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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14848 matches for " Christian Theil Have "
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Proceedings of the 13th International Colloquium on Implementation of Constraint and LOgic Programming Systems
Ricardo Rocha,Christian Theil Have
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: This volume contains the proceedings of the 13th International Colloquium on Implementation of Constraint and LOgic Programming Systems (CICLOPS 2013), held in Istanbul, Turkey during August 25, 2013. CICLOPS is a well established line of workshops, traditionally co-located with ICLP, that aims at discussing and exchanging experience on the design, implementation, and optimization of constraint and logic programming systems, and other systems based on logic as a means of expressing computations. This year, CICLOPS received 8 paper submissions. Each submission was reviewed by at least 3 Program Committee members and, at the end, 6 papers were accepted for presentation at the workshop. We would like to thank the ICLP organizers for their support, the EasyChair conference management system for making the life of the program chairs easier and arxiv.org for providing permanent hosting. Thanks should go also to the authors of all submitted papers for their contribution to make CICLOPS alive and to the participants for making the event a meeting point for a fruitful exchange of ideas and feedback on recent developments. Finally, we want to express our gratitude to the Program Committee members, as the symposium would not have been possible without their dedicated work.
Efficient Tabling of Structured Data with Enhanced Hash-Consing
Neng-Fa Zhou,Christian Theil Have
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Current tabling systems suffer from an increase in space complexity, time complexity or both when dealing with sequences due to the use of data structures for tabled subgoals and answers and the need to copy terms into and from the table area. This symptom can be seen in not only B-Prolog, which uses hash tables, but also systems that use tries such as XSB and YAP. In this paper, we apply hash-consing to tabling structured data in B-Prolog. While hash-consing can reduce the space consumption when sharing is effective, it does not change the time complexity. We enhance hash-consing with two techniques, called input sharing and hash code memoization, for reducing the time complexity by avoiding computing hash codes for certain terms. The improved system is able to eliminate the extra linear factor in the old system for processing sequences, thus significantly enhancing the scalability of applications such as language parsing and bio-sequence analysis applications. We confirm this improvement with experimental results.
Inference with Constrained Hidden Markov Models in PRISM
Henning Christiansen,Christian Theil Have,Ole Torp Lassen,Matthieu Petit
Computer Science , 2010,
Abstract: A Hidden Markov Model (HMM) is a common statistical model which is widely used for analysis of biological sequence data and other sequential phenomena. In the present paper we show how HMMs can be extended with side-constraints and present constraint solving techniques for efficient inference. Defining HMMs with side-constraints in Constraint Logic Programming have advantages in terms of more compact expression and pruning opportunities during inference. We present a PRISM-based framework for extending HMMs with side-constraints and show how well-known constraints such as cardinality and all different are integrated. We experimentally validate our approach on the biologically motivated problem of global pairwise alignment.
The musicalized soundtracks of Armadillo. Emotional realism and real emotions
Iben Have
SoundEffects , 2012,
Abstract: “To you it’s film, to them it’s reality” is the translated poster headline of the Danish war documentary Armadillo (Janus Metz, May 2010), a much-debated Cannes award-winning film that follows Danish soldiers stationed in Afghanistan. The article uses this headline as a framework for analyzing, comparing and discussing the film’s “musicalized” soundtracks on various media platforms (cinema, YouTube, television, DVD), and it argues that these soundtracks contribute to the viewer’s experience of emotional realism, as well as to an experience of the emotional reality – the soldiers’ or the viewer’s own. The political, journalistic and in particular aesthetic ambitions of producers and directors have contributed to developing Danish documentary films into a successful brand within the last decade. Using examples from the public reception of and debate on Armadillo, the article discusses how this development may have led to an increased emphasis on the emotional impact of musicalized soundtracks and a new premise for documentary reception.
Nicolai J rgensgaard Graakj r: Musik i tv-reklamer – teori og analyse. Frederiksberg: Samfundslitteratur. 2011.
Iben Have
MedieKultur : Journal of Media and Communication Research , 2012,
Abstract:
Musik og f lelser i danske tv-dokumentarer
Iben Have
MedieKultur : Journal of Media and Communication Research , 2006,
Abstract: En stor del af tv’s sendeflade er ledsaget af underl gningsmusik, men den f r kun ringe opm rksomhed fra b de tv-seeren og medieforskningen. Den mest udbredte opfattelse begge steder er, at underl gningsmusikkens funktion er at skabe eller underst tte f lelser og stemninger i den audiovisuelle kontekst. Men hvordan og hvorfor g r den det, og h rer den hjemme i fakta-fremstillinger? Det er nogle af de sp rgsm l, der vil blive belyst i denne artikel, der vil argumentere for, at musikken har en vigtig rolle at spille i dokumentarudsendelser b de via dens evne til at kommunikere f lelsesm ssige nuancer og som mulig katalysator for kritisk refleksion. Artiklen falder i tre dele: F rst foretages nogle analytiske nedslag i dokumentarudsendelsen N sten en d dsdom – en udsendelse, der i vid udstr kning tematiserer f lelser. P baggrund heraf f lger et afsnit, der pr senterer forskellige teoretiske problemstillinger i forbindelse med relationen mellem musik og f lelser. I sidste afsnit fremf res nogle mere generelle overvejelser omkring musikkens rolle og funktion i tv-dokumentarens virkelighedsfremstillinger med inddragelse af eksempler fra udsendelserne Drengene fra Vollsmose og De p dofile danskere. Genstandsomr det for analyserne er s ledes den seri se danske tv-dokumentar, men mange af de teoretiske overvejelser vil g lde oplevelsen af underl gningsmusik i audiovisuelle medier generelt.
Attitudes towards documentary soundstracks - Between emotional immersion and critical reflection
Iben Have
MedieKultur : Journal of Media and Communication Research , 2010,
Abstract: Musical experience is often related to an emotional and imaginative engagement of the listener. Discourses of journalistic documentaries relate primarily to inferential knowledge systems in which the uses of background music as a communicative device become an object of epistemological critique. By listening to different voices – primarily from four focus group interviews – the article will discuss attitudes towards musical soundtracks in documentaries, attitudes being negotiated between emotional immersion and critical reflection, with the concept of manipulation as an underlying theme. In the end, the article will argue for the need for an acoustemological approach (Feld, 1996) to study the epistemological potential of sound in audiovisual media.
Ib Bondebjerg (2008): "Virkelighedens fort llinger: Den danske tv-dokumentarismes historie"
Iben Have
MedieKultur : Journal of Media and Communication Research , 2009,
Abstract:
Review: David Silverman (2006). Interpreting Qualitative Data: Methods for Analysing Talk, Text and Interaction Review: David Silverman (2006). Interpreting Qualitative Data: Methods for Analysing Talk, Text and Interaction Rese a: David Silverman (2006). Interpreting Qualitative Data: Methods for Analysing Talk, Text and Interaction
Paul Ten Have
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2008,
Abstract: Die Neuauflage von SILVERMANs bekanntem Buch gew hrt eine Einführung in eine Vielzahl an Schwierigkeiten, denen qualitativ Forschende sich insbesondere in Fragen qualitativer Designs und Auswertungsverfahren gegenübersehen. Dabei handelt es sich zugleich um ein sehr pers nliches Buch, in dem der Autor sich immer wieder auch auf eigene Erfahrungen bezieht bzw. die eigene intellektuelle Entwicklung reflektiert. Er ist sehr deutlich, was seine Vorlieben und Zweifel angeht, aber er bietet für diese Entschiedenheit auch gute Argumente. Allerdings mag Interpreting Qualitative Data, da von Verlagsseite als Textbuch auch für Studienanf nger(innen) pr sentiert, in dem einen oder anderen Fall überfordern. In der Rezension wird ein ausführlicher überblick über die Inhalte des Buches gegeben, um Lehrenden die Entscheidung, ob sie es in ihren Kursen verwenden wollen zu erleichtern. Für alle, die ernsthaft qualitative Forschung betreiben, empfehle ich das Buch vorbehaltlos. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0801160 This edition of SILVERMAN's well-known book offers a wide-ranging introduction to the problems facing any qualitative researcher, especially as concerns the design of qualitative projects and the analysis of qualitative data. It is in many ways a personal book, often referring to the author's own experience and reflecting his own intellectual development. He is clear about his preferences and doubts, but offers good arguments for both. While it is presented as a textbook for undergraduates, it may be considered too demanding intellectually in some cases. The review offers an extensive overview of the book's contents, in order to facilitate a teacher's choice of it as a course book, but it is recommended without reservation to any serious qualitative researcher. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0801160 La edición del conocido libro de SILVERMAN brinda una introducción de gran alcance a los problemas que ata en a cualquier investigador cualitativo, especialmente relativos al dise o de proyectos cualitativos y al análisis de los datos cualitativos. Es en muchos sentidos un libro personal, con frecuentes referencias a la propia experiencia del autor y reflejando su propio desarrollo intelectual. Tiene claras sus preferencias y dudas, y ofrece buenos argumentos para las dos. Mientras se presenta como un libro de texto para estudiantes universitarios, puede ser considerado demasiado exigente intelectualmente en algunos casos. La rese a brinda una amplia visión general del contenido del libro para facilitar al profesor su elección como un libro de texto, pero también es recomendabl
Review Essay: Konversationsanalyse vs. andere diskursanalytische Verfahren Review Essay: Conversation Analysis Versus Other Approaches to Discourse Ensayo: El análisis de la conversación versus otras aproximaciones al discurso
Paul Ten Have
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2006,
Abstract: In diesem Aufsatz diskutiere ich ein neues Buch von Robin WOOFFITT, in dem Konversationsanalyse (KA) mit anderen Verfahren zur Untersuchung von Diskursen verglichen wird. Dabei verwendet WOOFFITT einen sehr spezifischen Begriff der Diskursanalyse in der Tradition prominenter britischer Ans tze in der (Sozial-) Psychologie; zwei weitere Traditionslinien – die Kritische Diskursanalyse und die FOUCAULTsche Diskursanalyse – werden sp ter zus tzlich behandelt. Meine Hauptkritik an "Conversation Analysis and Discourse Analysis" geht dahin, dass es mit einer sehr selektiven Behandlung von KA in seiner Nützlichkeit beschr nkt ist auf diejenigen Ans tze, die derzeit in Gro britannien en vogue sind. In einem Epilog diskutiere ich die in dem Buch aufgerissenen zentralen Themen unter einer breiteren Perspektive. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs060239 This review discusses a recent book by Robin WOOFFITT in which conversation analysis (CA) is confronted with some other analytic approaches to "discourse." The author uses the term discourse analysis in a rather specific way, as a label for an analytic tradition that has become prominent in (social) psychology in the UK. Two other traditions, critical discourse analysis and Foucauldian discourse analysis are also discussed later in the book. The major criticism raised in the review is that the book’s usefulness is limited by its restriction to approaches currently en vogue in Britain and its selective treatment of CA. In an Epilogue the issues raised in the book are discussed in a wider perspective. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs060239 Esta rese a discute un reciente libro de Robin WOOFFITT que confronta el análisis de la conversación (AC) con otros enfoques de la investigación del "discurso". El autor usa el término análisis de discurso de una forma bastante específica, como una etiqueta para una tradición analítica que se ha vuelto prominente en la psicología (social) del Reino Unido. Otras dos tradiciones, el análisis crítico del discurso y el análisis Foucaultiano del discurso también se discuten en el libro. La crítica principal en la rese a es la limitada utilidad del libro por su restricción a enfoques de moda en Gran Breta a y el tratamiento selectivo del AC. En un Epílogo los temas que surgen del libro se discuten desde una perspectiva amplia. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs060239
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