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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3908 matches for " Chunlei Qu "
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1D topological chains with Majorana fermions in 2D non-topological optical lattices
Lei Jiang,Chunlei Qu,Chuanwei Zhang
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The recent experimental realization of 1D equal Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling (ERD-SOC) for cold atoms provide a disorder-free platform for the implementation and observation of Majorana fermions (MFs), similar to the well studied solid state nanowire/superconductor heterostructures. However, the corresponding 1D chains of cold atoms possess strong quantum fluctuation, which may destroy the superfluids and MFs. In this Letter, we show that such 1D topological chains with MFs may be on demand generated in a 2D non-topological optical lattice with 1D ERD-SOC by modifying local potentials on target locations using experimentally already implemented atomic gas microscopes or patterned (e.g., double or triple well) optical lattices. All ingredients in our scheme have been experimentally realized and the combination of them may pave the way for the experimental observation of MFs in a clean system.
Quantum phases of Bose-Einstein condensates with synthetic spin - orbital-angular-momentum coupling
Chunlei Qu,Kuei Sun,Chuanwei Zhang
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.91.053630
Abstract: The experimental realization of emergent spin-orbit coupling through laser-induced Raman transitions in ultracold atoms paves the way for exploring novel superfluid physics and simulating exotic many-body phenomena. A recent proposal with the use of Laguerre-Gaussian lasers enables another fundamental type of coupling between spin and orbital angular momentum (SOAM) in ultracold atoms. We hereby study quantum phases of a realistic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with this synthetic SOAM coupling in a disk-shaped geometry, respecting radial inhomogeneity of the Raman coupling. We find that the experimental system naturally resides in a strongly interacting regime in which the phase diagram significantly deviates from the single-particle picture. The interplay between SOAM coupling and interaction leads to rich structures in spin-resolved position and momentum distributions, including a stripe phase and various types of immiscible states. Our results would provide a guide for an experimental investigation of SOAM-coupled BECs.
Spin - orbital-angular-momentum coupling in Bose-Einstein condensates
Kuei Sun,Chunlei Qu,Chuanwei Zhang
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.91.063627
Abstract: Spin-orbit coupling (SOC) plays a crucial role in many branches of physics. In this context, the recent experimental realization of the coupling between spin and linear momentum of ultracold atoms opens a completely new avenue for exploring new spin-related superfluid physics. Here we propose that another important and fundamental SOC, the coupling between spin and orbital angular momentum (SOAM), can be implemented for ultracold atoms using higher-order Laguerre-Gaussian laser beams to induce Raman coupling between two hyperfine spin states of atoms. We study the ground-state phase diagrams of SOAM-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates on a ring trap and explore their applications in gravitational force detection. Our results may provide the basis for further investigation of intriguing superfluid physics induced by SOAM coupling, such as collective excitations.
FFLO or Majorana superfluids: The fate of fermionic cold atoms in spin-orbit coupled optical lattices
Chunlei Qu,Ming Gong,Chuanwei Zhang
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.89.053618
Abstract: The recent experimental realization of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) for ultra-cold atoms opens a completely new avenue for exploring new quantum matter. In experiments, the SOC is implemented simultaneously with a Zeeman field. Such spin-orbit coupled Fermi gases are predicted to support Majorana fermions with non-Abelian exchange statistics in one dimension (1D). However, as shown in recent theory and experiments for 1D spin-imbalanced Fermi gases, the Zeeman field can lead to the long-sought Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) superfluids with non-zero momentum Cooper pairings, in contrast to the zero momentum pairing in Majorana superfluids. Therefore a natural question to ask is which phase, FFLO or Majorana superfluids, will survive in spin-orbit coupled Fermi gases in the presence of a large Zeeman field. In this paper, we address this question by studying the mean field quantum phases of 1D (quasi-1D) spin-orbit coupled fermionic cold atom optical lattices.
Signature of Majorana Fermions in Charge Transport in Semiconductor Nanowires
Chunlei Qu,Yongping Zhang,Li Mao,Chuanwei Zhang
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: We investigate the charge transport in a semiconductor nanowire that is subject to a perpendicular magnetic field and in partial contact with an \textit{s}-wave superconductor. We find that Majorana fermions, existing at the interface between superconducting and normal sections of the nanowire within certain parameter region, can induce resonant Andreev reflection of electrons at the interface, which yields a zero energy peak in the electrical conductance of the nanowire. The width of the zero energy conductance peak for different experimental parameters is characterized. While the zero energy peak provides a signature for Majorana fermions in one dimensional nanowires, it disappears in a two-dimensional semiconductor thin film with the same experimental setup because of the existence of other edge states in two dimensions. The proposed charge transport experiment may provide a simple and experimentally feasible method for the detection of Majorana fermions in semiconductor nanowires.
Majorana fermions in quasi-1D and higher dimensional ultracold fermionic optical lattices
Chunlei Qu,Ming Gong,Yong Xu,Sumanta Tewari,Chuanwei Zhang
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.92.023621
Abstract: We show that Majorana fermions (MFs) exist in two- and three-dimensional (2D,3D) fermionic optical lattices with strictly 1D spin-orbit coupling (SOC) which has already been realized in ex- periments. For a quasi-1D topological BCS superfluid, there are multiple MFs at each end which are topologically protected by a chiral symmetry. In the generalization to higher dimensions, the multiple MFs form a zero energy flat band. An additional experimentally tunable in-plane Zeeman field drives the system to a topological Fulde-Ferrell (FF) superfluid phase. We find that even though the multiple MFs are robust against the in-plane Zeeman field if the order parameters at the different chains are enforced to be identical, they are destroyed in the self-consistently obtained FF phase where the order parameters are inhomogeneous on the boundaries. Our results are useful to guide the experimentalists on searching for MFs in the context of ultracold fermionic atoms.
Competing superfluid orders in spin-orbit coupled fermionic cold atom optical lattices
Yong Xu,Chunlei Qu,Ming Gong,Chuanwei Zhang
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.89.013607
Abstract: The Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) phase, a superconducting state with non-zero total momentum Cooper pairs in a large magnetic field, was first predicted about 50 years ago, and since then became an important concept in many branches of physics. Despite intensive search in various materials, unambiguous experimental evidence for the FFLO phase is still lacking in experiments. In this paper, we show that both FF (uniform order parameter with plane-wave phase) and LO phase (spatially varying order parameter amplitude) can be observed using fermionic cold atoms in spin-orbit coupled optical lattices. The increasing spin-orbit coupling enhances the FF phase over the LO phase. The coexistence of superfluid and magnetic orders is also found in the normal BCS phase. The pairing mechanism for different phases is understood by visualizing superfluid pairing densities in different spin-orbit bands. The possibility of observing similar physics using spin-orbit coupled superconducting ultra-thin films is also discussed.
Fulde-Ferrell superfluids without spin-imbalance in three-dimensional driven spinful fermionic optical lattices
Zhen Zheng,Chunlei Qu,Xubo Zou,Chuanwei Zhang
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Spin-imbalanced ultra-cold Fermi gases have been widely studied recently as a platform for exploring the long-sought Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) superfluid phases, but so far conclusive evidence has not been found. Here we propose to realize an FF superfluid without spin imbalance in a three-dimensional (3D) fermionic cold atom optical lattice, where s- and p-orbital bands of the lattice are coupled by another weak moving optical lattice. Such coupling leads to a spin-independent asymmetric Fermi surface, which, together with the s-wave scattering interaction between two spins, yields an FF type of superfluid pairing. Unlike traditional schemes, our proposal does not rely on the spin imbalance (or an equivalent Zeeman field) to induce the Fermi surface mismatch and may provide a completely new route for realizing FF superfluids.
Observation of Zitterbewegung in a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate
Chunlei Qu,Chris Hamner,Ming Gong,Chuanwei Zhang,Peter Engels
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.88.021604
Abstract: Spin-orbit coupled ultra-cold atoms provide an intriguing new avenue for the study of rich spin dynamics in superfluids. In this Letter, we observe Zitterbewegung, the simultaneous velocity (thus position) and spin oscillations, of neutral atoms between two spin-orbit coupled bands in a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) through sudden quantum quenches of the Hamiltonian. The observed Zitterbewegung oscillations are perfect on a short time scale but gradually damp out on a long time scale, followed by sudden and strong heating of the BEC. As an application, we also demonstrate how Zitterbewegung oscillations can be exploited to populate the upper spin-orbit band, and observe a subsequent dipole motion. Our experimental results are corroborated by a theoretical and numerical analysis and showcase the great flexibility that ultra-cold atoms provide for investigating rich spin dynamics in superfluids.
Floquet FFLO superfluids and Majorana fermions in a shaken fermionic optical lattice
Zhen Zheng,Chunlei Qu,Xubo Zou,Chuanwei Zhang
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.91.063626
Abstract: Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) superfluids, Cooper pairings with finite momentum, and Majorana fermions (MFs), quasiparticles with non-Abelian exchange statistics, are two topics under intensive investigation in the past several decades, but unambiguous experimental evidences for them have not been found yet in any physical system. Here we show that the recent experimentally realized cold atom shaken optical lattice provides a new pathway to realize FFLO superfluids and MFs. By tuning shaken lattice parameters (shaking frequency and amplitude), various coupling between the s- and p-orbitals of the lattice (denoted as the pseudo-spins) can be generated. We show that the combination of the inverted s- and p-band dispersions, the engineered pseudo-spin coupling, and the attractive on-site atom interaction, naturally allows the observation of FFLO superfluids as well as MFs in different parameter regions. While without interaction the system is a topological insulator (TI) with edge states, the MFs in the superfluid may be found to be in the conduction or valence band, distinguished from previous TI-based schemes that utilize edge states inside the band gap.
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