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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10761 matches for " Claudia Unikel Santoncini "
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Conductas alimentarias de riesgo, interiorización del ideal estético de delgadez e índice de masa corporal en estudiantes hidalguenses de preparatoria y licenciatura de una institución privada
Saucedo-Molina, Teresita de Jesús;Unikel Santoncini, Claudia;
Salud mental , 2010,
Abstract: the term <> is immediately related to food consumption. however, eating is a complex behavior mediated by external factors. eating is not exclusively related to satisfying individual's needs or nutritional requirements. eating behavior alteration has originated disordered eating (de) and eating disorders (ed), such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating syndrome, where patterns of food ingestion are altered and people forget the importance of maintaining a balance between caloric ingestion and caloric expenditure, with repercussions in the nutritional status and in the individual's health. recent studies carried out in mexican population have confirmed the presence of de, particularly among adolescents and young adults, and predominantly in females. data from a representative sample of students with a mean age of 14.5 years reported an increase in the proportion of de between the 1997 and the 2003 assessments (1.3% in males and 3.4% in females) compared to the 3.8% in males and 9.6% in females registered in 2003. more recent data from the national nutrition and health survey 2006, in a representative sample of adolescents 10 to 19 years of age, indicated a prevalence of 0.8% (1% in females and 0.4% in males), with higher scores in the north and center-west areas of the country, followed by the central and south-south-east areas, with almost two-fold percentages in the urban settings compared to the rural ones. the multifactorial origin of ed is well known and among the most studied risk factors are: eating behaviors, high body mass index (bmi) and body thin-ideal internalization. research findings indicate that overweight and obese adolescents are at more risk for body dissatisfaction, as their physical appearance is farther away from being as the one promoted by society and the media. the sociocultural pressure to be thin has promoted the internalization of the idea that being thin is synonymous to success, greater social acceptance,
Disordered eating behaviors and binge drinking in female high-school students: the role of impulsivity
René Ocampo Ortega,Ietza Bojorquez Chapela,Claudia Unikel Santoncini
Salud mental , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción En términos generales, se acepta que la comorbilidad psiquiátrica puede incrementar la gravedad, la cronicidad y la resistencia al tratamiento de los trastornos psiquiátricos. En diversos estudios en todo el mundo se ha estimado que la prevalencia de trastornos por consumo de alcohol en mujeres con conductas alimentarias de riesgo (CAR) se sitúa entre el 2.9 y el 48.6%. Es importante se alar que los estudiosanteriores no han considerado el análisis de las variables que podrían explicar la comorbilidad entre las CAR y el consumo de alcohol en los adolescentes, tales como la impulsividad, que es la variable considerada como la más importante para explicar dicha comorbilidad. Por otro lado, la mayor parte de la literatura ha estudiado a población adulta en hospitales psiquiátricos o a sujetos que ya han cumplido con los criterios diagnósticos de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) y de los trastornos por uso de alcohol. Se ha considerado que dichas poblaciones ya han desarrollado trastornos psiquiátricos comórbidos y que la impulsividad puede ser un rasgo inespecífico que agrava la situación psiquiátrica de una persona y que de esa forma sea más probable que acuda a una institución hospitalaria. Por lo tanto, es posible que la participación de la impulsividad en la comorbilidad entre los TCA y el consumo de alcohol no sea similar en la población general, sobre todo en la que no ha desarrollado los trastornos aún. Por lo tanto, consideramos importante aclarar la participación de la impulsividad en la comorbilidad entre las conductas alimentarias de riesgo (CAR) y el consumo excesivo de alcohol (CEA) en la población general y especialmente en aquellos sujetos en riesgo de presentar estos trastornos. Para ello se consideró importante analizar la asociación entre la impulsividad y la coexistencia de las conductas alimentarias de riesgo y el consumo excesivo de alcohol en estudiantes de sexo femenino de entre 15 y 19 a os en escuelas públicas del Estado de México.
Conductas alimentarias de riesgo, interiorización del ideal estético de delgadez e índice de masa corporal en estudiantes hidalguenses de preparatoria y licenciatura de una institución privada
Teresita de Jesús Saucedo-Molina,Claudia Unikel Santoncini
Salud mental , 2010,
Abstract: El término conducta alimentaria se asocia de manera inmediata con el hecho de ingerir alimentos; sin embargo, es una conducta compleja mediada por factores externos a la persona y no exclusivamente porque los individuos quieran satisfacer sus necesidades alimentarias y sus requerimientos nutricios. La alteración de esta conducta ha dado origen a lo que se conoce como trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) tales como la anorexia nervosa, la bulimia nervosa y el trastorno por atracón , en los cuales se ven distorsionados los patrones de la ingestión de alimentos, olvidándose la importancia de mantener un balance entre ingestión y gasto de energía, lo que repercute de manera importante en el estado nutricio y por ende en la salud del individuo. Es bien sabido el origen multifactorial de los TCA, y dentro de los factores de riesgo más estudiados están: las conductas alimentarias, el índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) y las actitudes hacia el cuerpo provenientes de la interiorización de una figura corporal delgada. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue conocer la prevalencia de las conductas alimentarias de riesgo (CAR) y su relación con la interiorización del ideal estético de delgadez y con el IMC, en estudiantes de ambos sexos de nivel preparatoria y licenciatura en una escuela privada de la ciudad de Pachuca, Hidalgo. Un objetivo adicional fue el de proporcionar datos de confiabilidad y validez de las escalas utilizadas en una muestra de hombres, así como datos adicionales de validez en las mujeres...
VALIDEZ DE UN INSTRUMENTO MULTIDIMESIONAL PARA MEDIR FACTORES DE RIESGO ASOCIADOS A TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA EN PúBERES MEXICANOS
Saucedo-Molina,Teresita de Jesús; Unikel-Santoncini,Claudia;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182010000100006
Abstract: objective: to obtain the validity and internal consistency of a questionnaire for the screening of risk factors associated to eating disorders in mexican pubescent males and females. subjects and methods: the questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 504 males and 511 female students in méxico city from 11 to 15 years of age with a median of 12,13. statistical methods included internal consistency analysis (cronbach's alpha) and principal components factor analysis with oblimin rotation. results: both instruments obtained five-factors structure, showed a good total cronbach's alpha score: males 0,75 (55,6 %), and females 0,83 (57,6%) of the total explained variance. males displayed a normal eating behavior factor, while for females a restrictive dieting factor was obtained. conclusions: this questionnaire is a valid measure in pubescent boys and girls for assessing risk factors associated with eating disorders, in particular socio-cultural factors, eating behaviors and pubertal development.
Continuo de conductas alimentarias de riesgo en adolescentes de México
Martínez,Martha Betzaida Altamirano; Lamotte,Barbara Vizmanos; Santoncini,Claudia Unikel;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892011001100001
Abstract: objective: determine the relationship between the variables of self-esteem (se), body dissatisfaction (bd), and body mass index (bmi) in a continuum of risky eating behaviors (reb) that ranges from normal behavior to the risk of eating disorders (ed), thus facilitating early detection of adolescents with ed symptomatology and the degree to which such variables have an influence. methods: a total of 1 982 young women aged 15-19 were selected through stratified random sampling. self-esteem (pope, mchale, and craighead scale), body dissatisfaction (stunkard's figure rating scale), and body mass index were measured. a brief reb questionnaire was administered. three categories of reb were defined: no risk, moderate risk, and high risk. a multiple regression analysis was performed. results: a direct relationship was found between risk of reb and bd, with significant differences between the groups (p < 0.001): no risk (83.6% of sample), 54.1% had bd; moderate risk (11.9% of sample), 84.8% had bd; and high risk (4.5% of sample), 89.9% had bd. there were significant differences in se and bmi only between the group with no risk and each of the risk groups. self-esteem played a role in predicting reb in all the regression models evaluated, whereas bmi did not. conclusions: it is essential to identify adolescents at moderate risk of reb who have prodromic features of ed such as low se and bd. when these features occur simultaneously, they can mediate a negative effect of bmi on reb
Exactitud del autorreporte de peso y talla en mujeres de 15 a 19 a?os del Estado de México
Unikel-Santoncini,Claudia; Ocampo-Ortega,René; Zambrano-Ruiz,Joaquín;
Salud Pública de México , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342009000300009
Abstract: objective:to know the accuracy of weight and height in 15 to 19 years old women in relation to age, marginalization and migratory intensity level of localities and father's academic level. materials and methods: the study was carried out with a probabilistic sample of public high school students at the state of mexico (n=2 357), to whom self-reported weight and height were asked and were directly measured afterwards. data were collected from january to april 2007. results:the results obtained showed that these adolescents overestimate their height not significantly, and significantly underestimate their weight, with similar trends analyzing age, marginalization levels, migratory intensity and father's education status. conclusions:results show the validity of self-reported height but not of self-reported weight among this sample.
Validación de un cuestionario breve para medir conductas alimentarias de riesgo
Unikel-Santoncini,Claudia; Bojórquez-Chapela,Ietza; Carre?o-García,Silvia;
Salud Pública de México , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342004000600005
Abstract: objetive: to assess the validity and reliability of a questionnaire for the screening of risk eating behaviors. material and methods: the questionnaire was applied to female high school students in mexico city in october2002, as well as to a sample of eating disorder patients seen at the eating disorders unit of the national institute of psychiatry between september and december 2002. statistical methods included internal consistency analysis (cronbach's alpha) and factor and principal component analysis with oblique rotation. the cutoff point, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the questionnaire were determined using 2 x 2 tables. results: the questionnaire showed a high reliability (·=0.83) and a three-factor structure with 64.7% of the total explained variance. a discriminant analysis showed that almost 90% of cases were correctly classified. conclusions: this questionnaire is reliable and valid for assessing risk eating behaviors in the study population.
Desarrollo y validación de una escala para medir imagen corporal en mujeres jóvenes
Rodriguez Aguilar, Brenda;van Barneveld, Hans Oudhof;Gonzalez-Arratia, Norma Ivonne;Unikel-Santoncini, Claudia;
Salud mental , 2010,
Abstract: introduction body image is a concept which involves the feelings, attitudes and perceptions people have about their own body, and is influenced by the adoption of social standards. body image studies are used in the field of eating disorders research in order to analyze the degree of body dissatisfaction. however, most of the scales proposed to assess body image have been developed in anglo-saxon and european countries. therefore, research on this topic in other socio-cultural contexts requires the standardization and validation of culturally adapted instruments. the aim of the present study was to determine and discuss the reliability and validity of a mexican scale which measures body image. additionally, comparisons regarding body dissatisfaction, internalization of the aesthetic ideal of thinness, social influence, age and body mass index (bmi) were made between groups of female college students with and without disordered eating. materials and methods the sample of this study comprised 508 female college students from the universidad autónoma del estado de méxico, selected by means of a probabilistic stratification procedure taking into account the proportion of female students enrolled in each academic area of the university. their average age was 20.1 years; their mean weight was 57.2 kg with an average height of 1.58 m, whereas the average bmi was 22.8. based on the theoretical assumptions, three indicators were defined to structure the body image scale: body dissatisfaction, social influence and the internalization of the aesthetic ideal of thinness, measured by a five-point likert-type scale ranging from never (1) to always (5). a pilot study was carried out in a population of 100 college women; as a result, some adjustments were made in the instructions and in the order of the items. additionally, a content validation was conducted through the judgments of four professional experts in the clinical mental health area. the scale contains thirty-three items;
Desarrollo y validación de una escala para medir imagen corporal en mujeres jóvenes
Brenda Rodriguez Aguilar,Hans Oudhof van Barneveld,Norma Ivonne Gonzalez-Arratia,Claudia Unikel-Santoncini
Salud mental , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción La imagen corporal es la representación mental del cuerpo que cada individuo construye en términos de sentimiento y actitudes hacia el propio cuerpo. El propósito de este estudio es: desarrollar, validar y encontrar el grado de confiabilidad de una escala para medir la imagen corporal en dos grupos de mujeres estudiantes de nivel universitario, uno con conductas alimentarias de riesgo (CAR) y otro sin ellas, así como establecer comparaciones respecto a la edad y al índice de masa corporal (IMC).
VALIDEZ DE UN INSTRUMENTO MULTIDIMESIONAL PARA MEDIR FACTORES DE RIESGO ASOCIADOS A TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA EN PúBERES MEXICANOS VALIDITY OF A MULTIDIMENSIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED TO EATING DISORDERS IN MEXICAN PUBESCENTS
Teresita de Jesús Saucedo-Molina,Claudia Unikel-Santoncini
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2010,
Abstract: Objetivo: obtener la validez y consistencia interna de un cuestionario para púberes mexicanos, hombres y mujeres, que evalúe factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Sujetos y método: El cuestionario se aplicó a una muestra no probabilística, de púberes estudiantes de la ciudad de México (504 hombres y 511 mujeres), con edades de 11 a 15 a os de edad, con una media de 12,13. Se realizó un análisis de consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach) y un análisis factorial de componentes principales con rotación oblimin por el método de máxima verosimilitud. Resultados: Ambos instrumentos arrojaron 5 factores, con una buena consistencia interna, alcanzando un valor total de alpha de Cronbach de 0,75 para hombres (55,6% de varianza explicada) y 0,83 para mujeres (57,6% de varianza explicada). Conclusión: El instrumento resultó válido en hombres y mujeres, para medir factores de riesgo asociados a trastornos alimentarios, principalmente socioculturales, conductas alimentarias y desarrollo puberal. Objective: To obtain the validity and internal consistency of a questionnaire for the screening of risk factors associated to eating disorders in Mexican pubescent males and females. Subjects and methods: The questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 504 males and 511 female students in México City from 11 to 15 years of age with a median of 12,13. Statistical methods included internal consistency analysis (Cronbach's alpha) and principal components factor analysis with oblimin rotation. Results: Both instruments obtained five-factors structure, showed a good total Cronbach's alpha score: males 0,75 (55,6 %), and females 0,83 (57,6%) of the total explained variance. Males displayed a normal eating behavior factor, while for females a restrictive dieting factor was obtained. Conclusions: This questionnaire is a valid measure in pubescent boys and girls for assessing risk factors associated with eating disorders, in particular socio-cultural factors, eating behaviors and pubertal development.
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