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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 49687 matches for " Cláudia Renata dos Santos Barros "
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Nível de atividade física de crian?as e adolescentes órf?os por aids
Barros, Cláudia Renata dos Santos;Zucchi, Eliana Miura;Fran?a Junior, Ivan;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2010000300008
Abstract: objective: to estimate the level of physical activity among children and adolescents orphaned by aids according to socio-demographic and orphanhood-related characteristics. methods: a population-based study was carried out with 235 children and adolescents aged 7 to 14 years in the municipality of s?o paulo, sp, in 2007. children were classified as active and inactive. the cut-off point established was 300 minutes of weekly physical activity. all variables were compared between both groups and sexes. results: an overall prevalence of 42% of inactivity was found. active commuting and child's play were the main physical activities for most of the children and adolescents. as for physical activity level, a significant difference was observed between sexes (p < 0.001). boys were more active and played outdoors more than girls. conclusions: there is a high prevalence of physical inactivity among children and adolescents orphaned by aids, especially girls.
Violência contra as mulheres por parceiros íntimos: usos de servi?os de saúde
Schraiber, Lilia Blima;Barros, Cláudia Renata dos Santos;Castilho, Euclides Ayres de;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2010000200006
Abstract: objective: to estimate the association between intimate partner violence (ipv) and use of primary healthcare services in s?o paulo. methods: this is a cross-sectional study based on a convenience sample of healthcare services, and on a consecutive type sample of women users of those healthcare facilities. the final sample of 2,674 women 15 to 49 years was classified according to occurrence and repetition of episodes of any type of lifetime ipv as: "no", "yes with some repetition" and "yes with a lot of repetition". association between ipv, use of health healthcare facilities and diagnoses or health care demands (types and frequency of registration) of women users was tested by polynomial logistic regression analysis, and adjusted for sociodemographic and sexual and reproductive health variables. results: an ipv prevalence of 59% regardless of its repetition was observed. the highest number of visits was associated with repetitive ipv, after adjusting for the effects of potential confounders. even after adjusting for the effects of possible confounders, the diagnostic and / or psycho-emotional complaints of injuries reported more than once in the past year were associated with ipv, increasing its magnitude with the highest repetition of violence. conclusions: better diagnosis of cases of ipv among women users of healthcare services is crucial as is the implementation of actions to prevent violence and to provide health care for the special needs of these women. the adoption of these measures will impact the pattern of use of healthcare services.
Discrimina o positiva para acesso e atendimento em aten o primária à saúde e repercuss es no perfil de clientela: estudo com mulheres de maior vulnerabilidade à exclus o social em S o Paulo.
Marta Campagnoni Andrade,Cláudia Renata dos Santos Barros,Lilia Blima Schraiber
Psicología, Conocimiento y Sociedad , 2010,
Abstract: Estuda-se o impacto no perfil da clientela feminina de servi o de aten o primária à saúde, devido a a es específicas de inclus o assistencial para grupos populacionais de maior vulnerabilidade à exclus o social. Trata-se de moradoras de rua, de favela e profissionais do sexo que possuem dificuldades de acesso e de vincula o à aten o rotineiramente oferecida nos servi os. Investigou-se o Centro de Saúde Escola Barra Funda (CSEBF), pertencente à rede pública do sistema de saúde brasileiro (SUS) e que além do funcionamento usual do SUS, desenvolve política de a o afirmativa para aqueles grupos. Foram estudadas algumas características sociais, demográficas, de saúde sexual e reprodutiva e a prevalência de violência por parceiro íntimo, entre usuárias do CSEBF. Aplicou-se questionário por entrevista face-a-face a 481 mulheres de 15 a 49 anos, sendo 199 usuárias com discrimina o positiva (CDP), das quais 70 profissionais do sexo, 64 moradoras de rua e 65 moradoras de favela, e 292 usuárias sem discrimina o positiva (SDP). Os resultados apontam diferen as significativas entre ambos subconjuntos de usuárias quanto à idade, escolaridade, condi o sócio-econ mica, início da vida sexual, abortamento, gravidez, violência por parceiro íntimo e percep o de violência, mostrando que a política de inclus o permite acolher usuárias com necessidades de saúde diferenciadas que sem a discrimina o positiva restariam invisíveis para o sistema de saúde. Conclui-se que grupos mais vulneráveis à exclus o social requerem políticas protetoras para serem usuários mesmo em sistemas como o SUS, que por lei dá direito a acesso universal à assistência em saúde.
Association of Vitamin D Levels with the Metabolic Profile and Sexual Maturation Stage of Adolescents  [PDF]
Jesselina Francisco Dos Santos Haber, Karina Quesada, Renata Nunes Lopes, Daniela Oliveira Silva, Juliana Medeiros Silva, Sabrina Antonelli Cardoso, Thiago Fernando Luz, Cláudia Rucco Penteado Detregiachi, Sandra Maria Barbalho
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2018.84011
Abstract: The deficiency of Vitamin D (VD) is widely prevalent worldwide in adults, but many studies show that this deficiency also affects adolescents and may be considered a global public health problem. The VD levels are particularly significant in adolescents since it influences several aspects of growth, development, and puberty. During this phase of life, both girls and boys develop reproductive aspects, and secondary sexual characteristics and the adequate nutritional status appear to be the prerequisite for normal pubertal development. Due to the importance of VD in adolescents, the objective of this study was to investigate the association of the levels of this vitamin with glycemic, lipid, and anthropometric profile and sexual maturation stages of adolescents. Anthropometric (weight and height) and biochemical (fasting glycemia, total cholesterol, HDL-c, LDL-c, and triglycerides) data and VD levels were collected in 67 adolescents. 66% of the adolescents showed VD sufficiency, 28% insufficiency, and 6% showed the deficiency. There was a significant difference in VD levels between the stages of sexual maturation for boys and girls. Overweight patients had lower serum VD levels. The correlation analysis indicated a positive correlation between VD and fasting glycemia and HDL-c, but with no significant difference. A negative correlation was observed between VD and cholesterol, LDL-c and triglycerides, but also with no significant difference. Once VD is crucial for bone health, and as it seems it is necessary to the homeostasis of glycemia, lipids, and body weight, we suggest that more studies should be conducted to confirm the precise role of this vitamin in the promotion and maintenance of health in this population.
Aids e tuberculose: a coinfec??o vista pela perspectiva da qualidade de vida dos indivíduos
Neves, Lis Aparecida de Souza;Canini, Sílvia Rita Marin;Reis, Renata Karina;Santos, Cláudia Benedita dos;Gir, Elucir;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342012000300024
Abstract: tuberculosis (tb) and hiv coinfection adversely affects the lives of individuals in both the biological and psychosocial aspects. aiming to describe the quality of life of individuals with hiv/tb coinfection, this descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in ribeir?o preto-sp. participants were hiv-seropositive individuals with and without tb, using the whoqol hiv bref. 115 individuals who were hiv-positive participated: 57 were coinfected and 58 were not; most were male heterosexuals, predominantly aged 40-49 years. of those coinfected, most had lower education and income. in assessing the quality of life the coinfected individuals showed lower results in all areas, with significant differences in the physical, psychological, level of independence and social relations areas. tb and hiv / aids are stigmatized diseases, and overlap of the two may have severe consequences on the physical and psychosocial health of the individual.
Produ??o de biomassa e teores de carbono, hidrogênio, nitrogênio e proteína em microalgas
Ohse, Silvana;Derner, Roberto Bianchini;Ozório, Renata ávila;Braga, Maurício Villela Da Costa;Cunha, Paulo;Lamarca, Cláudia Pavan;Santos, Márcia Estev?o Dos;
Ciência Rural , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782009000600019
Abstract: the increase of co2 emission and other gases greenhouse effect, caused global debates about climatic alterations and stimulated the development of mitigative strategies. researches in this area includes co2 kidnapping through the aquatic microalgae production. for this reason, a study was developed aiming to determine the production of dry biomass, carbon content, hydrogen, nitrogen and rate protein growth of nine marine microalgae species (nannochloropsis oculata, thalassiosira pseudonana, phaeodactylum tricornutum, isochrysis galbana, tetraselmis suecica, tetraselmis chuii, chaetoceros muelleri, thalassiosira fluviatilis and isochrysis sp.) and one freshwater species (chlorella vulgaris) under stationary autotrophy conditions. erlenmeyers flasks with 800ml medium culture were exposed to constant light intensity and air flow, photon flux density of about 150μmol m-2 s-1 and 25±2°c temperature were used in the experiment the delineating experiment was carried out in a randomized block over time with three replicates. the species c. vulgaris and t. suecica are less productive. when the aim is the alimentary supplementation, the species c. vulgaris and t. chuii are considered interesting, since it presents high contents of c, n, h and protein. the species n. oculata, t. pseudonana and c. vulgaris present high contents of c, demonstrating high capacity of carbon setting.
Desempenho mastigatório em adultos relacionado com a desordem temporomandibular e com a oclus?o
Felício, Cláudia Maria de;Melchior, Melissa de Oliveira;Silva, Marco Ant?nio Moreira Rodrigues da;Celeghini, Renata Maria dos Santos;
Pró-Fono Revista de Atualiza??o Científica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-56872007000200003
Abstract: backgrond: temporomandibular disorder and mastication. aim: to compare subjects who present temporomandibular disorders to a control group considering mastication and to analyze the related variables. method: 20 subjects with temporomandibular disorder (tmd group) and 10 controls - selection based on clinical examination and anamnesis - responded to a questionnaire on the self-perception of pain severity and presence of noise in the temporomandibular joints, muscle pain, otologic symptoms, headaches, and jaw opening difficulties. the subjects were also submitted to a clinical examination regarding the number of teeth and functional occlusion - measurements of jaw opening and jaw lateral excursions, occlusal interferences, occlusal contacts of the working and non-working-side, and mastication evaluation. mastication was evaluated in terms of time needed to eat a stuffed cookie, number of chewing strokes and type (unilateral or bilateral). the maximum force needed at first to break the cookie, verified with a ta-xt2 texture analyzer (stable micro systems), was of 4341.8 g. the groups were compared using variance analysis and the correlations between variables were calculated using the pearson product-moment test. results: most of the control subjects presented bilateral pattern of mastication, whereas the tmd group tended to present the unilateral pattern. masticatory type scores and laterality measurements were significantly higher in the control group. the tmd group presented higher means in terms of: age, time of chewing, number of chewing strokes and tmd severity. chewing time and type were positively correlated with tmd severity and negatively correlated with number of occlusal interferences. conclusion: in the tmd group, chewing differed from the normal physiological standard. the number of occlusal interferences and the severity of tmd were variables correlated to chewing.
Curva crítica de dilui??o do nitrogênio para a cultura do mel?o
Foga?a, Marco Aurélio de Freitas;Andriolo, Jer?nimo Luiz;Godoi, Rodrigo dos Santos;Barros, Cláudia Alessandra Peixoto de;Janisch, Djeimi Isabel;Vaz, Marcos André Braz;
Ciência Rural , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782008000200008
Abstract: the research was carried out to adjust the nitrogen critical dilution curve for the muskmelon crop, to be used in fertilization practices for this crop. the experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at universidade federal de santa maria, from august to january, 2005. plantlets of the hybrid magellan was grown in polyethylene bags with 4.5dm3 of the commercial substrate plantmax pxt?, in a plant density of 3.3plants m-2, and fertigated with a complete nutrient solution. plants were vertically trained with one stem and no more than two fruits per plant, and the main stem was cut at 2m height. treatments were n concentrations in the nutrient solution of 8, 11, 14, 17, and 20mmol l-1, in a randomized experimental design with four replications. four plants of each treatment were harvested at weekly intervals between 33 and 99 days after planting to determine dry mass (dm) accumulation and n concentration in leaves, stem and fruits. the n dilution in plant dry mass was confirmed in all treatments and data fitted the potential model %n = ams-b described in the literature. the n dilution curve was adjusted, with values of 5.16 and 0.63 for a and b coefficients, respectively. this model could be used to estimate the n quantity absorbed during growth and development of this crop, based on the analysis of this element on leaf tissues.
Tolerance to salinity of chicory plants grown in hydroponics
Andriolo, Jer?nimo Luiz;Madalóz, José Carlos Cazarotto;Godoi, Rodrigo dos Santos;Janisch, Djeimi Isabel;Barros, Cláudia Alessandra Peixoto de;
Ciência Rural , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782008000400038
Abstract: chicory plants, cv. 'amarelo' and 'p?o de a?úcar', were grown hydroponically under four nacl concentrations in the nutrient solution to determine its tolerance to salinity. sowing was made in rows placed 0.05m apart, on a 0.15m deep sand growing bed placed over fibber cement tiles. after emergence, plants were thinned to a plant density of 1,600plants m-2. a standard nutrient solution was used, with the main composition of, in mmol l-1, 13.5 no3-; 2.5 nh4+; 1.5 h2po4-; 1.5 so4--; 7.5 ca++; 10.0 k+ and 1.5 mg++. the control (t1) was the standard nutrient solution, without addition of nacl. four salinity levels were compared, by adding 0.697 (t2), 1.627 (t3), 2.556 (t4) and 3.485 (t5)g l-1 of nacl. the nutrient solution was delivered to plants four times a day, in a closed system. a completely split plot randomised experimental design was used, with four replications. plants were harvested at 31 days after sowing, by cutting the shoot at 0.02m height. fresh and dry mass of both cultivars decreased linearly by effect of salinity. for similar values of electrical conductivity, the decrease in fresh mass was stronger in plants of the amarelo cultivar. adding nacl to the nutrient solution is a technique that may be used to reduce the water content of chicory plants grown hydroponically.
Crescimento e produtividade do almeir?o em concentra??es de N total contendo NH4+ na solu??o nutritiva
Godoi, Rodrigo dos Santos;Andriolo, Jer?nimo Luiz;Madalóz, José Carlos Cazarotto;Janisch, Djeimi Isabel;Barros, Cláudia Alessandra Peixoto de;
Ciência Rural , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782007000400043
Abstract: chicory plants, cv. amarela and p?o de a?úcar, were hidroponically grown to determine growth and yield under five ammonium and nitrate n concentrations in the nutrient solution. sowing was made in rows placed 0.05m apart, over a 0.15m deep sand growing bed supported by fibber cement tiles. after emergency, plants were thinned to a plant density of 1,600plants m-2. a standard nutrient solution was used, with the composition of, in mmol l-1, 11.0 de no3-; 1.5 h2po4-; 6.5 so4-2; 7.5 ca+2; 10.0 k+ and 1.5 mg+2, and, in mg l-1, 0.42 mn; 0.26 zn; 0.05 cu; 0.50 b; 0.04 mo, and 4.82 chelated fe. treatments were total n concentrations of 11.0; 16.0; 21.0; 26.0 and 31.0mmol l-1 in the nutrient solution, containing nh4+ concentrations of zero; 2.5; 5.0; 7.5 and 10.0mmol l-1, respectively. the nutrient solution was delivered to plants four times a day. a completely randomised split plot experimental design was used, with four replications. plants were harvested at 35; 59; 76 and 97 days after sowing, by cutting the shoot at 0.02m height, and fresh and dry mass was determined. maximum yield was reached using the nutrient solution with 16mmol l-1 of total n, containing 2.5mmol l-1 of nh4+.
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