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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 52635 matches for " Chun-Lin Kuo "
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Geographical structures and the cholera epidemic in modern Japan: Fukushima prefecture in 1882 and 1895
Chun-Lin Kuo, Hiromichi Fukui
International Journal of Health Geographics , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1476-072x-6-25
Abstract: Changes in diffusion patterns between 1882 and 1895 reflect improvements in the Fukushima transportation system and growth in social-economic networks. The data reveal different diffusion systems in separate regions in which residents of Fukushima and neighboring prefectures interacted. Our model also shows that an area in the prefecture's northern interior was dominated by a mix of diffusion processes (contagious and hierarchical), that the southern coastal region was affected by a contagious process, and that other infected areas experienced relocation diffusion.In addition to enhancing our understanding of epidemics, the spatial-temporal patterns of cholera diffusion offer opportunities for studying regional change in modern Japan. By highlighting the dynamics of regional reorganization, our findings can be used to better understand the formation of an urban hierarchy in late nineteenth century Japan.Researchers from different disciplines are showing a growing interest in disease and its geographical effects, with studies focusing on the value of detecting spatial concentrations of disease, isolating processes that result in disease hot-spots, and analyzing the space-time dynamics of disease diffusion. A strong example of recent advancements in this area is [2] work on the geographical structures of international epidemics, resulting in models of how epidemic diffusions move through communities, regions and countries. The term geographical structures refers to the patterns and features of human-environment interactions in specific locations. In medical geography, studies of the geographical structures of disease emphasize diffusion and analyses of individual disease factors [8].Regarding cholera, the most serious global epidemic in the nineteenth century, several research teams have gathered evidence showing that its diffusion was dominated by geographic factors (see, for example, [3-6]). Since diffusion primarily occurs via survivors who transport a disease from
Yu-Hsu Chen,Chun-Lin Kuo,Leou-Chyr Lin,Shyu-Jye Wang
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine , 2008,
Abstract: Break dancing is a popular activity in teenagers and is associated with severe trauma to bones and tissues. We report the first known case of a break dancer with an ulnar stress fracture. Such injuries occur in a variety of sports due to substantial stress on the ulna and repetitive excessive rotation of the forearm. In this study we describe a patient who experienced an ulnar stress fracture during break dancing training. The diagnosis was established by history and physical examination. Initial radiographic findings were negative. However, radiographs taken 3 months after initial presented revealed callus formation over the ulnar shaft. This suggested that readjustment is required in break dancing training protocols. It is important to increase awareness of this injury among physicians to expedite the diagnosis and to prevent the possibility of conversion to an overt fracture in the future
Analysis of Differences in Average Net Income of Peasants in Shandong Province Based on Moran’ I and LISA
Chun-lin HAO
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2009, DOI: 10.3968/744
Abstract: Through relevant analysis of the changing space in the peasants’ average net income from 2005 to 2006 in 139 counties, towns and regions, this thesis works out the overall space statistic index Moran’s I and partial statistic index LISA, which well demonstrates the change of net income made by peasants in this area, and obviously manifest disharmony and difference from one region to another, especially from the east to the west. To solve the problem of big gap between the east and west, more efforts should be made to accelerate the development of the west. Regions in the middle and the west should renew developmental concept, rely on, serve and interconnect with central cities, speed up the transition of the surplus labor, put more investment into the construction of the agricultural infrastructure, strive to develop cooperative economic organizations and agricultural leading enterprises, energetically push the industrialization of agriculture. Key words: average net income of peasants; relationship of space; Moran’s I; LISA; regional economic differences Résumé: En faisant des analyses sur la corrélation spaciale de la variation des revenus moyens des paysans entre 2005-2006 dans 139 districts et villes dans la province du Shangdong, l’auteur a obtenu l’indice statistique de l’ensemble spacial- Moran’I et l’indice statistique de localité régionale-LISA. Ces deux indices ont bien démontré les variations des revenus moyens des paysans dans tous les districts et villes de la province du Shangdong, les disparates et les écarts entre les régions et surtout entre l’est et l’ouest. Pour résoudre le problème d’un écart trop important entre l’est et l’ouest, il faut accélérer le développement des régions dans l’ouest. Les régions du centre et de l’ouest doivent renouveler leur conception du développement et essayer de s’appuyer sur les villes centrales, les servir et les aboucher pour transférer les mains-d’oeuvre surplus, investir plus pour les infrasturctures de l’agriculture, soutenir les organisations économiques de coopération dans la campagne et les entreprises leaders agricoles et promouvoir l’industrialisation de l’agriculture. Mots-clés: revenus moyens des paysans ; corrélation spaciale ; Moran’I, LISA ; différence de l’économie régionale 摘要:通過對山東省139個縣市區2005-2006年農民人均純收入變化的空間自相關分析,得出總體空間統計指數Moran’sI與局部統計指標LISA,這兩個指數在描述山東省各縣市區農民人均純收入變化時具有顯著作用,並明顯體現出區域之間的不協調性和差異性,尤其是東西部差距明顯。解決東西部差距過大問題,需要重點加快西部地區發展。中西部地區要進一步更新發展理念,依託、服務、對接中心城市,加快剩餘勞動力轉移,加大對農業基礎設施的投入,大力發展農村合作經濟組織和農業龍頭企業,積極推進農業產業化經營。 關鍵字:農民人均純收入;空間相關性;Moran’s I;LISA;區域經濟差異
N′-(2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)-1,3-benzodioxole-5-carbohydrazide monohydrate
Chun-Lin Du
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2009, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536808040117
Abstract: Single crystals of the title compound, C16H14N2O5·H2O, were obtained from a condensation reaction of 1,3-benzodioxole-5-carbohydrazide and 3-methoxysalicylaldehyde in a 95% ethanol solution. The asymmetric unit consists of a Schiff base molecule, which assumes an E configuration with respect to the C=N bond, and a water molecule of crystallization. The dihedral angle between the two substituted benzene rings is 12.7 (2)°. In the crystal structure, molecules are linked through intermolecular N—H...O and O—H...O hydrogen bonds, forming layers parallel to the bc plane.
An extension of gas-kinetic BGK Navier-Stokes scheme to multidimensional astrophysical magnetohydrodynamics
Chun-Lin Tian
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: The multidimensional gas-kinetic scheme for the Navier-Stokes equations under gravitational fields [J. Comput. Phys. 226 (2007) 2003-2027] is extended to resistive magnetic flows. The non-magnetic part of the magnetohydrodynamics equations is calculated by a BGK solver modified due to magnetic field. The magnetic part is treated by the flux splitting method based gas-kinetic theory [J. Comput. Phys. 153 (1999) 334-352 ], using a particle distribution function constructed in the BGK solver. To include Lorentz force effects into gas evolution stage is very important to improve the accuracy of the scheme. For some multidimensional problems, the deviations tangential to the cell interface from equilibrium distribution are essential to keep the scheme robust and accurate. Besides implementation of a TVD time discretization scheme, enhancing the dynamic dissipation a little bit is a simply and efficient way to stabilize the calculation. One-dimensional and two-dimensional shock waves tests are calculated to validate this new scheme. A three-dimensional turbulent magneto-convection simulation is used to show the applicability of current scheme to complicated astrophysical flows.
The Study on Estimation of Vegetation NPP of Xiaerxili Nature |Protection Area Based on RS

MA Chun-lin,

遥感技术与应用 , 2008,
Abstract: This article take the vegetation net primary productivity NPP remote sensing estimation and the analysis as the research content, take the geographical and ecological knowledge as the foundation, uses the RS, GIS technology method, comprehensived the multiple source informations as remote sensing spectrum data, the DEM data, the statistical data, the locating point measured data and so on, have constructed the NPP remote sensing topographical model in, calculates the Xiaerxili nature protection area vegetation NPP in July. Its final goal is to complete Xiaerxili nature protection area vegetation net primary productivity quantitative.

Wu Chun-lin,

植物生态学报 , 1991,
Abstract: 本文利用二歧指示种分析法TWINSPAN将广西热带石灰岩季节雨林的30个样地划分两大类共6个群落:洼地季节雨林(1)火焰花+萍婆群落; (2)海南风吹楠+人面果群落,石山季节雨林(1)东京桐+广西顶果豆群落; (2)假肥牛树+安南牡荆群落;(3)肥牛树群落; (4)肥牛树+蚬木群落。文章还利用无偏对应分析法DCA对群落进行了排序,指出由洼地至山坡水分条件由湿到干是影响群落变化的主导因素。环境的封闭程度对群落变化也有一定影响。
Yang Shi,Ru-Fen Zhang,Chun-Lin Ma
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2010, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536810030412
Abstract: The asymmetric unit of the title complex, [Sn(CH3)2(C6H7N2S)2], contains two independent molecules with similar configurations. In each, the SnIV cation is coordinated by two methyl and two 4,6-dimethylpyrimidine-2-thiolate anions in a distorted SnS2C2 tetrahedral geometry. In the two molecules, the S—Sn—S bond angles are 87.70 (5) and 88.93 (4)°, while the C—Sn—C bond angles are 125.7 (3) and 125.9 (2)°. Weak C—H...N hydrogen bonding is present in the crystal structure.
Research on Speech Recognition Based on Neural Networks
TENG Yun,HE Chun-lin,YUE Miao
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2010,
Abstract: Because of good characteristics of the abstract classification, neural networks have become an effective tool for resolving issues related to recognition, and have been applied to the research and development of speech recognition system. A speech recognizer system comprises of two blocks, Feature Extractor and Recognizer. For increasing the recognition accuracy, this paper proposes two types of speech recognition system whose recognition block uses the recurrent neural network(RNN) and multi layer perceptron(MLP) respectively. Furthermore, the main work steps of Feature Extractor (FE) block is introduced and the structure of two types of neural networks mentioned above is discussed. Using a standard LPC Cepstrum, the FE translates the input speech into a trajectory in the LPC Cepstrum feature space. The recognizer block discovers the relationships between the trajectories and recognizes the word. The results show that the MLP's recognition accuracies were better than the RNN's,while the RNN's recognition accuracies achieved 85%.
Design of Wireless Terminal Based on GSM
PENG Ren-ming,HE Chun-lin
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2010,
Abstract: GSM network is currently the widest telecommunication network all over the world. GSM radio access technology acts as an important service item of mobile communication services. Using the digital cellular technology, it can provide telecommunication services in the coverage of the GSM cellular network. It has the characteristics of inexpensiveness, rapid service, flexibility, high capacity and satety. In this paper, the advanced software algorithms has been used and GSM radio access terminal (GFRA) devices have been designed based on Taiwan ELAN Microcontroller (EM78)and the hardware circuits of GSM receiver module. It is mainly from the power supply circuit, cell and control circuit, keyboard and detection circuit, MCU control module, display and control circuit, memory device and GSM module circuit, and so on. Powersupplies circuit of the whole system. Keyboard and detection circuit are completed telephone numbers and related informatioonto input. MCU control module carries through the related control of the communication. Memory device is to complete the dialing and caller information storage. Display and control circuit to the main completed dial-up and call informationsignal strength and other information are displayed.Experment confirms the feasibility of the design and effectiveness of China's remote mountain route to solve difficult problems of communication engineering reference value.
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