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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11728 matches for " Claudia; Souto "
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POLYCHAETE ASSEMBLAGES IN SW ATLANTIC: RESULTS OF "SHINKAI MARU" IV, V, X AND XI (1978-1979) CRUISES IN PATAGONIA AND BUENOS AIRES
Bremec,Claudia; Souto,Valeria; Genzano,Gabriel;
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-686X2010000200005
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to study the polychaete composition from a wide area in the argentinean shelf, between 36°s and 55°s, by means of samples collected from soft bottoms with picard dredge, during the "shinkai maru" cruises developed in 1978-79. as the study area comprises both the magellanic and argentinean biogeographic provinces, we analyze if these results show differences in polychaete composition between both provinces. a total of 816 individuals was studied; 29 families, represented by 70 taxa, were identified. the most frequent (36-57% sampling stations) and abundant families were onuphidae, nephtyidae and ampharetidae, mainly represented by kinbergonuphis dorsalis, aglaopha-mus sp. and ampharete kerguelensis, respectively. cluster analysis, simper test and anosim showed two different species assemblages in two well defined areas according to a nearly 60m depth boundary, in correspondence with the classical magellanic and argentinean provinces.
POLYCHAETE ASSEMBLAGES IN SW ATLANTIC: RESULTS OF "SHINKAI MARU" IV, V, X AND XI (1978-1979) CRUISES IN PATAGONIA AND BUENOS AIRES ASOCIACIONES DE POLIQUETOS EN EL ATLáNTICO SW: RESULTADOS DE LAS CAMPA AS "SHINKAI MARU" IV, V, X AND XI (1978-1979) EN PATAGONIA Y BUENOS AIRES
Claudia Bremec,Valeria Souto,Gabriel Genzano
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia , 2010,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study the polychaete composition from a wide area in the Argentinean shelf, between 36°S and 55°S, by means of samples collected from soft bottoms with Picard dredge, during the "Shinkai Maru" cruises developed in 1978-79. As the study area comprises both the Magellanic and Argentinean Biogeographic Provinces, we analyze if these results show differences in polychaete composition between both Provinces. A total of 816 individuals was studied; 29 families, represented by 70 taxa, were identified. The most frequent (36-57% sampling stations) and abundant families were Onuphidae, Nephtyidae and Ampharetidae, mainly represented by Kinbergonuphis dorsalis, Aglaopha-mus sp. and Ampharete kerguelensis, respectively. Cluster Analysis, SIMPER test and ANOSIM showed two different species assemblages in two well defined areas according to a nearly 60m depth boundary, in correspondence with the classical Magellanic and Argentinean Provinces. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar la composición de poliquetos en una amplia zona de la plataforma argentina, entre 36°S y 55°S, a partir de muestras colectadas en fondos blandos con rastra Picard, durante las campa as "Shinkai Maru" desarrolladas en 1978-79. Dado que el área de estudio comprende las provincias Biogeográficas Magallánica y Argentina, se analiza si los resultados muestran diferencias en la composición de poliquetos en ambas Provincias. Se estudió un total de 816 individuos; 29 familias, representadas por 70 taxa, fueron identificadas. Las familias más frecuentes (36-57% estaciones de muestreo) y abundantes fueron Onuphidae, Nephtyidae y Ampharetidae, representadas por Kinbergonuphis dorsaíis, Agíaophamus sp. y Ampharete kergueíensis, respectivamente. El Análisis de Agrupamientos, la prueba SIMPER y el ANOSIM mostraron dos conjuntos de especies en dos áreas bien definidas, de acuerdo con un límite aproximado a los 60m de profundidad, en correspondencia con las clásicas Provincias Magallánica y Argentina.
Aumento no material fibrinoide perivilositário nas placentas de gesta??es com pré-eclampsia
Souza, Diego Agra de;Bezerra, Antonio Fernando de Sousa;Wanderley, David Campos;Souto, Claudia Maria Barbosa;
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-24442011000100010
Abstract: introduction: preeclampsia is responsible for high maternal mortality in brazil and worldwide. its etiology has not been fully elucidated. placental changes in preeclampsia include: infarcts, increase in syncytial knots, villous hypotrophy, thickening of trophoblastic basement membrane and fibrin deposition. objective: to analyze quantitatively images of perivillous fibrinoid material present in placentas from pregnancies with and without preeclampsia. material and methods: a case-control study was carried out at the anatomical pathological service of professor alberto antunes university hospital. it was performed the histomorphometric analysis of 840 images comprising 14 placenta samples from pregnancies with preeclampsia (cases) and 14 placenta samples from pregnancies without preeclampsia (controls). results: in the preeclampsia group the mean area of fibrinoid material was 168.46 pixels and in the group without preeclampsia it was 89.63 pixels. the nuclei total area was smaller in preeclampsia (89.51 pixels) in comparison with the control group (113.34 pixels). conclusion: in placentas from preeclampsia pregnancies the fibrinoid material area is larger (1.8x) compared to normal pregnancies. nuclei and cytoplasm areas were larger in the control group. there was no statistical difference regarding the stromal area. there was also a reduction in villous space in preeclampsia, which is consistent with villous hypotrophy.
Helmintofauna do cólon dorsal de equídeos provenientes do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil
SOUTO MAIOR,MARTA P; DE CARVALHO JUNIOR,GERALDO M; LEITE BARBOSA,CLAUDIA;
Parasitología al día , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-07202000000100011
Abstract: one thousand and five hundred and twenty one nematodes from dorsal colon of four equids naturaly infected from farms in pernambuco state were identified. the total of 1.505 were identified as belongs to cyathostominae subfamily distributed in 19 species: cylicostephanus longibursatus, cylicostephanus goldi, cylicocyclus nassatus, cyathostomum tetracanthum, cylicocyclus insigne, cylicostephanus calicatus, coronocyclus labratus, poteriostomum imparidentatum, cyathostomum pateratum, cylicocyclus leptostomus, cylicocyclus radiatus, coronocyclus coronatus, cylicostephanus bidentatus, cylicocyclus ultrajectinus, cylicostephanus minutus, poteriostomum ratzii, cylicostephanus asymetricus, parapoteriostomum euproctus, cylicodontophorus bicoronatus in decrease order of prevalence. the most prevalent cyathostomes were c. longibursatus, c. goldi, c. nassatus, c. tetracanthum and c. insigne, all with of 100%. five specimens were identified as belongs to strongylinae subfamily distribued in two species: triodontophorus tenuicollis and craterostomum acudicaudatum
Regi?o Centro-Oeste se destaca na apreens?o de medicamentos injetáveis encaminhados ao INCQS/FIOCRUZ
Souto, Claudia Ribeiro;Silva, Sergio Alves da;Magalh?es, Marise Sacramento de;Huf, Gisele;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2010000200017
Abstract: introduction: a study conducted in the national institute of health quality control for the fiscal analysis of injectable drugs identified an excessive percentage of losses (analysis not performed). an attempt to identify factors associated with these losses was performed. methods: the presence of irregularities at the time of the apprehension of the drug (dependent variable) was investigated in relation to the region where the drug came from, the reason for drug apprehension and the drug atc classification (independent variables). results: the north region contributed with only 2.2% of all drugs sent to analysis, 50% of which could not be conducted. only 1.4% of the drugs sent by the middle-west region had problems in the apprehension process. conclusion: an efficient implementation of a quality program in health surveillance in the state of goiás was detected in the analytical phase, allowing the laboratory to complete the inspection cycle.
Helmintofauna do cólon dorsal de equídeos provenientes do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil HELMINTHIC FAUNA OF THE DORSAL COLON OF EQUIDS FROM THE PERNAMBUCO STATE, BRAZIL
MARTA P SOUTO MAIOR,GERALDO M DE CARVALHO JUNIOR,CLAUDIA LEITE BARBOSA
Parasitología al día , 2000,
Abstract: Foram identificados 1.521 nematóides recuperados das amostras correspondentes a 10% do conteúdo do cólon dorsal de seis equídeos naturalmente infectados provenientes do Estado de Pernambuco. Destes, 1.505 foram espécimes adultos da subfamília Cyathostomi-nae que estiveram distribuídos em 19 espécies, Cylicostephanus longibursatus, Cylicoste-phanus goldi, Cylicocyclus nassatus, Cyathostomum tetracanthum, Cylicocyclus insigne, Cylicostephanus calicatus, Corono-cyclus labratus, Poteriostomum imparidenta-tum, Cyathostomum pateratum, Cylicocyclus leptostomus, Cylicocyclus radiatus, Coronocy-clus coronatus, Cylicostephanus bidentatus, Cylicocyclus ultrajectinus, Cylicostephanus minutus, Poteriostomum ratzii, Cylicostepha-nus asymetricus, Parapoteriostomum euproctus, Cylicodontophorus bicoronatus em ordem decrescente de prevalência. As espécies que apresentaram maior prevalência foram C. longibursatus, C. goldi, C. nassatus, C. tetracanthum e C. insigne com 100%. Cinco espécimes pertenceram à subfamília Strongylinae, estes estiveram distribuídos em duas espécies, Triodontophorus tenuicollis e Craterostomum acudicaudatum. One thousand and five hundred and twenty one nematodes from dorsal colon of four equids naturaly infected from farms in Pernambuco State were identified. The total of 1.505 were identified as belongs to Cyathostominae subfamily distributed in 19 species: Cylicostephanus longibursatus, Cylicostephanus goldi, Cylicocyclus nassatus, Cyathostomum tetracanthum, Cylicocyclus insigne, Cylicostephanus calicatus, Coronocyclus labratus, Poteriostomum imparidentatum, Cyathostomum pateratum, Cylicocyclus leptostomus, Cylicocyclus radiatus, Coronocyclus coronatus, Cylicostephanus bidentatus, Cylicocyclus ultrajectinus, Cylicostephanus minutus, Poteriostomum ratzii, Cylicostephanus asymetricus, Parapoteriostomum euproctus, Cylicodontophorus bicoronatus in decrease order of prevalence. The most prevalent cyathostomes were C. longibursatus, C. goldi, C. nassatus, C. tetracanthum and C. insigne, all with of 100%. Five specimens were identified as belongs to Strongylinae subfamily distribued in two species: Triodontophorus tenuicollis and Craterostomum acudicaudatum
Evaluation of the assistance to diabetics and or hypertenses at a Primary Health Care Unit Avalia o da assistência a diabéticos e ou hipertensos em uma unidade de Aten o Primária à Saúde
Claudio Oliveira Souto,Claudia Delfim Silbermann,Gerson Luiz Aita,Luis Ant?nio Benvegnú
Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade , 2010, DOI: 10.5712/rbmfc4(16)232
Abstract: This paper bas the general objective to perform an evaluation of the assistance to hypertenses and/or diabetics at a health care unit of Primary Health Care, taking into account the importance of nontransmissible chronic diseases, being the cardiovascular diseases the first cause of mortality in Brazil - systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus are the main risk factors of the population, which are potentially controllable. A descriptive cross-sectional study was held, with a quantitative approach on a population of 462 hypertensive and diabetic patients, registered al the health unit of Planalto, Santa Rosa (RS); the pieces of information gathered refer to the period from September 2006 to September 2007. We noticed that, in general, structure toward care, as recommended by the Ministry of Health, is adequate. We found 431 hypertensive patients registered at the health unit, corresponding to a coverage rate of 59.6%, and 83 diabetic patients, corresponding to a coverage rate of 64.8%. The highest concentration of the registered individuals is between the age range of 50 to 69 years (56.9%). We confirmed that 87.4% of the registered patients presented one visit or more with the family and community physician (MFC); 75.5% attended on time to the date of return visit; 52.2% adhered to the treatment; 16.7% were smokers; 39.6% led a sedentary life and 49.8% were obese. The increase of the left ventricle was the most frequent complication. Metformin, hydrochlorothiazide and captopril are not being distributed to the registered patients on a regular basis. There is a lot of glibenclamide in stock. The cardiovascular high risk stratification found in this study corresponds to 23.1% by means of the British strategy and 37.3% of the American strategy, bringing to the surface the cost-benefit discussion in the treatment with the use of statins. The cardiovascular high-risk patients showing LDL cholesterol below 100mg/dl correspond to 16.3% by the British school and 12.3% by the American school, rates which are very low when compared to the American studies. We noted that the cholesterol rates are high and obesity is quite prevailing; there must be an assessment as to how the multiprofessional intervention is taking place and the adhesion and availability of statins. Finally, we highlight the importance of constant updating of the registrations at the visits, which facilitated data collection. Este trabalho tem como objetivo geral realizar uma avalia o da assistência a hipertensos e/ou diabéticos em uma unidade de saúde de Aten o Primária à Saúde, lev
Low Genetic Polymorphism at the Cytochrome C Oxidase I in Silkworm Strains of the Brazilian Germplasm Bank  [PDF]
Ver?nica Aureliana Fassina, Thaís Souto Bignotto, Roxelle Ethienne Ferreira Munhoz, Bruno Fulan, Juliana Pereira Bravo, Laura B. Garay, Rafaela Bespalhuk, Claudia Regina das Neves Saez, Naiara Climas Pereira, Graziele Milani Pessini, Maria Aparecida Fernandez
Open Journal of Genetics (OJGen) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2014.43021
Abstract:

Nucleotide sequences have been used to distinguish species and specimens for many years. More recently, the use of a partial sequence of 650 bp of the cytochrome c oxidase I, COI mitochondrial gene, has been proposed for species identification, known as DNA barcodes. In this work, a short sequence of the DNA barcode is described—approximately 250 bp, named as “DNA mini-barcode”—to molecularly identify different silkworm strains maintained at the unique public Germplasm Bank of Bombyx mori, at the Universidade Estadual de Maringá, UEM, Brazil. Analysis revealed no significant differences among the silkworm strains. The phylogenetic tree obtained by the neighbor-joining method and K2P distance, in which specimens of B. mandarina were used as outgroup, clustered all the specimens of B. mori in a unique clade. Genetic variability detect within B. mori was low or nonexistent. In conclusion, the partial region of 250 bp of the mitochondrial gene COI herein analyzed may not be efficient to discriminate silkworm strains from the UEM Germplasm Bank of Bombyx mori.

Resveratrol and Red Wine Function as Antioxidants in the Nervous System without Cellular Proliferative Effects during Experimental Diabetes
Carina Duarte Venturini,Suélen Merlo,André Arigony Souto,Marilda da Cruz Fernandes,Rosane Gomez,Claudia Ramos Rhoden
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity , 2010, DOI: 10.4161/oxim.3.6.14741
Abstract: Chronic hyperglycemia increases oxidative stress status and has been associated with neurological complications in diabetic individuals. This study compared the antioxidant properties of red wine or resveratrol in different brain areas of diabetic and non-diabetic rats, and investigated the effect of them on hippocampal cell proliferation in hippocampal dentate gyrus of diabetic rats. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic and control rats were treated with red wine (4 mL/kg), resveratrol (20 mg/kg) or saline, by oral gavage, for 21 days. Lipid peroxidation (TBARS), catalase and superoxide dismutase were measured to evaluate the oxidative stress and the BrdU-positive cells were assessed to measure changes in cellular proliferation. In diabetic animals, resveratrol showed antioxidant property in the hippocampus and in the striatum, while red wine had an antioxidant effect only in the hippocampus. Neither red wine nor resveratrol reversed the lower hippocampal cell proliferation in diabetic rats. Daily doses of red wine or resveratrol have an antioxidant effect in rats depending on the brain area and the glycemic status.
Análise de frequência hidrológica dos dados de precipita??o pluvial de algumas esta??es agroclimatológicas da regi?o sul do Rio Grande do Sul
Damé, Rita de Cássia Fraga;Teixeira, Claudia Fernanda Almeida;Moreira, Núcia Margot;Souto, Mery Vijagran;
Ciência Rural , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84781996000300001
Abstract: the hydrologic frequence analysis makes possible to know the magnitude ofan eventfor a given ocorrency of frequence. it aiso identify wheather the observed data follow some theoretical distribuition of probability. the objective ofthis study was to adjust the observed data ofannual rainfall, as well maximum and minimum monthly rainfall, in several probability leveis, for the agroclimate stations of pelotas, morro redondo, domingos petroline and rio grande. the series ofannual rainfall data of pelotas, morro redondo, domingos petroline and rio grande station were adjusted adequately to the normal, log-normal, log-normal and gumbel distribuitions of probability, respectively. the series of annual maximum were adequate to the gumbel, log-normal. gumbel and log-normal distribuitions of probability, respectively. the series of annual minimum for rio grande station was not homogeneous by the "run-test".
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