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China s Rising Roles in Africa s Socio-Economic Good: The Problems and Challenges
Chuka Enuka
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2010.424.432
Abstract: The study examines the myriad roles and contributions of China to Africa s social and economic wellbeing within the parameters of the expanding Sino-African relationship. Arising from the age-long interaction between China and Africa has been trade and economic investments, aid, special concessions, debt relief, scholarships, provision of educational and medical training and building of infrastructural projects which flow mainly from China to Africa. This deepening engagement with Africa has generated an alarmist tendency in the international relations scholarship with arguments labeling the behaviour of China in Africa as a form of new colonialism and neo-imperialism but this study argues the opposite. The study posits that China s relationship with Africa has undeniable gains for the continent and has contributed to its socio-economic good. China s expanding engagement with Africa offers thecontinent, an ample opportunity for growth and progress.
Small Arms Proliferation and Armed Conflicts in Africa: The Case of Rwandan Conflict
Chuka Enuka
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2012.167.172
Abstract: The research offers a study of the use of small arms in the Rwandan civil wars that resulted to a spate of genocidal killings that shocked the moral conscience of mankind. Notwithstanding, the importance of small arms during conflicts, analytic studies of their roles and use during intensive episodes of violence are nearly absent. Conflict studies often stress the curse of mineral wealth but they neglect the fact that one does not kill a human being with a gallon of oil or a sparkling diamond. Without weapons, conflicts within and between countries will not reach the toll on human lives as we have seen in the recent bloody conflicts in Sierra-Leone, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan and Rwanda. In view of this, the study intends to contribute to the understanding of the importance of the use and role of small weapons in Rwanda and more generally, the importance of small and light weapons in other kinds of conflict. The findings this study inter alia is that though ethnic imbalance created by colonialism deepened by bad governance, necessitated a conflict situation in Rwanda but the proliferation of small arms within Rwandan society, worsened the conflict. The study posits that mere legislation is insufficient answer to the problems of small arms proliferation. It suggests that a look at the root causes of what in the first place raises the demand of small arms is imperative.
The Forum On China-africa Cooperation (focac): A Framework For China’s Re-engagement With Africa In The 21st Century
Chuka Enuka
e-BANGI : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities , 2011,
Abstract: This article offers an examination of FOCAC as a framework for Sino-African engagement in the 21st Century. China’s growing and expanding engagement with Africa has assumed a prominent feature of International Relations and discourses. The engagement is multifaceted, encapsulating mainly trade and related economic ties. Given China’s fast economic and industrial growth, thirst and huge demand for new sources of energy and other resources has been generated, bringing China closer to Africa where the availability of these resources abound. This situates China’s renewed interest in Africa since the 21st Century. The deepening of economic involvement in Africa is realized through a mix of aid, special concessions, debt relief, scholarships, the provision of educational and medical training personnel and infrastructural investment projects. This represents a stark departure from the past under Mao Zedong, when the relationship was guided by the ideological conflict of the Cold War and especially Beijing’s attempts to dislodge Moscow’s influence in the Third World. Now economic pragmatism and symbolic diplomacy appear to navigate Sino-African relations. The lynchpin of China’s re-engagement of African in this century is the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), initiated at the Ministerial Conference in Beijing in 2000. The article explores the FOCAC framework, assesses the reality of its promises, and addresses the question of its problems and challenges. The findings are that China’s increased presence in Africa under the FOCAC framework has been faced with criticisms and confrontations, but the forum has equally strengthened bilateral economic relationship between China and Africa, and has provided platform for Beijing to become a serious humanitarian benefactor to Africa.
China s Foreign Aid to Africa: Socio-Economic Impact of the Tazara Aid Project on Tanzania
Chuka Enuka,Onwuteaka C. Ifeoma
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2013.34.41
Abstract: The study researches Chinese aid relationship with Africa mirrored in the Tanzania-Zambia Railway (Tazara) aid project with a view to analyzing its socio-economic impact on the lives of the people of Tanzania. The idea of a rail link between Tanzania and Zambia dates back to the colonial era. But, the impetus for the actual construction developed in 1965. Appeals for assistance were made to the West but were rejected. China came in when the hope on the West was disappointed. Following President Nyerere s visits and appeals to China in 1967 China agreed to finance the project. The Tazara linked Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia with Dares-Salaam in Tanzania. It was the biggest aid commitment at the time costing about 400 million dollars. The study adopts the inter-dependence theory as its theoretical and analytical framework for the discussion of aid in Chinese relationship with Africa. The findings are that the railway aid project was significant in a number of positive ways and therefore developing to the economy and the state of Tanzania. Among other things, the Chinese involvement in the project demonstrated that despite the ravages of the cultural revolution and the effect that this had on Chinese foreign policy, China remained committed to Africa. By signing the deal on the project at the height of the revolution, China signaled to the continent of Africa of its commitment to her development and liberation from the shackles of imperialism and colonial hang-over. On its completion, the project by its process had transferred technology to Tanzania and left rural lives significantly transformed.
Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria: Beyond the Issue of Unity and National Integration  [PDF]
Chuka Okoye
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.64031
Abstract: The problem of insurgency facing Nigeria at this point in time draws the attention of anyone who cares to the urgency of a solution. However, to successfully seek out a solution, one needs to identify the very root of the problem. In this paper, an attempt is made to identify the very major problem with Nigeria: why there are unrests almost on steady basis. One thing that comes to mind as an answer is the disparity in culture, way of life, understanding and so on. Nevertheless, these are not really much of a problem since any group of people with the same disparate system can still coexist when there is a subtle meeting point of interest. In the Nigerian system, the situation is bad. The various groups do not understand each other and are not willing to do so owing to the unclear sort of social contract entered into at the inception of the nation by the compatriots. This breeds mistrust and unrest for all time like the civil war and the present boko haram insurgency. This work argues that if the social contract situation is revisited and made better and fair the situation can be better managed.
From Traditionalism to Modernism: A Study of the Problem of Environment in Africa  [PDF]
Okoye A. Chuka
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.24040
Abstract: The history of the environmental philosophy carries with it the effort to overcome the medieval anthropocentric morality. Here, nature is seen from the instrumental value which they give. The instrumental value here shows the existence of things as important only as they are useful to man. The contemporary environmental ethics bring a novelty showing these environmental bodies as possessing an intrinsic value showing that they have an ethical value. The medieval ethical system which denies intrinsic value to the environment and thus posits man as being at the center of any moral system leads to the over possession of the environment by man. This over possession by man has led to the destruction of environment by man who exploits the environment in his service. This work looks at the African scenario which seems to be facing more environmental degradation in the contemporary times. The reason for this is surmised by this paper as a damaging evolution of the African history from traditionalism which seems to respect the environment to modernism which demystifies the mysteries accorded the environment and hence putting the environment into excessive use through some actions like deforestation, burning of fossil fuels and so on. This paper suggests a crusade against these damaging effects of modernism for a better preservation of the environment.
Enhancing African Development through Freedom: An Assessment of Dukor’s Philosophical Basis of African Freedom  [PDF]
Chuka A. Okoye
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A026

The African continent has long suffered serious developmental relapse in a continually developing world. Lots of thinkers indeed term most of these African states“failed states”. One sees that that while many other nations of the world develop and as such interact conveniently in this global village, most African nations come merely as beggars in the global village having nothing to offer but begging for an opportunity for consumption. These nations therefore remain stagnated and continually retrogressive in all aspects of human life. Where in lies the cause of these problems? Dukor opines that the problem is a re-echoing aftermath of the western deplorable actions against these Africans. Indeed Dukor concludes that there is no real honesty in the opportunities all member states have to take part in the process of global development. Africa seems to be cheated. This work does not seem to fully agree with Dukor that the western hegemony ALONE is the cause. This work submits that the complacency of most Africans equally play the role in their underdevelopment.

Refractive errors among students of a postprimary institution in a rural community in South-Eastern Nigeria
CM Chuka-Okosa
West African Journal of Medicine , 2005,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence and types of refractive errors seen among students of Girls' Secondary School, Akegbe Ugwu in Nkanu West Local Government area of Enugu State, Nigeria. Methods: A questionnaire documented the students' personal data, their chief complaints and past ocular history. This was followed by unaided visual acuity assessment then assessment with pinhole, anterior segment examination, fundoscopy, non-cycloplegic objective and subjective refraction in those found to have an unaided visual acuity of less than 6/9 in either eye and improved vision with pinhole. Results: A total of 355 students aged 12 -21 years was tested. Out of these, 9 (2.53%) had uncorrected vision worse than 6/9 in either or both eyes. Uncorrected refractive error accounted for the reduced vision in 7 cases 5 of which were myopia. Conclusion: There is a prevalence of refractive error of 1.97% among students of this rural girls' secondary school in South-Eastern Nigeria. The low prevalence of myopia (1.4%) found agrees with the report that, though the most common refractive cause of visual impairment globally, it is relatively rarer in Africans.
Tuberculosis and the eye
CM Chuka-Okosa
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2006,
Abstract: Objectives: To refresh knowledge on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, investigations and treatment of ocular tuberculosis; To highlight the ocular complication of tuberculosis. Method: Through an internet search and review of current literature on tuberculosis and its ocular complications, the information relevant to the objectives was obtained. Conclusions: TB can affect any structure in the eye and adnexae. Ocular TB is not easy to diagnose because most times there is no concurrent active systemic tuberculosis. However, once TB is confirmed, treatment is generally the same as for systemic TB. Topical steroids are given in addition, in cases like phlyctenulosis. Early diagnosis and treatment of ocular TB can prevent blindness or severe ocular morbidity. With the growing epidemic of HIV and the consequent increased risk of developing TB, ophthalmologist and eye care workers are, therefore, advised to heighten their suspicion of ocular TB. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice Vol. 9(1) 2006: 68-76
Tuberculosis and the eye
CM Chuka-Okosa
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2006,
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