, but needs to be joined by additional government and private efforts within countries, including from debt relief. Commitment and capacity to scale up HIV prevention and care have never been stronger. The moment must be seized to prevent a global catastrophe.
A golden age for malaria research and innovation
Coll-Seck Awa
Malaria Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-7-s1-s2
Abstract:
A Cross-Sectional Survey on Non-Communicable Diseases and Risk Factors in the Senegalese Army  [PDF]
Abdoul Aziz Ndiaye, Alioune Badara Tall, Boubacar Gueye, Ibrahima Soce Fall, Sidy Mouhamed Seck, Amady Barro Mbodj, Ndeye Fatou Ngom-Gueye, Awa Gaye, Anta Tal-Dia
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.814151
Abstract: Background: The non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become a public health priority. The objectives of this study were to measure the prevalence and to assess the risk factors of NCDs among the Senegalese military population to initiate an intervention program. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014. Two-level stratification was used to sample participants. Data were collected following the protocol recommended by the World Health Organization. Data were managed using Epi-Info 6 software and analyzed using R software. Results: A total of 1224 participants were recruited, of whom 96.9% were men. Their ages ranged from 25 to 60 years with a mean of 39.7 ± 9.2 years. Of participants, 17.2% were active smokers. Average duration of active smoking was 19.9 ± 9 years. The prevalence of current alcohol consumption was 11.5%, with an average of 4 ± 2.7 glasses a day. 97.17% of participants consumed fewer than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day. 18.63% had insufficient physical activity. The overall prevalence of high blood pressure was 26.9%. The proportion of those who were overweight was 27.2%; 3.3% were obese. 3.0% of participants had diabetes and 44.1% had hypercholesterolemia. After adjusting for waist circumference, the risk of high cholesterol was 2.42 in the 35 - 44 age group and 2.86 in the 45 - 60 age group in comparison with the 25 - 34 age group. 32% were classified as having stage 2 chronic kidney. Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate the importance of risk factors for NCDs in the Senegalese military population. Intervention based on prevention and health promotion is needed.
Contribution to the Analytical Equation Resolution Using Charts for Analysis and Design of Cylindrical and Conical Open Surge Tanks  [PDF]
Aboudou Seck, Musandji Fuamba
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.715101
Abstract: In the event of an instantaneous valve closure, the pressure transmitted to a surge tank induces the mass fluctuations that can cause high amplitude of water-level fluctuation in the surge tank for a reasonable cross-sectional area. The height of the surge tank is then designed using this high water level mark generated by the completely closed penstock valve. Using a conical surge tank with a non-constant cross-sectional area can resolve the problems of space and height. When addressing issues in designing open surge tanks, key parameters are usually calculated by using complex equations, which may become cumbersome when multiple iterations are required. A more effective alternative in obtaining these values is the use of simple charts. Firstly, this paper presents and describes the equations used to design open conical surge tanks. Secondly, it introduces user-friendly charts that can be used in the design of cylindrical and conical open surge tanks. The contribution can be a benefit for practicing engineers in this field. A case study is also presented to illustrate the use of these design charts. The case study’s results show that key parameters obtained via successive approximation method required 26 iterations or complex calculations, whereas these values can be obtained by simple reading of the proposed chart. The use of charts to help surge tanks designing, in the case of preliminary designs, can save time and increase design efficiency, while reducing calculation errors.
Scheduling Aircraft Landings at LSS Airport  [PDF]
Coumba Diallo, Babacar Mbaye Ndiaye, Diaraf Seck
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2012.22027
Abstract: This paper presents a short contribution in air transportation, specifically in scheduling aircraft (plane) landings at Léopol Sédar Senghor (LSS) airport of Dakar. The safety of air navigation of LSS is managed by ASECNA: Agency for Air Navigation Safety in Africa and Madagascar. Scheduling aircraft landing is the problem of deciding a landing time on an appropriate runway for each aircraft in a given set of aircraft such that each aircraft lands within a predetermined time window. The separation criteria between the landing of an aircraft, and the landing of all successive aircraft, are respected. Our objective is to minimize the cost of deviation from the target times. We present a mixed-integer 0 - 1 formulation for the single runway case. Numerical experiments and comparisons based on real datasets of LSS airport are presented.
On the Location of a Free Boundary for American Options  [PDF]
Ronald Katende, Diaraf Seck, Philip Ngare
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2016.65062
Abstract: We study the free boundary problem of the American type of options. We consider a continuous dividend paying put option and provide a much simpler way of approximating the option payoff and value. The essence of this study is to apply geometric techniques to approximate option values in the exercise boundary. This, being done with the nature of the exercise boundary in mind, more accurate results are guaranteed. We define a transformation (map) from a unit square to the free boundary. We then examine the transformation and its properties. We take a linear case for a transformation as well as a nonlinear case which would be more fitting for option values. We consider stochasticity (an Ito process) as we define this transformation and this yields better approximations for option values and payoffs. We also numerically compute optimal option prices by using the same transformation. We finally demonstrate that our transformation performs better than most semi-analytic results.
Community Pharmacists’ Knowledge, Practices and Perceptions on Antibiotic Use and Resistance: A Cross-Sectional, Self-Administered Questionnaire Survey, in Guediawaye and Pikine, Senegal  [PDF]
Oumar Bassoum, Awa Ba-Diallo, Ndèye Marème Sougou, Mamadou Makhtar Mbacke Lèye, Mayassine Diongue, Ndèye Fatou Cissé, Adama Faye, Ibrahima Seck, Djibril Fall, Anta Tal-Dia
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2019.94021
Abstract: Background: Antibiotic resistance is a threat to global health. Community pharmacists are among the most accessible health professionals. Therefore, their role in improving antibiotic use and subsequently in fighting resistance is crucial. The objective of this study was to evaluate community pharmacists’ knowledge, practices and perceptions on antibiotic use and resistance. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in community pharmacies located in the departments of Guediawaye and Pikine, Senegal. The study took place between November 2017 and February 2018. A total of 121 community pharmacies were located. In each of them, we planned to include one pharmacist. A self-administered questionnaire was used. The data were analyzed using Epi Info 7. The analysis was descriptive. Variables were expressed as number (n) and percentage (%). Results: The response rate was 75.2%. The majority mistakenly thought that antibiotics are always effective against sore throat (64.8%), bronchitis (51.6%), paronychia (72.5%) and dental caries (65.9%). Most respondents knew that self-medication (96.7%), poor treatment compliance (94.5%), inappropriate antibiotic dispensing (79.1%), inappropriate antibiotic prescribing (85.7%) were causes of resistance. Further, causes such as poor hand hygiene and lack of immunization were cited by 9.9% and 6.6% of participants. Moreover, 25.2% knew that third-generation cephalosporins, macrolides and quinolones are critically important antibiotics. In addition, 96.7% and 90.2% said to dispense antibiotics without a prescription and to contact prescribers in case of doubt about the reliability of an antibiotic prescription, respectively. The majority was of the opinion that some antibiotic prescriptions were inadequate (29.7%) and that the consumption of antibiotics was high (92.3%). Conclusion: This study showed a lack of knowledge among community pharmacists practicing in Guediawaye and Pikine towards antibiotic use and resistance. Therefore, it is necessary to sensitize them. Further studies should be conducted to better understand the beliefs and behavior of community pharmacists regarding antibiotic use and resistance.
Rural Adolescent Residential Treatment Facilities as Centers of Clinical Support and Excellence  [PDF]
Kenneth M. Coll, Robin Haas
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.32013
Abstract: In rural western states (e.g., Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Utah) that are large geographically and small in population, it is unrealistic to expect to have comprehensive mental health and substance abuse professional support in most rural communities. One viable idea is for mature and distinguished treatment facilities in those geographic areas to expand their delivery system.
Characteristics of Liver Abscess in Department of Infectious Diseases at Fann Teaching University Hospital in Dakar, Senegal  [PDF]
Viviane Marie Pierre Cisse Diallo, Louise Fortes Déguénonvo, No?l Magloire Manga, Daye Ka, Sylvie Audrey Diop, Abdoulaye Seck, Ndèye Aissatou Lakhe, Khardiata Diallo Mbaye, Assane Diouf, Ndèye Méry Dia Badiane, Ndèye Fatou Ngom Guèye, Cheikh Tacko Diop, Masserigne Soumaré, Cheikh Tidiane Ndour, Moussa Seydi
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2018.81004
Abstract: Introduction: Abscesses of the liver are due to an infection of bacterial, parasitic or fungal origin. Through amoebiological imaging and serology, their diagnosis was facilitated. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and evolutionary aspects of these liver abscesses at the Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases in Fann Teaching University Hospital. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective and descriptive study, based on records of patients hospitalized for abscess of the liver over a period of 8 years, from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2015. Results: We collected 20 cases of abscesses including 12 cases of confirmed amoebic abscesses and 5 cases of pyogenic abscesses. The mean age of the patients was 43.15 ± 15.12 years. There were 18 men and 2 women. The average hospital stay was 32 days. The most common clinical signs were abdominal pain (100%), fever (75%), hepatomegaly (80%). A leukocytosis greater than 12,000 Gb/mm3 was found in 13 patients. The amoebic serology was positive in 71% of cases and negative in 29% of cases. No germ was isolated from the blood culture. On hepatic ultrasound the abscess was unique in 90%. Treatment was exclusively medical in 11 patients (55%). The trend was favorable in 85% of cases. Conclusion: The incidence of liver abscesses has significantly decreased. It is important to develop diagnostic tools better in the case of pyogenic abscesses.
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